Julia Hippisley-Cox

Summary

Affiliation: University of Nottingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Unintended effects of statins in men and women in England and Wales: population based cohort study using the QResearch database
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 340:c2197. 2010
  2. pmc Derivation and validation of QStroke score for predicting risk of ischaemic stroke in primary care and comparison with other risk scores: a prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMJ 346:f2573. 2013
  3. pmc Symptoms and risk factors to identify men with suspected cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 63:e1-10. 2013
  4. pmc Symptoms and risk factors to identify women with suspected cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Nottingham NG2 7RD, USA
    Br J Gen Pract 63:e11-21. 2013
  5. pmc Identifying patients with suspected gastro-oesophageal cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 61:e707-14. 2011
  6. pmc Identifying patients with suspected lung cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 61:e715-23. 2011
  7. doi request reprint Derivation and validation of updated QFracture algorithm to predict risk of osteoporotic fracture in primary care in the United Kingdom: prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    BMJ 344:e3427. 2012
  8. pmc Identifying patients with suspected pancreatic cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e38-45. 2012
  9. pmc Identifying patients with suspected colorectal cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e29-37. 2012
  10. pmc Identifying patients with suspected renal tract cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e251-60. 2012

Detail Information

Publications66

  1. pmc Unintended effects of statins in men and women in England and Wales: population based cohort study using the QResearch database
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 340:c2197. 2010
    ..To quantify the unintended effects of statins according to type, dose, and duration of use...
  2. pmc Derivation and validation of QStroke score for predicting risk of ischaemic stroke in primary care and comparison with other risk scores: a prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMJ 346:f2573. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Symptoms and risk factors to identify men with suspected cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 63:e1-10. 2013
    ..Early diagnosis of cancer could improve survival so better tools are needed...
  4. pmc Symptoms and risk factors to identify women with suspected cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Nottingham NG2 7RD, USA
    Br J Gen Pract 63:e11-21. 2013
    ..Early diagnosis of cancer could improve survival so better tools are needed...
  5. pmc Identifying patients with suspected gastro-oesophageal cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 61:e707-14. 2011
    ..Gastro-oesphageal is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Evidence suggested that increased awareness of symptoms and earlier diagnosis could help improve treatment options and improve survival...
  6. pmc Identifying patients with suspected lung cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 61:e715-23. 2011
    ..The challenge is to help earlier diagnosis of lung cancer and hence improve prognosis...
  7. doi request reprint Derivation and validation of updated QFracture algorithm to predict risk of osteoporotic fracture in primary care in the United Kingdom: prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    BMJ 344:e3427. 2012
    ..To develop and validate an updated version of the QFracture algorithm for estimating the risk of a patient sustaining an osteoporotic fracture or hip fracture in a primary care population...
  8. pmc Identifying patients with suspected pancreatic cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e38-45. 2012
    ..Pancreatic cancer has the worst survival for any cancer and is often diagnosed late when the cancer is advanced. Chances of survival are more likely if patients can be diagnosed earlier...
  9. pmc Identifying patients with suspected colorectal cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e29-37. 2012
    ..Earlier diagnosis of colorectal cancer could help improve survival so better tools are needed to help this...
  10. pmc Identifying patients with suspected renal tract cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of an algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 62:e251-60. 2012
    ..Earlier diagnosis of renal tract cancer could help improve survival so better tools are needed to help this...
  11. pmc Identifying women with suspected ovarian cancer in primary care: derivation and validation of algorithm
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMJ 344:d8009. 2012
    ..To derive and validate an algorithm to estimate the absolute risk of having ovarian cancer in women with and without symptoms...
  12. ncbi request reprint QFLU: new influenza monitoring in UK primary care to support pandemic influenza planning
    J Hippisley-Cox
    University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Euro Surveill 11:E060622.4. 2006
  13. pmc Sex inequalities in access to care for patients with diabetes in primary care: questionnaire survey
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 56:342-8. 2006
    ..Given the increased prevalence of diabetes, the healthcare needs and experiences of women with diabetes are increasing...
  14. pmc Risk of adverse gastrointestinal outcomes in patients taking cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors or conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: population based nested case-control analysis
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 331:1310-6. 2005
    ..To determine the risk of an adverse upper gastrointestinal event in patients taking different cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors compared with non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
  15. pmc Effect of statins on the mortality of patients with ischaemic heart disease: population based cohort study with nested case-control analysis
    J Hippisley-Cox
    University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Heart 92:752-8. 2006
    ..To measure the effect of statins on mortality for community based patients with ischaemic heart disease and determine whether the likely benefits are similar for women, the elderly, and patients with diabetes...
  16. pmc Predicting the risk of chronic Kidney Disease in men and women in England and Wales: prospective derivation and external validation of the QKidney Scores
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, 13th Floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 11:49. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc Inequalities in the primary care of patients with coronary heart disease and serious mental health problems: a cross-sectional study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Heart 93:1256-62. 2007
    ....
