Fe Matthews

Summary

Affiliation: University of Cambridge
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc The oldest old in England and Wales: a descriptive analysis based on the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study
    Jing Xie
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK
    Age Ageing 37:396-402. 2008
  2. pmc Prevalence of autism in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Xiang Sun
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK
    Mol Autism 4:7. 2013
  3. pmc A commentary on studies presenting projections of the future prevalence of dementia
    Sam Norton
    Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:1. 2013
  4. pmc Examining the influence of gender, education, social class and birth cohort on MMSE tracking over time: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Fiona Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Geriatr 12:45. 2012
  5. pmc Development and validation of risk score for predicting positive repeat prostate biopsy in patients with a previous negative biopsy in a UK population
    Mark A Rochester
    Department of Urology, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Urol 9:7. 2009
  6. pmc Cohort differences in disease and disability in the young-old: findings from the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC-CFAS)
    Carol Jagger
    Leicester Nuffield Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:156. 2007
  7. pmc An investigation of the population impact of variation in HbA1c levels in older people in England and Wales: from a population based multi-centre longitudinal study
    Lu Gao
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:54. 2008
  8. pmc The epidemiology of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Ophthalmol 7:12. 2007
  9. pmc The frequency and validity of self-reported diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease in the UK elderly: MRC CFAS cohort
    Thomas Foltynie
    Cambridge Centre for Brain Repair, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 2PY, UK
    BMC Neurol 6:29. 2006
  10. pmc A comparison of parametric models for the investigation of the shape of cognitive change in the older population
    Graciela Muniz Terrera
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Robinson Way, University Forvie Site, CB2 0SR, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Neurol 8:16. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. pmc The oldest old in England and Wales: a descriptive analysis based on the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study
    Jing Xie
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK
    Age Ageing 37:396-402. 2008
    ..to describe the characteristics and survival of the oldest old in England and Wales...
  2. pmc Prevalence of autism in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Xiang Sun
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK
    Mol Autism 4:7. 2013
    ..This study synthesizes evidence relating to the prevalence of ASC in these areas and assesses the effects of research methodology on prevalence estimates...
  3. pmc A commentary on studies presenting projections of the future prevalence of dementia
    Sam Norton
    Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:1. 2013
    ..This will affect all regions of the world, but particularly developing regions. Dementia projections have been used extensively to support policy. It is therefore important these projections are as accurate as possible...
  4. pmc Examining the influence of gender, education, social class and birth cohort on MMSE tracking over time: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Fiona Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Geriatr 12:45. 2012
    ..The aim of this paper was to examine whether gender, education, social class and birth cohort affect how mean population cognition changes with age...
  5. pmc Development and validation of risk score for predicting positive repeat prostate biopsy in patients with a previous negative biopsy in a UK population
    Mark A Rochester
    Department of Urology, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Urol 9:7. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to develop a predictive nomogram to identify men more likely to have a cancer diagnosed on repeat prostate biopsy...
  6. pmc Cohort differences in disease and disability in the young-old: findings from the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC-CFAS)
    Carol Jagger
    Leicester Nuffield Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:156. 2007
    ..We use a repeated population-based cross-sectional study from the Cambridgeshire centre of the UK Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study to investigate trends in the health of the young-old UK population..
  7. pmc An investigation of the population impact of variation in HbA1c levels in older people in England and Wales: from a population based multi-centre longitudinal study
    Lu Gao
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:54. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate the association between the level of HbA1c and mortality from all causes, incident cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline and physical disability in people aged 65 and over in England and Wales...
  8. pmc The epidemiology of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Ophthalmol 7:12. 2007
    ....
  9. pmc The frequency and validity of self-reported diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease in the UK elderly: MRC CFAS cohort
    Thomas Foltynie
    Cambridge Centre for Brain Repair, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 2PY, UK
    BMC Neurol 6:29. 2006
    ..Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of chronic diseases can be made using established cohort studies but these estimates may have lower reliability if based purely on self-reported diagnosis...
  10. pmc A comparison of parametric models for the investigation of the shape of cognitive change in the older population
    Graciela Muniz Terrera
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Robinson Way, University Forvie Site, CB2 0SR, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Neurol 8:16. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc The reliability of assigning individuals to cognitive states using the Mini Mental-State Examination: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Riccardo E Marioni
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB20SR, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:127. 2011
    ..In practice, the MMSE is usually used to group individuals into cognitive states. The reliability of this grouping (state based approach) has not been fully explored...
