Gary J Macfarlane

Summary

Affiliation: University of Manchester
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi Chronic widespread pain in the community: the influence of psychological symptoms and mental disorder on healthcare seeking behavior
    G J Macfarlane
    School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    J Rheumatol 26:413-9. 1999
  2. ncbi Mortality among UK Gulf War veterans
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    Lancet 356:17-21. 2000
  3. pmc Role of mechanical and psychosocial factors in the onset of forearm pain: prospective population based study
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    BMJ 321:676-9. 2000
  4. pmc Widespread body pain and mortality: prospective population based study
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT
    BMJ 323:662-5. 2001
  5. pmc Incidence of cancer among UK Gulf war veterans: cohort study
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT
    BMJ 327:1373. 2003
  6. pmc Genetic variation in neuroendocrine genes associates with somatic symptoms in the general population: results from the EPIFUND study
    Kate L Holliday
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, M13 9PT Manchester, UK
    J Psychosom Res 68:469-74. 2010
  7. ncbi The epidemiology of chronic syndromes that are frequently unexplained: do they have common associated factors?
    Vishal R Aggarwal
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:468-76. 2006
  8. doi No evidence for a role of the catechol-O-methyltransferase pain sensitivity haplotypes in chronic widespread pain
    Barbara I Nicholl
    Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:2009-12. 2010
  9. doi Association of HTR2A polymorphisms with chronic widespread pain and the extent of musculoskeletal pain: results from two population-based cohorts
    Barbara I Nicholl
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 63:810-8. 2011
  10. ncbi Predictors of low back pain in British schoolchildren: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Gareth T Jones
    Arthritis Research Campaign Epidemiology Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 111:822-8. 2003

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi Chronic widespread pain in the community: the influence of psychological symptoms and mental disorder on healthcare seeking behavior
    G J Macfarlane
    School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    J Rheumatol 26:413-9. 1999
    ....
  2. ncbi Mortality among UK Gulf War veterans
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    Lancet 356:17-21. 2000
    ..Armed forces personnel who served in the Gulf War report more current ill-health than those who were not deployed. There has been concern expressed that they may also experience higher mortality rates...
  3. pmc Role of mechanical and psychosocial factors in the onset of forearm pain: prospective population based study
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    BMJ 321:676-9. 2000
    ....
  4. pmc Widespread body pain and mortality: prospective population based study
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT
    BMJ 323:662-5. 2001
    ..To determine whether there is excess mortality in groups of people who report widespread body pain, and if so to establish the nature and extent of any excess...
  5. pmc Incidence of cancer among UK Gulf war veterans: cohort study
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT
    BMJ 327:1373. 2003
    ....
  6. pmc Genetic variation in neuroendocrine genes associates with somatic symptoms in the general population: results from the EPIFUND study
    Kate L Holliday
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, M13 9PT Manchester, UK
    J Psychosom Res 68:469-74. 2010
    ..This study aimed to determine if genetic variation in two neuroendocrine systems, the serotoninergic system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, was associated with the number of reported somatic symptoms...
  7. ncbi The epidemiology of chronic syndromes that are frequently unexplained: do they have common associated factors?
    Vishal R Aggarwal
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:468-76. 2006
    ..The objectives of our study were to investigate the co-occurrence, in the general population, of syndromes that are frequently unexplained and to evaluate whether they have common associated factors...
  8. doi No evidence for a role of the catechol-O-methyltransferase pain sensitivity haplotypes in chronic widespread pain
    Barbara I Nicholl
    Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:2009-12. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) 'pain sensitivity' haplotypes and chronic widespread pain (CWP) in two distinct cohorts...
  9. doi Association of HTR2A polymorphisms with chronic widespread pain and the extent of musculoskeletal pain: results from two population-based cohorts
    Barbara I Nicholl
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 63:810-8. 2011
    ..The aim of the current study was to investigate whether genetic variation in genes across the serotoninergic system is associated with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and the number of pain sites reported...
  10. ncbi Predictors of low back pain in British schoolchildren: a population-based prospective cohort study
    Gareth T Jones
    Arthritis Research Campaign Epidemiology Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 111:822-8. 2003
    ..To determine the onset of low back pain (LBP) in schoolchildren and to investigate the role of mechanical and psychosocial factors as risk factors for its onset...
  11. doi Musculoskeletal pain is associated with very low levels of vitamin D in men: results from the European Male Ageing Study
    John McBeth
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:1448-52. 2010
    ..A study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that musculoskeletal pain is associated with low vitamin D levels but the relationship is explained by physical inactivity and/or other putative confounding factors...
  12. ncbi Mechanical injury and psychosocial factors in the work place predict the onset of widespread body pain: a two-year prospective study among cohorts of newly employed workers
    Elaine F Harkness
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 50:1655-64. 2004
    ....
