Keith W Muir

Summary

Affiliation: University of Glasgow
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint New experimental and clinical data on the efficacy of pharmacological magnesium infusions in cerebral infarcts
    K W Muir
    Department of Neurology, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Magnes Res 11:43-56. 1998
  2. pmc Imaging of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack
    K W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:iii19-iii28. 2005
  3. pmc Prevalence, Predictors and Prognosis of Post-Stroke Hyperglycaemia in Acute Stroke Trials: Individual Patient Data Pooled Analysis from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA)
    Keith W Muir
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 1:17-27. 2011
  4. doi request reprint Set up and run a thrombolysis service for acute stroke
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow and Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Pract Neurol 10:145-51. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Can the ischemic penumbra be identified on noncontrast CT of acute stroke?
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Stroke 38:2485-90. 2007
  6. pmc Magnesium in stroke treatment
    K W Muir
    University Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Postgrad Med J 78:641-5. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Inflammation and ischaemic stroke
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Medicine and Neurosciences, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Salford, UK
    Curr Opin Neurol 20:334-42. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Glutamate-based therapeutic approaches: clinical trials with NMDA antagonists
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Pharmacol 6:53-60. 2006
  9. pmc Visual evaluation of perfusion computed tomography in acute stroke accurately estimates infarct volume and tissue viability
    K W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Southern General Hospital, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:334-9. 2006
  10. doi request reprint The PREVAIL trial and low-molecular-weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism
    Keith W Muir
    Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK
    Stroke 39:2174-6. 2008

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. ncbi request reprint New experimental and clinical data on the efficacy of pharmacological magnesium infusions in cerebral infarcts
    K W Muir
    Department of Neurology, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Magnes Res 11:43-56. 1998
    ..No adverse effects have been observed, and trends favouring magnesium treatment have been seen. A large multicentre clinical trial testing the efficacy of magnesium sulphate is underway, and should report within 4 years...
  2. pmc Imaging of acute stroke and transient ischaemic attack
    K W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:iii19-iii28. 2005
  3. pmc Prevalence, Predictors and Prognosis of Post-Stroke Hyperglycaemia in Acute Stroke Trials: Individual Patient Data Pooled Analysis from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA)
    Keith W Muir
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 1:17-27. 2011
    ..We examined the prevalence, predictors, and prognosis of acute PSH using data from well-characterised clinical trials in the VISTA database...
  4. doi request reprint Set up and run a thrombolysis service for acute stroke
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow and Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Pract Neurol 10:145-51. 2010
    ..Most acute stroke teams cross traditional medical disciplines. Thrombolysis should ideally be delivered within an integrated service that seamlessly includes acute stroke unit care and rehabilitation...
  5. ncbi request reprint Can the ischemic penumbra be identified on noncontrast CT of acute stroke?
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Stroke 38:2485-90. 2007
    ..Early ischemic changes on noncontrast CT in acute stroke include both hypoattenuation and brain swelling, which may have different pathophysiological significance...
  6. pmc Magnesium in stroke treatment
    K W Muir
    University Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Postgrad Med J 78:641-5. 2002
    ..Small clinical trials have reported benefit, but results are not statistically significant in systematic review. A large ongoing trial (IMAGES) will report in 2003-4 and further trials are planned...
  7. ncbi request reprint Inflammation and ischaemic stroke
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Medicine and Neurosciences, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Salford, UK
    Curr Opin Neurol 20:334-42. 2007
    ..Each aspect is reviewed...
  8. ncbi request reprint Glutamate-based therapeutic approaches: clinical trials with NMDA antagonists
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Pharmacol 6:53-60. 2006
    ..Other therapeutic areas of promise remain inadequately explored at present...
  9. pmc Visual evaluation of perfusion computed tomography in acute stroke accurately estimates infarct volume and tissue viability
    K W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Southern General Hospital, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:334-9. 2006
    ..To establish the validity of visual interpretation of immediately processed perfusion computed tomography (CT) maps in acute stroke for prediction of final infarction...
