Wendy Johnson

Summary

Affiliation: University of Edinburgh
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Personality stability in late adulthood: a behavioral genetic analysis
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers 73:523-52. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint The psychological benefits of vigorous exercise: a study of discordant MZ twin pairs
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:275-83. 2007
  3. doi request reprint Personality in Germany and Minnesota: an IRT-based comparison of MPQ self-reports
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh
    J Pers 76:665-706. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Developmental genetics and psychopathology: some new feathers for a fine old hat
    Wendy Johnson
    University of Edinburgh and University of Minnesota Twin Cities, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 24:1165-77. 2012
  5. pmc Genetic and environmental links between cognitive and physical functions in old age
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:65-72. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Heritability of fluctuating asymmetry in a human twin sample: the effect of trait aggregation
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 20:651-8. 2008
  7. pmc Genetic and environmental transactions linking cognitive ability, physical fitness, and education in late life
    Wendy Johnson
    MRC Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Psychol Aging 24:48-62. 2009
  8. pmc School performance and genetic and environmental variance in antisocial behavior at the transition from adolescence to adulthood
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Dev Psychol 45:973-87. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Education reduces the effects of genetic susceptibilities to poor physical health
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:406-14. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Ankle--brachial index predicts level of, but not change in, cognitive function: the Edinburgh Artery Study at the 15-year follow-up
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Vasc Med 15:91-7. 2010

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. ncbi request reprint Personality stability in late adulthood: a behavioral genetic analysis
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers 73:523-52. 2005
    ..00 provided improved fit. The results suggest that the high stability of personality in later adulthood has a strong genetic foundation, supplemented by stability of environmental effects...
  2. ncbi request reprint The psychological benefits of vigorous exercise: a study of discordant MZ twin pairs
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:275-83. 2007
    ..The magnitude of the difference was in excess of .4 standard deviations...
  3. doi request reprint Personality in Germany and Minnesota: an IRT-based comparison of MPQ self-reports
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh
    J Pers 76:665-706. 2008
    ..IRT highlighted less than optimal scale properties as well as differentially functioning items. We discuss the theoretical implications of these findings...
  4. doi request reprint Developmental genetics and psychopathology: some new feathers for a fine old hat
    Wendy Johnson
    University of Edinburgh and University of Minnesota Twin Cities, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 24:1165-77. 2012
    ..I then discuss the relevance of all of these to understanding genetic influences on personality and psychopathology...
  5. pmc Genetic and environmental links between cognitive and physical functions in old age
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:65-72. 2009
    ..27-0.65). The genetic correlation was .56 (95% confidence interval 0.15-1.00) and the nonshared environmental correlation .48 (95% confidence interval 0.35-0.61). We discuss several ways of interpreting these correlations...
  6. doi request reprint Heritability of fluctuating asymmetry in a human twin sample: the effect of trait aggregation
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Am J Hum Biol 20:651-8. 2008
    ..This is the case even when the estimates of fluctuating asymmetries of the individual traits do not differ significantly from 0...
  7. pmc Genetic and environmental transactions linking cognitive ability, physical fitness, and education in late life
    Wendy Johnson
    MRC Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Psychol Aging 24:48-62. 2009
    ..Results provide some support for all 3 explanations for the physical-cognitive correlation and indicate the ways in which better education may support better function and lack of education may undermine it...
  8. pmc School performance and genetic and environmental variance in antisocial behavior at the transition from adolescence to adulthood
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Dev Psychol 45:973-87. 2009
    ..Antisocial characteristics involving school performance and educational attainment that transcend generations may slot individuals into social categories that restrict opportunities and reinforce antisocial characteristics...
  9. doi request reprint Education reduces the effects of genetic susceptibilities to poor physical health
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:406-14. 2010
    ..Little is known about the influence of education on variance in health status, or about how this influence may impact the underlying genetic and environmental sources of health problems. This study explored these influences...
