Andy R Ness
Affiliation: University of Bristol
- Gender differences in the ratio between humerus width and length are established prior to pubertyE M Clark
Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Osteoporos Int 18:463-70. 2007....
- Drawing causal inferences in epidemiologic studies of early life influencesAndy R Ness
School of Oral and Dental Sciences, Bristol Dental School, Bristol, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 94:1959S-1963S. 2011..These approaches to confounding often require the comparison of data from different populations or a combination of studies to ensure adequate power to provide robust estimates of the causal effect...
- The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)--a resource for the study of the environmental determinants of childhood obesityAndy R Ness
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
Eur J Endocrinol 151:U141-9. 2004..Recent analyses have identified important modifiable risk factors and further analyses based on more accurate measures of diet, activity and body composition should provide further insights...
- Objectively measured physical activity and fat mass in a large cohort of childrenAndy R Ness
Department of Oral and Dental Science, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 4:e97. 2007..Previous studies have been unable to characterise the association between physical activity and obesity, possibly because most relied on inaccurate measures of physical activity and obesity...
- Smoking during pregnancy and offspring fat and lean mass in childhoodSam D Leary
Department of Community-Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2284-93. 2006..9 years. However, as the associations with partner smoking were only a little weaker than those with maternal smoking, confounding by social factors rather than a direct effect of maternal smoking is a possible explanation...
- Physical activity and blood pressure in childhood: findings from a population-based studySam D Leary
Department of Oral and Dental Science, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ UK
Hypertension 51:92-8. 2008..03 (95% CI -0.54, 0.48) mm Hg per 15 minutes/d MVPA. In conclusion, higher levels of PA were associated with lower BP, and results suggested that the volume of activity may be more important than the intensity...
- The social patterning of fat and lean mass in a contemporary cohort of childrenAndy R Ness
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Child Health, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
Int J Pediatr Obes 1:59-61. 2006..Our data show that inequalities in adiposity are present in primary school children and suggest that social inequalities in childhood obesity may have been underestimated in previous studies...
- Socioeconomic disparities in trajectories of adiposity across childhoodLaura D Howe
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
Int J Pediatr Obes 6:e144-53. 2011..Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity are consistently observed in high-income countries. The development of such inequalities across childhood; however, has not been studied using longitudinal data...
- Maternal anemia, iron intake in pregnancy, and offspring blood pressure in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and ChildrenMarie Jo A Brion
MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Am J Clin Nutr 88:1126-33. 2008..Studies in pregnant women are limited in number, have had inconsistent results, and have not accounted for maternal iron supplementation...
- Changes in ponderal index and body mass index across childhood and their associations with fat mass and cardiovascular risk factors at age 15Laura D Howe
MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e15186. 2010....
- Modifiable maternal exposures and offspring blood pressure: a review of epidemiological studies of maternal age, diet, and smokingMarie Jo A Brion
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
Pediatr Res 63:593-8. 2008..03 to 0.21, I = 89.8%). In sum, there is little empirical evidence that the maternal exposures reviewed program offspring BP. Other components of offspring health may be more susceptible to effects of programming in utero...
- Associations of size at birth and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measures of lean and fat mass at 9 to 10 y of ageImogen S Rogers
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 84:739-47. 2006..CONCLUSIONS: Higher PI at birth is associated with both higher fat and lean mass in childhood but also with an increase in the FLR. PI at birth is a better predictor of subsequent adiposity than is birth weight...
- Vigorous physical activity increases fracture risk in children irrespective of bone mass: a prospective study of the independent risk factors for fractures in healthy childrenEmma M Clark
Clinical Science at South Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
J Bone Miner Res 23:1012-22. 2008....
- Bone fragility contributes to the risk of fracture in children, even after moderate and severe traumaEmma M Clark
Clinical Science at South Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
J Bone Miner Res 23:173-9. 2008..9 +/- 0.3 (SD) yr is affected by trauma level. Bone size relative to body size and humeral vBMD showed similar inverse relationships with fracture risk, irrespective of whether fractures followed slight or moderate/severe trauma...
- Similar associations of parental prenatal smoking suggest child blood pressure is not influenced by intrauterine effectsMarie Jo A Brion
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
Hypertension 49:1422-8. 2007..36 to 0.87; P=0.4 fully adjusted), providing further evidence that differences in child blood pressure observed in minimally adjusted models are not because of a biological influence of maternal smoking on the intrauterine environment...
- Maternal macronutrient and energy intakes in pregnancy and offspring intake at 10 y: exploring parental comparisons and prenatal effectsMarie Jo A Brion
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Am J Clin Nutr 91:748-56. 2010..Few prospective dietary studies have explored this relation...
- Improving health through neighbourhood environmental change: are we speaking the same language? A qualitative study of views of different stakeholdersTanya Trayers
Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 28:49-55. 2006....
- No effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (EPA and DHA) supplementation on depressed mood and cognitive function: a randomised controlled trialPeter J Rogers
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, UK
Br J Nutr 99:421-31. 2008..Adding the present result to a meta-analysis of previous relevant randomised controlled trial results confirmed an overall negligible benefit of n-3 LCPUFA supplementation for depressed mood...
- Association between bone mass and fractures in children: a prospective cohort studyEmma M Clark
Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
J Bone Miner Res 21:1489-95. 2006..A total of 6213 children 9.9 years of age were followed for 24 months. Results showed an 89% increased risk of fracture per SD decrease in size-adjusted BMC...
- Habitual levels of physical activity influence bone mass in 11-year-old children from the United Kingdom: findings from a large population-based cohortJon H Tobias
University of Bristol, UK
J Bone Miner Res 22:101-9. 2007..Physical activity was positively related to both BMD and bone size in fully adjusted models. However, further exploration revealed that this effect on bone size was modified by fat mass...
- Commentary: the rough world of nutritional epidemiology: does dietary fibre prevent large bowel cancer?Debbie A Lawlor
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
Int J Epidemiol 32:239-43. 2003
- Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activityChris J Riddoch
Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
Arch Dis Child 92:963-9. 2007..To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
- Earlier mother's age at menarche predicts rapid infancy growth and childhood obesityKen K Ong
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 4:e132. 2007..As age at menarche is a heritable trait, we hypothesised that age at menarche in the mother may in turn predict her children's early growth and obesity risk...
- Risks and benefits of omega 3 fats for mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: systematic reviewLee Hooper
School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ
BMJ 332:752-60. 2006..To review systematically the evidence for an effect of long chain and shorter chain omega 3 fatty acids on total mortality, cardiovascular events, and cancer...
- Folic acid supplements in pregnancy and birth outcome: re-analysis of a large randomised controlled trial and update of Cochrane reviewDeborah H M Charles
Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women s Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Aberdeen, UK
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:112-24. 2005..73 [95% CI 0.53, 0.99]). We found no conclusive evidence of benefit for folic acid supplementation in pregnant women given from time of booking onwards...
- Taking folate in pregnancy and risk of maternal breast cancerDeborah Charles
Dugald Baird Centre for Research on Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Aberdeen AB25 2ZL
BMJ 329:1375-6. 2004