P W Macfarlane

Summary

Affiliation: University of Glasgow
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The design of a prospective study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER). PROSPER Study Group. PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk
    J Shepherd
    University of Glasgow, Scotland
    Am J Cardiol 84:1192-7. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Association between high-density lipoprotein and cognitive impairment in the oldest old
    Eric van Exel
    Section of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Department of General Internal Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Ann Neurol 51:716-21. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Heart rate variability fraction--a new reportable measure of 24-hour R-R interval variation
    Maciej Sosnowski
    3rd Division of Cardiology, Silesian Medical School, Ziolowa, Katowice, Poland
    Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 10:7-15. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Artificial attenuation of ECG voltage produces shortening of the corresponding QRS duration: clinical implications for patients with edema
    John E Madias
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 28:1060-5. 2005
  5. doi request reprint Are elevated circulating intercellular adhesion molecule 1 levels more strongly predictive of diabetes than vascular risk? Outcome of a prospective study in the elderly
    N Sattar
    Faculty of Medicine, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, University Place, Glasgow G12 8TA, UK
    Diabetologia 52:235-9. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Age, sex, and the ST amplitude in health and disease
    P W Macfarlane
    University Department of Medical Cardiology, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland
    J Electrocardiol 34:235-41. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Looking for prognostic information in the ST-T segment--is it really worth it?
    Peter W Macfarlane
    Section of Cardiology and Exercise Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    J Electrocardiol 37:209-13. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Is electrocardiography still useful in the diagnosis of cardiac chamber hypertrophy and dilatation?
    Peter W Macfarlane
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, Scotland, UK
    Cardiol Clin 24:401-11, ix. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint The value of the electrocardiogram in risk assessment in primary prevention: experience from the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study
    P W Macfarlane
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    J Electrocardiol 40:101-9. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint The Pierre Rijlant lecture 2007: the future of electrocardiography
    Peter W Macfarlane
    Division of Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 7:1-4. 2007

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint The design of a prospective study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER). PROSPER Study Group. PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk
    J Shepherd
    University of Glasgow, Scotland
    Am J Cardiol 84:1192-7. 1999
    ..Finally, an assessment will be made of the effects of treatment on cognitive function, disability, hospitalization or institutionalization, vascular mortality, and all-cause mortality...
  2. ncbi request reprint Association between high-density lipoprotein and cognitive impairment in the oldest old
    Eric van Exel
    Section of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Department of General Internal Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
    Ann Neurol 51:716-21. 2002
    ..At least part of the association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and cognitive function is independent of atherosclerotic disease...
  3. ncbi request reprint Heart rate variability fraction--a new reportable measure of 24-hour R-R interval variation
    Maciej Sosnowski
    3rd Division of Cardiology, Silesian Medical School, Ziolowa, Katowice, Poland
    Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 10:7-15. 2005
    ..The scatterplot of R-R intervals has several unique features. Its numerical evaluation may produce a new useful index of global heart rate variability (HRV) from Holter recordings...
  4. ncbi request reprint Artificial attenuation of ECG voltage produces shortening of the corresponding QRS duration: clinical implications for patients with edema
    John E Madias
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University, New York, New York, USA
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 28:1060-5. 2005
    ..Nowadays, physicians accept QRSd measured by computer techniques. The latter offers the possibility of testing the hypothesis that artificial alteration of the ECGV, simulating effects of PERE, could lead to changes in the QRSd...
  5. doi request reprint Are elevated circulating intercellular adhesion molecule 1 levels more strongly predictive of diabetes than vascular risk? Outcome of a prospective study in the elderly
    N Sattar
    Faculty of Medicine, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, University Place, Glasgow G12 8TA, UK
    Diabetologia 52:235-9. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Age, sex, and the ST amplitude in health and disease
    P W Macfarlane
    University Department of Medical Cardiology, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland
    J Electrocardiol 34:235-41. 2001
    ..Recommended ECG related criteria, particularly in V1, for administration of thrombolytic therapy appear to be neither age nor sex dependent, which is a significant shortcoming given the foregoing information...