  13. pmc Risk factors for onset of chronic oro-facial pain--results of the North Cheshire oro-facial pain prospective population study
    Vishal R Aggarwal
    Oral Health Unit, School of Dentistry, Manchester Biomedical Research Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester M15 6FH, UK
    Pain 149:354-9. 2010
    ..The efficacy of early psychological management of Chronic oro-facial pain to address these factors should be a priority for future investigations...
  14. pmc Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis function and the relationship with chronic widespread pain and its antecedents
    John McBeth
    Arthritis Research Campaign ARC Epidemiology Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Arthritis Res Ther 7:R992-R1000. 2005
    ....
  15. ncbi Predicting the onset of widespread body pain among children
    Gareth T Jones
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, and Arthritis Research Campaign Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 48:2615-21. 2003
    ..To determine factors associated with, and the predictors of, widespread body pain in children...
  16. pmc Do genetic predictors of pain sensitivity associate with persistent widespread pain?
    Kate L Holliday
    Arthritis Research Campaign Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Mol Pain 5:56. 2009
    ..Further evidence of null association in large independent cohorts is required to truly exclude these SNPs as genetic risk factors for CWP...
  17. ncbi Association of widespread body pain with an increased risk of cancer and reduced cancer survival: a prospective, population-based study
    John McBeth
    Unit of Epidemiology, The Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 48:1686-92. 2003
    ....
  18. pmc Chronic widespread pain predicts physical inactivity: results from the prospective EPIFUND study
    John McBeth
    Arthritis Research Campaign Epidemiology Unit, School of Translational Medicine, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Eur J Pain 14:972-9. 2010
    ..9 (1.3-2.9)). A similar association was observed with exercise that lasted at least 20 min (RRR=1.9 (1.3-2.8)). The current study suggests that low self-reported levels of physical activity are a consequence of having CWP...
  19. ncbi Occurrence of Raynaud's phenomenon in children ages 12-15 years: prevalence and association with other common symptoms
    Gareth T Jones
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 48:3518-21. 2003
    ..This study was undertaken to ascertain the prevalence of RP in children ages 12-15 years and to determine whether, as with other commonly reported symptoms, there were any associations with adverse psychosocial factors...
  20. pmc The non-synonymous SNP, R1150W, in SCN9A is not associated with chronic widespread pain susceptibility
    Kate L Holliday
    Arthritis Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK
    Mol Pain 8:72. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to validate the previously reported association between a common non-synonymous polymorphism (R1150W, rs6746030) in SCN9A and chronic widespread pain (CWP), in independent population-based cohorts...
  21. pmc Genetic variation in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis influences susceptibility to musculoskeletal pain: results from the EPIFUND study
    Kate L Holliday
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 69:556-60. 2010
    ..To determine if genetic variation in genes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the primary stress response system, influences susceptibility to developing musculoskeletal pain...
  22. ncbi Active exercise, education, and cognitive behavioral therapy for persistent disabling low back pain: a randomized controlled trial
    Ruth E Johnson
    Division of Clinical Psychology, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:1578-85. 2007
    ..A randomized controlled trial...
  23. ncbi Development and validation of the Manchester orofacial pain disability scale
    Vishal R Aggarwal
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 33:141-9. 2005
    ..To design and validate a self-administered instrument for assessing orofacial pain related disability in the general population...
  24. ncbi Psychological distress and premature mortality in the general population: a prospective study
    Kate L Robinson
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, The Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 14:467-72. 2004
    ..To determine whether higher rates of mortality are observed in people reporting psychological distress, to establish the nature of any excess, and to examine the possible existence of a dose response relationship...
  25. ncbi Low back pain in schoolchildren: occurrence and characteristics
    Kath D Watson
    Arthritis Research Campaign ARC Epidemiology Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, M13 9PT, UK
    Pain 97:87-92. 2002
    ..Adolescent low back pain is common although medical attention is rarely sought. Such symptoms in childhood, particularly as they are so common, may have important consequences for chronic low back pain in adulthood...
  26. ncbi Onset of neck pain after a motor vehicle accident: a case-control study
    Nicola J Wiles
    ARC Epidemiology Unit and The Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Division of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
    J Rheumatol 32:1576-83. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi Oropharyngeal cancer incidence and mortality in Scotland: are rates still increasing?
    Kate L Robinson
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, The Medical School, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Oral Oncol 39:31-6. 2003
    ..Although oropharyngeal cancer incidence rates continue to rise alarmingly, these increases are not necessarily translated into higher mortality rates as had been suggested by results from earlier studies...
  28. ncbi Can one predict the likely specific orofacial pain syndrome from a self-completed questionnaire?
