Richard B Hubbard

Summary

Affiliation: University of Nottingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Variability of antibiotic prescribing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations: a cohort study
    Rachael Boggon
    Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, 151 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 9SZ, UK
    BMC Pulm Med 13:32. 2013
  2. pmc The acute impact of a hematopoietic allograft on lung function and inflammation: a prospective observational study
    Alexandra Enocson
    Nottingham Biomedical Research Unit, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    BMC Pulm Med 13:2. 2013
  3. pmc Use of nicotine replacement therapy and the risk of acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and death
    R Hubbard
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Tob Control 14:416-21. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Exposure to tricyclic and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants and the risk of hip fracture
    Richard Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, England
    Am J Epidemiol 158:77-84. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint The association between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and vascular disease: a population-based study
    Richard B Hubbard
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178:1257-61. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Does the presence of asthma increase the incidence of coronary heart disease?
    Richard Hubbard
    Respiratory Medicine, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:749-50. 2004
  7. pmc Adult height and cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: a case-control study using the UK general practice research database
    R Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 55:864-6. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Use of inhaled corticosteroids and the risk of fracture
    Richard Hubbard
    Respiratory Medicine, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, NG5 1PB, Nottingham, UK
    Chest 130:1082-8. 2006
  9. pmc Bupropion and the risk of sudden death: a self-controlled case-series analysis using The Health Improvement Network
    R Hubbard
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 60:848-50. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Lung cancer and cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. A population-based cohort study
    R Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 161:5-8. 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications61

  1. pmc Variability of antibiotic prescribing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations: a cohort study
    Rachael Boggon
    Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, 151 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 9SZ, UK
    BMC Pulm Med 13:32. 2013
    ....
  2. pmc The acute impact of a hematopoietic allograft on lung function and inflammation: a prospective observational study
    Alexandra Enocson
    Nottingham Biomedical Research Unit, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    BMC Pulm Med 13:2. 2013
    ..No studies have investigated the immediate impact of receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) on pulmonary inflammation or lung function...
  3. pmc Use of nicotine replacement therapy and the risk of acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and death
    R Hubbard
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Tob Control 14:416-21. 2005
    ..To determine whether nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is associated with an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction, acute stroke, or death...
  4. ncbi request reprint Exposure to tricyclic and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants and the risk of hip fracture
    Richard Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, England
    Am J Epidemiol 158:77-84. 2003
    ..The estimates from the case-series analyses were smaller than those from the case-control analyses, suggesting that the case-control method is subject to bias...
  5. ncbi request reprint The association between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and vascular disease: a population-based study
    Richard B Hubbard
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178:1257-61. 2008
    ..Previous studies have suggested that people with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) may be at increased risk of vascular disease...
  6. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Does the presence of asthma increase the incidence of coronary heart disease?
    Richard Hubbard
    Respiratory Medicine, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:749-50. 2004
  7. pmc Adult height and cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: a case-control study using the UK general practice research database
    R Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 55:864-6. 2000
    ..Since adult height reflects, in part, early life experience, we have examined the relation between adult height and the risk of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis...
  8. ncbi request reprint Use of inhaled corticosteroids and the risk of fracture
    Richard Hubbard
    Respiratory Medicine, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, NG5 1PB, Nottingham, UK
    Chest 130:1082-8. 2006
    ....
  9. pmc Bupropion and the risk of sudden death: a self-controlled case-series analysis using The Health Improvement Network
    R Hubbard
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 60:848-50. 2005
    ..Bupropion is an effective smoking cessation therapy but its use in the UK has been limited by concerns that it may increase the risk of sudden death...
  10. ncbi request reprint Lung cancer and cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis. A population-based cohort study
    R Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 161:5-8. 2000
    ..54 to 35.19, p = 0.012). This study provides clear evidence that the incidence of lung cancer is increased in patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, and that this effect is independent of the effect of cigarette smoking...
  11. ncbi request reprint Inhaled corticosteroids and hip fracture: a population-based case-control study
    Richard B Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 166:1563-6. 2002
    ..007). In older subjects, the recent use of inhaled corticosteroids is associated with a dose-related increase in hip fracture...
  12. doi request reprint Risk of community-acquired pneumonia and the use of statins, ace inhibitors and gastric acid suppressants: a population-based case-control study
    Puja R Myles
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 18:269-75. 2009
    ..The evidence is conflicting however. Our aim was to investigate the effect of these drugs on pneumonia using population-based data from the UK...
  13. doi request reprint Early mortality after surgical resection for lung cancer: an analysis of the English National Lung cancer audit
    Helen A Powell
    Nottingham Respiratory Research Unit, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 68:826-34. 2013
    ..For appropriately staged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgical resection can dramatically improve survival, but some may not be offered this treatment because of concerns about perioperative mortality...
