Simon Hay

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oxford
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc A global map of dominant malaria vectors
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:69. 2012
  2. pmc Spatiotemporal mathematical modelling of mutations of the dhps gene in African Plasmodium falciparum
    Jennifer A Flegg
    WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 12:249. 2013
  3. pmc Providing open access data online to advance malaria research and control
    Catherine L Moyes
    Department of Zoology, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX 1 3PS, UK
    Malar J 12:161. 2013
  4. pmc Urbanization and the global malaria recession
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK
    Malar J 12:133. 2013
  5. pmc The effects of urbanization on global Plasmodium vivax malaria transmission
    Qiuyin Qi
    Department of Geography and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Malar J 11:403. 2012
  6. pmc Funding for malaria control 2006-2010: a comprehensive global assessment
    David M Pigott
    Department of Zoology, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 11:246. 2012
  7. pmc Big data opportunities for global infectious disease surveillance
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001413. 2013
  8. pmc Global mapping of infectious disease
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368:20120250. 2013
  9. pmc The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:89. 2011
  10. pmc Modelling the global constraints of temperature on transmission of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax
    Peter W Gething
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:92. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications74

  1. pmc A global map of dominant malaria vectors
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:69. 2012
    ..Global maps, in particular those based on vector distributions, have long been used to help visualise the global extent of malaria. Few, however, have been created with the support of a comprehensive and extensive evidence-based approach...
  2. pmc Spatiotemporal mathematical modelling of mutations of the dhps gene in African Plasmodium falciparum
    Jennifer A Flegg
    WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network WWARN, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 12:249. 2013
    ....
  3. pmc Providing open access data online to advance malaria research and control
    Catherine L Moyes
    Department of Zoology, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX 1 3PS, UK
    Malar J 12:161. 2013
    ..This paper describes the results of a project set up to release data gathered, used and generated by MAP...
  4. pmc Urbanization and the global malaria recession
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK
    Malar J 12:133. 2013
    ..The urbanization process results in profound socio-economic and landscape changes that reduce malaria transmission, but the magnitude and extent of these effects on global endemicity reductions are poorly understood...
  5. pmc The effects of urbanization on global Plasmodium vivax malaria transmission
    Qiuyin Qi
    Department of Geography and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Malar J 11:403. 2012
    ..In this study, a set of 10,003 community-based P. vivax parasite rate (PvPR) surveys are used to explore the relationships between PvPR in urban and rural settings...
  6. pmc Funding for malaria control 2006-2010: a comprehensive global assessment
    David M Pigott
    Department of Zoology, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 11:246. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc Big data opportunities for global infectious disease surveillance
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Med 10:e1001413. 2013
    b>Simon Hay and colleagues discuss the potential and challenges of producing continually updated infectious disease risk maps using diverse and large volume data sources such as social media.
  8. pmc Global mapping of infectious disease
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368:20120250. 2013
    ....
  9. pmc The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:89. 2011
    ....
  10. pmc Modelling the global constraints of temperature on transmission of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax
    Peter W Gething
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:92. 2011
    ....
  11. pmc The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Parasit Vectors 3:117. 2010
    ..abstract:..
  12. pmc The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis
    Marianne E Sinka
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Parasit Vectors 3:72. 2010
    ..abstract:..
  13. pmc Defining the relationship between Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate and clinical disease: statistical models for disease burden estimation
    Anand P Patil
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Malar J 8:186. 2009
    ..This relationship can help provide an informed basis to define malaria burdens in areas where health statistics are inadequate...
  14. pmc Distribution of the main malaria vectors in Kenya
    Robi M Okara
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, PO Box 43640 00100, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 9:69. 2010
    ..The methods and approaches used to assemble contemporary available data on the present distribution of the dominant malaria vectors in Kenya are presented here...
  15. pmc Assembling a global database of malaria parasite prevalence for the Malaria Atlas Project
    Carlos A Guerra
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Malar J 6:17. 2007
    ..Open source models for outputs of scientific research funded by tax-payers and charities are becoming the norm. This has yet to be extended to malaria epidemiology and control...
  16. pmc Estimating the malaria risk of African mosquito movement by air travel
    Andrew J Tatem
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Malar J 5:57. 2006
    ..This prioritises areas at risk of further airport malaria and possible importation or reemergence of the disease...
  17. pmc The relationship between the Plasmodium falciparum parasite ratio in childhood and climate estimates of malaria transmission in Kenya
    Judith A Omumbo
    Public Health Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Laboratories P, O, Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 3:17. 2004
    ....
