A C Parrott

Summary

Affiliation: University of East London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive performance in recreational users of MDMA of 'ecstasy': evidence for memory deficits
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 12:79-83. 1998
  2. ncbi request reprint Nesbitt's Paradox resolved? Stress and arousal modulation during cigarette smoking
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    Addiction 93:27-39. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy (MDMA) effects upon mood and cognition: before, during and after a Saturday night dance
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 139:261-8. 1998
  4. ncbi request reprint Does cigarette smoking cause stress?
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, Great Britain
    Am Psychol 54:817-20. 1999
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychobiological problems in heavy 'ecstasy' (MDMA) polydrug users
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, London, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 60:105-10. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: a web-based study
    T M Heffernan
    Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 78:235-41. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy use: cognitive deficits related to dosage rather than self-reported problematic use of the drug
    H C Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 15:273-81. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003)
    A C Parrott
    School of Psychology, University of East London, E15 4LZ, London, UK a c
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 171:231-3. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Recreational ecstasy/MDMA and other drug users from the UK and Italy: psychiatric symptoms and psychobiological problems
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, London E15 4LZ, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 159:77-82. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Pattern of cannabis use in ecstasy polydrug users: moderate cannabis use may compensate for self-rated aggression and somatic symptoms
    R M Milani
    Thames Valley University, London, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 20:249-61. 2005