  14. doi request reprint Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and risk of lung cancer: the importance of smoking and timing of diagnosis
    Helen A Powell
    Nottingham Respiratory Research Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    J Thorac Oncol 8:6-11. 2013
    ..The majority of cases of both lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are attributable to cigarette smoking, but whether COPD is an independent risk factor for lung cancer remains unclear...
  15. doi request reprint The pathological confirmation rate of lung cancer in England using the NLCA database
    Aamir Khakwani
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Lung Cancer 79:125-31. 2013
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Inequalities in outcomes for non-small cell lung cancer: the influence of clinical characteristics and features of the local lung cancer service
    Anna L Rich
    Clinical Sciences Building, City Campus, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NH5 1PB, UK
    Thorax 66:1078-84. 2011
    ..The National Lung Cancer Audit (NLCA) linked to Hospital Episode Statistics was used to quantify the extent to which these outcomes are influenced by patient features and/or hospital facilities and performance indicators...
  17. doi request reprint Pneumonia mortality in a UK general practice population cohort
    Puja R Myles
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Eur J Public Health 19:521-6. 2009
    ..We investigated the short- and long-term survival of people with pneumonia diagnosed in general practice as compared to the general population for all ages...
  18. ncbi request reprint Exposure to commonly prescribed drugs and the etiology of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: a case-control study
    R Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, City Hospital, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 157:743-7. 1998
    ..The results of this study suggest that some antidepressant drugs can cause cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis...
  19. ncbi request reprint The association between smoking quantity and lung cancer in men and women
    Helen A Powell
    Nottingham Respiratory Research Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
    Chest 143:123-9. 2013
    ..We studied the association between smoking quantity and lung cancer in men and women...
  20. ncbi request reprint The impact of statins, ACE inhibitors and gastric acid suppressants on pneumonia mortality in a UK general practice population cohort
    Puja R Myles
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 18:697-703. 2009
    ..Pneumonia is a common diagnosis in general practice in the United Kingdom. Previous studies suggest that commonly prescribed drugs in general practice may influence pneumonia mortality...
  21. ncbi request reprint Use of self-controlled analytical techniques to assess the association between use of prescription medications and the risk of motor vehicle crashes
    Jack E Gibson
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 169:761-8. 2009
    ..The results obtained are broadly consistent with those from well-designed case-control studies and demonstrate how case-only techniques optimize the use of routinely collected data for epidemiologic studies...
  22. pmc Small-cell lung cancer in England: trends in survival and chemotherapy using the National Lung Cancer Audit
    Aamir Khakwani
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 9:e89426. 2014
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify trends in survival and chemotherapy use for individuals with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) in England using the National Lung Cancer Audit (NLCA)...
  23. pmc The distribution of lung cancer across sectors of society in the United Kingdom: a study using national primary care data
    Barbara Iyen-Omofoman
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:857. 2011
    ..Linkage of these records to area-level geo-demographic classifications may also facilitate case ascertainment for public health programmes, however, there have as yet been no extensive studies of data validity for such purposes...
  24. doi request reprint Prevalence of major comorbidities in subjects with COPD and incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke: a comprehensive analysis using data from primary care
    Johanna R Feary
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Thorax 65:956-62. 2010
    ..A study was undertaken to quantify the burden of comorbidity and to determine the risk of first acute arteriovascular events among individuals with COPD...
  25. doi request reprint Presence of a prothrombotic state in people with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a population-based case-control study
    Vidya Navaratnam
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 69:207-15. 2014
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Using socio-demographic and early clinical features in general practice to identify people with lung cancer earlier
    Barbara Iyen-Omofoman
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 68:451-9. 2013
    ..In the UK, most people with lung cancer are diagnosed at a late stage when curative treatment is not possible. To aid earlier detection, the socio-demographic and early clinical features predictive of lung cancer need to be identified...
  27. ncbi request reprint A comprehensive analysis of adverse obstetric and pediatric complications in women with asthma
    Laila J Tata
    Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175:991-7. 2007
    ..Previous studies have raised concern that women with asthma have increased risks of adverse obstetric and pediatric complications, but these have generally been underpowered...
  28. doi request reprint Quadrupling the dose of inhaled corticosteroid to prevent asthma exacerbations: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial
    Janet Oborne
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:598-602. 2009
    ..Asthma exacerbations are unpredictable, disruptive, and frightening, and are therefore important to prevent...