  7. ncbi request reprint Looking for prognostic information in the ST-T segment--is it really worth it?
    Peter W Macfarlane
    Section of Cardiology and Exercise Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    J Electrocardiol 37:209-13. 2004
    ..The conclusion drawn is that the prognostic value of ECG variables has to be considered carefully in the light of other available data...
  8. ncbi request reprint Is electrocardiography still useful in the diagnosis of cardiac chamber hypertrophy and dilatation?
    Peter W Macfarlane
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, Scotland, UK
    Cardiol Clin 24:401-11, ix. 2006
    ..Electrocardiography and echocardiography will continue to live side-by-side for the foreseeable future...
  9. ncbi request reprint The value of the electrocardiogram in risk assessment in primary prevention: experience from the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study
    P W Macfarlane
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    J Electrocardiol 40:101-9. 2007
    ..Of 355 incident MIs, 47.3% were silent or unrecognized and detected by ECG only. A simple ECG-based risk prediction equation for fatal and nonfatal MI is introduced...
  10. ncbi request reprint The Pierre Rijlant lecture 2007: the future of electrocardiography
    Peter W Macfarlane
    Division of Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 7:1-4. 2007
  11. ncbi request reprint Influence of lead selection and population on automated measurement of QT dispersion
    P W Macfarlane
    University of Glasgow P W M, Glasgow, Scotland
    Circulation 98:2160-7. 1998
    ..Furthermore, there is still discussion on the extent to which QTd reflects dispersion of measurement. This study addresses these problems...
  12. ncbi request reprint Modification of ACC/ESC criteria for acute myocardial infarction
    Peter W Macfarlane
    University of Glasgow, Section of Cardiology and Exercise Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER
    J Electrocardiol 37:98-103. 2004
    ..6% to 99.8%. The conclusion drawn is that while the ACC/ESC criteria are simple to apply, they are not particularly specific and can be improved by being supplemented by other ECG measures and optimized for age and sex...
  13. ncbi request reprint Inter- and intraobserver variability in LVH and RVH reporting in pediatric ECGs
    R M Hamilton
    University Department of Medical Cardiology, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK
    Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 10:330-3. 2005
    ..As part of a larger study to evaluate the Glasgow pediatric ECG analysis program, inter- and intraobserver variability in the ECG reporting of two pediatric cardiologists was examined...
  14. ncbi request reprint Elevated troponin levels are associated with sympathoadrenal activation in acute ischaemic stroke
    M Barber
    University Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Cerebrovasc Dis 23:260-6. 2007
    ..We aimed to determine the factors associated with troponin elevation in ischaemic stroke and the prognostic value of this finding...
  15. ncbi request reprint The role of myocardial perfusion scanning, heart rate variability and D-dimers in predicting the risk of perioperative cardiac complications after peripheral vascular surgery
    N Mamode
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Medical Cardiology and Medicine, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 22:499-508. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary screening using clinical data has limited value in risk assessment prior to vascular surgery but preoperative heart rate variability, D-dimers and thallium scanning provide modest incremental predictive value...
  16. ncbi request reprint Long-term follow-up of the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study
    Ian Ford
    Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
    N Engl J Med 357:1477-86. 2007
    ..9 to 5.5% (P<0.001) in the treatment group. Extended follow-up data were obtained for approximately 10 years after completion of the trial...
  17. ncbi request reprint Bedside serial comparison of electrocardiograms
    P W Macfarlane
    Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland
    J Electrocardiol 21:S159-62. 1988
    ..Serial comparison logic has been incorporated into the diagnostic program inside the 440 and 740 so that immediate serial comparison can be undertaken at the bedside or in the clinic...
  18. ncbi request reprint Reproducibility of a non-invasive real-time measure of cardiac parasympathetic activity
    P G Murray
    University Department of Medical Cardiology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, UK
    Physiol Meas 22:661-72. 2001
    ..The short-term reproducibility of a 5 minute recording of CIPA is moderate and better than simple time-domain but not frequency-domain measures of HRV...
