Anthony C Little

Summary

Affiliation: University of Stirling
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Category-contingent face adaptation for novel colour categories: Contingent effects are seen only after social or meaningful labelling
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Cognition 118:116-22. 2011
  2. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in attraction to familiar and unfamiliar opposite-sex faces: men prefer novelty and women prefer familiarity
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 43:973-81. 2014
  3. pmc Adaptation to antifaces and the perception of correct famous identity in an average face
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling Stirling, Scotland
    Front Psychol 3:19. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint The influence of steroid sex hormones on the cognitive and emotional processing of visual stimuli in humans
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK Electronic address
    Front Neuroendocrinol 34:315-28. 2013
  5. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive use in women changes preferences for male facial masculinity and is associated with partner facial masculinity
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK Electronic address
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 38:1777-85. 2013
  6. ncbi request reprint Mixed-ethnicity face shape and attractiveness in humans
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4PA, UK
    Perception 41:1486-96. 2012
  7. ncbi request reprint Evolution, appearance, and occupational success
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Evol Psychol 10:782-801. 2012
  8. doi request reprint The perception of attractiveness and trustworthiness in male faces affects hypothetical voting decisions differently in wartime and peacetime scenarios
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 65:2018-32. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Variation in facial masculinity and symmetry preferences across the menstrual cycle is moderated by relationship context
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:999-1008. 2012
  10. pmc Facial attractiveness: evolutionary based research
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1638-59. 2011

Detail Information

Publications69

  1. doi request reprint Category-contingent face adaptation for novel colour categories: Contingent effects are seen only after social or meaningful labelling
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Cognition 118:116-22. 2011
    ..Results highlight the flexibility of the cognitive visual system to discriminate categories even in adulthood...
  2. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in attraction to familiar and unfamiliar opposite-sex faces: men prefer novelty and women prefer familiarity
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 43:973-81. 2014
    ..Potentially, men's attraction to novelty may reflect an adaptation promoting the acquisition of a high number of sexual partners...
  3. pmc Adaptation to antifaces and the perception of correct famous identity in an average face
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling Stirling, Scotland
    Front Psychol 3:19. 2012
    ..Overall, our studies delineate several aspects of identity aftereffects and support the proposal that identity is coded relative to other faces with special reference to a relatively sex-specific mean face representation...
  4. ncbi request reprint The influence of steroid sex hormones on the cognitive and emotional processing of visual stimuli in humans
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK Electronic address
    Front Neuroendocrinol 34:315-28. 2013
    ..However, findings are sometimes inconsistent, differences in methodology make strong comparisons between studies difficult, and we generally know more about activational than organizational effects. ..
  5. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive use in women changes preferences for male facial masculinity and is associated with partner facial masculinity
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK Electronic address
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 38:1777-85. 2013
    ..Given that hormonal contraceptive use is widespread, effects of pill use on the processes of partner formation have important implications for relationship stability and may have other biologically relevant consequences. ..
  6. ncbi request reprint Mixed-ethnicity face shape and attractiveness in humans
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4PA, UK
    Perception 41:1486-96. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Evolution, appearance, and occupational success
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Evol Psychol 10:782-801. 2012
    ..With respect to certain biases, understanding their origin and current prevalence is important in order to potentially reduce discrimination in the work place...
  8. doi request reprint The perception of attractiveness and trustworthiness in male faces affects hypothetical voting decisions differently in wartime and peacetime scenarios
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 65:2018-32. 2012
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Variation in facial masculinity and symmetry preferences across the menstrual cycle is moderated by relationship context
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 37:999-1008. 2012
    ..Cyclical preferences could influence women to select a partner who possesses traits that may enhance her offspring's quality at times when conception is most likely and/or serve to improve partner investment when investment is important...
  10. pmc Facial attractiveness: evolutionary based research
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1638-59. 2011
    ....
  11. pmc Symmetry is related to sexual dimorphism in faces: data across culture and species
    Anthony C Little
    School of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e2106. 2008
    ..Faces have the potential to be advertisements of mate quality and both symmetry and sexual dimorphism have been linked to the attractiveness of human face shape...
  12. pmc The many faces of research on face perception
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1634-7. 2011
    ..Here, we introduce the central themes of the issue and present an overview of the articles...
  13. pmc Preferences for symmetry in human faces in two cultures: data from the UK and the Hadza, an isolated group of hunter-gatherers
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:3113-7. 2007
    ..These results imply that symmetry is an evolutionarily relevant trait and that variation in symmetry preference appears strategic both between cultures and within individuals of a single culture...