  29. pmc Otitis externa in UK general practice: a survey using the UK General Practice Research Database
    S Rowlands
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 51:533-8. 2001
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Relationship between supramaximal flow during cough and mortality in motor neurone disease
    M B Chaudri
    Dept of Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Eur Respir J 19:434-8. 2002
    ..However the main determinants of survival in motor neurone disease are age, vital capacity and inspiratory mouth pressure, and it remains to be shown whether regular monitoring of cough conveys any additional advantage...
  31. ncbi request reprint Living near a main road and the risk of wheezing illness in children
    A J Venn
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:2177-80. 2001
    ..Among primary schoolchildren, effects were stronger in girls than boys (p(interaction) = 0.02). Living within approximately 90 m of a main road is associated with a proximity-related increase in the risk of wheezing illness in children...
  32. ncbi request reprint A population-based study of acute medical conditions associated with bullous pemphigoid
    S M Langan
    Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Dermatol 161:1149-52. 2009
    ..Bullous pemphigoid is associated with poorly understood dramatically increased early mortality rates...
  33. ncbi request reprint NSAID use and risk of leukaemia: a population-based case-control study
    F Bhayat
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, UK
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 18:833-6. 2009
    ..We have conducted a large population-based case-control study to determine whether the use of NSAIDs is associated with a reduced risk of acute and chronic leukaemias, and whether their use has any impact on survival in these patients...
  34. pmc Seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in England
    J West
    University of Nottingham, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Gut 52:960-5. 2003
    ..To examine the seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in a large adult population sample in Cambridge, UK...
  35. ncbi request reprint Incidence and mortality of falls amongst older people in primary care in the United Kingdom
    J Gribbin
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    QJM 102:477-83. 2009
    ..Despite the role of primary care in the falls care pathway, there are almost no data on the extent of falls seen in general practices...
  36. ncbi request reprint Risk of vascular disease in adults with diagnosed coeliac disease: a population-based study
    J West
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 20:73-9. 2004
    ..It has been suggested that vascular disease mortality may be reduced in coeliac disease because of lower levels of blood pressure, cholesterol and body mass...
  37. ncbi request reprint International comparison of median age at death from cystic fibrosis
    A Fogarty
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, City Hospital, University of Nottingham, UK
    Chest 117:1656-60. 2000
    ..To compare international trends in mortality from cystic fibrosis...
  38. pmc Does influenza vaccination increase consultations, corticosteroid prescriptions, or exacerbations in subjects with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?
    L J Tata
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 58:835-9. 2003
    ..We investigated the safety of influenza vaccine in older people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a cohort from the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD)...
  39. pmc General population based study of the impact of tricyclic and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants on the risk of acute myocardial infarction
    L J Tata
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Clinical Sciences Building, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Heart 91:465-71. 2005
    ..To investigate the impact of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on the risk of first acute myocardial infarction (MI)...
  40. ncbi request reprint Extrinsic allergic alveolitis: incidence and mortality in the general population
    M Solaymani-Dodaran
    University of Nottingham, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK
    QJM 100:233-7. 2007
    ..Extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) is an important clinical entity, but its incidence and significance in the general population are uncertain...
  41. pmc Siblings, multiple births, and the incidence of allergic disease: a birth cohort study using the West Midlands general practice research database
    T M McKeever
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, University of Nottingham, UK
    Thorax 56:758-62. 2001
    ..Whether twins have a reduced risk of allergic disease is also unclear. We have investigated these questions in a birth cohort analysis of the West Midlands General Practice Research Database (GPRD)...
  42. pmc Bullous pemphigoid and pemphigus vulgaris--incidence and mortality in the UK: population based cohort study
    S M Langan
    Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH
    BMJ 337:a180. 2008
    ..To determine the incidence of and mortality from bullous pemphigoid and pemphigus vulgaris in the United Kingdom...
  43. pmc Hip fractures in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and their relationship to corticosteroid use: a population based cohort study
    T Card
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Gut 53:251-5. 2004
    ..We have conducted a large cohort study to address these issues...
  44. ncbi request reprint The increasing secondary care burden of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: hospital admission trends in England from 1998 to 2010
    Vidya Navaratnam
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England
    Chest 143:1078-84. 2013
    ..We used national secondary care data to determine trends in hospital admissions for IPF clinical syndrome (IPF-CS) in England between 1998 and 2010...
  45. doi request reprint Prescription of teriparatide in the UK--a nationwide register study from 2004 to 2008
    Abhishek Abhishek
    Department of Rheumatology, Nottingham University Hospital, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, UK
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 20:1327-33. 2011
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Cholesterol profile in people with newly diagnosed coeliac disease: a comparison with the general population and changes following treatment
    Nina R Lewis
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Br J Nutr 102:509-13. 2009
    ..Any increase in risk of IHD or stroke in people with coeliac disease is unlikely due to an adverse cholesterol profile either before diagnosis or after treatment with a gluten-free diet...