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive performance in recreational users of MDMA of 'ecstasy': evidence for memory deficits
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 12:79-83. 1998
    ..Although the design of this study was far from ideal, these data are consistent with other findings of memory decrements in recreational MDMA users, possibly caused by serotonergic neurotoxicity...
  2. ncbi request reprint Nesbitt's Paradox resolved? Stress and arousal modulation during cigarette smoking
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    Addiction 93:27-39. 1998
    ..Nesbitt's Paradox is therefore not actually a paradox; it never was a paradox...
  3. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy (MDMA) effects upon mood and cognition: before, during and after a Saturday night dance
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 139:261-8. 1998
    ..The cognitive deficits in drug-free recreational ecstasy users, suggest that MDMA may also be neurotoxic in humans...
  4. ncbi request reprint Does cigarette smoking cause stress?
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, Great Britain
    Am Psychol 54:817-20. 1999
    ..The message that tobacco use does not alleviate stress but actually increases it needs to be far more widely known. It could help those adult smokers who wish to quit and might prevent some schoolchildren from starting...
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychobiological problems in heavy 'ecstasy' (MDMA) polydrug users
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, London, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 60:105-10. 2000
    ..However, since repeated MDMA can cause serotonergic neurotoxicity in laboratory animals and man, these problems may reflect reduced serotonin activity induced by regular ecstasy use...
  6. ncbi request reprint Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: a web-based study
    T M Heffernan
    Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
    Drug Alcohol Depend 78:235-41. 2005
    ..057). These findings suggest there are selective memory deficits associated with smoking and that long-term prospective memory deficits should be added to the growing list of problems associated with cigarette use...
  7. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy use: cognitive deficits related to dosage rather than self-reported problematic use of the drug
    H C Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 15:273-81. 2001
    ..Because all Ecstasy participants also consumed a range of other illicit drugs, the results are reflective of Ecstasy polydrug use in individuals who use Ecstasy as a drug of preference...
  8. ncbi request reprint The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003)
    A C Parrott
    School of Psychology, University of East London, E15 4LZ, London, UK a c
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 171:231-3. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Recreational ecstasy/MDMA and other drug users from the UK and Italy: psychiatric symptoms and psychobiological problems
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, London E15 4LZ, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 159:77-82. 2001
    ..Recreational drug use is increasingly widespread amongst young people, but there are concerns that psychoactive drugs may be associated with psychiatric symptoms or psychobiological problems...
  10. ncbi request reprint Pattern of cannabis use in ecstasy polydrug users: moderate cannabis use may compensate for self-rated aggression and somatic symptoms
    R M Milani
    Thames Valley University, London, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 20:249-61. 2005
    ..However, this study confirms that heavy cannabis and ecstasy use is associated with several psychobiological problems, which may emerge after a period of abstinence from both drugs...
  11. ncbi request reprint Daily uplifts, hassles, stresses and cognitive failures: in cigarette smokers, abstaining smokers, and non-smokers
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    Behav Pharmacol 10:639-46. 1999
    ..The repetitive use of nicotine by cigarette smokers does not seem to generate any real psychobiological gains or advantages. Instead, dependent smokers need regular hits of nicotine just to remain feeling normal...
  12. ncbi request reprint 'Is MDMA a human neurotoxin?': diverse views from the discussants
    J J Turner
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, London, UK
    Neuropsychobiology 42:42-8. 2000
    ..Moreover, these deficits often remained when other illicit drug use was statistically controlled. In conclusion: If MDMA neurotoxicity in humans is a myth, then it is a myth with a heavy serotonergic component...
  13. ncbi request reprint Problematic versus non-problematic ecstasy/MDMA use: the influence of drug usage patterns and pre-existing psychiatric factors
    K Soar
    School of Psychology, University of East London, Romford Road, London E15 4LZ, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 20:417-24. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Persistent neuropsychological problems after 7 years of abstinence from recreational Ecstasy (MDMA): a case study
    K Soar
    Department of Psychology, School of Psychology, University of East London, UK
    Psychol Rep 95:192-6. 2004
    ..Severe problems with sleep and sex were also reported. Further studies involving larger groups of abstinent former users are needed; adverse sequelae associated with intensive Ecstasy use may sometimes be enduring...
  15. ncbi request reprint Alcohol, ecstasy, Aldous Huxley's 'soma'
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 21:8-9. 2007
  16. ncbi request reprint Chronic tolerance to recreational MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) or Ecstasy
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales, Swansea, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 19:71-83. 2005
    ..Several traditional processes are probably involved, but one of the possible causes is a novel mechanism largely unique to the ring substituted amphetamine derivatives, namely serotonergic neurotoxicity...
  17. ncbi request reprint MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) or ecstasy: the neuropsychobiological implications of taking it at dances and raves
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales, Swansea, UK
    Neuropsychobiology 50:329-35. 2004
    ..Consistent with this prediction, the extent of self-reported dancing/exercise when on MDMA has recently been shown to be associated with significantly more psychobiological problems afterwards...
  18. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users
    A C Parrott
    Recreational Drugs Research Group, School of Psychology, University of East London, London E15 4LZ, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 17:309-12. 2002
    ..The recreational use of MDMA/Ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is associated with many psychobiological problems, but there is a paucity of data on how these relate to the level of past use...
  19. ncbi request reprint Human research on MDMA (3,4-methylene- dioxymethamphetamine) neurotoxicity: cognitive and behavioural indices of change
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, London, UK
    Neuropsychobiology 42:17-24. 2000
    ..Finally, this profile of cognitive deficits is also consistent with a hypothetical integrative construct: namely reduced cortical inhibition...
  20. ncbi request reprint Neuropsychological evidence of a relatively selective profile of temporal dysfunction in drug-free MDMA ("ecstasy") polydrug users
    H C Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, Romford Road, London E15 4LZ, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 162:203-14. 2002
    ..The serotonin system predominantly innervates frontal and limbic regions of the brain and has been associated with consolidatory learning and mnemonic processes in humans...
  21. ncbi request reprint The psychotherapeutic potential of MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): an evidence-based review
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 191:181-93. 2007
    ..AIMS AND RATIONALE: The purpose of this study was to review whether methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has the appropriate pharmacodynamic profile to be a therapeutic agent...
  22. pmc Cortisol and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine: neurohormonal aspects of bioenergetic stress in ecstasy users
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    Neuropsychobiology 60:148-58. 2009
    ..3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) can affect both neurotransmitter and neurohormonal activity. This review will debate the role of the metabolic activation hormone cortisol for the psychobiological effects of ecstasy/MDMA...
  23. ncbi request reprint Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: a web-based study
    J Rodgers
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 17:389-96. 2003
    ..No gender differences were detected, suggesting that there may be a dissociation between cognitive impairment and cortical binding worthy of further exploration...
  24. ncbi request reprint Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users
    A C Parrott
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 167:449-50. 2003
  25. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy/MDMA and cannabis: the complexities of their interactive neuropsychobiological effects
    A C Parrott
    University of Wales, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK
    J Psychopharmacol 18:572-5. 2004
  26. ncbi request reprint Selective neurocognitive deficits associated with multiple doses of ecstasy/MDMA: a reply to Cole
    H C Fox
    J Psychopharmacol 17:242-4. 2003
  27. ncbi request reprint Dancing hot on Ecstasy: physical activity and thermal comfort ratings are associated with the memory and other psychobiological problems reported by recreational MDMA users
    A C Parrott
    University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, Wales, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 21:285-98. 2006
    ..We assessed whether dancing and feeling hot on Ecstasy would be associated with more psychobiological problems in recreational users...
  28. ncbi request reprint Recreational Ecstasy/MDMA, the serotonin syndrome, and serotonergic neurotoxicity
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of East London, E15 4LZ, London, UK
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 71:837-44. 2002
    ..Functional deficits may remain long after drug use has ceased and are consistent with serotonergic axonal loss in higher brain regions...
  29. ncbi request reprint Cannabis and Ecstasy/MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): an analysis of their neuropsychobiological interactions in recreational users
    A C Parrott
    Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK
    J Neural Transm 114:959-68. 2007
    ..In order to investigate these potential complexities, future research will need better empirical data on the exact patterns of co-drug usage...
  30. ncbi request reprint Is ecstasy MDMA? A review of the proportion of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA, their dosage levels, and the changing perceptions of purity
    A C Parrott
    Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, SAZ 8PP, United Kingdom
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 173:234-41. 2004
    ..The historical origins and evolution of this mismatch will be reviewed, in order to estimate the proportions of ecstasy tablets containing MDMA at different periods over the past 30 years...
  31. ncbi request reprint Ecstasy versus alcohol: Tolstoy and the variations of unhappiness
    A C Parrott
    J Psychopharmacol 21:3-6; discussion 7. 2007
  32. ncbi request reprint Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits
    J Ling
    Psychoology Section, University of Teesside, Middlesborough, United Kingdom
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:970-4. 2003
    ..Research has shown that heavy alcohol use has a detrimental effect on retrospective memory. Less is known about the effect of alcohol on everyday memory...