Carole Hart

Summary

Affiliation: University of Glasgow
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Risk factors and 20-year stroke mortality in men and women in the Renfrew/Paisley study in Scotland
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 30:1999-2007. 1999
  2. doi request reprint Risk factors in the Midspan family study by social class in childhood and adulthood
    Carole Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:604-14. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint The Midspan studies
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:28-34. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint How many cases of Type 2 diabetes mellitus are due to being overweight in middle age? Evidence from the Midspan prospective cohort studies using mention of diabetes mellitus on hospital discharge or death records
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Diabet Med 24:73-80. 2007
  5. pmc Carboxyhaemoglobin concentration, smoking habit, and mortality in 25 years in the Renfrew/Paisley prospective cohort study
    C L Hart
    University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Heart 92:321-4. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ and all-cause mortality before and after age 65: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 10:153-65. 2005
  7. pmc Obesity, overweight and liver disease in the Midspan prospective cohort studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1051-9. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Obesity and use of acute hospital services in participants of the Renfrew/Paisley study
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:53-6. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and use of acute and mental health hospital services in the West of Scotland Collaborative prospective cohort study
    C L Hart
    Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:703-7. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and mortality and hospital admissions in men from the Midspan collaborative cohort study
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Addiction 103:1979-86. 2008

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. ncbi request reprint Risk factors and 20-year stroke mortality in men and women in the Renfrew/Paisley study in Scotland
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 30:1999-2007. 1999
    ..The aim of this study was to relate risk factors in middle-aged men and women to stroke mortality over a long follow-up period...
  2. doi request reprint Risk factors in the Midspan family study by social class in childhood and adulthood
    Carole Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 37:604-14. 2008
    ..Often the childhood information is retrospective and liable to bias. We use data from a family study of two generations of adults to investigate the effects of social class in childhood, adulthood and social mobility on risk factors...
  3. ncbi request reprint The Midspan studies
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:28-34. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint How many cases of Type 2 diabetes mellitus are due to being overweight in middle age? Evidence from the Midspan prospective cohort studies using mention of diabetes mellitus on hospital discharge or death records
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Diabet Med 24:73-80. 2007
    ..To relate body mass index (BMI) in middle age to development of diabetes mellitus...
  5. pmc Carboxyhaemoglobin concentration, smoking habit, and mortality in 25 years in the Renfrew/Paisley prospective cohort study
    C L Hart
    University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Heart 92:321-4. 2006
    ..To investigate how carboxyhaemoglobin concentration is related to smoking habit and to assess whether carboxyhaemoglobin concentration is related to mortality...
  6. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ and all-cause mortality before and after age 65: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 10:153-65. 2005
    ..The objective was to investigate how childhood IQ related to all-cause mortality before and after age 65...
  7. pmc Obesity, overweight and liver disease in the Midspan prospective cohort studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:1051-9. 2010
    ..To analyse the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and liver disease in men and women...
  8. ncbi request reprint Obesity and use of acute hospital services in participants of the Renfrew/Paisley study
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:53-6. 2007
    ..Because overweight and obesity are associated with comorbidities, increasing levels of overweight and obesity may impact on hospital use...
  9. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and use of acute and mental health hospital services in the West of Scotland Collaborative prospective cohort study
    C L Hart
    Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:703-7. 2009
    ..Overconsumption of alcohol affects health. Data from men from the West of Scotland Collaborative study were analysed to see how reported alcohol was related to acute and mental health hospital admissions...
  10. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption and mortality and hospital admissions in men from the Midspan collaborative cohort study
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Addiction 103:1979-86. 2008
    ..To investigate the relationships between alcohol consumption and mortality and morbidity risk by specific causes...
  11. doi request reprint Alcohol consumption behaviours and social mobility in men and women of the Midspan Family study
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 44:332-6. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between alcohol consumption and social mobility in a cohort study in Scotland...
  12. pmc Effect of conjugal bereavement on mortality of the bereaved spouse in participants of the Renfrew/Paisley Study
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:455-60. 2007
    ..To investigate how loss of a spouse affects mortality risk in the bereaved partner...
  13. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ and cardiovascular disease in adulthood: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 59:2131-8. 2004
    ..Adjustment for risk factors attenuated the childhood IQ-CVD relationship by a small amount before age 65. Childhood IQ was associated with CVD risk factors and events and can be considered an important new risk factor...
  14. ncbi request reprint Comparison of risk factors for stroke incidence and stroke mortality in 20 years of follow-up in men and women in the Renfrew/Paisley Study in Scotland
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 31:1893-6. 2000
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ, social class, deprivation, and their relationships with mortality and morbidity risk in later life: prospective observational study linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    Carole L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Psychosom Med 65:877-83. 2003
    ..To investigate how childhood mental ability (IQ) is related to mortality and morbidity risk, when socioeconomic factors are also considered...
  16. ncbi request reprint The Scottish mental survey 1932 linked to the Midspan studies: a prospective investigation of childhood intelligence and future health
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Public Health 117:187-95. 2003
    ....
  17. pmc Relation between number of siblings and adult mortality and stroke risk: 25 year follow up of men in the Collaborative study
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:385-91. 2003
