J Macleod

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Are the effects of psychosocial exposures attributable to confounding? Evidence from a prospective observational study on psychological stress and mortality
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:878-84. 2001
  2. pmc Coverage and uptake of systematic postal screening for genital Chlamydia trachomatis and prevalence of infection in the United Kingdom general population: cross sectional study
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 330:940. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Is subjective social status a more important determinant of health than objective social status? Evidence from a prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:1916-29. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Commentary: understanding pathways to cannabis use and from use to harm
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:680-2. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychological and social sequelae of cannabis and other illicit drug use by young people: a systematic review of longitudinal, general population studies
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Lancet 363:1579-88. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Commentary: What should we make of associations between vital exhaustion and heart disease?
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:997-9. 2003
  7. pmc Does consideration of either psychological or material disadvantage improve coronary risk prediction? Prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:833-7. 2007
  8. pmc Psychosocial factors and public health: a suitable case for treatment?
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:565-70. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use and symptom experience amongst people with mental illness: a commentary on Degenhardt et al
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Psychol Med 37:913-6. 2007
  10. pmc Limitations of adjustment for reporting tendency in observational studies of stress and self reported coronary heart disease
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, The Medical School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:76-7. 2002

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications50

  1. pmc Are the effects of psychosocial exposures attributable to confounding? Evidence from a prospective observational study on psychological stress and mortality
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:878-84. 2001
    ..To examine the association between perceived psychological stress and cause specific mortality in a population where perceived stress was not associated with material disadvantage...
  2. pmc Coverage and uptake of systematic postal screening for genital Chlamydia trachomatis and prevalence of infection in the United Kingdom general population: cross sectional study
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 330:940. 2005
    ..To measure the coverage and uptake of systematic postal screening for genital Chlamydia trachomatis and the prevalence of infection in the general population in the United Kingdom. To investigate factors associated with these measures...
  3. ncbi request reprint Is subjective social status a more important determinant of health than objective social status? Evidence from a prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 61:1916-29. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Commentary: understanding pathways to cannabis use and from use to harm
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:680-2. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Psychological and social sequelae of cannabis and other illicit drug use by young people: a systematic review of longitudinal, general population studies
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Lancet 363:1579-88. 2004
    ..Past reviews have generally been non-systematic, have often included cross-sectional data, and have underappreciated the extent of methodological problems associated with interpretation...
  6. ncbi request reprint Commentary: What should we make of associations between vital exhaustion and heart disease?
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:997-9. 2003
  7. pmc Does consideration of either psychological or material disadvantage improve coronary risk prediction? Prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:833-7. 2007
    ..To assess the value of psychosocial risk factors in discriminating between individuals at higher and lower risk of coronary heart disease, using risk prediction equations...
  8. pmc Psychosocial factors and public health: a suitable case for treatment?
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:565-70. 2003
    ..In the absence of better evidence, suggestions that psychosocial interventions are needed to improve population physical health, in both absolute and relative terms, seem premature...
  9. ncbi request reprint Cannabis use and symptom experience amongst people with mental illness: a commentary on Degenhardt et al
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, Primary Care Clinical Sciences and Learning Centre Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Psychol Med 37:913-6. 2007
  10. pmc Limitations of adjustment for reporting tendency in observational studies of stress and self reported coronary heart disease
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, The Medical School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:76-7. 2002
  11. pmc Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease: empirical demonstration of bias in a prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 324:1247-51. 2002
    ..To examine the association between self perceived psychological stress and cardiovascular disease in a population where stress was not associated with social disadvantage...
  12. pmc Cost effectiveness of home based population screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in the UK: economic evaluation of chlamydia screening studies (ClaSS) project
    Tracy E Roberts
    Health Economics Facility, HSMC, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, Switzerland
    BMJ 335:291. 2007
    ..To investigate the cost effectiveness of screening for Chlamydia trachomatis compared with a policy of no organised screening in the United Kingdom...
  13. ncbi request reprint Bereavement and marriage are associated with antibody response to influenza vaccination in the elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:279-89. 2006
    ....
  14. pmc Healthcare and patient costs of a proactive chlamydia screening programme: the Chlamydia Screening Studies project
    Suzanne Robinson
    Health Economics Facility, Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham, 40 Edgbaston Park Road, Birmingham, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:276-81. 2007
    ....
