David Osrin

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Improving newborn survival in low-income countries: community-based approaches and lessons from South Asia
    Nirmala Nair
    Ekjut, Chakradharpur, West Singhbhum, Jharkhand, India
    PLoS Med 7:e1000246. 2010
  2. pmc Effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on children's weight and size at 2 years of age in Nepal: follow-up of a double-blind randomised controlled trial
    Anjana Vaidya
    Mother and Infant Research Activities MIRA, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Lancet 371:492-9. 2008
  3. pmc Prospective study of determinants and costs of home births in Mumbai slums
    Sushmita Das
    Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action SNEHA, Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, 60 Feet Road, Shahunagar, Dharavi, Mumbai 400017, Maharashtra, India
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:38. 2010
  4. pmc Inequalities in maternity care and newborn outcomes: one-year surveillance of births in vulnerable slum communities in Mumbai
    Neena Shah More
    UCL Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Equity Health 8:21. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Serious bacterial infections in newborn infants in developing countries
    David Osrin
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:217-24. 2004
  6. pmc Perinatal interventions and survival in resource-poor settings: which work, which don't, which have the jury out?
    David Osrin
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 95:1039-46. 2010
  7. pmc A rapid assessment scorecard to identify informal settlements at higher maternal and child health risk in Mumbai
    David Osrin
    UCL Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford St, London, UK
    J Urban Health 88:919-32. 2011
  8. pmc Effect of women's groups and volunteer peer counselling on rates of mortality, morbidity, and health behaviours in mothers and children in rural Malawi (MaiMwana): a factorial, cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Sonia Lewycka
    Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 381:1721-35. 2013
  9. pmc MaiMwana women's groups: a community mobilisation intervention to improve mother and child health and reduce mortality in rural Malawi
    Mikey Rosato
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH
    Malawi Med J 22:112-9. 2010
  10. pmc Research report--Volunteer infant feeding and care counselors: a health education intervention to improve mother and child health and reduce mortality in rural Malawi
    Mikey Rosato
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH Centre for Anthropological Research, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa
    Malawi Med J 24:39-42. 2012

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. pmc Improving newborn survival in low-income countries: community-based approaches and lessons from South Asia
    Nirmala Nair
    Ekjut, Chakradharpur, West Singhbhum, Jharkhand, India
    PLoS Med 7:e1000246. 2010
    b>David Osrin and colleagues discuss the critical importance of reducing global neonatal mortality in developing countries and how community-based approaches can help.
  2. pmc Effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on children's weight and size at 2 years of age in Nepal: follow-up of a double-blind randomised controlled trial
    Anjana Vaidya
    Mother and Infant Research Activities MIRA, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Lancet 371:492-9. 2008
    ..Here, we report on 2-3 years' follow-up of children born during the trial...
  3. pmc Prospective study of determinants and costs of home births in Mumbai slums
    Sushmita Das
    Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action SNEHA, Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, 60 Feet Road, Shahunagar, Dharavi, Mumbai 400017, Maharashtra, India
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:38. 2010
    ..We aimed to explore factors influencing the choice of home delivery, care practices and costs, and to identify characteristics of women, households and the environment which might increase the likelihood of home birth...
  4. pmc Inequalities in maternity care and newborn outcomes: one-year surveillance of births in vulnerable slum communities in Mumbai
    Neena Shah More
    UCL Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Equity Health 8:21. 2009
    ..Aggregate urban health statistics mask inequalities. We described maternity care in vulnerable slum communities in Mumbai, and examined differences in care and outcomes between more and less deprived groups...
  5. ncbi request reprint Serious bacterial infections in newborn infants in developing countries
    David Osrin
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 17:217-24. 2004
    ..This review therefore briefly addresses the burden, aetiology, prevention and management of serious neonatal bacterial infections in low-income settings...
  6. pmc Perinatal interventions and survival in resource-poor settings: which work, which don't, which have the jury out?
    David Osrin
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 95:1039-46. 2010
    ..Our article begins by considering differences in the interpretation of 'intervention' to improve perinatal survival. We identify three types of..
  7. pmc A rapid assessment scorecard to identify informal settlements at higher maternal and child health risk in Mumbai
    David Osrin
    UCL Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford St, London, UK
    J Urban Health 88:919-32. 2011
    ..The scorecard needs further testing in a range of urban contexts, but we intend to use it to identify informal settlements in particular need of family health interventions in a subsequent program...
  8. pmc Effect of women's groups and volunteer peer counselling on rates of mortality, morbidity, and health behaviours in mothers and children in rural Malawi (MaiMwana): a factorial, cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Sonia Lewycka
    Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 381:1721-35. 2013
    ..Women's groups and health education by peer counsellors can improve the health of mothers and children. We assessed their effects on mortality and breastfeeding rates in rural Malawi...
