Richard J Lilford

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Use of process measures to monitor the quality of clinical practice
    Richard J Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 335:648-50. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Inter-rater reliability of case-note audit: a systematic review
    Richard Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 12:173-80. 2007
  3. pmc Case-mix adjusted hospital mortality is a poor proxy for preventable mortality: a modelling study
    Alan J Girling
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 21:1052-6. 2012
  4. pmc Evaluation of a predevelopment service delivery intervention: an application to improve clinical handovers
    Guiqing Lily Yao
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 21:i29-38. 2012
  5. pmc Multiple component patient safety intervention in English hospitals: controlled evaluation of second phase
    Amirta Benning
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, West Midlands B15 2TT, UK
    BMJ 342:d199. 2011
  6. pmc Large scale organisational intervention to improve patient safety in four UK hospitals: mixed method evaluation
    Amirta Benning
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, West Midlands B15 2TT, UK
    BMJ 342:d195. 2011
  7. pmc Antenatal care and perinatal outcomes in Kwale district, Kenya
    Celia A Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:2. 2008
  8. pmc Cross sectional study of performance indicators for English Primary Care Trusts: testing construct validity and identifying explanatory variables
    Celia Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:81. 2006
  9. pmc Should patients with abnormal liver function tests in primary care be tested for chronic viral hepatitis: cost minimisation analysis based on a comprehensively tested cohort
    David T Arnold
    School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 12:9. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Cost-utility analysis when not everyone wants the treatment: modeling split-choice bias
    Richard Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Med Decis Making 27:21-6. 2007

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Use of process measures to monitor the quality of clinical practice
    Richard J Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 335:648-50. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Inter-rater reliability of case-note audit: a systematic review
    Richard Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Health Serv Res Policy 12:173-80. 2007
    ..The quality of clinical care is often assessed by retrospective examination of case-notes (charts, medical records). Our objective was to determine the inter-rater reliability of case-note audit...
  3. pmc Case-mix adjusted hospital mortality is a poor proxy for preventable mortality: a modelling study
    Alan J Girling
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 21:1052-6. 2012
    ..This value could rise to 30%, if 15% of deaths are preventable. The model offers a 'reality check' for case mix adjustment schemes designed to isolate the preventable component of any outcome rate...
  4. pmc Evaluation of a predevelopment service delivery intervention: an application to improve clinical handovers
    Guiqing Lily Yao
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMJ Qual Saf 21:i29-38. 2012
    ..We developed a method to estimate the expected cost-effectiveness of a service intervention at the design stage and 'road-tested' the method on an intervention to improve patient handover of care between hospital and community...
  5. pmc Multiple component patient safety intervention in English hospitals: controlled evaluation of second phase
    Amirta Benning
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, West Midlands B15 2TT, UK
    BMJ 342:d199. 2011
    ..Setting NHS hospitals in England...
  6. pmc Large scale organisational intervention to improve patient safety in four UK hospitals: mixed method evaluation
    Amirta Benning
    School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, West Midlands B15 2TT, UK
    BMJ 342:d195. 2011
    ....
  7. pmc Antenatal care and perinatal outcomes in Kwale district, Kenya
    Celia A Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, UK
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:2. 2008
    ..This study aims to identify the determinants of attending ANC and the association between attendance and behavioural and perinatal outcomes (live births and healthy birthweight) for women in the Kwale region of Kenya...
  8. pmc Cross sectional study of performance indicators for English Primary Care Trusts: testing construct validity and identifying explanatory variables
    Celia Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMC Health Serv Res 6:81. 2006
    ..Secondly, we wanted to find out whether broad (global) indicators correlated with any particular features of Primary Care Trusts, such as expenditure per capita...
  9. pmc Should patients with abnormal liver function tests in primary care be tested for chronic viral hepatitis: cost minimisation analysis based on a comprehensively tested cohort
    David T Arnold
    School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 12:9. 2011
    ..All patients were tested for chronic viral hepatitis thereby providing an opportunity to compare various strategies for detection of this serious treatable disease...
  10. ncbi request reprint Cost-utility analysis when not everyone wants the treatment: modeling split-choice bias
    Richard Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Med Decis Making 27:21-6. 2007
    ..In all cases in which decision making is correlated with personal utility gain, the bias rises steeply as the proportion of acceptors declines...
  11. pmc Adjusting for treatment refusal in rationing decisions
    Richard Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 332:542-4. 2006
  12. ncbi request reprint Use and misuse of process and outcome data in managing performance of acute medical care: avoiding institutional stigma
    Richard Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Lancet 363:1147-54. 2004
    ....
  13. pmc Ethics of clinical trials from a bayesian and decision analytic perspective: whose equipoise is it anyway?
    Richard J Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 326:980-1. 2003
  14. ncbi request reprint Trials in surgery
    R Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Br J Surg 91:6-16. 2004
    ..Trials in surgery pose some special problems. This paper examines these with reference to 10 years of methodological research sponsored by the UK National Health Service Research and Development programme...