  18. pmc The co-distribution of Plasmodium falciparum and hookworm among African schoolchildren
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Malar J 5:99. 2006
    ..This is despite the potential public health importance of co-infection and synergistic opportunities for control...
  19. pmc The risks of malaria infection in Kenya in 2009
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 9:180. 2009
    ..Here we present a new map of malaria risk for Kenya in 2009...
  20. pmc Climate variability and malaria epidemics in the highlands of East Africa
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK, OX1 3PS
    Trends Parasitol 21:52-3. 2005
    ..If proven, this would be an interesting result but we believe that the methods used do not test the hypothesis suggested...
  21. pmc A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome TrustCollaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 6:e1000048. 2009
    ..It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity for the year 2007...
  22. pmc The malaria Atlas Project: developing global maps of malaria risk
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical ResearchInstitute, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 3:e473. 2006
  23. pmc The accuracy of human population maps for public health application
    S I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1073-86. 2005
    ..These exercises should be aware of the accuracy of the demographic information used...
  24. pmc Urbanization, malaria transmission and disease burden in Africa
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group in the Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 3:81-90. 2005
    ..We find there were 1,068,505 malaria deaths in Africa in 2000 - a modest 6.7% reduction over previous iterations. The public-health implications of these findings and revised estimates are discussed...
  25. pmc The global distribution and population at risk of malaria: past, present, and future
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:327-36. 2004
    ....
  26. pmc Annual Plasmodium falciparum entomological inoculation rates (EIR) across Africa: literature survey, Internet access and review
    S I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:113-27. 2000
    ..The implications for malaria control of the significant spatial (and seasonal) variation in exposure to infected mosquito bites are discussed...
  27. pmc Etiology of interepidemic periods of mosquito-borne disease
    S I Hay
    Trypanosomiasis and Land Use in Africa Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:9335-9. 2000
    ..We conclude that intrinsic population dynamics offer the most parsimonious explanation for the observed interepidemic periods of disease in these locations...
  28. pmc Malaria early warning in Kenya
    S I Hay
    Trypanosomiasis and Land use in Africa TALA Research Group, Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK OX1 3PS
    Trends Parasitol 17:95-9. 2001
    ..In this article, we discuss how such heterogeneity, and its epidemiological consequences, should be considered in the development of early warning systems for malaria epidemics...
  29. ncbi Predicting malaria seasons in Kenya using multitemporal meteorological satellite sensor data
    S I Hay
    Trypanosomiasis and Land use in Africa TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 92:12-20. 1998
    ..Conclusions are drawn on the appropriateness of remote sensing techniques for compiling national strategies for malaria intervention...
  30. pmc Hot topic or hot air? Climate change and malaria resurgence in East African highlands
    Simon I Hay
    Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:530-4. 2002
    ..We find the widespread increase in resistance of the malaria parasite to drugs and the decrease in vector control activities to be more likely driving forces behind the malaria resurgence...
  31. pmc Forecasting, warning, and detection of malaria epidemics: a case study
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 361:1705-6. 2003
    ..Management of malaria in the highlands, including improved planning for the annual resurgent outbreak, augmented by simple central nationwide early warning, represents a feasible strategy for increasing epidemic preparedness in Kenya...
  32. pmc Performance of forecasting, warning and detection of malaria epidemics in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trends Parasitol 19:394-9. 2003
    ..What was conspicuous by its absence was any obvious effort to predict the epidemics in advance of press coverage...
  33. pmc Climate change and the resurgence of malaria in the East African highlands
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 415:905-9. 2002
    ..A high degree of temporal and spatial variation in the climate of East Africa suggests further that claimed associations between local malaria resurgences and regional changes in climate are overly simplistic...
  34. pmc Estimating the global clinical burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000290. 2010
    ....
  35. pmc Deriving meteorological variables across Africa for the study and control of vector-borne disease: a comparison of remote sensing and spatial interpolation of climate
    S I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 4:58-71. 1999
    ..Taking into account logistic and analytical problems, there were no clear conclusions regarding the optimality of either technique, but there was considerable potential for synergy...
  36. pmc Modelling malaria risk in East Africa at high-spatial resolution
    J A Omumbo
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 10:557-66. 2005
    ..In Sub-Saharan Africa empirically derived maps using standardized criteria are few and this paper considers the development of a model of malaria risk for East Africa...
  37. pmc A global assessment of closed forests, deforestation and malaria risk
    C A Guerra
    TALA Research Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 100:189-204. 2006
    ..The on-going research aimed at evaluating these relationships more quantitatively, through the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP), is highlighted...