  47. pmc Is an internal comparison better than using national data when estimating mortality in longitudinal studies?
    T R Card
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:819-21. 2006
    ..Discrepancies between the results of different studies looking at mortality in similar disease cohorts led us to consider the impact of methodology upon outcome...
  48. pmc Malignancy and mortality in people with coeliac disease: population based cohort study
    Joe West
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH
    BMJ 329:716-9. 2004
    ..To quantify the risks of malignancy and mortality in people with coeliac disease compared with the general population...
  49. doi request reprint Lung cancer in England: information from the National Lung Cancer Audit (LUCADA)
    Anna L Rich
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Lung Cancer 72:16-22. 2011
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint The impact of coexisting connective tissue disease on survival in patients with fibrosing alveolitis
    R Hubbard
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University, Nottingham, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 41:676-9. 2002
    ..The present study was designed to compare the survival of a general population-based sample of patients with FA-CTD and LCFA both with each other and with the general population...
  51. ncbi request reprint Recent advances in the aetiology of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis
    J Britton
    University of Nottingham, City Hospital, UK
    Histopathology 37:387-92. 2000
    ..Knowledge of the possible roles of these factors in the disease process informs histopathologists when they are reporting these biopsies and enables them to make a larger contribution to defining the pathogenetic mechanisms...
  52. pmc Adverse effects of oral corticosteroids in relation to dose in patients with lung disease
    L J Walsh
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Thorax 56:279-84. 2001
    ..In a two part cross sectional study we compared adverse effects in patients with lung disease taking oral corticosteroids and control subjects and related the adverse effects to corticosteroid dose in the patient group...
  53. doi request reprint Signalling Paediatric Side Effects using an Ensemble of Simple Study Designs
    Jenna M Reps
    IMA, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG8 1BB, UK
    Drug Saf 37:163-70. 2014
    ..The main reason this safety knowledge is lacking is due to ethical restrictions that prevent children from being included in the majority of clinical trials...
  54. ncbi request reprint Increased risk of fibrosing alveolitis associated with interleukin-1 receptor antagonist and tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene polymorphisms
    M Whyte
    Division of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 162:755-8. 2000
    ..These data suggest IL-1RN (+2018) allele 2 and TNF-A (-308) allele 2 confer increased risk of developing FA and, therefore, that unopposed IL-1beta and/or excessive TNF-alpha may play a pathophysiologic role in this condition...
  55. ncbi request reprint Occupational dust exposure and the aetiology of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis
    R Hubbard
    University of Nottingham, Division of Respiratory Medicine, City Hospital, UK
    Eur Respir J Suppl 32:119s-121s. 2001
    ..Further studies amongst different populations with different occupational demographics are required to fully assess the impact of several exposures on the occurrence of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis...
  56. ncbi request reprint Inhaled corticosteroid use and bone-mineral density in patients with asthma
    C A Wong
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Lancet 355:1399-403. 2000
    ..The question is important since 3% of the European population take an inhaled corticosteroid regularly and may do so for many years...
  57. pmc Is smoking a communicable disease? Effect of exposure to ever smokers in school tutor groups on the risk of incident smoking in the first year of secondary school
    A Molyneux
    University of Nottingham, Division of Respiratory Medicine, City Hospital, Nottingham, UK
    Tob Control 11:241-5. 2002
    ..To estimate the effect of joining a first year secondary school tutor group with a high prevalence of ever smoking on the risk of incident smoking in schoolchildren...
  58. ncbi request reprint Occupational exposure to solvents and metals and Parkinson's disease
    L McDonnell
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, UK
    Neurology 61:716-7. 2003
  59. doi request reprint Is adult height related to the risk of having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?
    K Ward
    Respiratory Medicine, Respiratory BRU, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, England, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:226-9. 2011
    ..The aim of this study is to quantify the current association between adult height (a marker of socioeconomic status in early life) and COPD and to determine how this varies by age...
  60. pmc A survey of nocturnal hypoxaemia and health related quality of life in patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis
    M Clark
    Division of Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham University, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
    Thorax 56:482-6. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Nocturnal hypoxaemia is common in patients with cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis and may have an impact on health related quality of life...
  61. ncbi request reprint Detecting chronic kidney disease in older people; what are the implications?
    Paul J Roderick
    University of Southampton, Public Health Sciences and Medical Statistics, Southampton, UK
    Age Ageing 37:179-86. 2008
    ..However, the significance of identifying CKD in older people is unclear...