Tom Marshall

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Evaluating national guidelines for prevention of cardiovascular disease in primary care
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 11:452-61. 2005
  2. pmc The effect of chance variability in blood pressure readings on the decision making of general practitioners: an internet-based case vignette study
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e46556. 2012
  3. pmc Patterns of warfarin use in subgroups of patients with atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional analysis of 430 general practices in the United Kingdom
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e61979. 2013
  4. pmc Patient factors influencing the prescribing of lipid lowering drugs for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in UK general practice: a national retrospective cohort study
    Jianhua Wu
    Centre for Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e67611. 2013
  5. pmc Mixed methods evaluation of targeted case finding for cardiovascular disease prevention using a stepped wedged cluster RCT
    Tom Marshall
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:908. 2012
  6. pmc Analysis of inadequate cervical smears using Shewhart control charts
    Wayne N Harrison
    Walsall Teaching Primary Care Trust, Lichfield House, WS1 1TE, UK
    BMC Public Health 4:25. 2004
  7. pmc The risk of colorectal cancer with symptoms at different ages and between the sexes: a case-control study
    William Hamilton
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 25 Belgrave Road, Bristol, BS8 2AA, UK
    BMC Med 7:17. 2009
  8. ncbi request reprint Informed consent for mammography screening: modelling the risks and benefits for American women
    Tom Marshall
    Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Health Expect 8:295-305. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint The diagnostic performance of scoring systems to identify symptomatic colorectal cancer compared to current referral guidance
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Gut 60:1242-8. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Misleading measurements: modeling the effects of blood pressure misclassification in a United States population
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Med Decis Making 26:624-32. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. ncbi request reprint Evaluating national guidelines for prevention of cardiovascular disease in primary care
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Eval Clin Pract 11:452-61. 2005
    ..The resource cost and health implications of these differences are quantified in this paper...
  2. pmc The effect of chance variability in blood pressure readings on the decision making of general practitioners: an internet-based case vignette study
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e46556. 2012
    ..g. BP 140/90 mmHg); but this fails to adequately accommodate a common cause of variation--the play of chance...
  3. pmc Patterns of warfarin use in subgroups of patients with atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional analysis of 430 general practices in the United Kingdom
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e61979. 2013
    ....
  4. pmc Patient factors influencing the prescribing of lipid lowering drugs for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in UK general practice: a national retrospective cohort study
    Jianhua Wu
    Centre for Environmental and Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e67611. 2013
    ..Guidelines indicate eligibility for lipid lowering drugs, but it is not known to what extent GPs' follow guidelines in routine clinical practice or whether additional clinical factors systematically influence their prescribing decisions...
  5. pmc Mixed methods evaluation of targeted case finding for cardiovascular disease prevention using a stepped wedged cluster RCT
    Tom Marshall
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:908. 2012
    ..However the pilot project was not a robust evaluation. There was a need for an efficient evaluation that would not disrupt the planned rollout of the project...
  6. pmc Analysis of inadequate cervical smears using Shewhart control charts
    Wayne N Harrison
    Walsall Teaching Primary Care Trust, Lichfield House, WS1 1TE, UK
    BMC Public Health 4:25. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the proportion of inadequate smears is known to vary widely amongst providers. This study investigates this variation using Shewhart's theory of variation and control charts, and suggests strategies for addressing this...
  7. pmc The risk of colorectal cancer with symptoms at different ages and between the sexes: a case-control study
    William Hamilton
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 25 Belgrave Road, Bristol, BS8 2AA, UK
    BMC Med 7:17. 2009
    ..Although the presenting features of the cancer are well described, the risks they convey are less well known. This study aimed to quantify the risk of cancer for different symptoms, across age groups and in both sexes...
  8. ncbi request reprint Informed consent for mammography screening: modelling the risks and benefits for American women
    Tom Marshall
    Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Health Expect 8:295-305. 2005
    ..This paper derives these probabilities for a US population and illustrates them visually in a readily understandable format...
