Affiliation: University of Oxford
- Over-imitating preschoolers believe unnecessary actions are normative and enforce their performance by a third partyBen Kenward
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, 751 42 Uppsala, Sweden
J Exp Child Psychol 112:195-207. 2012..This study demonstrates an early link between two processes of fundamental importance for human culture: faithful imitation and the adherence to and enforcement of norms...
- Goal directedness and decision making in infantsBen Kenward
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Dev Psychol 45:809-19. 2009..Possible explanations include that they had not learned the specifics of the action outcome; they had not acquired the necessary desire; or they had acquired both but did not integrate them to make a decision...
- Over-imitation is better explained by norm learning than by distorted causal learningBen Kenward
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
Proc Biol Sci 278:1239-46. 2011..In causally opaque systems, however, for children and for adults, any action performed before achieving the goal is likely to be inferred as causally necessary-this is not over-imitation, but ordinary causal learning...
- Preschoolers distribute scarce resources according to the moral valence of recipients' previous actionsBen Kenward
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Sweden
Dev Psychol 47:1054-64. 2011..These results join other recent studies in demonstrating that the seeds of complex moral understanding and behavior are found early in development...
- Catching of balls unexpectedly thrown or fired by cannonBen Kenward
Uppsala University, Sweden
Percept Mot Skills 113:171-87. 2011..Ball catching may represent an example of a learned response which can be rapidly and unconsciously initiated without contextual priming or expectation of the stimulus...