    Tatiana V Macfarlane
    University Dental Hospital of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester M15 6FH, UK
    Pain 111:270-7. 2004
    ..It is potentially useful in large population studies of OFP, where a clinical examination is not possible, however, further validation of its performance in large populations are necessary...
  29. doi Modest association of joint hypermobility with disabling and limiting musculoskeletal pain: results from a large-scale general population-based survey
    Matthew R Mulvey
    University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 65:1325-33. 2013
    ..To determine the population prevalence of joint hypermobility (JH) and to test the hypothesis that JH would be associated with reporting musculoskeletal pain...
  30. ncbi Changing trends in incidence of lung cancer by histologic type in Scotland
    Elaine F Harkness
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    Int J Cancer 102:179-83. 2002
    ..Changes in histologic types are unlikely to be solely due to diagnostic advances. Rates of adenocarcinoma have increased steadily over time, and this may be due to changes in cigarette design during the 1950s...
  31. ncbi Does chronic pain predict future psychological distress?
    John McBeth
    Arthritis Research Campaign ARC Epidemiology Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, M13 9PT, Manchester, UK
    Pain 96:239-45. 2002
    ..These findings indicate that it is those persons with chronic widespread pain in the presence of other physical and psychosocial factors who will become distressed...
  32. ncbi Chronic widespread pain and fibromyalgia: Should reports of increased mortality influence management?
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Epidemiology Group, University of Aberdeen, Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Polwarth Building, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, Scotland, UK
    Curr Rheumatol Rep 7:339-41. 2005
    ..Studies are currently underway which will determine whether initial observations of an increased mortality risk can be replicated...
  33. ncbi The Cheshire Foot Pain and Disability Survey: a population survey assessing prevalence and associations
    Adam P Garrow
    Diabetes Foot Clinic, Disablement Services Centre, Withington Hospital, Cavendish Road, Manchester M20 1LB, UK
    Pain 110:378-84. 2004
    ..Further work is necessary to understand more about the extent and type of unmet need and on how patients presenting with symptoms of disabling foot pain should best be managed...
  34. ncbi Predicting the onset of forearm pain: a prospective study across 12 occupational groups
    Elizabeth S Nahit
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Arthritis Rheum 49:519-25. 2003
    ..To determine, among workers free of forearm pain, the role of mechanical and psychosocial factors in predicting future onset...
  35. ncbi Orofacial pain: just another chronic pain? Results from a population-based survey
    Tatiana V Macfarlane
    Turner Dental School, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Pain 99:453-8. 2002
    ....
  36. ncbi Are reports of mechanical dysfunction in chronic oro-facial pain related to somatisation? A population based study
    Vishal R Aggarwal
    Arthritis Research Campaign Epidemiology Unit, Division of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Eur J Pain 12:501-7. 2008
    ..ii) To test the hypothesis that this relationship could be explained by: (a) reporting of psychological factors, (b) common association of self-reported mechanical factors with other unexplained syndromes...
  37. ncbi National study of cause-specific mortality in rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile chronic arthritis, and other rheumatic conditions: a 20 year followup study
    Elaine Thomas
    Primary Care Sciences Research Centre, Keele University, Keele, England
    J Rheumatol 30:958-65. 2003
    ..To quantify risks for cause-specific mortality among hospitalized patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), and 4 other rheumatic conditions in a nationwide, population based cohort over a 20 year period...
  38. pmc Predictors of hip joint replacement in new attenders in primary care with hip pain
    Fraser Birrell
    ARC Epidemiology Unit, University of Manchester
    Br J Gen Pract 53:26-30. 2003
    ..Studies investigating the factors associated with need for total hip replacement should ideally be based on prospective investigation of new attenders in primary care...
  39. ncbi Psychosocial risk factors for the onset of abdominal pain. Results from a large prospective population-based study
    Smita L S Halder
    Department of GI Sciences, Hope Hospital, Salford M6 8HD, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1219-25; discussion 1225-6. 2002
    ..To determine the psychosocial risk factors for the development of abdominal pain and to determine whether, in those people who consulted, symptoms had been attributed to an organic cause...
  40. ncbi Are common symptoms in childhood associated with chronic widespread body pain in adulthood? Results from the 1958 British Birth Cohort Study
    Gareth T Jones
    University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 56:1669-75. 2007
    ..However, it is unknown whether this association persists into adulthood. The aim of the current study was to examine, prospectively, whether children with common symptoms experience an increased risk of chronic widespread pain as adults...
  41. ncbi The contribution of psychosocial factors to the development of chronic pain: the key to better outcomes for patients?
    Fiona M Blyth
    University of Sydney Pain Management and Research Institute, Royal North Shore Hospital, Australia
    Pain 129:8-11. 2007
  42. ncbi Predicting new onset of widespread pain following a motor vehicle collision
    Gwenllian Wynne-Jones
    Primary Care Sciences Research Centre, Keele University, Keele, United Kingdom
    J Rheumatol 33:968-74. 2006
    ....