  9. ncbi request reprint The diagnostic performance of scoring systems to identify symptomatic colorectal cancer compared to current referral guidance
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Gut 60:1242-8. 2011
    ..To determine the discrimination characteristics of a new algorithm and two existing symptom scoring systems for identification of patients with suspected colorectal cancer...
  10. ncbi request reprint Misleading measurements: modeling the effects of blood pressure misclassification in a United States population
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Med Decis Making 26:624-32. 2006
    ..This article calculates positive and negative predictive values for blood pressure measurement and assesses the frequency of clinically important blood pressure misclassification...
  11. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of league tables and control charts as aids to health service decision-making
    Tom Marshall
    Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Int J Qual Health Care 16:309-15. 2004
    ..This study uses a randomized controlled trial design to investigate the effects of two forms of data presentation--league tables and control charts--on health service decision-makers...
  12. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure measurement: the problem and its solution
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 18:757-9. 2004
  13. pmc Case-mix and the use of control charts in monitoring mortality rates after coronary artery bypass
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:63. 2007
    ..This paper investigates agreement between the identification of special cause variation in risk adjusted and observed hospital specific mortality rates after coronary artery bypass grafting in New York hospitals...
  14. doi request reprint The effect of blood pressure and cholesterol variability on the precision of Framingham cardiovascular risk estimation: a simulation study
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 24:631-8. 2010
    ..59-0.64), and at age 65-74 years, it is 0.94 (95% CI: 0.91-0.96). About 39% of adults under 45 years diagnosed as high risk are not at high risk. Cardiovascular risk assessment should be targeted at high-risk populations...
  15. pmc Predictors of patients' preferences for treatments to prevent heart disease
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Heart 92:1651-5. 2006
    ..To determine the relationship between expressed preferences for drug treatment to prevent coronary disease and several participant and general practitioner characteristics among patients attending coronary risk screening...
  16. ncbi request reprint The cost-effectiveness of drug treatments for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a modelling study
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 13:523-8. 2006
    ..This paper calculates the cost-effectiveness of aspirin, antihypertensive treatments and statins for prevention of cardiovascular disease...
  17. pmc The use of cardiovascular risk factor information in practice databases: making the best of patient data
    Tom Marshall
    Senior lecturer in public health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:600-5. 2006
    ..However, it is not known to what extent this information is already available to clinicians, or the extent to which it is used...
  18. ncbi request reprint Estimating the value of information in strategies for identifying patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Inform Prim Care 14:85-92. 2006
    ..The ability to use a more efficient strategy has a value. This paper models the costs and benefits of a number of identification strategies and estimates the additional value of an information-based strategy...
  19. pmc The Sandwell Project: a controlled evaluation of a programme of targeted screening for prevention of cardiovascular disease in primary care
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:73. 2008
    ..A pilot cardiovascular disease prevention project was implemented in the inner-city West Midlands. It was evaluated by comparing its effectiveness to a control group where full implementation was delayed by a year...
  20. pmc Identification of patients for clinical risk assessment by prediction of cardiovascular risk using default risk factor values
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:25. 2008
    ..This paper analyses the test characteristics of using such a strategy for identification of high risk patients...
  21. pmc When measurements are misleading: modelling the effects of blood pressure misclassification in the English population
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 328:933. 2004
  22. doi request reprint Plagiarism: a case study of quality improvement in a taught postgraduate programme
    Tom Marshall
    University of Birmingham, UK
    Med Teach 33:e375-81. 2011
    ..Plagiarism is a common issue in education. Software can detect plagiarism but little is known about prevention...
  23. pmc Resource implications and health benefits of primary prevention strategies for cardiovascular disease in people aged 30 to 74: mathematical modelling study
    Tom Marshall
    Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 325:197. 2002
    ..To develop a model to determine resource costs and health benefits of implementing guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in primary care...
  24. ncbi request reprint Informed consent for breast screening: what should we tell women?
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Med Screen 10:22-6. 2003
    ..To illustrate visually the lifetime probabilities of the principal outcomes of the UK breast screening programme in a readily understandable format...