  14. ncbi request reprint Category contingent aftereffects for faces of different races, ages and species
    Anthony C Little
    School of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Cognition 106:1537-47. 2008
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Effects of partner beauty on opposite-sex attractiveness judgments
    Anthony C Little
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 40:1119-27. 2011
    ..These data suggest that social transmission of preferences via pairing with attractive/unattractive images is relatively specific to learning about mate preferences but does not influence attractiveness judgments more generally...
  16. ncbi request reprint Preferences for masculinity in male bodies change across the menstrual cycle
    Anthony C Little
    School of Psychology, University of Stirling, Scotland, UK
    Horm Behav 51:633-9. 2007
    ....
  17. pmc Social learning and human mate preferences: a potential mechanism for generating and maintaining between-population diversity in attraction
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:366-75. 2011
    ..Collectively, these issues suggest that social learning mechanisms encourage the spread of preferences for certain traits once they arise within a population and so may explain certain cross-cultural differences...
  18. ncbi request reprint Preferences for symmetry in faces change across the menstrual cycle
    Anthony C Little
    School of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, UK
    Biol Psychol 76:209-16. 2007
    ..Such strategic preferences for symmetry may support the role of symmetry in signalling potential good-gene benefits...
  19. ncbi request reprint Using composite images to assess accuracy in personality attribution to faces
    Anthony C Little
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK
    Br J Psychol 98:111-26. 2007
    ..Individuals do perform better than chance at guessing another's personality from only facial information, providing some support for the popular belief that it is possible to assess accurately personality from faces...
  20. pmc Exposure to visual cues of pathogen contagion changes preferences for masculinity and symmetry in opposite-sex faces
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 278:2032-9. 2011
    ..Given that cues to pathogens may signal an increase in contagion/mortality risk, it may be adaptive to shift visual preferences in favour of proposed good-gene markers in environments where such cues are more evident...
  21. ncbi request reprint Women's preferences for masculinity in male faces are highest during reproductive age range and lower around puberty and post-menopause
    Anthony C Little
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, UK
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:912-20. 2010
    ..Overall, these results demonstrate the important role of reproductive status and support the notion that preferences for male faces are tied to reproductively relevant hormones...
  22. pmc Attraction independent of detection suggests special mechanisms for symmetry preferences in human face perception
    Anthony C Little
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, PO Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:3093-9. 2006
    ..Unconscious mechanisms determining face preferences may explain why the reasons behind attraction are often difficult to articulate and demonstrate that detection alone cannot explain symmetry preferences...
  23. doi request reprint Salivary cortisol and pathogen disgust predict men's preferences for feminine shape cues in women's faces
    Benedict C Jones
    Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Biol Psychol 92:233-40. 2013
    ..Together, these findings suggest that disease-related factors are important for individual differences in men's mate preferences...
  24. ncbi request reprint Social support influences preferences for feminine facial cues in potential social partners
    Christopher D Watkins
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Exp Psychol 59:340-7. 2012
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Sexual dimorphism of male face shape, partnership status and the temporal context of relationship sought modulate women's preferences for direct gaze
    Claire A Conway
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Psychol 101:109-21. 2010
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Sociosexuality predicts women's preferences for symmetry in men's faces
    Michelle C Quist
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 3FX, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 41:1415-21. 2012
    ..Our findings present new evidence for potentially adaptive variation in women's symmetry preferences that is consistent with trade-off theories of attraction...
  27. doi request reprint Variation in perceptions of physical dominance and trustworthiness predicts individual differences in the effect of relationship context on women's preferences for masculine pitch in men's voices
    Jovana Vukovic
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Psychol 102:37-48. 2011
    ....
  28. pmc Facial cues of dominance modulate the short-term gaze-cuing effect in human observers
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 277:617-24. 2010
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Effects of menstrual cycle phase on face preferences
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 37:78-84. 2008
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Interactions among the effects of head orientation, emotional expression, and physical attractiveness on face preferences
    Julie C Main
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Regent Walk, Aberdeen AB9 1FX, Scotland, UK
    Perception 39:62-71. 2010
    ....
  31. pmc Social transmission of face preferences among humans
    Benedict C Jones
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, William Guild Building, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:899-903. 2007
    ..Our findings demonstrate that social transmission of face preferences influences judgments of men's attractiveness, potentially demonstrating a mechanism for social transmission of mate preferences...
  32. pmc Correlated preferences for facial masculinity and ideal or actual partner's masculinity
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9AJ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:1355-60. 2006
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Correlated male preferences for femininity in female faces and voices
    Paul J Fraccaro
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Evol Psychol 8:447-61. 2010
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Circum-menopausal changes in women's preferences for sexually dimorphic shape cues in peer-aged faces
    Benedict C Jones
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Biol Psychol 87:453-5. 2011
    ..These data present novel evidence for circum-menopausal variation in face perception and confirm that the circum-menopausal variation in face preferences observed previously was not an artefact of the young faces employed as stimuli...
