John Macleod

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bristol
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi Early life influences on the risk of injecting drug use: case control study based on the Edinburgh Addiction Cohort
    John Macleod
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 108:743-50. 2013
  2. pmc The Edinburgh Addiction Cohort: recruitment and follow-up of a primary care based sample of injection drug users and non drug-injecting controls
    John Macleod
    Muirhouse Medical Group, 1 Muirhouse Avenue, Edinburgh EH44PL, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:101. 2010
  3. doi Parental drug use, early adversities, later childhood problems and children's use of tobacco and alcohol at age 10: birth cohort study
    John Macleod
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1731-43. 2008
  4. pmc Survival and cessation in injecting drug users: prospective observational study of outcomes and effect of opiate substitution treatment
    Jo Kimber
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS
    BMJ 341:c3172. 2010
  5. doi Adolescent alcohol and tobacco use and early socioeconomic position: the ALSPAC birth cohort
    Roberto Melotti
    School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton BS8 2BN, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 127:e948-55. 2011
  6. doi Is socioeconomic status in early life associated with drug use? A systematic review of the evidence
    James Z Daniel
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 28:142-53. 2009
  7. doi If cannabis caused schizophrenia--how many cannabis users may need to be prevented in order to prevent one case of schizophrenia? England and Wales calculations
    Matt Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Addiction 104:1856-61. 2009
  8. pmc Patterns of alcohol use in early adolescence predict problem use at age 16
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 47:169-77. 2012
  9. pmc Opportunistic and systematic screening for chlamydia: a study of consultations by young adults in general practice
    Chris Salisbury
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:99-103. 2006
  10. ncbi Cause-specific hospital admission and mortality among working men: association with socioeconomic circumstances in childhood and adult life, and the mediating role of daily stress
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Public Health 15:238-44. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. doi Early life influences on the risk of injecting drug use: case control study based on the Edinburgh Addiction Cohort
    John Macleod
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 108:743-50. 2013
    ..To investigate childhood influences on onset of injection drug use...
  2. pmc The Edinburgh Addiction Cohort: recruitment and follow-up of a primary care based sample of injection drug users and non drug-injecting controls
    John Macleod
    Muirhouse Medical Group, 1 Muirhouse Avenue, Edinburgh EH44PL, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:101. 2010
    ..In particular little is known about early life risk factors for later drug injection or about the life course of injection once established including the influence of medical and social interventions...
  3. doi Parental drug use, early adversities, later childhood problems and children's use of tobacco and alcohol at age 10: birth cohort study
    John Macleod
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1731-43. 2008
    ..To estimate the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use among children at age 10 years and to investigate possible influences on this...
  4. pmc Survival and cessation in injecting drug users: prospective observational study of outcomes and effect of opiate substitution treatment
    Jo Kimber
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS
    BMJ 341:c3172. 2010
    ..To examine survival and long term cessation of injecting in a cohort of drug users and to assess the influence of opiate substitution treatment on these outcomes...
  5. doi Adolescent alcohol and tobacco use and early socioeconomic position: the ALSPAC birth cohort
    Roberto Melotti
    School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton BS8 2BN, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 127:e948-55. 2011
    ..To examine the association between use of alcohol and cigarettes among adolescents and their early socioeconomic background...
  6. doi Is socioeconomic status in early life associated with drug use? A systematic review of the evidence
    James Z Daniel
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 28:142-53. 2009
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and illegal drug use in later life...
  7. doi If cannabis caused schizophrenia--how many cannabis users may need to be prevented in order to prevent one case of schizophrenia? England and Wales calculations
    Matt Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Addiction 104:1856-61. 2009
    ..We consider how many cannabis users may need to be prevented in order to prevent one case of schizophrenia or psychosis [defined as number needed to prevent (NNP)]...
  8. pmc Patterns of alcohol use in early adolescence predict problem use at age 16
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 47:169-77. 2012
    ..Teenagers in the UK report some of the highest rates of alcohol use in Europe. We identify patterns of alcohol use in early adolescence and relate these to hazardous and harmful alcohol use at age 16...
  9. pmc Opportunistic and systematic screening for chlamydia: a study of consultations by young adults in general practice
    Chris Salisbury
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:99-103. 2006
    ..There are insufficient data about young peoples' use of primary care services to determine the potential coverage of opportunistic screening in comparison with a systematic population-based approach...
  10. ncbi Cause-specific hospital admission and mortality among working men: association with socioeconomic circumstances in childhood and adult life, and the mediating role of daily stress
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Public Health 15:238-44. 2005
    ....
  11. pmc Cohort Profile: the 'children of the 90s'--the index offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Andy Boyd
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:111-27. 2013
    ..Data access is described in this article and is currently set up as a supported access resource. To date, over 700 peer-reviewed articles have been published using ALSPAC data...
  12. ncbi A contemporary validation of the Reeder Stress Inventory
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 8:83-94. 2003
    ..To examine the construct validity of the RSI in a contemporary cohort...
  13. doi The scope for biased recall of risk-factor exposure in case-control studies: evidence from a cohort study of Scottish men
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Scand J Public Health 36:442-5. 2008
    ..Case-control studies are prone to recall bias, a participant's case-control status influencing their recall of exposure to risk factors. We aimed to demonstrate empirically the scope for this bias...
  14. doi Mixture-of-exponentials models to explain heterogeneity in studies of the duration of Chlamydia trachomatis infection
    Malcolm J Price
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Stat Med 32:1547-60. 2013
    ..Differences in study recruitment and sampling mechanisms, acting through a mixture-of-exponentials model, better explains the apparent heterogeneity in duration...
