John Macleod

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bristol
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Effects of nutritional supplementation during pregnancy on early adult disease risk: follow up of offspring of participants in a randomised controlled trial investigating effects of supplementation on infant birth weight
    John Macleod
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e83371. 2013
  2. doi Early life influences on the risk of injecting drug use: case control study based on the Edinburgh Addiction Cohort
    John Macleod
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 108:743-50. 2013
  3. pmc The Edinburgh Addiction Cohort: recruitment and follow-up of a primary care based sample of injection drug users and non drug-injecting controls
    John Macleod
    Muirhouse Medical Group, 1 Muirhouse Avenue, Edinburgh EH44PL, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:101. 2010
  4. doi Parental drug use, early adversities, later childhood problems and children's use of tobacco and alcohol at age 10: birth cohort study
    John Macleod
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1731-43. 2008
  5. pmc Cohort Profile: the 'children of the 90s'--the index offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Andy Boyd
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:111-27. 2013
  6. pmc Risk of pelvic inflammatory disease following Chlamydia trachomatis infection: analysis of prospective studies with a multistate model
    Malcolm J Price
    School of Health and Population Sciences, Public Health Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 178:484-92. 2013
  7. ncbi Early life socio-economic position and later alcohol use: birth cohort study
    Roberto Melotti
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom Center for Biomedicine, EURAC, Bolzano, Italy
    Addiction 108:516-25. 2013
  8. ncbi If cannabis caused schizophrenia--how many cannabis users may need to be prevented in order to prevent one case of schizophrenia? England and Wales calculations
    Matt Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Addiction 104:1856-61. 2009
  9. pmc Cost effectiveness of home based population screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in the UK: economic evaluation of chlamydia screening studies (ClaSS) project
    Tracy E Roberts
    Health Economics Facility, HSMC, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, Switzerland
    BMJ 335:291. 2007
  10. pmc Survival and cessation in injecting drug users: prospective observational study of outcomes and effect of opiate substitution treatment
    Jo Kimber
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS
    BMJ 341:c3172. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc Effects of nutritional supplementation during pregnancy on early adult disease risk: follow up of offspring of participants in a randomised controlled trial investigating effects of supplementation on infant birth weight
    John Macleod
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e83371. 2013
    ....
  2. doi Early life influences on the risk of injecting drug use: case control study based on the Edinburgh Addiction Cohort
    John Macleod
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 108:743-50. 2013
    ..To investigate childhood influences on onset of injection drug use...
  3. pmc The Edinburgh Addiction Cohort: recruitment and follow-up of a primary care based sample of injection drug users and non drug-injecting controls
    John Macleod
    Muirhouse Medical Group, 1 Muirhouse Avenue, Edinburgh EH44PL, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:101. 2010
    ..In particular little is known about early life risk factors for later drug injection or about the life course of injection once established including the influence of medical and social interventions...
  4. doi Parental drug use, early adversities, later childhood problems and children's use of tobacco and alcohol at age 10: birth cohort study
    John Macleod
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1731-43. 2008
    ..To estimate the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use among children at age 10 years and to investigate possible influences on this...
  5. pmc Cohort Profile: the 'children of the 90s'--the index offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Andy Boyd
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:111-27. 2013
    ..Data access is described in this article and is currently set up as a supported access resource. To date, over 700 peer-reviewed articles have been published using ALSPAC data...
  6. pmc Risk of pelvic inflammatory disease following Chlamydia trachomatis infection: analysis of prospective studies with a multistate model
    Malcolm J Price
    School of Health and Population Sciences, Public Health Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 178:484-92. 2013
    ..Assuming a piecewise homogenous model with a higher rate during the first 60 days, corresponding results were 0.16 (95% CrI: 0.07, 0.26) and 55% (95% CrI: 32, 72), respectively. ..
  7. ncbi Early life socio-economic position and later alcohol use: birth cohort study
    Roberto Melotti
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom Center for Biomedicine, EURAC, Bolzano, Italy
    Addiction 108:516-25. 2013
    ..To investigate associations between socio-economic position in early life and later alcohol use and problem use among male and female adolescents...