  19. ncbi request reprint C-reactive protein and prediction of coronary heart disease and global vascular events in the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER)
    Naveed Sattar
    Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Circulation 115:981-9. 2007
    ..The role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting vascular events and response to statin therapy remains uncertain. Additional large prospective studies are required...
  20. ncbi request reprint Randomized controlled trial of homocysteine-lowering vitamin treatment in elderly patients with vascular disease
    David J Stott
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1320-6. 2005
    ..Homocysteine is an independent risk factor for vascular disease and is associated with dementia in older people. Potential mechanisms include altered endothelial and hemostatic function...
  21. ncbi request reprint Plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins as predictors of cardiovascular risk and treatment benefit in the PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER)
    Chris J Packard
    Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Circulation 112:3058-65. 2005
    ..We assessed the role of plasma lipoproteins as predictors of risk and of treatment benefit in the PROspective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Metabolic syndrome with and without C-reactive protein as a predictor of coronary heart disease and diabetes in the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study
    Naveed Sattar
    University Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, Scotland, UK
    Circulation 108:414-9. 2003
    ..Information on the prospective association of this definition for coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes is currently limited...
  23. ncbi request reprint Association between apolipoprotein E4 and cognitive decline in elderly adults
    Chris J Packard
    Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:1777-85. 2007
    ..To determine the influence of apolipoprotein E on cognitive decline in a cohort of elderly men and women...
  24. doi request reprint Can metabolic syndrome usefully predict cardiovascular disease and diabetes? Outcome data from two prospective studies
    Naveed Sattar
    Faculty of Medicine, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Lancet 371:1927-35. 2008
    ..We investigated to what extent metabolic syndrome and its individual components were related to risk for these two diseases in elderly populations...
  25. pmc Leptin predicts diabetes but not cardiovascular disease: results from a large prospective study in an elderly population
    Paul Welsh
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:308-10. 2009
    ..To clarify the association of circulating levels of leptin with risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and new-onset diabetes in men and women...
  26. doi request reprint Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2), inflammatory biomarkers, and risk of cardiovascular disease in the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER)
    Muriel J Caslake
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G11 6NT, UK
    Atherosclerosis 210:28-34. 2010
    ..We evaluated the association of Lp-PLA(2) with vascular events in the elderly where the importance of LDL is diminished as a risk factor for coronary disease...
  27. doi request reprint Statins and risk of incident diabetes: a collaborative meta-analysis of randomised statin trials
    Naveed Sattar
    British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Lancet 375:735-42. 2010
    ..We aimed to establish by a meta-analysis of published and unpublished data whether any relation exists between statin use and development of diabetes...
  28. pmc Are markers of inflammation more strongly associated with risk for fatal than for nonfatal vascular events?
    Naveed Sattar
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    PLoS Med 6:e1000099. 2009
    ..We tested whether interleukin (IL)-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), and fibrinogen more strongly associate with fatal compared to nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke...
  29. doi request reprint Automated electrocardiogram interpretation programs versus cardiologists' triage decision making based on teletransmitted data in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome
    Elaine N Clark
    Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Am J Cardiol 106:1696-702. 2010
    ..02) and the cardiologists (p = 0.004). Triage decisions were effective, with good agreement between cardiologists' decisions and discharge diagnoses...
  30. ncbi request reprint Elevated alanine aminotransferase predicts new-onset type 2 diabetes independently of classical risk factors, metabolic syndrome, and C-reactive protein in the west of Scotland coronary prevention study
    Naveed Sattar
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Universityof Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, Scotland, UK
    Diabetes 53:2855-60. 2004
    ..The simplicity of ALT measurement and its availability in routine clinical practice suggest that this enzyme activity could be included in future diabetes prediction algorithms...