  35. ncbi request reprint Integrating gaze direction and sexual dimorphism of face shape when perceiving the dominance of others
    Julie C Main
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Regent Walk, Aberdeen AB9 1FX, Scotland, UK
    Perception 38:1275-83. 2009
    ..Integrating information from face shape and gaze cues may increase the efficiency with which we perceive the dominance of others...
  36. ncbi request reprint View-contingent aftereffects suggest joint coding of face shape and view
    Lisa L M Welling
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, Scotland, UK
    Perception 38:133-41. 2009
    ..Dissociable aftereffects for different views of upright faces, but not for different views of inverted faces, suggest that neurons that code face view can also code other aspects of face shape...
  37. pmc Circum-menopausal effects on women's judgements of facial attractiveness
    Jovana Vukovic
    Department of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, UK
    Biol Lett 5:62-4. 2009
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate circum-menopausal changes in women's face preferences...
  38. ncbi request reprint Social perception of facial resemblance in humans
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 37:64-77. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint When facial attractiveness is only skin deep
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, St Mary s College, University of St Andrews, South Street, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK
    Perception 33:569-76. 2004
    ....
  40. pmc Relationship satisfaction and outcome in women who meet their partner while using oral contraception
    S Craig Roberts
    School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:1430-6. 2012
    ..Our results demonstrate that widespread use of hormonal contraception may contribute to relationship outcome, with implications for human reproductive behaviour, family cohesion and quality of life...
  41. doi request reprint Adaptation to different mouth shapes influences visual perception of ambiguous lip speech
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychon Bull Rev 17:522-8. 2010
    ..These findings present novel evidence that adaptation to natural variations in facial appearance influences face perception, and they extend previous research on face aftereffects to visual perception of lip speech...
  42. ncbi request reprint Are attractive men's faces masculine or feminine? The importance of controlling confounds in face stimuli
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom AB24 3FX mail
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:751-8. 2010
    ..g. hairstyle) were eliminated through masking. We conclude that care must be taken to control potential confounds in stimuli and that the influence of nonface cues on preferences for facial masculinity deserves further study...
  43. ncbi request reprint Dissociating averageness and attractiveness: attractive faces are not always average
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:1420-30. 2007
    ..The authors discuss important implications for the interpretation of studies using a visual adaptation paradigm to investigate attractiveness...
  44. pmc Sex-contingent face after-effects suggest distinct neural populations code male and female faces
    Anthony C Little
    University of Liverpool, School of Biology, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:2283-7. 2005
    ..Because after-effects reflect changes in responses of neural populations that code faces, our findings indicate that distinct neural populations code male and female faces...
  45. doi request reprint Reported sexual desire predicts men's preferences for sexually dimorphic cues in women's faces
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 40:1281-5. 2011
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans
    S Craig Roberts
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Arch Sex Behav 40:1111-7. 2011
    ..Our results demonstrate that nonverbal kinesic cues could reliably reveal mate quality, at least in males, and could corroborate and contribute to mate assessment based on other physical traits...
  47. doi request reprint Good genes, complementary genes and human mate preferences
    S Craig Roberts
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Genetica 134:31-43. 2008
    ..Humans may be an ideal model species in which to explore these interesting complexities...
  48. ncbi request reprint Men report stronger attraction to femininity in women's faces when their testosterone levels are high
    Lisa L M Welling
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Horm Behav 54:703-8. 2008
    ....
  49. pmc Integrating cues of social interest and voice pitch in men's preferences for women's voices
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2UB, UK
    Biol Lett 4:192-4. 2008
    ....
  50. pmc Opposite-sex siblings decrease attraction, but not prosocial attributions, to self-resembling opposite-sex faces
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3FX, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11710-4. 2011
    ....
  51. pmc Concordant preferences for opposite-sex signals? Human pheromones and facial characteristics
    R Elisabeth Cornwell
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JU, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:635-40. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest that putative sex pheromones and sexually dimorphic facial characteristics convey common information about the quality of potential mates...
  52. pmc Facial attractiveness judgements reflect learning of parental age characteristics
    David I Perrett
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JU, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:873-80. 2002
    ..These data indicate that judgements of facial attractiveness in humans reflect the learning of parental characteristics...
  53. pmc Evidence from rhesus macaques suggests that male coloration plays a role in female primate mate choice
    Corri Waitt
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:S144-6. 2003
    ..The duration and direction of gaze were measured to discern visual preferences. Females exhibited preferences for the red versions of male faces. It is proposed that male coloration might provide a cue to male quality...