  10. doi request reprint The PREVAIL trial and low-molecular-weight heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism
    Keith W Muir
    Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK
    Stroke 39:2174-6. 2008
  11. ncbi request reprint Heterogeneity of stroke pathophysiology and neuroprotective clinical trial design
    Keith W Muir
    University Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Stroke 33:1545-50. 2002
    ..Tissue substrates for action of neuroprotective agents may be absent in a significant proportion of strokes. Pathophysiological heterogeneity is a possible contributor to negative neuroprotective trials...
  12. ncbi request reprint Magnesium for neuroprotection in ischaemic stroke: rationale for use and evidence of effectiveness
    K W Muir
    University Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    CNS Drugs 15:921-30. 2001
    ..Five small trials in acute stroke have reported reduced odds of death or dependence with administration of magnesium, but confidence intervals are wide, and definitive data from ongoing large trials are awaited...
  13. ncbi request reprint C-reactive protein and outcome after ischemic stroke
    K W Muir
    Acute Stroke Unit, University Department of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Glasgow, Scotland
    Stroke 30:981-5. 1999
    ..We examined the relationship between CRP and outcome after acute ischemic stroke...
  14. ncbi request reprint Thrombolytic therapy for stroke: a review with particular reference to elderly patients
    K W Muir
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Drugs Aging 16:41-54. 2000
    ..Thrombolysis is likely to remain feasible for a minority of stroke patients of all ages, and there is a need for other acute treatment options...
  15. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of graded compression stockings for prevention of deep-vein thrombosis after acute stroke
    K W Muir
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    QJM 93:359-64. 2000
    ..There is greater doubt over efficacy in early prevention of proximal DVT...
  16. ncbi request reprint Phase II clinical trial of sipatrigine (619C89) by continuous infusion in acute stroke
    K W Muir
    Acute Stroke Unit, University Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis 10:431-6. 2000
    ..Previous clinical experience found neuropsychiatric effects attributed to sipatrigine that may have been related to peak plasma concentrations of the drug...
  17. doi request reprint T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with hyperoxia in acute ischemic stroke
    Krishna A Dani
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Ann Neurol 68:37-47. 2010
    ..We describe the first clinical application of transient hyperoxia ("oxygen challenge") during T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to detect differences in vascular deoxyhemoglobin between tissue compartments following stroke...
  18. pmc Clinical relevance and practical implications of trials of perfusion and angiographic imaging in patients with acute ischaemic stroke: a multicentre cohort imaging study
    Joanna M Wardlaw
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 84:1001-7. 2013
    ..In randomised trials testing treatments for acute ischaemic stroke, imaging markers of tissue reperfusion and arterial recanalisation may provide early response indicators...
  19. pmc Stroke penumbra defined by an MRI-based oxygen challenge technique: 1. Validation using [14C]2-deoxyglucose autoradiography
    Craig A Robertson
    Glasgow Experimental MRI Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 31:1778-87. 2011
    ..41% ± 0.62% in hyperglycolytic tissue, located outside OC-defined penumbra and within the diffusion abnormality. The results support the utility of OC-MRI to detect viable penumbral tissue following stroke...
  20. doi request reprint Iodinated contrast media and cerebral hemorrhage after intravenous thrombolysis
    Niall J J MacDougall
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G51 4TF, UK
    Stroke 42:2170-4. 2011
    ..Increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) complicating microcatheter contrast injections has recently been reported in the second Interventional Management of Stroke (IMS 2) trial with contrast toxicity potentially contributory...
  21. doi request reprint Randomized, controlled trial of insulin for acute poststroke hyperglycemia
    Michael McCormick
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Ann Neurol 67:570-8. 2010
    ..Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), previous studies identified a relationship between recruitment of ischemic tissue to the final infarct and hyperglycemia, possibly mediated by brain lactic acidosis...