  10. doi request reprint Ankle--brachial index predicts level of, but not change in, cognitive function: the Edinburgh Artery Study at the 15-year follow-up
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Vasc Med 15:91-7. 2010
    ..In conclusion, over long time periods, low ABI may be associated with reduced cognitive function in older adults, at least partly because the associated poor health creates anxiety and depression...
  11. doi request reprint The network perspective will help, but is comorbidity the question?
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, and Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 33:162-3. 2010
    ..We note, however, that alone it cannot really help us understand etiology. Etiology, not comorbidity, is the fundamental question...
  12. pmc Family background buys an education in Minnesota but not in Sweden
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology and Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 21:1266-73. 2010
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Does education confer a culture of healthy behavior? Smoking and drinking patterns in Danish twins
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, Universityof Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 173:55-63. 2011
    ..Correlations between shared environmental influences on education and the health behaviors were substantial among the well-educated for smoking in both sexes and drinking in males, reinforcing this notion...
  14. pmc Education modifies genetic and environmental influences on BMI
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e16290. 2011
    ..Family influence was particularly important in linking high education and lower levels of obesity...
  15. doi request reprint Psychological and physical health at age 70 in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936: links with early life IQ, SES, and current cognitive function and neighborhood environment
    Wendy Johnson
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, UK
    Health Psychol 30:1-11. 2011
    ..Here, we evaluated the effects of early-life IQ on mental and physical health outcomes at age 70, in the context of effects of SES...
  16. doi request reprint PPARG Pro12Ala genotype and risk of cognitive decline in elders? Maybe with diabetes
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9JZ, UK
    Neurosci Lett 434:50-5. 2008
    ..The data did suggest that risk of cognitive decline is greater when Pro12Ala carriers contract diabetes...
  17. ncbi request reprint Most of the girls are alright, but some aren't: Personality trajectory groups from ages 14 to 24 and some associations with outcomes
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    J Pers Soc Psychol 93:266-84. 2007
    ..Trouble group members were more likely to be involved with drugs and alcohol, to display interpersonal problems, and to behave antisocially. Growing up group members fell in between...
  18. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on behavior: capturing all the interplay
    Wendy Johnson
    University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Psychol Rev 114:423-40. 2007
    ..They can be used to integrate findings from quantitative and molecular genetic studies and to understand the roles of genetic influences and social forces in manifested behaviors, even when DNA sequence variation is not relevant...
  19. ncbi request reprint No association of CETP genotype with cognitive function or age-related cognitive change
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Neurosci Lett 420:189-92. 2007
    ..There were, however, no significant associations of CETP genotype with either childhood IQ or current cognitive function in old age, or with lifetime change in cognitive function...
  20. ncbi request reprint Genetic effects on physical health: lower at higher income levels
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, 75 East River Road, MN, Minneapolis 55455, USA
    Behav Genet 35:579-90. 2005
    ....
  21. pmc Adolescent personality moderates genetic and environmental influences on relationships with parents
    Susan C South
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:899-912. 2008
    ..These findings support the importance of adolescent personality in the development of the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship...
  22. doi request reprint Stability and change in intelligence from age 11 to ages 70, 79, and 87: the Lothian Birth Cohorts of 1921 and 1936
    Alan J Gow
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland
    Psychol Aging 26:232-40. 2011
    ..It did not. Higher intelligence from early life was apparently protective of intelligence in old age due to the stability of cognitive function across the lifespan, rather than because it slowed the decline experienced in later life...
  23. doi request reprint Losing one's grip: a bivariate growth curve model of grip strength and nonverbal reasoning from age 79 to 87 years in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 66:699-707. 2011
    ..Grip strength and reasoning are associated in old age. This is one of the few longitudinal studies addressing whether aging of one causes decline in the other or whether they share causal influences...
  24. doi request reprint Are processing speed tasks biomarkers of cognitive aging?
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Psychol Aging 25:219-28. 2010
    ..Inspection time, the marker that was least dependent on childhood intelligence, should be considered further as one biomarker of cognitive aging...