  43. pmc Predicting persistent disabling low back pain in general practice: a prospective cohort study
    Gareth T Jones
    Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen
    Br J Gen Pract 56:334-41. 2006
    ..However, it is not known whether these strategies may also precede the onset of chronic symptoms and, if so, whether they are independent predictors of prognosis...
  44. pmc Predicting the onset of knee pain: results from a 2-year prospective study of new workers
    Gareth T Jones
    Aberdeen Pain Research Collaboration, Epidemiology Group, University of Aberdeen, School of Medicine, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 66:400-6. 2007
    ..To determine the relative contribution of work-related mechanical (injury) factors and psychosocial factors to the onset of a new episode of knee pain, in a cohort of newly employed workers...
  45. ncbi Epidemiology of chronic pain, from the laboratory to the bus stop: time to add understanding of biological mechanisms to the study of risk factors in population-based research?
    Blair H Smith
    Aberdeen Pain Research Collaboration, Department of General Practice and Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Pain 127:5-10. 2007
  46. pmc Genetic and environmental influences on non-specific low back pain in children: a twin study
    Ashraf El-Metwally
    Aberdeen Pain Research Collaboration Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, School of Medicine, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK
    Eur Spine J 17:502-8. 2008
    ..This study underscore the need for further high-quality research, preferably prospective studies, to identify important modifiable risk factors in order to guide interventions that may prevent LBP in childhood...
  47. ncbi Long-term mortality amongst Gulf War Veterans: is there a relationship with experiences during deployment and subsequent morbidity?
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, Scotland, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1403-8. 2005
    ....
  48. ncbi Do strong opioids have a role in the early management of back pain? Recommendations from a European expert panel
    Eija Kalso
    Pain Clinic, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Curr Med Res Opin 21:1819-28. 2005
    ..Given the prevalence of CLBP, and the complex nature of this multifactorial condition, it was felt that specific, evidence-based recommendations, with a focus on primary-care treatment, would be helpful...
  49. ncbi Episodes of low back pain: a proposal for uniform definitions to be used in research
    Henrica C W de Vet
    Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2409-16. 2002
    ..Literature review and group discussions...
  50. ncbi Lifecourse influences on health among British adults: effects of region of residence in childhood and adulthood
    David P Strachan
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:522-31. 2007
    ..We examined inter-regional migrants in Britain to evaluate the relative importance of early and recent exposures for adult cardiorespiratory risk factors, mental ill-health and sensory function...
  51. ncbi Managing low back pain presenting to primary care: where do we go from here?
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Aberdeen Pain Research Collaboration, Epidemiology Group, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Pain 122:219-22. 2006
  52. ncbi Development and validation of classification criteria for idiopathic orofacial pain for use in population-based studies
    Vishal R Aggarwal
    Arthritis Research Campaign, Epidemiology Unit, Division of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, School of Medicine University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    J Orofac Pain 21:203-15. 2007
    ..To develop and validate a questionnaire-based tool which would enable classification of idiopathic orofacial pain in the general population...
  53. ncbi Life-course influences on health in British adults: effects of socio-economic position in childhood and adulthood
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:532-9. 2007
    ..We assess whether childhood SEP influences disease risk in mid-life, separately from the effect of adult position, and establish how associations vary across multiple measures of disease risk...
  54. doi A consensus approach toward the standardization of back pain definitions for use in prevalence studies
    Clermont E Dionne
    Population Health Research Unit, URESP Research Centre of the Laval University Affiliated Hospital, Quebec, QC, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:95-103. 2008
    ..A modified Delphi study conducted with 28 experts in back pain research from 12 countries...
  55. ncbi Determining aspects of ethnicity amongst persons of South Asian origin: the use of a surname-classification programme (Nam Pehchan)
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Aberdeen Pain Research Collaboration, Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK
    Public Health 121:231-6. 2007
    ..The aim of the current study was to assess the validity of the Nam Pehchan name classification programme of religion and language against subject self-report...
  56. doi Multiple ADH genes are associated with upper aerodigestive cancers
    Mia Hashibe
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Nat Genet 40:707-9. 2008
    ..0002 and 0.065, respectively). Both gene effects were independent of each other, implying that multiple ADH genes may be involved in upper aerodigestive cancer etiology...
  57. ncbi Changing patient perceptions of their illness: can they contribute to an improved outcome for episodes of musculoskeletal pain?
    Gary J Macfarlane
    Pain 136:1-2. 2008
  58. ncbi Comment on Hendriks et al.: prognostic factors for poor recovery in acute whiplash patients. Pain 2005;114:408-416
    Gwenllian Wynne-Jones
    Pain 119:247-8; author reply 248-9. 2005