Affiliation: University of Strathclyde
- Electromyogram changes during sustained contraction after resistance training in women in their 3rd and 8th decadesA Macaluso
Scottish School of Sport Studies, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
Eur J Appl Physiol 82:418-24. 2000..These results indicate that young and older women showed different training-induced adaptation of the motor unit (MU) activation pattern, in order to keep a constant level of force during a sustained isometric contraction at 80% of MVC...
- Muscle strength, power and adaptations to resistance training in older peopleAndrea Macaluso
Applied Physiology Department, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive, Glasgow, G13 1PP, UK
Eur J Appl Physiol 91:450-72. 2004..Finally, specific training programmes can dramatically improve the muscle strength, power and functional abilities of older individuals, which will be examined in the second part of this review...
- Comparison between young and older women in explosive power output and its determinants during a single leg-press action after optimisation of loadAndrea Macaluso
Applied Physiology Group, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive, G13 1PP, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Eur J Appl Physiol 90:458-63. 2003..1% lower in the older women ( P<0.01). After optimising the load, both lower speed of movement and lower strength determine the lower levels of power in older women. Power is more affected by ageing than isometric strength...
- Control of head stability during gait initiation in young and older womenL Laudani
Department of Applied Physiology, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 16:603-10. 2006..These results demonstrated that older women perform the transition from standing to walking with greater variability in the patterns of upper body motion compared to young women...
- Is the coactivation of biceps femoris during isometric knee extension affected by adiposity in healthy young humans?G De Vito
University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Science, 76 Southbrae Drive, Glasgow, G13 1PP, UK
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 13:425-31. 2003..079; P(II)=0.575). No differences in coactivation were observed between genders. In addition, the duration of contraction did not affect the level of coactivation...
- Muscle function in elite master weightliftersStephen J Pearson
Department of Physiology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, United Kingdom
Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:1199-206. 2002..To determine whether explosive power and isometric strength of the lower-limb muscles in elite master Olympic weightlifters declines at a similar rate to nontrained healthy controls with increasing age...
- Cycling as a novel approach to resistance training increases muscle strength, power, and selected functional abilities in healthy older womenAndrea Macaluso
Applied Physiology Department, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G13 1PP, UK
J Appl Physiol 95:2544-53. 2003..Even fit older women can still improve in functional abilities. Interestingly, the "high-speed" and "low-speed" programs induced an increase in both power and strength of similar magnitude...
- The effect of an active warm-up on surface EMG and muscle performance in healthy humansDavid Stewart
Applied Physiology Group, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Science, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive, G13 1PP Glasgow, Scotland
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:509-13. 2003..05]. These data show MDF to be altered with an active warm-up, which would relate to a greater conduction velocity. This may translate into faster activation of the muscle fibres, thus partly explaining the increase in power output...
- Contractile muscle volume and agonist-antagonist coactivation account for differences in torque between young and older womenAndrea Macaluso
Applied Physiology Group, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Science, University of Strathclyde, 76 Southbrae Drive, Glasgow G13 1PP, United Kingdom
Muscle Nerve 25:858-63. 2002..These data suggest that the lower level of muscle torque in the older women can be explained not only by smaller contractile muscle mass but also by increased coactivation of the antagonist muscles during knee extension...
- Physiological costs and temporo-spatial parameters of walking on a treadmill vary with body weight unloading and speed in both healthy young and older womenElju E Thomas
Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences SIPBS, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
Eur J Appl Physiol 100:293-9. 2007..017) at any given percentage of BWU. The results suggest that 40% of BWU enables both young and older women to walk at a faster speed on a treadmill without increasing their effort and with an increase in both SL and SF...
- Reliability of the intrinsic and extrinsic patterns of level walking in older womenFabrizio Pecoraro
Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, Istituto Universitario di Scienze Motorie, Piazza Lauro de Bosis, 15, 00194 Rome, Italy
Gait Posture 26:386-92. 2007..70 and 0.90). Harmonic analysis reliably describes upper body kinematics in older women for detecting the intrinsic and extrinsic patterns of gait, which reveal fundamental mechanisms governing their walking...
- Correlation of average muscle fiber conduction velocity measured during cycling exercise with myosin heavy chain composition, lactate threshold, and VO2maxDario Farina
Center for Sensory Motor Interaction SMI, Department of Health Science and Technology, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D 3, Aalborg University, DK 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 17:393-400. 2007..05). Instantaneous mean power spectral frequency was not correlated with any of these variables or with MFCV, thus questioning the use of surface EMG spectral analysis for indirect estimation of MFCV in dynamic contractions...
- Effect of power, pedal rate, and force on average muscle fiber conduction velocity during cyclingDario Farina
Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D 3, DK 9100 Aalborg, Denmark
J Appl Physiol (1985) 97:2035-41. 2004....
- Speed training with body weight unloading improves walking energy cost and maximal speed in 75- to 85-year-old healthy womenElju E Thomas
Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Univ of Strathclyde, 27 Taylor St, Glasgow, UK G4 0NR
J Appl Physiol 103:1598-603. 2007..The novel "overspeed" training approach has been demonstrated to be effective in improving energy cost and speed of overground walking in healthy older women...