  25. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on academic achievement trajectories during adolescence
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, MN 55455, USA
    Dev Psychol 42:514-32. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Marriage and personality: a genetic analysis
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 86:285-94. 2004
    ..The results suggest that propensity to marry is heritable and that the phenotypic link between personality and propensity to marry is genetically influenced...
  27. ncbi request reprint The environments of adopted and non-adopted youth: evidence on range restriction from the Sibling Interaction and Behavior Study (SIBS)
    Matt McGue
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Behav Genet 37:449-62. 2007
    ..These data support the use of adoption studies to obtain direct estimates of the importance of shared environmental effects on psychological development...
  28. ncbi request reprint Predictors of physical health: toward an integrated model of genetic and environmental antecedents
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:42-52. 2005
    ..We discuss the implications of such mechanisms for differential expression of genetic variation in the population and suggest ways in which consideration of such effects can inform gerontology research...
  29. doi request reprint Mental ability in childhood and cognitive aging
    Alan J Gow
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Gerontology 54:177-86. 2008
    ..Identifying the determinants of cognitive aging is a research priority; however, few studies are able to examine the influence of pre-morbid cognitive ability on later changes in cognitive function...
  30. doi request reprint The neuroscience of human intelligence differences
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 11:201-11. 2010
    ..There is also evidence that brain efficiency correlates positively with intelligence...
  31. doi request reprint Personality traits in old age: measurement and rank-order stability and some mean-level change
    René Mõttus
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Psychol Aging 27:243-9. 2012
    ..The older cohort scored higher on Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. In these cohorts, individual differences in personality traits continued to be stable even in very old age, mean-level changes accelerated...
  32. ncbi request reprint Higher perceived life control decreases genetic variance in physical health: evidence from a national twin study
    Wendy Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:165-73. 2005
    ..They hypothesize that the mechanism underlying the interaction is the known biological relationship between metabolic efficiency and adaptation to stressful environments...
  33. ncbi request reprint The Minnesota Twin Registry: current status and future directions
    Robert F Krueger
    Minnesota Twin Registry, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus, Minneapolis 55455 0344, USA
    Twin Res 5:488-92. 2002
    ..We outline major contributions that have resulted from Registry research, as well as current and future research directions...
  34. pmc The heritability of P300 amplitude in 18-year-olds is robust to adolescent alcohol use
    Greg Perlman
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:962-9. 2009
    ..This suggests that P3AR indexes risk for alcoholism independent of any deleterious effect of AAU on adolescent brain development...
  35. doi request reprint Intelligence and education: causal perceptions drive analytic processes and therefore conclusions
    Ian J Deary
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology and Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:1362-9. 2010
    ..Researchers' different and often unstated causal assumptions can lead to very different analytical approaches and thus to very different results and interpretations...
  36. pmc Profiles of physical, emotional and psychosocial wellbeing in the Lothian birth cohort 1936
    Andrea R Zammit
    Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9JZ, Scotland, UK
    BMC Geriatr 12:64. 2012
    ....
  37. doi request reprint Towards understanding the links between health literacy and physical health
    René Mõttus
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh
    Health Psychol 33:164-73. 2014
    ..These variables plays some role in health beyond their association with the reading and numeracy skills captured by common health literacy measures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). ..
  38. ncbi request reprint How money buys happiness: genetic and environmental processes linking finances and life satisfaction
    Wendy Johnson
    University of Minnesota, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 90:680-91. 2006
    ..Finally, they showed that financial resources appeared to protect life satisfaction from environmental shocks. In addition, control appeared to act as a mechanism translating life circumstances into life satisfaction...
  39. ncbi request reprint The personalities of twins: just ordinary folks
    Wendy Johnson
    University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minnetonka, MN 55391, USA
    Twin Res 5:125-31. 2002
    ..Our results also highlight the importance of replication in psychological research because each of our large samples showed differences not replicated in other samples...