  12. pmc Brief cognitive assessment in a UK population sample -- distributional properties and the relationship between the MMSE and an extended mental state examination
    Felicia A Huppert
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Geriatr 5:7. 2005
    ....
  13. pmc Falls in advanced old age: recalled falls and prospective follow-up of over-90-year-olds in the Cambridge City over-75s Cohort study
    Jane Fleming
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Geriatr 8:6. 2008
    ..This study set out to inform service planning by describing the epidemiology of falls in advanced old age using both retrospectively and prospectively collected falls data...
  14. pmc Behavioural and psychological symptoms in the older population without dementia--relationship with socio-demographics, health and cognition
    Rianne van der Linde
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Geriatr 10:87. 2010
    ..Here we explore the distribution of behavioural and psychological symptoms in the population without dementia, and their relationship with domains and severity of health and cognitive impairment...
  15. pmc Vascular health, diabetes, APOE and dementia: the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study
    David J Llewellyn
    Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Peninsula Medical School, Barrack Road, Exeter, EX2 5DW, UK
    Alzheimers Res Ther 2:19. 2010
    ..001). CONCLUSIONS : Data from the first dementia study that is representative of the United States population suggest that stroke, the APOE epsilon4 allele and their interaction are strongly associated with dementia...
  16. pmc Operationalization of mild cognitive impairment: a graphical approach
    Fiona E Matthews
    Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 4:1615-9. 2007
  17. pmc Education differences in life expectancy with cognitive impairment
    Fiona E Matthews
    Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:125-31. 2009
    ..Low education has an impact on life expectancy and level of cognition, but little is known on its effect on life expectancy with cognitive impairment...
  18. ncbi request reprint Who will be eligible? An investigation of the dementia population eligible for cholinesterase treatment following the change in NICE guidance
    Fiona E Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 25:719-24. 2010
    ..Investigate the impact of the changes in eligibility within England and Wales (E&W) for prescription within the UK National Health Service for treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of dementia in institutional care
    Fiona E Matthews
    Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Cambridge CB2 2SR, UK
    Lancet 360:225-6. 2002
    ..Within institutions, dementia prevalence was 62% (52-71), and was slightly higher in women than in men, with no increase by age. That most residents have dementia has implications for the type of care that institutions provide...
  20. pmc Attrition and bias in the MRC cognitive function and ageing study: an epidemiological investigation
    Fiona E Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge CB2 2SR, UK
    BMC Public Health 4:12. 2004
    ..This paper aims to identify potential biases in the two-year follow-up interviews...
  21. pmc An investigation of whether factors associated with short-term attrition change or persist over ten years: data from the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS)
    Fiona E Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 2SR, UK
    BMC Public Health 6:185. 2006
    ..Factors associated with the loss of participants in long-term longitudinal studies of ageing, due to refusal or moves, have been discussed less than those with short term follow-up...
  22. pmc Regional differences in multidimensional aspects of health: findings from the MRC cognitive function and ageing study
    Fiona E Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, CB2 2SR, UK
    BMC Public Health 6:90. 2006
    ..This paper aims to describe regional differences in healthy life expectancy using a variety of states of health and wellbeing within the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for incident dementia in England and Wales: The Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study. A population-based nested case-control study
    Agustin G Yip
    University of Cambridge, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Cambridge, UK
    Age Ageing 35:154-60. 2006
    ..To investigate a number of prospectively collected factors (sociodemographic, medical and behavioural) and their association with incident dementia in a population-based cohort...
  24. ncbi request reprint Two-year progression from mild cognitive impairment to dementia: to what extent do different definitions agree?
    Fiona E Matthews
    Medical Resarch Council Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kindom
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1424-33. 2008
    ..To determine the 2-year outcome from 16 different current classifications of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in a population-based sample...
  25. ncbi request reprint Using the Mini-Mental State Examination for tracking cognition in the older population based on longitudinal data
    Mark Chatfield
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1066-71. 2007
    ..To estimate population norms for use in assessment of individuals in relation to their age-matched peers using true longitudinal patterns of decline...
  26. ncbi request reprint Performance and normative values of a concise neuropsychological test (CAMCOG) in an elderly population sample
    Joanna G Williams
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 18:631-44. 2003
    ..CAMCOG is a widely used brief neuropsychological test. To date no normative values are available for English speaking individuals representative of the general population...