  15. doi Could a peer-led intervention increase uptake of chlamydia screening? A proof of principle pilot study
    Jessica Loaring
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol and Trainee Clinical Psychologist, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 39:21-8. 2013
    ..Peer-led approaches may increase screening uptake but their feasibility and acceptability to young people is not known...
  16. ncbi Frequent job change and associated health
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1-15. 2003
    ..However, the observed relationship between frequent job changing and a higher incidence of health risk behaviours, in the absence of a relationship with poorer health, invites further research...
  17. doi Early life socio-economic position and later alcohol use: birth cohort study
    Roberto Melotti
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom Center for Biomedicine, EURAC, Bolzano, Italy
    Addiction 108:516-25. 2013
    ..To investigate associations between socio-economic position in early life and later alcohol use and problem use among male and female adolescents...
  18. ncbi The role of self-reported stress in the development of breast cancer and prostate cancer: a prospective cohort study of employed males and females with 30 years of follow-up
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    Eur J Cancer 43:1060-5. 2007
    ..With no dose-response relationship and no established mechanism linking stress with breast and prostate cancer, confounding is the parsimonious explanation of these findings...
  19. doi How ideology shapes the evidence and the policy: what do we know about cannabis use and what should we do?
    John Macleod
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Whatley Road, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 105:1326-30. 2010
    ..Prohibition, whatever the sentence tariff associated with it, seems unlikely to fulfil these criteria...
  20. doi Balance ability of 7 and 10 year old children in the population: results from a large UK birth cohort study
    Rachel Humphriss
    Centre for Hearing and Balance Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 75:106-13. 2011
    ..The purpose of the present study is to describe balance test results from a large UK-based birth cohort study...
  21. pmc Fetal alcohol exposure and IQ at age 8: evidence from a population-based birth-cohort study
    Sarah J Lewis
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e49407. 2012
    ..Associations between children's cognitive function and both maternal and child genotype at these loci can shed light on the effects of maternal alcohol consumption on offspring cognitive development...
  22. doi Costs and cost effectiveness of different strategies for chlamydia screening and partner notification: an economic and mathematical modelling study
    Katy Turner
    Bristol University, Department of Social Medicine, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMJ 342:c7250. 2011
    ..To develop a tool for calculating cost effectiveness of chlamydia control programmes at a local, national, or international level...
  23. doi Assessing IDU prevalence and health consequences (HCV, overdose and drug-related mortality) in a primary care trust: implications for public health action
    Mathew Hickman
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:374-82. 2009
    ..We report on an exercise to estimate the prevalence of injecting drug use (IDU) and associated harms in a single primary care trust...
  24. ncbi Cannabis and schizophrenia: model projections of the impact of the rise in cannabis use on historical and future trends in schizophrenia in England and Wales
    Matthew Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:597-606. 2007
    ..To estimate long-term trends in cannabis use and projections of schizophrenia assuming a causal relation between cannabis use and schizophrenia...
  25. ncbi Socio-economic status in childhood and later alcohol use: a systematic review
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:1546-63. 2007
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socio-economic status (SES) and alcohol use in later life...
  26. doi Comparative performance of culture using swabs transported in Amies medium and the Aptima Combo 2 nucleic acid amplification test in detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from genital and extra-genital sites: a retrospective study
    Lindsey Harryman
    Bristol Sexual Health Centre, University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 88:27-31. 2012
    ..The authors investigated how symptoms and infection site influenced test sensitivity...
  27. doi Does cochlear implantation improve speech recognition in children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder? A systematic review
    Rachel Humphriss
    Children s Hearing Centre, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK
    Int J Audiol 52:442-54. 2013
    ..This review aims to summarize and synthesize current evidence of the effectiveness of CI in improving speech recognition in children with ANSD...
  28. pmc Characterizing patterns of smoking initiation in adolescence: comparison of methods for dealing with missing data
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:1266-75. 2011
    ..Tobacco use is common and remains one of the leading causes of preventable death in developed countries. Smoking commonly begins in adolescence, and hence, it is important to understand how smoking behavior develops during this period...
  29. pmc Cohort Profile: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: ALSPAC mothers cohort
    Abigail Fraser
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:97-110. 2013
    ..Details of how to access these data are provided in this cohort profile...
  30. ncbi Harm-reduction interventions in injection drug use
    Matthew Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 367:1797-8. 2006
  31. doi How much tubal factor infertility is caused by Chlamydia? Estimates based on serological evidence corrected for sensitivity and specificity
    Malcolm J Price
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 39:608-13. 2012
    ....
  32. pmc Risk of death during and after opiate substitution treatment in primary care: prospective observational study in UK General Practice Research Database
    Rosie Cornish
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMJ 341:c5475. 2010
    ..To investigate the effect of opiate substitution treatment at the beginning and end of treatment and according to duration of treatment...
  33. doi Prenatal alcohol exposure and childhood balance: a systematic review
    Rachel Humphriss
    Centre for Hearing and Balance Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:156-65. 2010
    ..However, this study appeared the most methodologically robust. In conclusion, at present, there is limited evidence on the possible effects of alcohol exposure on childhood balance...
  34. doi Does alcohol increase the risk of overdose death: the need for a translational approach
    Matt Hickman
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1060-2. 2008
    ..We argue for a translational approach to addiction science, using an important current research question as a case study...
  35. pmc Partner notification of chlamydia infection in primary care: randomised controlled trial and analysis of resource use
    Nicola Low
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 332:14-9. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a practice nurse led strategy to improve the notification and treatment of partners of people with chlamydia infection...
  36. ncbi Change in job satisfaction, and its association with self-reported stress, cardiovascular risk factors and mortality
    Pauline Heslop
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 54:1589-99. 2002
    ..There was also no evidence to suggest that men or women reporting job dissatisfaction on one occasion or on two occasions several years apart, had a significantly greater risk of mortality from CVD...