A C Phillips

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Stress and exercise: Getting the balance right for aging immunity
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 35:35-9. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint The other side of the coin: blunted cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity are associated with negative health outcomes
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK Electronic address
    Int J Psychophysiol 90:1-7. 2013
  3. pmc Depression following hip fracture is associated with increased physical frailty in older adults: the role of the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate ratio
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:60. 2013
  4. doi request reprint Do symptoms of depression predict telomere length? Evidence from the west of Scotland twenty-07 study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Psychosom Med 75:288-96. 2013
  5. doi request reprint White blood cell subsets are associated with carotid intima-media thickness and pulse wave velocity in an older Chinese population: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    A C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 26:485-92. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint The vaccination model in psychoneuroimmunology research: a review
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Methods Mol Biol 934:355-70. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Sex hormones and cause-specific mortality in the male veterans: the Vietnam Experience Study
    A C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    QJM 105:241-6. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Cortisol, DHEAS, their ratio and the metabolic syndrome: evidence from the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 162:919-23. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint The influence of multiple indices of socioeconomic disadvantage across the adult life course on the metabolic syndrome: the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Metabolism 59:1164-71. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Self-reported health, self-reported fitness, and all-cause mortality: prospective cohort study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 15:337-46. 2010

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. ncbi request reprint Stress and exercise: Getting the balance right for aging immunity
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 35:35-9. 2007
    ..We propose that exercise may be an effective intervention to limit the impact of stress on immunity in chronically stressed older populations...
  2. ncbi request reprint The other side of the coin: blunted cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity are associated with negative health outcomes
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK Electronic address
    Int J Psychophysiol 90:1-7. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Depression following hip fracture is associated with increased physical frailty in older adults: the role of the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate ratio
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:60. 2013
    ..This study examined the synergistic effects of depression and hip fracture on physical frailty, and the mediating role of the cortisol:dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) ratio...
  4. doi request reprint Do symptoms of depression predict telomere length? Evidence from the west of Scotland twenty-07 study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Psychosom Med 75:288-96. 2013
    ..The present study examined participants in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study across three age cohorts and four waves of data collection from 1992/1993 to 2007/2008...
  5. doi request reprint White blood cell subsets are associated with carotid intima-media thickness and pulse wave velocity in an older Chinese population: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    A C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 26:485-92. 2012
    ..The associations for WBC count previously observed by others were likely driven by higher granulocytes; an index of systemic inflammation...
  6. ncbi request reprint The vaccination model in psychoneuroimmunology research: a review
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Methods Mol Biol 934:355-70. 2012
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Sex hormones and cause-specific mortality in the male veterans: the Vietnam Experience Study
    A C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    QJM 105:241-6. 2012
    ..Testosterone levels have been linked to life expectancy in men, less is known about the sex hormones follicular stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone...
  8. doi request reprint Cortisol, DHEAS, their ratio and the metabolic syndrome: evidence from the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 162:919-23. 2010
    ..The aim of these analyses was to examine the association of cortisol, DHEAS and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. Design The analyses were cross-sectional...
  9. ncbi request reprint The influence of multiple indices of socioeconomic disadvantage across the adult life course on the metabolic syndrome: the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Metabolism 59:1164-71. 2010
    ..Combined socioeconomic status measures across the life course were related to metabolic syndrome but in a threshold rather than dose-response manner. Intelligence appeared to mediate this relationship...
  10. doi request reprint Self-reported health, self-reported fitness, and all-cause mortality: prospective cohort study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 15:337-46. 2010
    ..This study examined the association of a similar self-reported measure of fitness with mortality and compared it to that of self-reported health...
  11. doi request reprint Lymphocyte sub-population cell counts are associated with the metabolic syndrome and its components in the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Atherosclerosis 213:294-8. 2010
    ..Lymphocyte sub-population counts have also been implicated in cardiovascular disease; this analysis will examine whether or not they are associated with MetS...
  12. doi request reprint Cardiovascular activity and the antibody response to vaccination
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 67:37-43. 2009
    ..To examine the relationship between cardiovascular activity in response to acute psychological stress and the antibody response to vaccination...
  13. doi request reprint Self-reported health and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample: cross-sectional and prospective associations
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychophysiology 46:1020-7. 2009
    ..The findings suggest that greater cardiovascular reactivity may not always be associated with negative health outcomes...
  14. pmc Haemodynamic reactions to acute psychological stress and smoking status in a large community sample
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 73:273-8. 2009
    ..The present results also suggest that smoking status needs to be considered in the design and analysis of stress reactivity studies...