  22. pmc Stroke penumbra defined by an MRI-based oxygen challenge technique: 2. Validation based on the consequences of reperfusion
    Craig A Robertson
    Glasgow Experimental MRI Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 31:1788-98. 2011
    ..T(2)(*) OC-defined penumbra recovered when CBF was restored, providing further validation of the utility of T(2)(*) OC for acute stroke management...
  23. doi request reprint Systematic review of perfusion imaging with computed tomography and magnetic resonance in acute ischemic stroke: heterogeneity of acquisition and postprocessing parameters: a translational medicine research collaboration multicentre acute stroke imaging s
    Krishna A Dani
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 43:563-6. 2012
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Effects of magnesium treatment in a model of internal capsule lesion in spontaneously hypertensive rats
    Clotilde Lecrux
    7TMRI Facility, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Glasgow, Garscube Estate, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK
    Stroke 39:448-54. 2008
    ..The study aim was to assess the effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) administration on white matter damage in vivo in spontaneously hypertensive rats...
  25. doi request reprint Early recurrent ischemic stroke complicating intravenous thrombolysis for stroke: incidence and association with atrial fibrillation
    Mostafa Awadh
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Stroke 41:1990-5. 2010
    ..We observed a number of cases of acute deterioration due to recurrent ischemic events...
  26. pmc Potential use of oxygen as a metabolic biosensor in combination with T2*-weighted MRI to define the ischemic penumbra
    Celestine Santosh
    Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 28:1742-53. 2008
    ..Oxygen challenge has potential clinical utility and, by distinguishing metabolically active and inactive tissues within hypoperfused regions, could provide a more precise assessment of penumbra...
  27. pmc Crossed cerebellar diaschisis: insights into oxygen challenge MRI
    Krishna A Dani
    Institute of Neurosciences and Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 32:2114-7. 2012
    ..027, n=12). This was associated with reduced CBV in contralesional cerebellum (P=0.039, n=9). CCD may be a useful model to determine the relative contribution of CBV to signal change measured by OCI...
  28. doi request reprint Brain lesion volume and capacity for consent in stroke trials: potential regulatory barriers to the use of surrogate markers
    Krishna A Dani
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, UK
    Stroke 39:2336-40. 2008
    ..We compared brain lesion volumes in stroke patients deemed to have capacity to consent with those defined as incapacitated...
  29. doi request reprint Computed tomography and magnetic resonance perfusion imaging in ischemic stroke: definitions and thresholds
    Krishna A Dani
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, University of Glasgow Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland
    Ann Neurol 70:384-401. 2011
    ..The optimum perfusion values to identify tissue at risk of infarction in acute stroke are unclear. We systematically reviewed CT and MR perfusion imaging in acute ischemic stroke...
  30. ncbi request reprint Dose optimization of intravenous magnesium sulfate after acute stroke
    K W Muir
    University Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland
    Stroke 29:918-23. 1998
    ..Previous small clinical trials in stroke patients have explored the safety and tolerability of different infusion regimens. This study was undertaken to optimize the regimen for a multicenter trial...
  31. pmc Hyperglycaemia and infarct size in animal models of middle cerebral artery occlusion: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Niall J J MacDougall
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, Southern General Hospital, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 31:807-18. 2011
    ..Insulin had a nonsignificant and significantly heterogeneous effect. Further studies with relevant models may inform clinical trial design...
  32. ncbi request reprint Imaging of acute stroke
    Keith W Muir
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow
    Lancet Neurol 5:755-68. 2006
    ..Pathophysiological information from CT or MRI increasingly helps clinical trial design, may allow targeted therapy in individual patients, and may extend the time scale for reperfusion therapy...
  33. ncbi request reprint Effect of apolipoprotein E genotype on in-hospital mortality following intracerebral haemorrhage
    M O McCarron
    Department of Neurology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK
    Acta Neurol Scand 107:106-9. 2003
    ..To determine the relationship between the apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele and in-hospital mortality from intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH)...