  8. ncbi If cannabis caused schizophrenia--how many cannabis users may need to be prevented in order to prevent one case of schizophrenia? England and Wales calculations
    Matt Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Addiction 104:1856-61. 2009
    ..We consider how many cannabis users may need to be prevented in order to prevent one case of schizophrenia or psychosis [defined as number needed to prevent (NNP)]...
  9. pmc Cost effectiveness of home based population screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in the UK: economic evaluation of chlamydia screening studies (ClaSS) project
    Tracy E Roberts
    Health Economics Facility, HSMC, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, Switzerland
    BMJ 335:291. 2007
    ..To investigate the cost effectiveness of screening for Chlamydia trachomatis compared with a policy of no organised screening in the United Kingdom...
  10. pmc Survival and cessation in injecting drug users: prospective observational study of outcomes and effect of opiate substitution treatment
    Jo Kimber
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS
    BMJ 341:c3172. 2010
    ..To examine survival and long term cessation of injecting in a cohort of drug users and to assess the influence of opiate substitution treatment on these outcomes...
  11. ncbi Adolescent alcohol and tobacco use and early socioeconomic position: the ALSPAC birth cohort
    Roberto Melotti
    School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Clifton BS8 2BN, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 127:e948-55. 2011
    ..To examine the association between use of alcohol and cigarettes among adolescents and their early socioeconomic background...
  12. pmc Opportunistic and systematic screening for chlamydia: a study of consultations by young adults in general practice
    Chris Salisbury
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:99-103. 2006
    ..There are insufficient data about young peoples' use of primary care services to determine the potential coverage of opportunistic screening in comparison with a systematic population-based approach...
  13. pmc Patterns of alcohol use in early adolescence predict problem use at age 16
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 47:169-77. 2012
    ..Teenagers in the UK report some of the highest rates of alcohol use in Europe. We identify patterns of alcohol use in early adolescence and relate these to hazardous and harmful alcohol use at age 16...
  14. doi Mixture-of-exponentials models to explain heterogeneity in studies of the duration of Chlamydia trachomatis infection
    Malcolm J Price
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Stat Med 32:1547-60. 2013
    ..Differences in study recruitment and sampling mechanisms, acting through a mixture-of-exponentials model, better explains the apparent heterogeneity in duration...
  15. doi Is socioeconomic status in early life associated with drug use? A systematic review of the evidence
    James Z Daniel
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Drug Alcohol Rev 28:142-53. 2009
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and illegal drug use in later life...
  16. ncbi Is subjective social status a more important determinant of health than objective social status? Evidence from a prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:1916-29. 2005
    ....
  17. pmc Healthcare and patient costs of a proactive chlamydia screening programme: the Chlamydia Screening Studies project
    Suzanne Robinson
    Health Economics Facility, Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, 40 Edgbaston Park Road, Birmingham, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:276-81. 2007
    ....
  18. pmc Childhood conduct disorder trajectories, prior risk factors and cannabis use at age 16: birth cohort study
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 108:2129-38. 2013
    ....
  19. ncbi Cause-specific hospital admission and mortality among working men: association with socioeconomic circumstances in childhood and adult life, and the mediating role of daily stress
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Public Health 15:238-44. 2005
    ....
  20. pmc Conduct problem trajectories and alcohol use and misuse in mid to late adolescence
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 133:100-7. 2013
    ..We consider the strength of the relationship between types of conduct problems in early life and pattern of alcohol use during adolescence...
  21. doi The scope for biased recall of risk-factor exposure in case-control studies: evidence from a cohort study of Scottish men
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Scand J Public Health 36:442-5. 2008
    ..Case-control studies are prone to recall bias, a participant's case-control status influencing their recall of exposure to risk factors. We aimed to demonstrate empirically the scope for this bias...
  22. doi Assessing IDU prevalence and health consequences (HCV, overdose and drug-related mortality) in a primary care trust: implications for public health action
    Mathew Hickman
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:374-82. 2009
    ..We report on an exercise to estimate the prevalence of injecting drug use (IDU) and associated harms in a single primary care trust...