  15. ncbi request reprint Top-rated British business research: has the emperor got any clothes?
    R J Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Health Serv Manage Res 16:147-54. 2003
    ..However, this does not have to be the case-there are excellent examples of research in social sciences. We conclude, therefore, that top-rated British business research is a scantily clad emperor...
  16. pmc Sample size calculations for cluster randomised controlled trials with a fixed number of clusters
    Karla Hemming
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:102. 2011
    ....
  17. pmc What is the empirical evidence that hospitals with higher-risk adjusted mortality rates provide poorer quality care? A systematic review of the literature
    David W Pitches
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:91. 2007
    ..We undertook a systematic review to ascertain the extent to which variations in risk-adjusted mortality rates were associated with differences in quality of care...
  18. pmc Evidence of methodological bias in hospital standardised mortality ratios: retrospective database study of English hospitals
    Mohammed A Mohammed
    Unit of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 338:b780. 2009
    ..To assess the validity of case mix adjustment methods used to derive standardised mortality ratios for hospitals, by examining the consistency of relations between risk factors and mortality across hospitals...
  19. pmc Bayesian cohort and cross-sectional analyses of the PINCER trial: a pharmacist-led intervention to reduce medication errors in primary care
    Karla Hemming
    School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e38306. 2012
    ..Bayesian analyses can improve the clinical interpretability of trial findings...
  20. ncbi request reprint Sample-size calculations for trials that inform individual treatment decisions: a 'true-choice' approach
    Alan J Girling
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Clin Trials 4:15-24. 2007
    ..Sample size decisions for clinical trials should be taken in such a way as to maximize informed choice by reducing scientific uncertainty about the consequences of an intervention...
  21. ncbi request reprint Pooling systematic reviews of systematic reviews: a Bayesian panoramic meta-analysis
    Karla Hemming
    Unit of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Stat Med 31:201-16. 2012
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Modeling payback from research into the efficacy of left-ventricular assist devices as destination therapy
    Alan J Girling
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 23:269-77. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Resources and costs associated with incidental extracolonic findings from CT colonogaphy: a study in a symptomatic population
    T Xiong
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health Building, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    Br J Radiol 79:948-61. 2006
    ..These costs, along with inconvenience, anxiety, morbidity and occasionally even mortality suffered by patients, must be offset by the good done to some of those with sub-clinical but potentially lethal diseases...
  24. ncbi request reprint Are randomized clinical trials good for us (in the short term)? Evidence for a "trial effect"
    D A Braunholtz
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 54:217-24. 2001
    ..In other words, is there a "trial effect"? If so, to examine whether the evidence sheds light on the likely sources of the difference in outcomes...
  25. pmc The measurement of active errors: methodological issues
    R J Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 12:ii8-12. 2003
    ..In this paper we consider issues relating to the measurement of error and the need for more research...
  26. ncbi request reprint An epistemology of patient safety research: a framework for study design and interpretation. Part 1. Conceptualising and developing interventions
    C Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 17:158-62. 2008
    ..Finally, the paper outlines the authors' pragmatist ontological stance to patient safety research, which sets the philosophical basis for the remaining three articles...
  27. ncbi request reprint An epistemology of patient safety research: a framework for study design and interpretation. Part 2. Study design
    C Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 17:163-9. 2008
    ..The extent to which findings can be generalised over time and place should be considered as part of an evaluation, for example by undertaking qualitative or quantitative measures of fidelity, attitudes or subgroup effects...
  28. ncbi request reprint An epistemology of patient safety research: a framework for study design and interpretation. Part 3. End points and measurement
    C Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 17:170-7. 2008
    ..Since no end point or method of data collection is infallible, the present authors advocate the use of multiple end points and methods where feasible...
  29. ncbi request reprint An epistemology of patient safety research: a framework for study design and interpretation. Part 4. One size does not fit all
    C Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Qual Saf Health Care 17:178-81. 2008
    ..We show how a bayesian framework can be used to synthesise evidence from a number of different sources and why this approach may be particularly appropriate for the evaluation of patient safety interventions...
  30. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews and panoramic meta-analysis: staples versus sutures for surgical procedures
    Karla Hemming
    Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e75132. 2013
    ..To systematically evaluate the evidence across surgical specialties as to whether staples or sutures better improve patient and provider level outcomes...
  31. ncbi request reprint Is antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery a generally effective intervention? Testing a generic hypothesis over a set of meta-analyses
    Russell J Bowater
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Ann Surg 249:551-6. 2009
    ....
  32. pmc Can an electronic prescribing system detect doctors who are more likely to make a serious prescribing error?
    Jamie J Coleman
    College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    J R Soc Med 104:208-18. 2011
    ..We aimed to assess whether routine data produced by an electronic prescribing system might be useful in identifying doctors at higher risk of making a serious prescribing error...