  31. pmc Clinical Trials: Minimising source data queries to streamline endpoint adjudication in a large multi-national trial
    Elizabeth P Tolmie
    Glasgow Clinical Research Facility, Tennent Building, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Trials 12:112. 2011
    ..The purpose of the review was to identify areas that could be improved for future clinical trials. The results are reported in this paper...
  32. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the electrocardiographic criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy
    Iain Morrison
    Division of Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 7:159-63. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Can cardiac vagal tone be estimated from the 10-second ECG?
    Ruth M Hamilton
    University Section of Cardiology and Exercise Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Building, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK
    Int J Cardiol 95:109-15. 2004
    ..The aim of this study, therefore, was to discover whether indices of HRV calculated over 10 s could predict cardiac vagal tone (CVT) recorded over a 5-min period by the NeuroScope, a new instrument that selectively measures vagal tone...
  34. pmc Unraveling the directional link between adiposity and inflammation: a bidirectional Mendelian randomization approach
    Paul Welsh
    Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:93-9. 2010
    ..Associations between adiposity and circulating inflammation markers are assumed to be causal, although the direction of the relationship has not been proven...
  35. ncbi request reprint CPR '98: a practical multimedia computer-based guide to cardiopulmonary resuscitation for medical students
    L J Clark
    The Microcomputer Cluster, Level 1, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Resuscitation 44:109-17. 2000
    ..It was found that students who used the package performed significantly better in theoretical assessments than those who did not...
  36. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of pediatric electrocardiogram diagnosis of ventricular hypertrophy by computer program compared with cardiologists
    R M Hamilton
    University Section of Cardiology, Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Queen Elizabeth Building, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow, G31 2ER UK
    Pediatr Cardiol 26:373-8. 2005
    ..Subsequent discussion revealed that if the cardiologists had disagreed with one another initially, their consensus opinion was twice as likely to be in agreement with the program...
  37. ncbi request reprint Localization of accessory pathways in the Wolff-Parkinson-White pattern--physician versus computer interpretation of the same algorithm
    Andrew D McGavigan
    Department of Cardiology, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 30:998-1002. 2007
    ..We compared the utility of a computerized program in identifying pathway location from the ECG using the algorithm published by Fitzpatrick and coworkers(3) against physician assessment with the same algorithm...
  38. ncbi request reprint Diagnosis of acute myocardial ischaemia using probabilistic methods
    Jodat M Seyal
    Department of Medical Cardiology, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland
    J Cardiovasc Risk 9:115-21. 2002
    ..The present study was undertaken to test the effectiveness of an established equation for estimating the probability of acute cardiac ischaemia, but in an environment different from that in which it was developed...
  39. ncbi request reprint Pravastatin in elderly individuals at risk of vascular disease (PROSPER): a randomised controlled trial
    James Shepherd
    University Department of Pathological Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, Scotland, Glasgow, UK
    Lancet 360:1623-30. 2002
    ..Our aim was to test the benefits of pravastatin treatment in an elderly cohort of men and women with, or at high risk of developing, cardiovascular disease and stroke...
  40. ncbi request reprint A comparison of commonly used QT correction formulae: the effect of heart rate on the QTc of normal ECGs
    Shen Luo
    Burdick Quinton Cardiology Systems Inc, Deerfield, WI 53531, USA
    J Electrocardiol 37:81-90. 2004
    ..It was also noted that QT has a linear trend with HR but not with RR...
  41. ncbi request reprint Prevention of coronary heart disease with pravastatin in men with hypercholesterolemia. 1995
    James Shepherd
    Atheroscler Suppl 5:91-7. 2004
  42. ncbi request reprint The microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene-493T variant lowers cholesterol but increases the risk of coronary heart disease
    Helena Ledmyr
    King Gustaf V Research Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Circulation 109:2279-84. 2004
    ..We hypothesize that this polymorphism impacts on coronary heart disease (CHD) risk...