  15. doi request reprint Introductory paper: Cardiovascular reactivity at a crossroads: where are we now?
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 86:95-7. 2011
    ..We aim to highlight theoretical and methodological considerations to guide future research, and clarify the contribution of the reactivity hypothesis to explaining the consequences of stress...
  16. doi request reprint Blunted cardiovascular reactivity relates to depression, obesity, and self-reported health
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, UK
    Biol Psychol 86:106-13. 2011
    ..Similar associations emerged from both cross-sectional and prospective analyses. These seemingly paradoxical results are discussed in terms of implications for the reactivity hypothesis...
  17. ncbi request reprint Cortisol, DHEA sulphate, their ratio, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 163:285-92. 2010
    ..The aim of the present analyses was to examine the association between cortisol, DHEA sulphate (DHEAS) and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio and mortality...
  18. doi request reprint Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: evidence from a large community study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychophysiology 48:142-8. 2011
    ..This association withstood adjustment for symptom scores at the earlier time point and for sociodemographic factors and medication status. The mechanisms underlying this prospective relationship remain to be determined...
  19. doi request reprint Neuroticism, cognitive ability, and the metabolic syndrome: The Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 69:193-201. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine also the extent to which any associations are accounted for by sociodemographic factors, health behaviors, and cognitive ability...
  20. doi request reprint Cognitive ability in early adulthood is associated with systemic inflammation in middle age: the Vietnam experience study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 25:298-301. 2011
    ..09. Thus, it would appear that not only does systemic inflammation influence cognition, but also that poor cognitive ability earlier in life is associated with inflammation in middle-age...
  21. doi request reprint Major depressive disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, and their comorbidity: associations with cortisol in the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:682-90. 2011
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Lymphocyte cell counts in middle age are positively associated with subsequent all-cause and cardiovascular mortality
    A C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    QJM 104:319-24. 2011
    ..There is an association between higher white blood cell counts and all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. However, little is known about the prognostic significance of circulating lymphocyte and lymphocyte subset numbers...
  23. doi request reprint Generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, and their comorbidity as predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the Vietnam experience study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 71:395-403. 2009
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Neuroticism, cortisol reactivity, and antibody response to vaccination
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 42:232-8. 2005
    ..However, there was no conclusive evidence that cortisol reactivity mediated the association between neuroticism and antibody response...
  25. ncbi request reprint Cytomegalovirus is associated with depression and anxiety in older adults
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 22:52-5. 2008
    ..This association could be mediated by the impact of affect-moderating cytokines secreted through the CMV-specific immune response...
  26. doi request reprint Prospective associations between cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress and change in physical disability in a large community sample
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Int J Psychophysiol 81:332-7. 2011
    ..These data give further support to the recent argument that for some health outcomes, lower or blunted cardiovascular stress reactivity is not necessarily protective...
  27. doi request reprint Preliminary evidence that morning vaccination is associated with an enhanced antibody response in men
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 45:663-6. 2008
    ..These results indicate that it would be worthwhile testing this effect in a large randomized control trial with vaccination during time periods representing the extremes of hormonal and cytokine diurnal rhythms...
  28. ncbi request reprint Bereavement and marriage are associated with antibody response to influenza vaccination in the elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:279-89. 2006
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Social support, social intimacy, and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B152TT, UK
    Ann Behav Med 37:38-45. 2009
    ..Exaggerated cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress are considered a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity. Social support may reduce such risk by attenuating cardiovascular reactivity to stress...
  30. ncbi request reprint The association between life events, social support, and antibody status following thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccinations in healthy young adults
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 19:325-33. 2005
    ..Neither psychosocial factor was associated with response to primary meningococcal A polysaccharide vaccination...
  31. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of depression in non-routine caregivers: the role of caregiver strain and burden
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Clin Psychol 48:335-46. 2009
    ..The present analysis examined the relationship between the strain and burden of caregiving and depression and anxiety in a large community sample. Social support and sleep quality were investigated as potential mediators...
  32. doi request reprint Cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate, their ratio and hypertension: evidence of associations in male veterans from the Vietnam Experience Study
    D Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 25:418-24. 2011
    ..The present analyses provide confirmation of a positive association between cortisol and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio and population hypertension...
  33. doi request reprint Depression and anxiety are associated with a diagnosis of hypertension 5 years later in a cohort of late middle-aged men and women
    A T Ginty
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 27:187-90. 2013
    ..In conclusion, symptoms of depression and anxiety were associated with a diagnosis of hypertension assessed 5 years later, although the mechanisms underlying these associations remain to be determined...