  27. pmc Epidemiological pathology of dementia: attributable-risks at death in the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study
    Fiona E Matthews
    Medical Research Council MRC Biostatistics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 6:e1000180. 2009
    ..We report the attributable risks (ARs) for dementia at death for common age-related degenerative and vascular pathologies, and other factors, in the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS)...
  28. ncbi request reprint Recovery in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs): findings from the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS)
    David Seidel
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, UK
    Age Ageing 38:663-8. 2009
    ..to provide evidence for predictors of recovery in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) among disabled older people living in the community...
  29. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of autism-spectrum conditions: UK school-based population study
    Simon Baron-Cohen
    University of Cambridge, Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge CB2 8AH, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 194:500-9. 2009
    ..Recent reports estimate the prevalence of autism-spectrum conditions in the UK to be 1%...
  30. pmc Estimating dementia-free life expectancy for Parkinson's patients using Bayesian inference and microsimulation
    Ardo van den Hout
    Medical Research Council Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 OSR, UK
    Biostatistics 10:729-43. 2009
    ..The model is applicable in many situations where individuals are followed over a long time period. In describing how a disease develops over time, the model can help to predict future need for health care...
  31. ncbi request reprint Neuropathological correlates of dementia in over-80-year-old brain donors from the population-based Cambridge city over-75s cohort (CC75C) study
    Carol Brayne
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Institute of Public Health, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK
    J Alzheimers Dis 18:645-58. 2009
    ..A greater burden of these pathologies, Lewy bodies, and hippocampal atrophy, are associated with a higher risk of, but do not define, clinical dementia in old age...
  32. doi request reprint The association between late-life cognitive test scores and retrospective informant interview data
    Riccardo E Marioni
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 23:274-9. 2011
    ..This study tested the association between last cognitive assessment before death and a retrospective informant assessment of cognition...
  33. ncbi request reprint Patterns of functional loss among older people: a prospective analysis
    David Seidel
    Engineering Design Centre, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
    Hum Factors 51:669-80. 2009
    ..Patterns of capability loss and disability onset among older people were investigated prospectively...
  34. doi request reprint Smooth random change point models
    Ardo van den Hout
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, U K
    Stat Med 30:599-610. 2011
    ..The aim is to identify how many years before death individuals experience a change in the rate of decline of their cognitive ability...
  35. doi request reprint A European perspective on population studies of dementia
    Carol Brayne
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Alzheimers Dement 7:3-9. 2011
    ..S. and European researchers have identified and attempted to tackle. To maximize information gained from studies across the world, better harmonization of methodology is needed, as informed from current research practice...
  36. ncbi request reprint Dementia risk prediction in the population: are screening models accurate?
    Blossom C M Stephan
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK
    Nat Rev Neurol 6:318-26. 2010
    ..A parsimonious and cost-effective consensus model needs to be developed that accurately identifies individuals with a high risk of future dementia...
  37. ncbi request reprint Age, neuropathology, and dementia
    George M Savva
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 360:2302-9. 2009
    ..Research in Alzheimer's disease is focused mainly on younger old persons, whereas studies involving very old persons report attenuated relationships between the pathological features of Alzheimer's disease and dementia...
  38. ncbi request reprint Increasing levels of semantic verbal fluency in elderly English adults
    David J Llewellyn
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 16:433-45. 2009
    ..3). A similar increase was also observed in East Cambridgeshire. Levels of semantic verbal fluency appear to have increased in the older English population, which may help to buffer the aging population from future increases in dementia...
  39. pmc What will happen if we do nothing to control trachoma: health expectancies for blinding trachoma in southern Sudan
    Jeremiah M Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e396. 2009
    ..We aimed to describe more completely the burden of blinding trachoma in Southern Sudan using health expectancies...
  40. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of depression in older people in England and Wales: the MRC CFA Study
    Fiona A McDougall
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Cambridge University, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1787-95. 2007
    ..Depression in old age is an important public health problem. The aims of this study were to report the prevalence of depression in the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS), a community-based, cohort...
  41. pmc Dementia before death in ageing societies--the promise of prevention and the reality
    Carol Brayne
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e397. 2006
    ..This can be explored by examining the effect on cumulative risk by time of death of factors found consistently to reduce risk at particular ages, such as education and social status...
  42. ncbi request reprint Early cognitive change in the general population: how do different definitions work?
    Blossom C M Stephan
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1534-40. 2007
    ..To explore the application of existing classifications of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and associated states in a large population sample...