  38. pmc Measuring urbanization pattern and extent for malaria research: a review of remote sensing approaches
    A J Tatem
    Trypanosomiases and Land use in Africa TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    J Urban Health 81:363-76. 2004
    ..We conclude by exploring some of the particular relevance of these issues to malaria and note that they are of more general relevance to all those interested in urban public health...
  39. pmc The influence of urbanisation on measures of Plasmodium falciparum infection prevalence in East Africa
    J A Omumbo
    Public Health Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Acta Trop 93:11-21. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi Remotely sensed surrogates of meteorological data for the study of the distribution and abundance of arthropod vectors of disease
    S I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 90:1-19. 1996
    ..How such satellite-based predictions have proved valuable in understanding the distribution of tsetse fly species in Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso will be the subject of a future review...
  41. ncbi Predicting the distribution of tsetse flies in West Africa using temporal Fourier processed meteorological satellite data
    D J Rogers
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 90:225-41. 1996
    ..Refinements of the analytical technique and the problems of extending the predictions through space and time are discussed...
  42. pmc Defining equity in physical access to clinical services using geographical information systems as part of malaria planning and monitoring in Kenya
    A M Noor
    KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 8:917-26. 2003
    ..The implications of planning and monitoring equitable delivery of clinical services at national and international levels are discussed...
  43. pmc Global traffic and disease vector dispersal
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6242-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, An. gambiae has rarely spread from Africa, which we suggest is partly due to the low volume of sea traffic from the continent and, until very recently, a European destination for most flights...
  44. pmc The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Robert W Snow
    Public Health Group, KEMRI Wellcome Trust Research Laboratories PO Box 43640, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    Nature 434:214-7. 2005
    ..Without an informed understanding of the cartography of malaria risk, the global extent of clinical disease caused by P. falciparum will continue to be underestimated...
  45. pmc International funding for malaria control in relation to populations at risk of stable Plasmodium falciparum transmission
    Robert W Snow
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenyan Medical Research Institute, University of Oxford, Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 5:e142. 2008
    ..To examine this relationship, we compare an audit of international commitments with an objective assessment of national need: the population at risk of stable Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmission in 2007...
  46. pmc Malaria epidemic early warning and detection in African highlands
    Tarekegn A Abeku
    Disease Control and Vector Biology Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trends Parasitol 20:400-5. 2004
    ..The potential use of weather monitoring as well as disease surveillance for effective early warning is being investigated...
  47. pmc Global warming and malaria: a call for accuracy
    Paul Reitera
    Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    Lancet Infect Dis 4:323-4. 2004
  48. pmc Climatic suitability for malaria transmission in Africa, 1911-1995
    Jennifer Small
    Department of Geography, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 8225, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:15341-5. 2003
    ..This analysis highlights the need to examine the relationship between climate and malaria more closely and to fully consider nonclimatic factors as drivers of increased malaria transmission across the continent...
  49. pmc Meteorologic influences on Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the Highland Tea Estates of Kericho, Western Kenya
    G Dennis Shanks
    U S Army Medical Research Unit Kenya, Nairobi, Africa
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:1404-8. 2002
    ..We conclude that climate changes have not caused the highland malaria resurgence in western Kenya...
  50. pmc Defining and detecting malaria epidemics in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:555-62. 2002
    ..The performance of these methods is discussed and comments made about their appropriateness for the highlands of western Kenya...
  51. pmc Clinical epidemiology of malaria in the highlands of western Kenya
    Simon I Hay
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:543-8. 2002
    ..The malaria of the region is best described as seasonal and meso-endemic. We discuss the implications for malaria control options in the Kenyan highlands...
  52. pmc Satellite imagery in the study and forecast of malaria
    David J Rogers
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 415:710-5. 2002
    ..Satellite sensor data promise the development of early-warning systems for diseases such as malaria, which kills between 1 and 2 million people each year...
  53. pmc Measuring malaria endemicity from intense to interrupted transmission
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:369-78. 2008
    ..These considerations are also important to an international community that has recently been challenged to revaluate the prospects for malaria eradication...
  54. pmc The limits and intensity of Plasmodium falciparum transmission: implications for malaria control and elimination worldwide
    Carlos A Guerra
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenyan Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 5:e38. 2008
    ..This paper aims to define the global geographic distribution of P. falciparum malaria in 2007 and to provide a preliminary description of its transmission intensity within this range...
  55. pmc Malaria in Kenya's western highlands
    G Dennis Shanks
    US Army Medical Research Unit Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1425-32. 2005
    ..Antimalarial drugs can limit the pool of gametocytes available to infect mosquitoes during the brief transmission season...
  56. pmc Comparing methods of estimating the global morbidity burden from Plasmodium falciparum malaria
    Robert W Snow
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:189-90. 2006
  57. pmc Modelling distances travelled to government health services in Kenya
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Laboratories, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 11:188-96. 2006
    ..To systematically evaluate descriptive measures of spatial access to medical treatment, as part of the millennium development goals to reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria...