  23. pmc Does consideration of either psychological or material disadvantage improve coronary risk prediction? Prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:833-7. 2007
    ..To assess the value of psychosocial risk factors in discriminating between individuals at higher and lower risk of coronary heart disease, using risk prediction equations...
  24. pmc Characterizing patterns of smoking initiation in adolescence: comparison of methods for dealing with missing data
    Jon Heron
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:1266-75. 2011
    ..Tobacco use is common and remains one of the leading causes of preventable death in developed countries. Smoking commonly begins in adolescence, and hence, it is important to understand how smoking behavior develops during this period...
  25. pmc Cohort Profile: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: ALSPAC mothers cohort
    Abigail Fraser
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:97-110. 2013
    ..Details of how to access these data are provided in this cohort profile...
  26. pmc Prenatal alcohol exposure and offspring cognition and school performance. A 'Mendelian randomization' natural experiment
    Luisa Zuccolo
    MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, Section of Developmental Psychiatry, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK, School of Medicine, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK, Clinical Genetics, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:1358-70. 2013
    ..The authors aimed to investigate the unconfounded effect of moderately increased prenatal alcohol exposure on cognitive/educational performance...
  27. ncbi A contemporary validation of the Reeder Stress Inventory
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 8:83-94. 2003
    ..To examine the construct validity of the RSI in a contemporary cohort...
  28. doi Could a peer-led intervention increase uptake of chlamydia screening? A proof of principle pilot study
    Jessica Loaring
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol and Trainee Clinical Psychologist, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 39:21-8. 2013
    ..Peer-led approaches may increase screening uptake but their feasibility and acceptability to young people is not known...
  29. ncbi Frequent job change and associated health
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1-15. 2003
    ..However, the observed relationship between frequent job changing and a higher incidence of health risk behaviours, in the absence of a relationship with poorer health, invites further research...
  30. ncbi Cannabis and schizophrenia: model projections of the impact of the rise in cannabis use on historical and future trends in schizophrenia in England and Wales
    Matthew Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:597-606. 2007
    ..To estimate long-term trends in cannabis use and projections of schizophrenia assuming a causal relation between cannabis use and schizophrenia...
  31. ncbi Socio-economic status in childhood and later alcohol use: a systematic review
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:1546-63. 2007
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socio-economic status (SES) and alcohol use in later life...
  32. doi The relative efficacy of two levels of a primary care intervention for family members affected by the addiction problem of a close relative: a randomized trial
    Alex Copello
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham and Substance Misuse Services, Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health Trust, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 104:49-58. 2009
    ..A randomized trial to compare two levels of an intervention (full versus brief) for use by primary health-care professionals with family members affected by the problematic drug or alcohol use of a close relative...
  33. pmc An early evaluation of clinical and economic costs and benefits of implementing point of care NAAT tests for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea in genitourinary medicine clinics in England
    Katherine M E Turner
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 90:104-11. 2014
    ....
  34. ncbi The role of self-reported stress in the development of breast cancer and prostate cancer: a prospective cohort study of employed males and females with 30 years of follow-up
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    Eur J Cancer 43:1060-5. 2007
    ..With no dose-response relationship and no established mechanism linking stress with breast and prostate cancer, confounding is the parsimonious explanation of these findings...
  35. doi Balance ability of 7 and 10 year old children in the population: results from a large UK birth cohort study
    Rachel Humphriss
    Centre for Hearing and Balance Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 75:106-13. 2011
    ..The purpose of the present study is to describe balance test results from a large UK-based birth cohort study...
  36. ncbi How ideology shapes the evidence and the policy: what do we know about cannabis use and what should we do?
    John Macleod
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Whatley Road, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 105:1326-30. 2010
    ..Prohibition, whatever the sentence tariff associated with it, seems unlikely to fulfil these criteria...
  37. ncbi Psychological and social sequelae of cannabis and other illicit drug use by young people: a systematic review of longitudinal, general population studies
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Lancet 363:1579-88. 2004
    ..Past reviews have generally been non-systematic, have often included cross-sectional data, and have underappreciated the extent of methodological problems associated with interpretation...
  38. pmc Vulvovaginal-swab or first-catch urine specimen to detect Chlamydia trachomatis in women in a community setting?