  34. pmc Hyperglycemia accelerates apparent diffusion coefficient-defined lesion growth after focal cerebral ischemia in rats with and without features of metabolic syndrome
    David Tarr
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 33:1556-63. 2013
    ..Management of hyperglycemia may have greatest benefit when performed in the acute phase after stroke in the absence or presence of comorbidities...
  35. doi request reprint Implementation of a stroke thrombolysis service within a tertiary neurosciences centre in the United Kingdom
    Michael T McCormick
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, G51 4TF, UK
    QJM 101:291-8. 2008
    ..Intravenous alteplase is licensed for treatment of ischaemic stroke within 3 h of onset. Up to one-third of patients in the UK present to hospital within this time window but few are treated...
  36. ncbi request reprint Apolipoprotein E genotype, coagulation, and survival following acute stroke
    C J Weir
    Acute Stroke Unit, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Gardiner Institute, Western Infirmary, Scotland, UK
    Neurology 57:1097-100. 2001
    ..03) after adjusting for baseline NIH stroke scale (p = 0.00001) and partial thromboplastin time ratio (p = 0.01). Relative anticoagulation does not fully explain the survival advantage in epsilon4-carrying ischemic stroke patients...
  37. doi request reprint Time to treatment with intravenous alteplase and outcome in stroke: an updated pooled analysis of ECASS, ATLANTIS, NINDS, and EPITHET trials
    Kennedy R Lees
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Lancet 375:1695-703. 2010
    ..We re-examined the effect of time to treatment with intravenous rt-PA (alteplase) on therapeutic benefit and clinical risk by adding recent trial data to the analysis...
  38. doi request reprint Thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke in the United Kingdom: experience from the safe implementation of thrombolysis in stroke (SITS) register
    K R Lees
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
    QJM 101:863-9. 2008
    ..To describe the United Kingdom (UK) experience with thrombolytic therapy with intravenous alteplase (rt-PA) for stroke, as captured by the Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke (SITS) project...
  39. ncbi request reprint Intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischaemic stroke: preliminary experience with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in the UK
    M R Walters
    Acute Stroke Unit, Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis 20:438-42. 2005
    ..To present the preliminary experience of implementing intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute ischaemic stroke in three UK stroke centres...
  40. ncbi request reprint Neuroprotection for acute stroke: making clinical trials work
    K W Muir
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow
    Stroke 30:180-2. 1999
    ..If further negative results such as those of recent large neuroprotective trials are to be avoided, trial methodology must be reevaluated...
  41. ncbi request reprint Is inadequate family history a barrier to diagnosis in CADASIL?
    S S M Razvi
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Acta Neurol Scand 112:323-6. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Management of hyperglycemia in acute stroke: how, when, and for whom?
    Michael T McCormick
    University of Glasgow, Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Gardiner Institute, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT, UK
    Stroke 39:2177-85. 2008
  43. ncbi request reprint Insular cortex hypoperfusion and acute phase blood glucose after stroke: a CT perfusion study
    Fiona C Moreton
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, UK
    Stroke 38:407-10. 2007
    ..Insular cortex ischemia is proposed to mediate a sympathetic stimulus that leads to acute hyperglycemia after stroke...
  44. ncbi request reprint Magnesium for treatment of acute lacunar stroke syndromes: further analysis of the IMAGES trial
    Stella Aslanyan
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 38:1269-73. 2007
    ..Post hoc analysis indicated that this effect was seen in lacunar clinical syndromes (LACS), interaction P=0.005. We have now examined whether this interaction could be explained by confounding baseline factors...
  45. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of apolipoprotein E genotype and functional outcome following ischemic stroke
    M O McCarron
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland
    Arch Neurol 57:1480-4. 2000
    ..Transgenic animal data in a focal cerebral ischemia model suggest that the epsilon 4 allele increases infarct size and functional impairment...
  46. doi request reprint Stem cell therapy in stroke: designing clinical trials
    Dheeraj Kalladka
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, UK
    Neurochem Int 59:367-70. 2011
    ..There are considerable difficulties in designing future efficacy trials, some being generic to the field of regenerative treatment in stroke, and some that are specific to stem cells or their mode of delivery...