  15. pmc Variation in NHS utilisation of vault smear tests in women post-hysterectomy: A study, using routinely collected datasets
    Helen J Stokes-Lampard
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Womens Health 8:6. 2008
    ..This study aims to determine the factors associated with variability in hysterectomy rates and subsequent follow-up after surgery by use of the vaginal vault smear cytology test...
  16. doi request reprint The relative efficacy of two levels of a primary care intervention for family members affected by the addiction problem of a close relative: a randomized trial
    Alex Copello
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham and Substance Misuse Services, Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health Trust, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 104:49-58. 2009
    ..A randomized trial to compare two levels of an intervention (full versus brief) for use by primary health-care professionals with family members affected by the problematic drug or alcohol use of a close relative...
  17. ncbi request reprint Intervening for exhaustion
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 61:9-10. 2006
  18. pmc Vulvovaginal-swab or first-catch urine specimen to detect Chlamydia trachomatis in women in a community setting?
    Sue Skidmore
    Public Health Laboratory Service, Birmingham Laboratory, Birmingham, UK
    J Clin Microbiol 44:4389-94. 2006
    ....
  19. pmc Admissions for myocardial infarction and World Cup football: database survey
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 325:1439-42. 2002
    ..To examine hospital admissions for a range of diagnoses on days surrounding England's 1998 World Cup football matches...
  20. doi request reprint The scope for biased recall of risk-factor exposure in case-control studies: evidence from a cohort study of Scottish men
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Scand J Public Health 36:442-5. 2008
    ..Case-control studies are prone to recall bias, a participant's case-control status influencing their recall of exposure to risk factors. We aimed to demonstrate empirically the scope for this bias...
  21. ncbi request reprint Cannabis and schizophrenia: model projections of the impact of the rise in cannabis use on historical and future trends in schizophrenia in England and Wales
    Matthew Hickman
    Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:597-606. 2007
    ..To estimate long-term trends in cannabis use and projections of schizophrenia assuming a causal relation between cannabis use and schizophrenia...
  22. pmc Opportunistic and systematic screening for chlamydia: a study of consultations by young adults in general practice
    Chris Salisbury
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:99-103. 2006
    ..There are insufficient data about young peoples' use of primary care services to determine the potential coverage of opportunistic screening in comparison with a systematic population-based approach...
  23. ncbi request reprint Re: "Job stress and breast cancer risk: the Nurses' Health Study"
    John Macleod
    Am J Epidemiol 162:1133-4; author reply 1134-5. 2005
  24. ncbi request reprint Bias in chlamydia prevalence surveys
    Nicola Low
    Lancet 362:1157-8. 2003
  25. pmc Substance misuse and psychiatric illness: prospective observational study using the general practice research database
    Martin Frisher
    Department of Medicines Management, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:847-50. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Cause-specific hospital admission and mortality among working men: association with socioeconomic circumstances in childhood and adult life, and the mediating role of daily stress
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Public Health 15:238-44. 2005
    ....
  27. pmc Partner notification of chlamydia infection in primary care: randomised controlled trial and analysis of resource use
    Nicola Low
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 332:14-9. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a practice nurse led strategy to improve the notification and treatment of partners of people with chlamydia infection...
  28. ncbi request reprint Frequent job change and associated health
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1-15. 2003
    ..However, the observed relationship between frequent job changing and a higher incidence of health risk behaviours, in the absence of a relationship with poorer health, invites further research...
  29. ncbi request reprint Self-reported stress and subsequent hospital admissions as a result of hypertension, varicose veins and haemorrhoids
    Chris Metcalfe
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 2SR
    J Public Health Med 25:62-8. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that psychosocial factors, in particular reporting tendency, are the likely mediator of this association, and the present study considers this further...
  30. ncbi request reprint Change in job satisfaction, and its association with self-reported stress, cardiovascular risk factors and mortality
    Pauline Heslop
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 54:1589-99. 2002
    ..There was also no evidence to suggest that men or women reporting job dissatisfaction on one occasion or on two occasions several years apart, had a significantly greater risk of mortality from CVD...