  43. pmc The additional value of routine electrocardiograms in cardiovascular risk management of older people
    Wouter de Ruijter
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Scand J Prim Health Care 26:147-53. 2008
    ..To evaluate whether routinely performed ECGs in older people from the general population have added value for cardiovascular risk management beyond the information that is already available from their medical records...
  44. doi request reprint Gender and effects of a common genetic variant in the NOS1 regulator NOS1AP on cardiac repolarization in 3761 individuals from two independent populations
    Martin D Tobin
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1132-41. 2008
    ..We investigated the association between rs10494366 in NOS1AP and QTc, and assessed gender-specific NOS1AP associations with QTc during rest and after exercise...
  45. ncbi request reprint Can the lessons learned from the assessment of automated electrocardiogram analysis in the Common Standards for quantitative Electrocardiography study benefit measurement of delayed contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images?
    Jocelyne Fayn
    Methodologies of Information Processing in Cardiology, INSERM, INSA Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, France
    J Electrocardiol 40:246-50. 2007
  46. ncbi request reprint Markers of autonomic tone on a standard ECG are predictive of mortality in old age
    Thomas van Bemmel
    Section of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, C1 R, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Int J Cardiol 107:36-41. 2006
    ..To investigate markers of autonomic tone on a standard electrocardiogram in relation to mortality in old age...
  47. ncbi request reprint Age-adjustment of HRV measures and its prognostic value for risk assessment in patients late after myocardial infarction
    Maciej Sosnowski
    3rd Division of Cardiology, Silesian Medical School, Ziolowa Street 47 40635, Katowice, Poland
    Int J Cardiol 86:249-58. 2002
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint The routine electrocardiogram for cardiovascular risk stratification in old age: the Leiden 85-plus study
    Wouter de Ruijter
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Am Geriatr Soc 55:872-7. 2007
    ..To explore the prognostic value of signs of prior myocardial infarction (MI) and atrial fibrillation (AF) on routine electrocardiograms (ECGs) at the age of 85 with respect to mortality and changes in functional status...
  49. ncbi request reprint Practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Clinical Cardiology, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Young: endorsed by the Inte
    Barbara J Drew
    Circulation 110:2721-46. 2004
    ..Currently available ECG lead systems are described, and recommendations related to staffing, training, and methods to improve quality are provided...
  50. ncbi request reprint The assessment of autonomic function in chronic atrial fibrillation: description of a non-invasive technique based on circadian rhythm of atrioventricular nodal functional refractory periods
    Aleem U Khand
    Academic Unit of Cardiology, University of Hull, Hull, UK
    Europace 8:927-34. 2006
    ..Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the commonest sustained arrhythmia and is particularly prevalent in heart failure. We have developed a simple index to assess autonomic function in patients with chronic AF...
  51. ncbi request reprint Metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus
    W E Feeman
    Circulation 109:E23. 2004
  52. ncbi request reprint Myocardial infarction in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL)
    Saskia A J Lesnik Oberstein
    Department of Clinical Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
    Medicine (Baltimore) 82:251-6. 2003
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first study showing that NOTCH3 mutation carriers may be at increased risk of early acute myocardial infarction, expanding CADASIL disease expression beyond the central nervous system to include the heart...
  53. ncbi request reprint Association between chronic diseases and disability in elderly subjects with low and high income: the Leiden 85-plus Study
    Annetje Bootsma-van der Wiel
    Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 15:494-7. 2005
    ..Disability in activities of daily living (ADL) might be more prevalent among elderly with low income due to higher prevalence of chronic diseases and impairments, as well as stronger associations of these factors with ADL-disability...
  54. ncbi request reprint AHA scientific statement: practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: an American Heart Association Scientific Statement from the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Clinical Cardiology, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Y
    Barbara J Drew
    J Cardiovasc Nurs 20:76-106. 2005
    ..Currently available ECG lead systems are described, and recommendations related to staffing, training, and methods to improve quality are provided...
  55. ncbi request reprint Effect of controlling hyperglycemia with diet on QT abnormalities in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes
    Rajeev Kumar
    Diabetes Care 27:2767-8. 2004