  54. ncbi request reprint Integrating gaze direction and expression in preferences for attractive faces
    Benedict C Jones
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Psychol Sci 17:588-91. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint The role of symmetry in attraction to average faces
    Benedict C Jones
    Face Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Percept Psychophys 69:1273-7. 2007
    ..Importantly, this latter finding was not explained by the greater perceived similarity between versions offaces that varied in averageness, but not symmetry, than between versions of faces that varied in both averageness and symmetry...
  56. pmc The health of a nation predicts their mate preferences: cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for masculinized male faces
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3FX, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 277:2405-10. 2010
    ..These findings show non-arbitrary cross-cultural differences in facial attractiveness judgements and demonstrate the use of trade-off theory for investigating cross-cultural variation in women's mate preferences...
  57. ncbi request reprint The role of masculinity and distinctiveness in judgments of human male facial attractiveness
    Anthony C Little
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, UK
    Br J Psychol 93:451-64. 2002
    ..Averaging in both shape and texture were found to increase attractiveness independently, showing that the increased attractiveness of composites is due to the combined action of these two manipulations...
  58. doi request reprint Extending parasite-stress theory to variation in human mate preferences
    Lisa M DeBruine
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB25 3FX, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 35:86-7. 2012
    ..We discuss evidence from prior correlational and experimental studies that support this claim. We also reanalyze data from two of those studies using F&T's new parasite stress measures...
  59. ncbi request reprint Good genes, complementary genes and human mate preferences
    S Craig Roberts
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Crown St, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
    Genetica 132:309-21. 2008
    ..Humans may be an ideal model species in which to explore these interesting complexities...
  60. pmc Evidence against perceptual bias views for symmetry preferences in human faces
    Anthony C Little
    School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1759-63. 2003
    ....
  61. doi request reprint Adaptation to faces and voices: unimodal, cross-modal, and sex-specific effects
    Anthony C Little
    1Division of Psychology, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling
    Psychol Sci 24:2297-305. 2013
    ..Both unimodal and cross-modal adaptation effects appear to be relatively sex-specific. ..
  62. ncbi request reprint Evidence that androstadienone, a putative human chemosignal, modulates women's attributions of men's attractiveness
    Tamsin K Saxton
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK
    Horm Behav 54:597-601. 2008
    ..The results suggest that androstadienone can influence women's attraction to men, and also that research into the modulatory effects of androstadienone should be made within ecologically valid contexts...
  63. ncbi request reprint Adaptation may cause some of the face caricature effect
    Peter J B Hancock
    Psychology, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    Perception 40:317-22. 2011
    ..These data suggest a role for adaptation in generating caricature preferences while also suggesting such preferences are not inevitable...
  64. ncbi request reprint Selective attention toward female secondary sexual color in male rhesus macaques
    Corri Waitt
    Cayo Santiago, Caribbean Primate Research Center, Punta Santiago, Puerto Rico
    Am J Primatol 68:738-44. 2006
    ..This suggests that female facial coloration may serve an alternative purpose to that of attracting males, and that the signal function of sexual skin and the intended recipients may vary across anatomical regions...
  65. ncbi request reprint Smelling human sex hormone-like compounds affects face gender judgment of men
    Gyula Kovacs
    Center for Cognitive Sciences, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, H 1111, Hungary
    Neuroreport 15:1275-7. 2004
    ..Our results provide evidence for specific cross-sensory effects of the gender-specific chemosensory cues on the categorization of visual face gender...
  66. pmc MHC-assortative facial preferences in humans
    S Craig Roberts
    School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4HH, UK
    Biol Lett 1:400-3. 2005
    ..Although unexpected, this MHC-similar facial preference is consistent with other studies documenting assortative preferences in humans, including for facial phenotype...
  67. ncbi request reprint 2D:4D and sexually dimorphic facial characteristics
    Robert P Burriss
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Biosciences Building, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZB England
    Arch Sex Behav 36:377-84. 2007
    ..These aspects may be associated with perceptions of the self by others that are important in the social environment, particularly in terms of intra-sexual competition and mate acquisition...
  68. ncbi request reprint Facial averageness and attractiveness in an isolated population of hunter-gatherers
    Coren L Apicella
    Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Perception 36:1813-20. 2007
    ....
  69. pmc Female facial attractiveness increases during the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle
    S Craig Roberts
    School of Biology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4HH, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:S270-2. 2004
    ..This heightened allure could be an adaptive mechanism for raising a female's relative value in the mating market at the time in the cycle when the probability of conception is at its highest...