  9. pmc MaiMwana women's groups: a community mobilisation intervention to improve mother and child health and reduce mortality in rural Malawi
    Mikey Rosato
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH
    Malawi Med J 22:112-9. 2010
    ..Their impact, implementation and cost-effectiveness have been rigorously evaluated through a randomized controlled trial design. The results of these evaluations will be reported in 2011...
  10. pmc Research report--Volunteer infant feeding and care counselors: a health education intervention to improve mother and child health and reduce mortality in rural Malawi
    Mikey Rosato
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH Centre for Anthropological Research, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006, South Africa
    Malawi Med J 24:39-42. 2012
    ..The impact is being evaluated through a cluster randomised controlled trial and results will be reported in 2012...
  11. pmc Community interventions to reduce child mortality in Dhanusha, Nepal: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Bhim P Shrestha
    Mother and Infant Research Activities MIRA, GPO Box 921, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Trials 12:136. 2011
    ..Previous work suggests that local women's groups can effect significant improvement through community mobilisation. The possibility of identification and management of newborn infections by community-based workers has also arisen...
  12. pmc Community mobilisation and health management committee strengthening to increase birth attendance by trained health workers in rural Makwanpur, Nepal: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Joanna Morrison
    Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Trials 12:128. 2011
    ..We will test the effect of community mobilisation through women's groups, and health management committee strengthening, on institutional deliveries and home deliveries attended by trained health workers in Makwanpur District...
  13. pmc Intracluster correlation coefficients and coefficients of variation for perinatal outcomes from five cluster-randomised controlled trials in low and middle-income countries: results and methodological implications
    Christina Pagel
    Clinical Operational Research Unit, University College London, UK
    Trials 12:151. 2011
    ..In this study we report estimates for perinatal health outcomes from community-based trials to help researchers plan future evaluations...
  14. pmc Association between clean delivery kit use, clean delivery practices, and neonatal survival: pooled analysis of data from three sites in South Asia
    Nadine Seward
    UCL, Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 9:e1001180. 2012
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Implementing a community-based participatory intervention to improve essential newborn care in rural Nepal
    David Osrin
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:18-21. 2003
    ..Outcomes assessed are neonatal and perinatal mortality rates, changes in patterns of home care, health care seeking and referral. The study also aims to generate programmatic information on the process of implementation in communities...
  16. ncbi request reprint Effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on birthweight and gestational duration in Nepal: double-blind, randomised controlled trial
    David Osrin
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 365:955-62. 2005
    ..We tested the hypotheses that antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation would increase infant birthweight and gestational duration...
  17. pmc A cluster randomised controlled trial of the community effectiveness of two interventions in rural Malawi to improve health care and to reduce maternal, newborn and infant mortality
    Sonia Lewycka
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Trials 11:88. 2010
    ..The MaiMwana Project aims to test community-based interventions that tackle maternal and child health problems through increasing awareness and local action...
  18. pmc Women's groups practising participatory learning and action to improve maternal and newborn health in low-resource settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Audrey Prost
    Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 381:1736-46. 2013
    ..We assessed the effects of women's groups practising participatory learning and action, compared with usual care, on birth outcomes in low-resource settings...
  19. ncbi request reprint Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes in Nepal: cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Dharma S Manandhar
    Mother and Infant Research Activities MIRA, PO Box 921, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Lancet 364:970-9. 2004
    ..90% of deliveries in the poorest quintile of households happen at home. We postulated that a community-based participatory intervention could significantly reduce neonatal mortality rates...
  20. ncbi request reprint Effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy on inflammatory markers in Nepalese women
    Laura J Hindle
    Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1086-92. 2006
    ..Multiple micronutrient supplementation of Nepalese women during pregnancy is associated with a significant increase in birth weight...
  21. pmc Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy in low-income countries: a meta-analysis of effects on stillbirths and on early and late neonatal mortality
    Carine Ronsmans
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S547-55. 2009
    ..Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are common among women in low-income countries and may adversely affect pregnancy outcomes...
  22. pmc Ethical challenges in cluster randomized controlled trials: experiences from public health interventions in Africa and Asia
    David Osrin
    University College London, Institute of Child Health, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 87:772-9. 2009
    ..Finally, we consider the debate about benefits to control groups and the standard of care that they should receive, and the issue of post-trial adoption of the intervention under test...
  23. ncbi request reprint Predictors of psychological distress among postnatal mothers in rural Nepal: a cross-sectional community-based study
    Kelly Clarke
    University College London Institute for Global Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom Electronic address
    J Affect Disord 156:76-86. 2014
    ..We aimed to identify factors associated with psychological distress, a proxy for common mental disorders, among mothers in rural Dhanusha, Nepal...
  24. pmc Maternal and neonatal health expenditure in Mumbai slums (India): a cross sectional study
    Jolene Skordis-Worrall
    UCL Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:150. 2011
    ..We analyzed spending on maternity care in urban slum communities in Mumbai to better understand the equity of spending and the impact of spending on household poverty...