  34. ncbi request reprint Stressful life-events exposure is associated with 17-year mortality, but it is health-related events that prove predictive
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 13:647-57. 2008
    ..The present analyses examined the association between overall life-events stress load, health-related and health-unrelated stress, and subsequent all-cause mortality...
  35. ncbi request reprint Life events and acute cardiovascular reactions to mental stress: a cohort study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    Psychosom Med 67:384-92. 2005
    ..This study addressed the issue of whether frequent exposure to life events is associated with aggravation or blunting of cardiovascular reactions to acute mental stress...
  36. doi request reprint Caregiving is associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, United Kingdom
    Brain Behav Immun 22:565-72. 2008
    ..These findings resonate with those from other studies using different immune outcomes. Considered together, it is clear that that the chronic stress of caregiving has widespread effects on immunity...
  37. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial factors are associated with the antibody response to both thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccines
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, England, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 22:456-60. 2008
    ..Psychosocial factors would appear to influence the response to both thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccines, but not in the same manner...
  38. ncbi request reprint Stressful life events are associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva in the middle aged and elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:191-7. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: evidence from a population study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 75:68-74. 2007
    ..The direction of association was opposite to that which would be expected if excessive reactivity were to mediate the association between depression and cardiovascular disease outcomes or if they shared common antecedents...
  40. doi request reprint Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with metabolic syndrome in the Vietnam experience study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport, Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Biol Psychiatry 66:91-3. 2009
    ..The present study examined the cross-sectional associations of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) with MetS in a large study of male US veterans...
  41. ncbi request reprint Metabolically exaggerated cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress revisited
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 46:270-5. 2009
    ..Thus, psychological stress can provoke increases in cardiac activity difficult to account for in terms of the metabolic demands of the stress task...
  42. doi request reprint Body mass index, abdominal adiposity, obesity, and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:653-60. 2008
    ..To examine the association between adiposity and the magnitude of cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress cross-sectionally and prospectively in a large community sample...
  43. ncbi request reprint Parental caregivers of children with developmental disabilities mount a poor antibody response to pneumococcal vaccination
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Brain Behav Immun 23:338-46. 2009
    ..The behavioural characteristics of the care recipients may be a key consideration in whether or not immunity is compromised in this context...
  44. pmc Birth weight, adult blood pressure, and blood pressure reactions to acute psychological stress
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:144-5. 2006
  45. ncbi request reprint Social support is positively associated with the immunoglobulin M response to vaccination with pneumococcal polysaccharides
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 78:211-5. 2008
    ..There was no association between life events stress and immunoglobulin M response. It appears that psychosocial factors affect both the immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G responses to vaccination...
  46. doi request reprint Predictors of psychological morbidity in parents of children with intellectual disabilities
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, England
    J Pediatr Psychol 33:1129-36. 2008
    ..This study examined predictors of excess psychological morbidity in parents of children with intellectual disabilities...
  47. ncbi request reprint Generalized anxiety and major depressive disorders, their comorbidity and hypertension in middle-aged men
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:16-9. 2010
    ..To examine the cross-sectional associations between generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), their comorbidity, and hypertension...
  48. doi request reprint Altered human neutrophil function in response to acute psychological stress
    Riyad Khanfer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 72:636-40. 2010
    ..There is mounting evidence that acute stress is associated with short-term increases in a number of immune indices...
  49. doi request reprint The metabolic syndrome adds utility to the prediction of mortality over its components: The Vietnam Experience Study
    G Neil Thomas
    Epidemiology, Public Health and Biostatistics, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Atherosclerosis 210:256-61. 2010
    ..However, as "non-affected" individuals may still have up to two risk factors, the utility of using three or more components to identify the syndrome, and its predictive advantage over individual components have yet to be determined...
  50. ncbi request reprint The effects of the spontaneous presence of a spouse/partner and others on cardiovascular reactions to an acute psychological challenge
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 43:633-40. 2006
    ....
  51. doi request reprint Metabolically exaggerated cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress: the effects of resting blood pressure status and possible underlying mechanisms
    George M Balanos
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, England, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 85:104-11. 2010
    ..They also had greater reductions in total peripheral resistance, but not heart rate variability, implying that their more exaggerated cardiac reactions reflected greater beta-adrenergic activation...
  52. ncbi request reprint Life events and hemodynamic stress reactivity in the middle-aged and elderly
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychophysiology 42:269-76. 2005
    ..The present results suggest that acute stress reactivity may not be independent of stressful life events experience...
  53. ncbi request reprint Intervening for exhaustion
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 61:9-10. 2006