  18. pmc Derivation and validation of QRISK, a new cardiovascular disease risk score for the United Kingdom: prospective open cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 335:136. 2007
    ..To derive a new cardiovascular disease risk score (QRISK) for the United Kingdom and to validate its performance against the established Framingham cardiovascular disease algorithm and a newly developed Scottish score (ASSIGN)...
  19. ncbi request reprint Performance of the QRISK cardiovascular risk prediction algorithm in an independent UK sample of patients from general practice: a validation study
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, 13th Floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    Heart 94:34-9. 2008
    ..To assess the performance of the QRISK score for predicting cardiovascular disease (CVD) in an independent UK sample from general practice and compare with the Framingham score...
  20. ncbi request reprint Risk of malignancy in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder: nested case-control study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, 13th Floor Tower Bldg, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1368-76. 2007
    ..There is conflicting evidence on whether people with schizophrenia have a different risk of cancer from that of the general population...
  21. pmc Predicting cardiovascular risk in England and Wales: prospective derivation and validation of QRISK2
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 336:1475-82. 2008
    ....
  22. pmc Cross sectional survey of socioeconomic variations in severity and mechanism of childhood injuries in Trent 1992-7
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Tower Building University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 324:1132. 2002
    ..To determine the relation between morbidity from injury and deprivation for different levels of injury severity and for different injury mechanisms for children aged 0-14 years...
  23. pmc Risk of myocardial infarction in patients taking cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors or conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: population based nested case-control analysis
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Institution 13th floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 330:1366. 2005
    ....
  24. pmc Coronary heart disease prevention and age inequalities: the first year of the National Service Framework for CHD
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Nottingham University, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 55:369-75. 2005
    ..The National Service Framework for Heart Disease sets national standards and defines service models for coronary heart disease (CHD). Little is known about the impact of this intervention on age inequalities...
  25. pmc Inequalities in access to coronary angiography and revascularisation: the association of deprivation and location of primary care services
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 50:449-54. 2000
    ..Coronary artery surgery reduces re-infarction rates and mortality in patients with ischaemic heart disease. This study examines inequality in relation to primary care services...
  26. pmc Sex inequalities in ischaemic heart disease in general practice: cross sectional survey
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Nottingham University, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMJ 322:832. 2001
    ..To study differences in treatment for men and women with ischaemic heart disease by using standards defined in England's national service framework for coronary artery disease...
  27. pmc Do single handed practices offer poorer care? Cross sectional survey of processes and outcomes
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 323:320-3. 2001
    ..To determine whether there are important differences in performance between group practices and singlehanded general practitioners and the extent to which any differences are explained by practice characteristics such as deprivation...
  28. pmc Antidepressants as risk factor for ischaemic heart disease: case-control study in primary care
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 323:666-9. 2001
    ..To determine whether antidepressants are a risk factor for ischaemic heart disease and to compare the risk for different subgroups of antidepressants and individual antidepressants...
  29. pmc Married couples' risk of same disease: cross sectional study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 325:636. 2002
    ....
  30. pmc Predicting risk of type 2 diabetes in England and Wales: prospective derivation and validation of QDScore
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 338:b880. 2009
    ..To develop and validate a new diabetes risk algorithm (the QDScore) for estimating 10 year risk of acquiring diagnosed type 2 diabetes over a 10 year time period in an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse population...
  31. pmc Cross sectional survey of effectiveness of lipid lowering drugs in reducing serum cholesterol concentration in patients in 17 general practices
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Nottingham University, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 326:689. 2003
    ..To compare the effectiveness of lipid lowering drugs in lowering serum cholesterol concentrations...
  32. pmc The electronic patient record in primary care--regression or progression? A cross sectional study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Nottingham University, Nottingham NG7 2RD
    BMJ 326:1439-43. 2003
    ..To determine whether paperless medical records contained less information than paper based medical records and whether that information was harder to retrieve...
  33. pmc A case-control study on the effect of hormone replacement therapy on ischaemic heart disease
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham, 13th Floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    Br J Gen Pract 53:191-6. 2003
    ..Since CHD is common in women--about half of all postmenopausal women will get it and about a third of these will die from it--the effect of HRT on CHD is of great public health importance...
  34. pmc Effect of combinations of drugs on all cause mortality in patients with ischaemic heart disease: nested case-control analysis
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, School of Community Health Sciences, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 330:1059-63. 2005
    ..To determine the effect of combinations of statins, aspirin, beta blockers, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in the secondary prevention of all cause mortality in patients with ischaemic heart disease...