    Sue Skidmore
    Public Health Laboratory Service, Birmingham Laboratory, Birmingham, UK
    J Clin Microbiol 44:4389-94. 2006
    ....
  39. doi Comparative performance of culture using swabs transported in Amies medium and the Aptima Combo 2 nucleic acid amplification test in detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from genital and extra-genital sites: a retrospective study
    Lindsey Harryman
    Bristol Sexual Health Centre, University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 88:27-31. 2012
    ..The authors investigated how symptoms and infection site influenced test sensitivity...
  40. pmc Fetal alcohol exposure and IQ at age 8: evidence from a population-based birth-cohort study
    Sarah J Lewis
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e49407. 2012
    ..Associations between children's cognitive function and both maternal and child genotype at these loci can shed light on the effects of maternal alcohol consumption on offspring cognitive development...
  41. ncbi Costs and cost effectiveness of different strategies for chlamydia screening and partner notification: an economic and mathematical modelling study
    Katy Turner
    Bristol University, Department of Social Medicine, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMJ 342:c7250. 2011
    ..To develop a tool for calculating cost effectiveness of chlamydia control programmes at a local, national, or international level...
  42. ncbi Bereavement and marriage are associated with antibody response to influenza vaccination in the elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:279-89. 2006
    ....
  43. doi Does cochlear implantation improve speech recognition in children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder? A systematic review
    Rachel Humphriss
    Children s Hearing Centre, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK
    Int J Audiol 52:442-54. 2013
    ..This review aims to summarize and synthesize current evidence of the effectiveness of CI in improving speech recognition in children with ANSD...
  44. doi How much tubal factor infertility is caused by Chlamydia? Estimates based on serological evidence corrected for sensitivity and specificity
    Malcolm J Price
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 39:608-13. 2012
    ....
  45. ncbi Intervening for exhaustion
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 61:9-10. 2006
  46. ncbi Commentary: understanding pathways to cannabis use and from use to harm
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:680-2. 2006
  47. pmc Variation in NHS utilisation of vault smear tests in women post-hysterectomy: A study, using routinely collected datasets
    Helen J Stokes-Lampard
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Womens Health 8:6. 2008
    ..This study aims to determine the factors associated with variability in hysterectomy rates and subsequent follow-up after surgery by use of the vaginal vault smear cytology test...
  48. ncbi Cannabis use and symptom experience amongst people with mental illness: a commentary on Degenhardt et al
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Psychol Med 37:913-6. 2007
  49. pmc Association of maternal smoking with child cotinine levels
    Alexander I Stiby
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 15:2029-36. 2013
    ..ETS was measured using child cotinine levels below the active smoking threshold...
  50. ncbi Harm-reduction interventions in injection drug use
    Matthew Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 367:1797-8. 2006
  51. pmc Partner notification of chlamydia infection in primary care: randomised controlled trial and analysis of resource use
    Nicola Low
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 332:14-9. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a practice nurse led strategy to improve the notification and treatment of partners of people with chlamydia infection...
  52. doi Prenatal alcohol exposure and childhood balance: a systematic review
    Rachel Humphriss
    Centre for Hearing and Balance Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24:156-65. 2010
    ..However, this study appeared the most methodologically robust. In conclusion, at present, there is limited evidence on the possible effects of alcohol exposure on childhood balance...
  53. pmc Risk of death during and after opiate substitution treatment in primary care: prospective observational study in UK General Practice Research Database
    Rosie Cornish
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMJ 341:c5475. 2010
    ..To investigate the effect of opiate substitution treatment at the beginning and end of treatment and according to duration of treatment...
  54. ncbi Does alcohol increase the risk of overdose death: the need for a translational approach
    Matt Hickman
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1060-2. 2008
    ..We argue for a translational approach to addiction science, using an important current research question as a case study...
  55. ncbi Change in job satisfaction, and its association with self-reported stress, cardiovascular risk factors and mortality
    Pauline Heslop
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 54:1589-99. 2002
    ..There was also no evidence to suggest that men or women reporting job dissatisfaction on one occasion or on two occasions several years apart, had a significantly greater risk of mortality from CVD...