Claire J Horwell
Affiliation: University of Durham
Galea K, Covey J, Mutia Timur S, Horwell C, Nugroho F, Mueller W. Short Communication: Health Interventions in Volcanic Eruptions-Community Wearability Assessment of Respiratory Protection against Volcanic Ash from Mt Sinabung, Indonesia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15: pubmed publisher
..The study findings are of benefit to agencies who need to make informed decisions on the procurement and distribution of RP for use by those affected in future eruptions and the provision of advice to communities on their usage. ..
Samarasundera E, Hansell A, Leibovici D, Horwell C, Anand S, Oppenheimer C. Geological hazards: from early warning systems to public health toolkits. Health Place. 2014;30:116-9 pubmed publisher
..This viewpoint piece reviews the state of the art in this domain and proposes potential contributions different stakeholder groups, including social scientists, could bring to the development of new toolkits. ..
Mueller W, Horwell C, Apsley A, Steinle S, McPherson S, Cherrie J, et al
. The effectiveness of respiratory protection worn by communities to protect from volcanic ash inhalation. Part I: Filtration efficiency tests. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2018;221:967-976 pubmed publisher
..2018) on the total inward leakage of the best-performing masks when worn by human volunteers. This will provide a complete assessment of the effectiveness of these RP types. ..
Steinle S, Sleeuwenhoek A, Mueller W, Horwell C, Apsley A, Davis A, et al
. The effectiveness of respiratory protection worn by communities to protect from volcanic ash inhalation. Part II: Total inward leakage tests. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2018;221:977-984 pubmed publisher
..The findings will help agencies to make informed decisions on the procurement and distribution of RP in future eruptions. ..
Tomašek I, Horwell C, Bisig C, Damby D, Comte P, Czerwinski J, et al
. Respiratory hazard assessment of combined exposure to complete gasoline exhaust and respirable volcanic ash in a multicellular human lung model at the air-liquid interface. Environ Pollut. 2018;238:977-987 pubmed publisher
..In summary, considering the employed experimental conditions, combined exposure of volcanic ash and gasoline vehicle exhaust has a limited short-term biological impact to an advanced lung cell in vitro model. ..
Damby D, Horwell C, Larsen G, Thordarson T, Tomatis M, Fubini B, et al
. Assessment of the potential respiratory hazard of volcanic ash from future Icelandic eruptions: a study of archived basaltic to rhyolitic ash samples. Environ Health. 2017;16:98 pubmed publisher
..This particularly applies to highly explosive silicic eruptions, but can also hold true for explosive basaltic eruptions or discrete events associated with basaltic fissure eruptions. ..
Nattrass C, Horwell C, Damby D, Brown D, Stone V. The effect of aluminium and sodium impurities on the in vitro toxicity and pro-inflammatory potential of cristobalite. Environ Res. 2017;159:164-175 pubmed publisher
..Whilst further work is required to determine if these effects translate to altered pathogenesis, the results have potential implications for the regulation of crystalline silica exposures. ..