  25. pmc Adaptation of a probabilistic method (InterVA) of verbal autopsy to improve the interpretation of cause of stillbirth and neonatal death in Malawi, Nepal, and Zimbabwe
    Stefania Vergnano
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL, Institute of Child Health 30 Guilford St, London WC1N1EH, UK
    Popul Health Metr 9:48. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  26. ncbi request reprint Epidemiological transition, medicalisation of childbirth, and neonatal mortality: three Brazilian birth-cohorts
    Anthony Costello
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 365:825-6. 2005
  27. doi request reprint Exploring the first delay: a qualitative study of home deliveries in Makwanpur district Nepal
    Joanna Morrison
    Institute of Global Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:89. 2014
    ..We present qualitative research with women who delivered at home in rural Nepal, to gain a contemporary understanding of the context where we are testing the effectiveness of an intervention to increase institutional deliveries...
  28. ncbi request reprint Women's groups' perceptions of maternal health issues in rural Malawi
    Mikey Rosato
    Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 368:1180-8. 2006
    ..Surveys have indicated a poor awareness of maternal health problems by individual women. We report the perceptions of women's groups to such issues in the rural Mchinji district of Malawi...
  29. ncbi request reprint Micronutrient status during pregnancy and outcomes for newborn infants in developing countries
    Anthony M de L Costello
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH
    J Nutr 133:1757S-1764S. 2003
    ..It would also be helpful to look at mechanisms for bringing the periconceptional period within the ambit of trials...
  30. pmc Reducing maternal and neonatal mortality in the poorest communities
    Anthony Costello
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 329:1166-8. 2004
  31. pmc Identifying priorities to improve maternal and child nutrition among the Khmu ethnic group, Laos: a formative study
    Joia de Sa
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK PO Box 2652 Vientiane Capital, Vientiane, Lao People s Democratic Republic Save the Children, PO Box 7475 Vientiane Capital, Luang Prabang, Lao People s Democratic Republic
    Matern Child Nutr 9:452-66. 2013
    ..The impact of wider governmental policies on food security needs to be further assessed. ..
  32. pmc Stillbirths and newborn deaths in slum settlements in Mumbai, India: a prospective verbal autopsy study
    Ujwala Bapat
    Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action SNEHA, Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, Dharavi, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:39. 2012
    ..Our objectives were to classify deaths according to international cause-specific criteria and to identify major causes of delay in seeking and receiving health care for maternal and newborn health problems...
  33. ncbi request reprint The case for a new Global Fund for maternal, neonatal, and child survival
    Anthony Costello
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 366:603-5. 2005
  34. pmc Community-based health programmes: role perceptions and experiences of female peer facilitators in Mumbai's urban slums
    Glyn A Alcock
    University College London Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Health Educ Res 24:957-66. 2009
    ..We contextualize this within broader conceptualizations of peer-led health interventions and offer recommendations for similar community-based health initiatives...
  35. pmc Cross sectional, community based study of care of newborn infants in Nepal
    David Osrin
    International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 325:1063. 2002
    ..To determine home based newborn care practices in rural Nepal in order to inform strategies to improve neonatal outcome...
  36. doi request reprint Understanding psychological distress among mothers in rural Nepal: a qualitative grounded theory exploration
    Kelly Clarke
    University College London Institute for Global Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 14:60. 2014
    ..We also explored how distressed mothers interact with their families and the wider community...
  37. pmc Intimate partner violence against women during and after pregnancy: a cross-sectional study in Mumbai slums
    Sushmita Das
    Institute for Global Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:817. 2013
    ..Our objectives were to describe the prevalence of IPV during pregnancy and after delivery in an urban slum setting, to review its social determinants, and to explore its effects on maternal and newborn health...
  38. pmc Community resource centres to improve the health of women and children in Mumbai slums: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial
    Neena Shah More
    Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action, Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, 60 Feet Road, Shahunagar, Dharavi, Mumbai 400017 Maharashtra, India
    Trials 14:132. 2013
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Chemoprophylaxis use and the risk of malaria in travelers to Nepal
    William Cave
    CIWEC Clinic Travel Medicine Center, PO Box 12895, Kathmandu, Nepal
    J Travel Med 10:100-5. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to describe chemoprophylactic practices among travelers to Nepal and to document differences in advice according to its source and the country in which it was given...
  40. pmc Sickle cell anaemia in a changing world
    Edward Fottrell
    Institute for Global Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    PLoS Med 10:e1001483. 2013
    b>David Osrin and Edward Fottrell comment on new research by Frédéric Piel and colleagues on the growing burden of sickle cell anemia, and discuss the need for changing policy and health services in response to epidemiologic transitions ..
  41. pmc The lives of Malawian nurses: the stories behind the statistics
    Astrida I Grigulis
    UCL Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1195-6. 2009
    ..In addition, although nurses in Malawi perceive that conditions in the UK are difficult, many still aspire to migrate themselves...