  35. pmc Association of deprivation, ethnicity, and sex with quality indicators for diabetes: population based survey of 53,000 patients in primary care
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 329:1267-9. 2004
    ..To determine the effect of deprivation and ethnicity on the achievement of quality indicators for patients with diabetes and the extent of any inequalities between the sexes...
  36. ncbi request reprint Prevalence, care, and outcomes for patients with diet-controlled diabetes in general practice: cross sectional survey
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Tower Building University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Lancet 364:423-8. 2004
    ..We aimed to establish the proportion with type 2 diabetes treated through diet only and to determine levels of complications and quality of care received compared with patients on hypoglycaemic medication...
  37. pmc Association between teenage pregnancy rates and the age and sex of general practitioners: cross sectional survey in Trent 1994-7
    J Hippisley-Cox
    Division of General Practice, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH
    BMJ 320:842-5. 2000
    ..To examine variations in teenage pregnancy rates in Trent region and to determine possible associations with local general practice characteristics such as the age and sex of the doctors...
  38. ncbi request reprint QRESEARCH: a new general practice database for research
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Inform Prim Care 12:49-50. 2004
  39. ncbi request reprint Risk of colorectal cancer in patients prescribed statins, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors: nested case-control study
    Yana Vinogradova
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Gastroenterology 133:393-402. 2007
    ..Several studies suggest that statins prevent some cancers, with one study finding a 47% reduction in colorectal cancer risk after >or=5 years of regular use...
  40. ncbi request reprint Accidental injury: a neglected area within Primary Care Groups and Trusts?
    Denise Kendrick
    Division of General Practice, Floor 13, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Health Educ Res 18:380-8. 2003
    ..Gaps in knowledge about accidents and their prevention are apparent. PCG/Ts will need help and support to fully develop their potential in preventing accidental injuries...
  41. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of the effect of providing information on accidental injury admissions and their costs to Primary Care Groups and Trusts
    Carol A C Coupland
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK
    Fam Pract 22:249-52. 2005
    ..Primary Care Groups and Trusts (PCG/Ts) are responsible for improving the health of local populations, but there is little evidence of their strategic involvement in accident prevention...
  42. doi request reprint Effects of severe mental illness on survival of people with diabetes
    Yana Vinogradova
    Department of Primary Care, Tower Building 13th Floor, University Park, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 197:272-7. 2010
    ..People with mental health problems are more likely to die prematurely than the general population but no study has examined this in individuals with diabetes...
  43. pmc Predicting risk of osteoporotic fracture in men and women in England and Wales: prospective derivation and validation of QFractureScores
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 339:b4229. 2009
    ..To develop and validate two new fracture risk algorithms (QFractureScores) for estimating the individual risk of osteoporotic fracture or hip fracture over 10 years...
  44. pmc General practice characteristics associated with rates of testing and detection of hepatitis C: cross-sectional study in Nottingham and Derbyshire
    Carol Coupland
    School of Community Health Sciences, Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:620-3. 2006
    ..Practices where at least half of the GPs were female had higher testing rates but lower positivity rates. The variation observed was not explained by deprivation or rurality of the practice...
  45. pmc Exposure to bisphosphonates and risk of gastrointestinal cancers: series of nested case-control studies with QResearch and CPRD data
    Yana Vinogradova
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMJ 346:f114. 2013
    ..To investigate the association between use of bisphosphonates estimated from prescription information and risk of gastrointestinal cancers...
  46. pmc A comparison of research general practices and their patients with other practices--a cross-sectional survey in Trent
    Vicky Hammersley
    Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 52:463-8. 2002
    ..When interpreting results of studies undertaken by research networks we need to know how representative volunteer practices and their registered patients are of the total population of practices and patients in their locality...
  47. pmc Derivation, validation, and evaluation of a new QRISK model to estimate lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease: cohort study using QResearch database
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMJ 341:c6624. 2010
    ..To develop, validate, and evaluate a new QRISK model to estimate lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease...
  48. pmc Safety of antidepressants in adults aged under 65: protocol for a cohort study using a large primary care database
    Carol Coupland
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, 13th Floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 13:135. 2013
    ..The primary aim of this study is to determine the relative and absolute risks of pre-defined adverse events comparing different classes of antidepressant drugs in adults aged under 65 years and diagnosed with depression...
  49. ncbi request reprint Assisted delivery in the teenage population: the effect of inter-hospital variation, deprivation, and age
    Jane Allen
    Division of Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Int J Adolesc Med Health 15:341-7. 2003
    ..The objective was to determine the relationship between the risk of assisted delivery in women aged under 20 years and place of treatment, deprivation and age...
  50. ncbi request reprint Teenagers at risk of unintended pregnancy: identification of practical risk markers for use in general practice from a retrospective analysis of case records in the United Kingdom
    Dick Churchill
    Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, United Kingdom
    Int J Adolesc Med Health 14:153-60. 2002
    ..The findings from this study may assist primary care professionals in focussing opportunistic sexual health interventions at some teenagers who are at higher risk of unintended pregnancy...