  43. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (CFAS)
    Carol Brayne
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge University, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 2SR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1140-5. 2006
  44. ncbi request reprint A piecewise-constant Markov model and the effects of study design on the estimation of life expectancies in health and ill health
    Ardo van den Hout
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health Cambridge, UK
    Stat Methods Med Res 18:145-62. 2009
    ..The effects on parameter estimation are discussed as well as the effects on the estimation of life expectancies. In addition, data taken from the UK Cognitive Functioning and Ageing Study are analysed...
  45. ncbi request reprint Mild cognitive impairment in the older population: Who is missed and does it matter?
    Blossom C M Stephan
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 23:863-71. 2008
    ..Of importance is the impact of missed diagnosis. The magnitude of missed 'at-risk' cases in the application of different MCI criteria in the population is unknown...
  46. ncbi request reprint Multi-state analysis of cognitive ability data: a piecewise-constant model and a Weibull model
    Ardo van den Hout
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK
    Stat Med 27:5440-55. 2008
    ..The methods are illustrated using data from the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study in the U.K. (1991-2005)...
  47. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for trachomatous trichiasis in children: cross-sectional household surveys in Southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:305-14. 2009
    ....
  48. pmc Exposure to secondhand smoke and cognitive impairment in non-smokers: national cross sectional study with cotinine measurement
    David J Llewellyn
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2SR
    BMJ 338:b462. 2009
    ..To examine the association between a biomarker of exposure to secondhand smoke (salivary cotinine concentration) and cognitive impairment...
  49. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, correlates and course of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in the population
    George M Savva
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 194:212-9. 2009
    ..Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are major contributors to the burden of dementia...
  50. ncbi request reprint Reaching the population with dementia drugs: what are the challenges?
    Fiona E Matthews
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 22:627-31. 2007
    ..Since then the cost of prescription in England and Wales has risen. There has been little investigation of uptake at the population level...
  51. pmc Lewy bodies and neuronal loss in subcortical areas and disability in non-demented older people: a population based neuropathological cohort study
    M Byford
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Geriatr 9:22. 2009
    ..The aim is to examine the clinicopathological correlates of functional disability in subcortical neuronal populations of non-demented elderly individuals...
  52. ncbi request reprint A systematic literature review of attrition between waves in longitudinal studies in the elderly shows a consistent pattern of dropout between differing studies
    Mark D Chatfield
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 2SR, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:13-9. 2005
    ..This article systematically reviews all large population-based studies of the elderly (published 1966-2002) that report on differences in individual characteristics between people who remain and people who dropout at follow-up...
  53. ncbi request reprint The Childhood Autism Spectrum Test (CAST): sex differences
    Joanna G Williams
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1731-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that different profiles of social and communication skills in boys and girls must be taken into account when measuring these skills in the general population...
  54. ncbi request reprint Community-level socio-economic status and cognitive and functional impairment in the older population
    Nicole E Basta
    Florida Epidemic Intelligence Service, Florida Department of Health, Naples, FL, USA
    Eur J Public Health 18:48-54. 2008
    ..This study aimed to determine if people living in communities with higher socio-economic deprivation are at an increased risk of cognitive and functional impairment even after controlling for the effects of individual socio-economic status...
  55. pmc Survival times in people with dementia: analysis from population based cohort study with 14 year follow-up
    Jing Xie
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SR
    BMJ 336:258-62. 2008
    ..To provide estimates of survival after onset of dementia by age, sex, self reported health, disability, and severity of cognitive impairment...
  56. ncbi request reprint Thyroid function and cognitive decline in the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study
    Eef Hogervorst
    Department of Human Sciences, Brockington Building, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU Loughborough, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 33:1013-22. 2008
    ..Treatment with thyroxine in those without thyroid disease (as is sometimes done in anti-ageing clinics) is thus not recommended on the basis of these data and the optimal therapeutic level in the elderly may be lower than is assumed...
  57. ncbi request reprint The cervical cancer epidemic that screening has prevented in the UK
    Julian Peto
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 364:249-56. 2004
    ..Recent reports suggest that the reduction in mortality achieved by the UK national cervical screening programme is too small to justify its financial and psychosocial costs, except perhaps in a few high-risk women...
  58. ncbi request reprint Diseases and impairments as risk factors for onset of disability in the older population in England and Wales: findings from the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study
    Nicola A Spiers
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road West, Leicester, LE1 6TP, UK
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:248-54. 2005
    ....