  33. doi request reprint Pricing of medical devices under coverage uncertainty--a modelling approach
    Alan J Girling
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Health Econ 21:1502-7. 2012
    ..A least admissible price is identified. The model can also be used as a tool for analysing proposed pricing policies when no formal prior specification of uncertainty is available...
  34. pmc A systematic review of tests of empathy in medicine
    Joanne M Hemmerdinger
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Med Educ 7:24. 2007
    ..In order to do this, a reliable and valid test of empathy is required. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the reliability and validity of existing tests for the assessment of medical empathy...
  35. pmc The stepped wedge trial design: a systematic review
    Celia A Brown
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:54. 2006
    ..This paper presents a review of 12 studies (or protocols) that use (or plan to use) a stepped wedge design. One aim of the review is to highlight the potential for the stepped wedge design, given its infrequent use to date...
  36. ncbi request reprint Frequency and impact of extracolonic findings detected at computed tomographic colonography in a symptomatic population
    K Y Khan
    Department of Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Br J Surg 94:355-61. 2007
    ..This study assessed the clinical impact of extracolonic findings in a symptomatic population at high risk of colorectal cancer...
  37. pmc The effects of laryngeal mask airway passage simulation training on the acquisition of undergraduate clinical skills: a randomised controlled trial
    Elpiniki Laiou
    School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BMC Med Educ 11:57. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness in vivo of two LMA placement simulation courses of different durations...
  38. doi request reprint The relationship between progression-free and post-progression survival in treating four types of metastatic cancer
    Russell J Bowater
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
    Cancer Lett 262:48-53. 2008
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of percutaneous vesico-amniotic shunting in congenital lower urinary tract obstruction: divergence in prior beliefs among specialist groups
    Celia Brown
    School of Health and Population Sciences, College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 152:25-9. 2010
    ..To explore the prior beliefs regarding the effectiveness of percutaneous vesico-amniotic shunting in congenital lower urinary tract obstruction among different clinical specialist groups involved in caring for this condition...
  40. doi request reprint The methodological quality of cluster randomised controlled trials for managing tropical parasitic disease: a review of trials published from 1998 to 2007
    Russell J Bowater
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:429-36. 2009
    ..For every one of the pre-specified questions that concerned an issue associated with methodological quality, the responses were consistent with the practice of trialists in relation to the given issue being generally poor...
  41. ncbi request reprint Incidental lesions found on CT colonography: their nature and frequency
    T Xiong
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health Building, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Br J Radiol 78:22-9. 2005
    ..While only a small population were judged "important", the prevalence of serious lesions outside the colon was nevertheless higher than in many other screening programs...
  42. ncbi request reprint Issues in methodological research: perspectives from researchers and commissioners
    R J Lilford
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Health Technol Assess 5:1-57. 2001
    ..Too much time tended to be spent on collecting and reading the literature and the writing stage was not always well planned. Referees' comments were also slow in coming. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED)..
  43. ncbi request reprint Redesigning postnatal care: a randomised controlled trial of protocol-based midwifery-led care focused on individual women's physical and psychological health needs
    C Macarthur
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Health Technol Assess 7:1-98. 2003
    ..To develop, implement and test the cost-effectiveness of redesigned postnatal care compared with current care on women's physical and psychological health...
  44. ncbi request reprint The ethics of placebo-controlled trials: a comparison of inert and active placebo controls
    Sarah J L Edward
    Centre for Ethics in Medicine, University of Bristol, 73 St Michael s Hill, BS8 2BH, Bristol, UK
    World J Surg 29:610-4. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint The impact of describing clinical trial treatments as new or standard
    Cicely E P Kerr
    Department of Psychology, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, UK
    Patient Educ Couns 53:107-13. 2004
    ..3, P < 0.001). The mere description of a trial treatment as new was insufficient to engender a preference for it over a standard treatment, although it may contribute to preference under certain additional circumstances...
  46. pmc Selecting medical students
    Celia A Brown
    BMJ 336:786. 2008
  47. doi request reprint Integrating health economics modeling in the product development cycle of medical devices: a Bayesian approach
    Laura Vallejo-Torres
    Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 24:459-64. 2008
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Survey of Australasian clinicians' prior beliefs concerning lipiodol flushing as a treatment for infertility: a Bayesian study
    Neil P Johnson
    University of Auckland and Fertility Plus, Auckland, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 46:298-304. 2006
    ..To evaluate clinicians' beliefs concerning the effectiveness of lipiodol flushing as a treatment for unexplained infertility, and to integrate these prior beliefs with evidence from randomised trials...
  49. ncbi request reprint A randomised trial of photographic reinforcement during postoperative counselling after diagnostic laparoscopy for pelvic pain
    Joseph L Onwude
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St John s Hospital, Wood Street, Chelmsford CM2 9BG, UK
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 112:89-94. 2004
    ..To measure the effect of seeing a photograph of the pelvic findings at laparoscopy...