  58. pmc Mapping the global extent of malaria in 2005
    Carlos A Guerra
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Trends Parasitol 22:353-8. 2006
    ..510 and 2.596 billion people were at possible risk of transmission of P. falciparum and P. vivax, respectively, in 2005. Globally, 75 per cent of humans who are exposed to P. falciparum risk live in only ten countries...
  59. pmc Remote sensing of malaria in urban areas: two scales, two problems
    Simon I Hay
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:655-6; author reply 656-7. 2005
  60. pmc The uncertain burden of Plasmodium falciparum epidemics in Africa
    Jonathan Cox
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Trends Parasitol 23:142-8. 2007
    ..We argue that conventional approaches that are used to assess the burden of epidemics are inadequate, and outline the future steps that are required to produce estimates that are more accurate...
  61. pmc Revisiting the basic reproductive number for malaria and its implications for malaria control
    David L Smith
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 5:e42. 2007
    ..Therefore, strategic planning for malaria control should consider R0, the spatial scale of transmission, human population density, and heterogeneous biting...
  62. pmc Climatic similarity and biological exchange in the worldwide airline transportation network
    Andrew J Tatem
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1489-96. 2007
    ..Further, the incorporation of passenger and freight traffic data highlight at greater risk of invasion those airports that are climatically well connected by numerous high capacity routes...
  63. pmc Standardizing estimates of the Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate
    David L Smith
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 16, 16 Center Drive, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Malar J 6:131. 2007
    ..This confounds simple comparisons of PfPR surveys conducted at different times or places...
  64. pmc The decline in paediatric malaria admissions on the coast of Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P, O, Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Malar J 6:151. 2007
    ..There is only limited information on the health impact of expanded coverage of malaria control and preventative strategies in Africa...
  65. pmc Improving imperfect data from health management information systems in Africa using space-time geostatistics
    Peter W Gething
    School of Geography, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e271. 2006
    ..Faced with this inadequacy, vital public health decisions often rely on crudely adjusted regional and national estimates of treatment burdens...
  66. pmc High resolution population maps for low income nations: combining land cover and census in East Africa
    Andrew J Tatem
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 2:e1298. 2007
    ....
  67. pmc Mapping the environmental coverage of the INDEPTH demographic surveillance system network in rural Africa
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Zoology, Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Research Group, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1318-26. 2006
    ..Here, we investigate how comprehensive is the coverage of the network of rural DSS sites in Africa in terms of the range of ecological zones found across the continent...
  68. pmc Tools from ecology: useful for evaluating infection risk models?
    Simon Brooker
    Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:70-4. 2002
    ..Using the example of Schistosoma haematobium in Africa, this article illustrates how ecozonation and receiver-operator characteristic analysis can help to assess the usefulness of available models objectively...
  69. pmc Mapping bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain using environmental data
    G R William Wint
    Environmental Research Group Oxford, PO Box 346, OX1 3QE, Oxford, UK
    Trends Microbiol 10:441-4. 2002
    ....
  70. pmc Use of remote sensing and a geographical information system in a national helminth control programme in Chad
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:783-9. 2002
    ....
  71. pmc Global data for ecology and epidemiology: a novel algorithm for temporal Fourier processing MODIS data
    Jorn P W Scharlemann
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e1408. 2008
    ..Applying standard techniques to MODIS data can introduce errors of up to 30% in the estimation of the amplitudes and phases of the Fourier harmonics...
  72. pmc Empirical modelling of government health service use by children with fevers in Kenya
    Peter W Gething
    School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, Highfield, SO17 1BJ, UK
    Acta Trop 91:227-37. 2004
    ..Utilization rate was found to exhibit a slight but steady decrease with distance up to 6 km from a facility. The accuracy of the future modelling of unsampled facility catchments can be increased by the incorporation of these trends...
  73. pmc Information for decision making from imperfect national data: tracking major changes in health care use in Kenya using geostatistics
    Peter W Gething
    School of Geography, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
    BMC Med 5:37. 2007
    ..Here, we present a new approach that, for the first time, allows national changes in health service use during a time of major health policy change to be tracked reliably using imperfect data from a national HMIS...
  74. pmc Malaria's indirect contribution to all-cause mortality in the Andaman Islands during the colonial era
    G Dennis Shanks
    Australian Army Malaria Institute, Enoggera, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 8:564-70. 2008
    ..Deaths secondary to malaria (indirect malaria mortality) were at least as great as mortality directly attributed to malaria infections...