  31. ncbi request reprint Re: "Sense of coherence and mortality in men and women in the EPIC-Norfolk United Kingdom prospective cohort study"
    John Macleod
    Am J Epidemiol 159:1202-3; author reply 1203-4. 2004
  32. ncbi request reprint Screening for chlamydia
    John Macleod
    Lancet 365:1539-40. 2005
  33. ncbi request reprint INTERHEART
    John Macleod
    Lancet 365:118-9; author reply 119-20. 2005
  34. doi request reprint Influence of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E2 polymorphism on quantification of HPV-16 episomal and integrated DNA in cervicovaginal lavages from women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
    Naoufel Azizi
    Laboratoire de Virologie Moleculaire, Centre de recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Gen Virol 89:1716-28. 2008
    ..24) or CIN-1 (5 of 14, P=0.50). HPV-16 E2 polymorphism was a significant factor that influenced measures of HPV-16 integrated viral load...
  35. pmc Doctors' self rating of skills in evidence based medicine. Way that clinical epidemiology is taught must be examined
    John Macleod
    BMJ 325:280. 2002
  36. doi request reprint Does alcohol increase the risk of overdose death: the need for a translational approach
    Matt Hickman
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Addiction 103:1060-2. 2008
    ..We argue for a translational approach to addiction science, using an important current research question as a case study...
  37. pmc Enhanced enzyme immunoassay with negative-gray-zone testing compared to a single nucleic Acid amplification technique for community-based chlamydial screening of men
    Paddy Horner
    The Milne Centre, United Bristol Healthcare Trust, Bristol BS2 8HW, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 43:2065-9. 2005
    ..In addition, positive nucleic acid amplification test results should be confirmed and an inhibition control should be used...
  38. ncbi request reprint Cannabis and psychosis
    John Macleod
    Lancet 370:1539; author reply 1539-40. 2007
  39. ncbi request reprint A contemporary validation of the Reeder Stress Inventory
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 8:83-94. 2003
    ..To examine the construct validity of the RSI in a contemporary cohort...
  40. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic status in childhood and later alcohol use: a systematic review
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Addiction 102:1546-63. 2007
    ..To conduct a systematic review of longitudinal studies that examined the association between childhood socio-economic status (SES) and alcohol use in later life...
  41. ncbi request reprint Early exposure to marijuana and risk of later drug use
    John Macleod
    JAMA 290:329-30; author reply 330-1. 2003
  42. ncbi request reprint Addressing health inequalities
    John Macleod
    Lancet 360:1691-2; author reply 1693. 2002
  43. ncbi request reprint John J.R. Macleod (1876-1935) 70th anniversary of his death
    D Bataille
    INSERM U 376, CHU, Montpellier, France
    Diabetes Metab 31:29-34. 2005
  44. ncbi request reprint Depression as risk factor for mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery
    John Macleod
    Lancet 362:1500-1; author reply 1501-2. 2003
  45. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of preventing frequent cannabis use among young people in improving educational achievement: eradicating frequent cannabis use among adolescents could reduce school dropout by 3%
    Matthew Hickman
    Addiction 99:650-1; author reply 651-2. 2004
  46. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of step-wise intervention plan for managing nelfinavir-associated diarrhea: a pilot study
    Anita Rachlis
    Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    HIV Clin Trials 6:203-12. 2005
    ..Pilot study to evaluate the effectiveness of a step-wise diarrhea management strategy for nelfinavir-associated diarrhea...
  47. ncbi request reprint Re: "does job strain increase the risk for coronary heart disease or death in men and women? The Framingham offspring study"
    John Macleod
    Am J Epidemiol 160:1031-2; author reply 1032. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Does cannabis use cause schizophrenia?
    John Macleod
    Lancet 367:1055. 2006
  49. ncbi request reprint Reporting bias and self-reported drug use
    John Macleod
    Addiction 100:562-3. 2005
  50. ncbi request reprint The role of self-reported stress in the development of breast cancer and prostate cancer: a prospective cohort study of employed males and females with 30 years of follow-up
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    Eur J Cancer 43:1060-5. 2007
    ..With no dose-response relationship and no established mechanism linking stress with breast and prostate cancer, confounding is the parsimonious explanation of these findings...