  47. doi request reprint STICH 2: does decompression have a role in superficial intracerebral hematoma?
    Keith W Muir
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, Southern General Hospital, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Stroke 8:540-1. 2013
    ..Further analysis may clarify whether decompressive surgery late after superficial intracerebral haemorrhage has any role in management. ..
  48. ncbi request reprint Prolonged interval between vertebral artery dissection and ischemic stroke
    Fozia S Nazir
    Department of Neurology and University Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Neurology 62:1646-7. 2004
  49. doi request reprint Secondary prevention of stroke
    Niall J J MacDougall
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, G51 4TF, UK
    Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 7:1103-15. 2009
    ..We review current literature on the secondary prevention of stroke...
  50. ncbi request reprint Basilar artery occlusion
    Tracey A Baird
    Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Neurocrit Care 1:319-29. 2004
    ..Increasing awareness of this condition may reveal the natural history to be more diverse than previously recognized...
  51. doi request reprint Do iodinated contrast agents impair fibrinolysis in acute stroke? A systematic review
    K A Dani
    Department of Neurology, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Glasgow, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 31:170-4. 2010
    ....
  52. pmc The prevalence of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leucoencephalopathy (CADASIL) in the west of Scotland
    S S M Razvi
    Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Institute of Neurological Sciences, Southern General Hospital, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow G3 8QB, Scotland
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 76:739-41. 2005
    ..Varying phenotypic expression leads to under recognition and misdiagnosis. Prevalence therefore remains uncertain. We sought to estimate the prevalence of CADASIL in the west of Scotland...
  53. ncbi request reprint Why have neuro-protectants failed?: lessons learned from stroke trials
    K W Muir
    University of Glasgow, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Institute of Neurological Sciences Southern General Hospital, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland
    J Neurol 252:1011-20. 2005
  54. ncbi request reprint Inflammation, blood pressure, and stroke: an opportunity to target primary prevention?
    Keith W Muir
    Stroke 33:2732-3. 2002
  55. ncbi request reprint Reliability of the modified Rankin Scale across multiple raters: benefits of a structured interview
    J T Lindsay Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Stroke 36:777-81. 2005
    ..The aim of the study was to examine rater variability in assessing functional outcomes using the conventional mRS, and to investigate whether use of a structured interview (mRS-SI) reduced this variability...
  56. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of C-reactive protein measurement for assessing the risk and prognosis in ischemic stroke: a statement for health care professionals from the CRP Pooling Project members
    Mario Di Napoli
    San Camillo de Lellis General Hospital, Rieti, Italy
    Stroke 36:1316-29. 2005
    ..The aim of this review is to summarize the evidence for CRP as an independent predictor of cerebrovascular events in at-risk individuals and ischemic stroke patients and to consider its usefulness in evaluating prognosis after stroke...
  57. ncbi request reprint Effect of smoking status on outcome after acute ischemic stroke
    Bruce Ovbiagele
    Stroke Center and Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Cerebrovasc Dis 21:260-5. 2006
    ..However, there is a paucity of data on the relationship between smoking status and acute stroke outcomes. We evaluated the role of recent smoking as a prognostic factor following acute ischemic stroke...
  58. ncbi request reprint Journey of an embolus
    Aileen McGonigal
    Neurology 62:1902. 2004
  59. ncbi request reprint Improving the assessment of outcomes in stroke: use of a structured interview to assign grades on the modified Rankin Scale
    J T Lindsay Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Stroke 33:2243-6. 2002
    ..The purpose of the present study was to compare conventional assessment on the modified Rankin Scale with assessment through a structured interview...
  60. ncbi request reprint Referral bias may underestimate number of very elderly patients eligible for rtPA
    Michael T McCormick
    Stroke 37:942-3; author reply 943. 2006
  61. pmc Secondary prevention for stroke and transient ischaemic attacks
    Keith W Muir
    BMJ 328:297-8. 2004