  51. pmc Development and validation of risk prediction algorithm (QThrombosis) to estimate future risk of venous thromboembolism: prospective cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMJ 343:d4656. 2011
    ..To derive and validate a new clinical risk prediction algorithm (QThrombosis, www.qthrombosis.org) to estimate individual patients' risk of venous thromboembolism...
  52. pmc Antidepressant use and risk of adverse outcomes in older people: population based cohort study
    Carol Coupland
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMJ 343:d4551. 2011
    ..To investigate the association between antidepressant treatment and risk of several potential adverse outcomes in older people with depression and to examine risks by class of antidepressant, duration of use, and dose...
  53. pmc Risk of pneumonia in patients taking statins: population-based nested case-control study
    Yana Vinogradova
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 61:e742-8. 2011
    ..Recent research suggests that statins might improve the outcome of infectious diseases because of their anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties...
  54. pmc Severe traffic injuries to children, Trent, 1992-7: time trend analysis
    Carol Coupland
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    BMJ 327:593-4. 2003
  55. pmc Exposure to statins and risk of common cancers: a series of nested case-control studies
    Yana Vinogradova
    Division of Primary Care, 13th Floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham, NG2 7RD, UK
    BMC Cancer 11:409. 2011
    ..Many studies and meta-analyses have investigated the effects of statins on cancer incidence but without showing consistent effects...
  56. doi request reprint Individualising the risks of statins in men and women in England and Wales: population-based cohort study
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    Heart 96:939-47. 2010
    ..To derive and validate risk algorithms so that the risks of four clinical outcomes associated with statin use can be estimated for individual patients...
  57. ncbi request reprint Inequalities in uptake of influenza vaccine by deprivation and risk group: time trends analysis
    Carol Coupland
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 25:7363-71. 2007
    ..This general practice based study suggests that substantial increases in influenza vaccination rates have occurred across all risk groups, but that increased focus should be given to immunising high-risk patients below the age of 65...
  58. pmc Identification of new risk factors for pneumonia: population-based case-control study
    Yana Vinogradova
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 59:e329-38. 2009
    ..Certain conditions are established as risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia. There are a number of other conditions that may also be risk factors, but information on these is limited...
  59. pmc Exposure to bisphosphonates and risk of cancer: a protocol for nested case-control studies using the QResearch primary care database
    Yana Vinogradova
    Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, School of Community Health Sciences, Division of Primary Care, University Park, Nottingham, UK
    BMJ Open 2:e000548. 2012
    ..Conditional logistic regression will be applied to produce ORs adjusted for smoking status, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, cancer-specific co-morbidities and use of other medications...
  60. pmc Inequalities in access to care for patients with ischaemic heart disease
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Br J Gen Pract 54:411-2. 2004
  61. ncbi request reprint Developing a national primary care-based early warning system for health protection--a surveillance tool for the future? Analysis of routinely collected data
    Gillian Smith
    Health Protection Agency West Midlands, 9th Floor Ladywood House, Birmingham B2 4DY, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:75-82. 2007
    ..The data were used 'real time' to reassure about lack of illness following the Buncefield Fuel Depot incident. This scheme is being further developed to provide daily local influenza-related information needed in an influenza pandemic...
  62. pmc Rectal and postmenopausal bleeding: consultation and referral of patients with and without severe mental health problems
    Chris Parker
    Nottingham Primary Care Research Partnership, Hucknall, Nottingham
    Br J Gen Pract 57:371-6. 2007
    ..There is concern that this could apply to rectal bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding. Published estimates of consultation rates and outcomes for these symptoms vary widely...
  63. pmc Trends in the epidemiology and prescribing of medication for allergic rhinitis in England
    Nazim Ghouri
    Ayr Hospital, UK
    J R Soc Med 101:466-72. 2008
    ..To investigate recent trends in the recorded incidence, lifetime prevalence and prescribing of symptom relief medication for allergic rhinitis in England...
  64. pmc Measuring performance and missing the point?
    Iona Heath
    Caversham Group Practice, London NW5 2UP
    BMJ 335:1075-6. 2007
  65. pmc Trends in national incidence, lifetime prevalence and adrenaline prescribing for anaphylaxis in England
    Aziz Sheikh
    Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, Division of Community Health Sciences GP section, University of Edinburgh
    J R Soc Med 101:139-43. 2008
    ..Aim: To investigate recent trends in the recorded incidence, lifetime prevalence and prescribing of adrenaline for anaphylaxis in England...
  66. pmc Identifying undiagnosed diabetes: cross-sectional survey of 3.6 million patients' electronic records
    Tim A Holt
    Health Sciences Research Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 58:192-6. 2008
    ..Around 1% of the UK population has diabetes that is either undiagnosed or unrecorded on practice disease registers...