  25. pmc Understanding variation for clinical governance: an illustration using the diagnosis and treatment of sore throat
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston
    Br J Gen Pract 52:277-83. 2002
    ..The control chart is a method of distinguishing between these two kinds of variation: it is used in industry to effect improvement and may be useful in primary care...
  26. ncbi request reprint Estimating the proportion of young adults on antihypertensive treatment that have been correctly diagnosed
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 22:96-101. 2008
    ..018). Because of biological variation in blood pressure, most young adults on treatment for hypertension have been misclassified as hypertensive. Most who have been correctly diagnosed are either clinically obese or have kidney disease...
  27. ncbi request reprint Health care needs assessment in prisons: a toolkit
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston
    J Public Health Med 23:198-204. 2001
    ..To facilitate this process, the Department of Public Health and Epidemiology at the University of Birmingham developed a toolkit for carrying out a health care needs assessment of the prison population...
  28. pmc Coronary heart disease prevention: insights from modelling incremental cost effectiveness
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 327:1264. 2003
    ..To determine which treatments for preventing coronary heart disease should be offered to which patients by assessing their incremental cost effectiveness...
  29. pmc Meeting the National Service Framework for coronary heart disease: which patients have untreated high blood pressure?
    T Marshall
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    Br J Gen Pract 51:571-4. 2001
    ..However, there are no data on how many must be assessed, how much cardiovascular disease can be prevented or which patients are most likely to benefit...
  30. ncbi request reprint A randomised controlled trial of the effect of anticipation of a blood test on blood pressure
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 16:621-5. 2002
    ..The practice of taking blood tests at the same time as measuring blood pressure may potentially bias estimations of blood pressure...
  31. ncbi request reprint Understanding variation in quality improvement: the treatment of sore throats in primary care
    Tom Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Fam Pract 20:69-73. 2003
    ..The initiative produced only modest improvements in prescribing practice, a finding the authors found difficult to explain. This paper reanalyses the data from an audit of antibiotic prescribing for sore throat in general practice...
  32. ncbi request reprint The myth of agency and patient choice in health care? The case of drug treatments to prevent coronary disease
    Stirling Bryan
    Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:2698-701. 2006
    ..Therefore, if choice is to be a real driver of change in health care it needs to encompass patient empowerment and be based on a more collaborative approach to decision making between patients and professionals...
  33. doi request reprint Patient and other factors influencing the prescribing of cardiovascular prevention therapy in the general practice setting with and without nurse assessment
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham
    Med Decis Making 32:498-506. 2012
    ..Although guidelines indicate when patients are eligible for antihypertensives and statins, little is known about whether general practitioners (GPs) follow this guidance...
  34. ncbi request reprint Counting in-hospital deaths in England: a comparison of hospital computer systems and mortuary registers
    Mohammed Mohammed
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 9:100-3. 2004
    ....
  35. doi request reprint Starting and staying on preventive medication for cardiovascular disease
    Nicola Gale
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Curr Opin Cardiol 27:533-41. 2012
    ....
  36. pmc Patient and general practitioner attitudes to taking medication to prevent cardiovascular disease after receiving detailed information on risks and benefits of treatment: a qualitative study
    Nicola K Gale
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 12:59. 2011
    ....
  37. pmc Performance league tables: the NHS deserves better
    Peymane Adab
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT
    BMJ 324:95-8. 2002
  38. doi request reprint Lifestyle or life-saving medicines? A primary healthcare professional and consumer opinion survey on over-the-counter statins
    Joannis E Vamvakopoulos
    School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Ann Pharmacother 42:413-20. 2008
    ..Over-the-counter (OTC) simvastatin 10 mg became available in the UK in July 2004 with the aim of improving primary prevention of ischemic heart disease...
  39. doi request reprint Community programs for the prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review
    Mary Pennant
    Unit of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 172:501-16. 2010
    ..65%. Community programs for CVD prevention appear to have generally achieved favorable changes in overall CVD risk and, with adaptation to current circumstances, deserve continued consideration as possible approaches to preventing CVD...
  40. doi request reprint Effects of traditional swaddling on development: a randomized controlled trial
    Semira Manaseki-Holland
    Department of Nutrition and Public Health Intervention Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 126:e1485-92. 2010
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing clinicians' decisions to prescribe medication to prevent coronary heart disease
    S Greenfield
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Clin Pharm Ther 30:77-84. 2005
    ..The study aimed to identify issues voluntarily raised by clinicians surrounding the decision to prescribe preventive treatment for CHD...
  42. ncbi request reprint The extent and implications of sphygmomanometer calibration error in primary care
    A Rouse
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 15:587-91. 2001
    ..This study was designed to: (1) assess the maintenance and calibration of sphygmomanometers in use in primary care; (2) assess the clinical, ethical, legal and public health implications of our findings...
  43. pmc Randomised controlled trial of the effect of evidence based information on women's willingness to participate in cervical cancer screening
    P Adab
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:589-93. 2003
    ..To assess whether providing women with additional information on the pros and cons of screening, compared with information currently offered by the NHS, affects their intention to attend for screening...
  44. doi request reprint In-hospital mortality and length of stay in patients with diabetes having foot disease
    Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK ePrescribing Research team, University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, UK Institute of Digital Healthcare, University of Warwick, UK Warwick Institute for the Study of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism WISDEM, University Hospitals of Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, UK Electronic address
    J Diabetes Complications 27:454-8. 2013
    ..We aimed to determine whether in-patient mortality and length of stay were greater in diabetes patients with foot disease compared to those without foot disease...
  45. ncbi request reprint Appropriate cut-off values of waist circumference to predict cardiovascular outcomes: 7-year follow-up in an Iranian population
    Mohammad Talaei
    Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, UK
    Intern Med 51:139-46. 2012
    ..This study was undertaken to determine the optimal cut-off points of WC for predicting incident CVD and metabolic syndrome in an Iranian population...
  46. pmc A practical method for monitoring general practice mortality in the UK: findings from a pilot study in a health board of Northern Ireland
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham
    Br J Gen Pract 55:670-6. 2005
    ..The Baker report into Dr Harold Shipman's murders recommended monitoring mortality in general practice, but there is currently no practical method available to implement this...
  47. pmc Hypoglycemia in non-diabetic in-patients: clinical or criminal?
    Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar
    Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e40384. 2012
    ..We wished to establish the frequency of unexpected hypoglycemia observed in non diabetic patients outside the intensive care unit and to determine if they have a plausible clinical explanation...
  48. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of blood pressure in East Asia
    W Harrison
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Egbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 20:97-9. 2006
  49. ncbi request reprint Bristol, Shipman, and clinical governance: Shewhart's forgotten lessons
    M A Mohammed
    Department of Surgery, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Lancet 357:463-7. 2001
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Distribution analysis of vitamin D highlights differences in population subgroups: preliminary observations from a pilot study in UK adults
    B R Pal
    Department of Biochemistry, City Hospital, Birmingham, UK
    J Endocrinol 179:119-29. 2003
    ..This method may offer a way of describing 25,OHD3 deficiency between observers worldwide...
  51. ncbi request reprint Clustering of autoimmune disease in parents of siblings from the Type 1 diabetes Warren repository
    K F Tait
    Department of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Diabet Med 21:358-62. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of the common autoimmune diseases in the parents of siblings from the Type 1 diabetes Warren repository with the general population...
  52. pmc Indoor rock climbing: who gets injured?
    D M Wright
    University of Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Sports Med 35:181-5. 2001
    ..To determine the frequency of overuse injury in indoor climbers, the common sites of such injury, and the factors that influence the probability that a climber will have sustained an overuse injury while climbing indoors...
  53. ncbi request reprint Differences in clinical performance
    T Marshall
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Br J Surg 89:948-9. 2002
  54. ncbi request reprint The effect of scientific misconduct on the results of clinical trials: a Delphi survey
    Sanaa Al-Marzouki
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 51 Bedford Square, London, WC1B 3DP, United Kingdom
    Contemp Clin Trials 26:331-7. 2005
    ..To discover what types of scientific misconduct are most likely to influence the results of a clinical trial...
  55. ncbi request reprint Ambulatory blood pressure after sleep apnoea treatment
    Tom Marshall
    Lancet 360:341; author reply 341-2. 2002
  56. ncbi request reprint Comparison of different measures of blood pressure. Blood pressure measurement causes problems in clinical practice
    Tom Marshall
    BMJ 325:1360. 2002
  57. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of tonsillectomy? A reply to Howel et al
    Tom Marshall
    Fam Pract 19:707-8. 2002
  58. doi request reprint News of the polypill
    Tom Marshall
    BMJ 337:a2160. 2008
  59. pmc Are these data real? Statistical methods for the detection of data fabrication in clinical trials
    Sanaa Al-Marzouki
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 331:267-70. 2005
    ..To test the application of statistical methods to detect data fabrication in a clinical trial...
  60. ncbi request reprint Social inequalities in maternal opinion of child development in southern Brazil
    Maria de Lourdes Drachler
    School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Acta Paediatr 94:1137-9. 2005
    ..Concurrent validity of maternal opinion of child development was estimated in a cross-sectional, population-based survey of 6-59-mo children (n=3025), using a standard measure devised from the Denver Developmental Screening Test...
  61. pmc Risk assessment and lipid modification for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease: summary of NICE guidance
    Angela Cooper
    National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care, Royal College of General Practitioners, London SW7 1PU
    BMJ 336:1246-8. 2008
  62. ncbi request reprint Health of women after severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso: a longitudinal study
    Veronique Filippi
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 370:1329-37. 2007
    ..Our aim was to determine how severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso affect a range of health, social, and economic indicators in the first year post partum...
  63. ncbi request reprint A continuous-scale measure of child development for population-based epidemiological surveys: a preliminary study using Item Response Theory for the Denver Test
    Maria de Lourdes Drachler
    School of Allied Health Professions, Institute of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 21:138-53. 2007
    ..If a standardised measure of development status (z-scores) is required, this can be obtained by dividing the score by its standard deviation. Concurrent and discriminant validity of the score must be examined in further studies...
  64. ncbi request reprint Equity in use of home-based or facility-based skilled obstetric care in rural Bangladesh: an observational study
    Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Bangladesh
    Lancet 367:327-32. 2006
    ..We analysed whether socioeconomic status results in differences in the use of professional midwives at home and in a basic obstetric facility in a rural area of Bangladesh, where obstetric care was free of charge...
  65. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for subclinical mastitis among HIV-infected and uninfected women in Lusaka, Zambia
    Lackson Kasonka
    University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 20:379-91. 2006
    ..The impact of improved postpartum health care, especially management of maternal infections and especially in primiparous women, on the prevalence of subclinical mastitis and its consequences requires investigation...
  66. ncbi request reprint Multicentre Aneurysm Screening Study (MASS)
    Tom Marshall
    Lancet 361:1057; author reply 1058. 2003
  67. ncbi request reprint A laterally positioned concave trochlear groove prevents patellar dislocation
    Caroline B Hing
    Department of Orthopaedics, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 447:187-94. 2006
    ..The position of the trochlear groove was more medial in patients with patellofemoral instability compared with normal knees. Groove position was more important than shape when predicting which patellae were likely to dislocate...
  68. pmc Orphan drugs and the NHS: consider whom drug regulation is designed to protect
    Tom Marshall
    BMJ 331:1144. 2005
  69. ncbi request reprint [Social inequalities and other determinants of height in children: a multi-level analysis]
    Maria de Lourdes Drachler
    Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, 93022 000, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 19:1815-25. 2003
    ..Area of residence modified the effects of socioeconomic conditions on children s growth. Housing and sanitation programs are potentially beneficial to offset the negative effect of social disadvantage on children's growth...
  70. ncbi request reprint Effects of the home environment on unintentional domestic injuries and related health care attendance in infants
    Maria de Lourdes Drachler
    School of Allied Health Professions, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Acta Paediatr 96:1169-73. 2007
    ..To examine the effects of the home environment on unintentional domestic injuries and related health care attendance in infants from deprived families...