    ..To investigate the relation between number of siblings, mortality risk, and stroke risk...
  18. ncbi request reprint Influence of socioeconomic circumstances in early and later life on stroke risk among men in a Scottish cohort study
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 31:2093-7. 2000
    ..The purpose of the study was to investigate stroke risk by socioeconomic measures...
  19. ncbi request reprint Are two really better than one? Empirical examination of repeat blood pressure measurements and stroke risk in the Renfrew/Paisley and collaborative studies
    C L Hart
    West of Scotland Cancer Surveillance Unit, Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Stroke 32:2697-9. 2001
    ..The purpose was to investigate whether 2 blood pressure readings gave a more accurate estimate of stroke risk over a long follow-up period than 1 reading...
  20. pmc The contribution of risk factors to stroke differentials, by socioeconomic position in adulthood: the Renfrew/Paisley Study
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, Scotland
    Am J Public Health 90:1788-91. 2000
    ..This study investigated stroke differentials by socioeconomic position in adulthood...
  21. pmc The relation between questions indicating transient ischaemic attack and stroke in 20 years of follow up in men and women in the Renfrew/Paisley Study
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, Scotland, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:653-6. 2001
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate whether answers to a simple questionnaire for TIA could predict the occurrence of stroke in the following 20 years...
  22. pmc Coffee consumption and prostate cancer risk: further evidence for inverse relationship
    Kashif Shafique
    Institute of Health and Wellbeing, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Public Health, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Nutr J 11:42. 2012
    ..Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to examine the relationship between coffee intake and overall as well as grade-specific PC risk...
  23. doi request reprint Tea consumption and the risk of overall and grade specific prostate cancer: a large prospective cohort study of Scottish men
    Kashif Shafique
    a Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Public Health, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Nutr Cancer 64:790-7. 2012
    ..Men with higher intake of tea are at greater risk of developing prostate cancer, but there is no association with more aggressive disease. Further research is needed to determine the underlying biological mechanisms for the association...
  24. doi request reprint Intergenerational change and familial aggregation of body mass index
    Paul C D Johnson
    Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, Boyd Orr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 27:53-61. 2012
    ..Familial influences on BMI among middle-aged women appear significantly stronger from mothers than fathers...
  25. ncbi request reprint Social class differences in lung cancer mortality: risk factor explanations using two Scottish cohort studies
    C L Hart
    Department of Public Health, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 30:268-74. 2001
    ..The study investigated differences in lung cancer mortality risk between social classes...
  26. pmc Why do males in Scotland die younger than those in England? Evidence from three prospective cohort studies
    Gerry McCartney
    Public Health Science Directorate, NHS Health Scotland, Glasgow, Scotland
    PLoS ONE 7:e38860. 2012
    ..To examine explanations for the higher rates of male mortality in two Scottish cohorts compared with a cohort in south-east England for which similar data were collected...
  27. ncbi request reprint Spoilt for choice: implications of using alternative methods of costing hospital episode statistics
    Claudia Geue
    Centre for Population and Health Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland
    Health Econ 21:1201-16. 2012
    ..This paper emphasises that any inference made from econometric modelling of costs, where the marginal effect of explanatory variables is assessed, is substantially influenced by the costing method...
  28. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ of parents related to characteristics of their offspring: linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 to the Midspan Family Study
    C L Hart
    Public Health and Health Policy, University of Glasgow, UK
    J Biosoc Sci 37:623-39. 2005
    ..Offspring education was associated with offspring smoking and social class. The smoking finding may have implications for targeting of health education...
  29. pmc Population prevalence, incidence, and predictors of atrial fibrillation in the Renfrew/Paisley study
    S Stewart
    Clinical Research Initiative in Heart Failure, Wolfson Building (Level 3, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    Heart 86:516-21. 2001
    ..These findings have important implications for the prevention of AF...
  30. ncbi request reprint Long-term cardiovascular consequences of obesity: 20-year follow-up of more than 15 000 middle-aged men and women (the Renfrew-Paisley study)
    N F Murphy
    Department of Cardiology, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK
    Eur Heart J 27:96-106. 2006
    ..To examine the long-term cardiovascular consequences of obesity and project the cardiovascular consequences of the recent increase in prevalence of obesity...
  31. doi request reprint Circulating 25OHD, dietary vitamin D, PTH, and calcium associations with incident cardiovascular disease and mortality: the MIDSPAN Family Study
    Paul Welsh
    Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:4578-87. 2012
    ..Observational studies relating circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and dietary vitamin D intake to cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reported conflicting results...
  32. pmc Cholesterol and the risk of grade-specific prostate cancer incidence: evidence from two large prospective cohort studies with up to 37 years' follow up
    Kashif Shafique
    Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Public Health, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    BMC Cancer 12:25. 2012
    ..High cholesterol may be a modifiable risk factor for prostate cancer but results have been inconsistent and subject to potential "reverse causality" where undetected disease modifies cholesterol prior to diagnosis...
  33. pmc Does smoking reduction in midlife reduce mortality risk? Results of 2 long-term prospective cohort studies of men and women in Scotland
    Carole Hart
    Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Public Health, University of Glasgow, 1 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 178:770-9. 2013
    ..These inconclusive results support the view that reducing cigarette consumption should not be promoted as a means of reducing mortality, although it may have a valuable role as a step toward smoking cessation. ..
  34. ncbi request reprint Body mass index in middle life and future risk of hospital admission for psychoses or depression: findings from the Renfrew/Paisley study
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1151-61. 2007
    ..There is evidence that greater body mass index (BMI) protects against depression, schizophrenia and suicide. However, there is a need for prospective studies...
  35. ncbi request reprint A population-based study of the long-term risks associated with atrial fibrillation: 20-year follow-up of the Renfrew/Paisley study
    Simon Stewart
    Division of Health Sciences at the University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
    Am J Med 113:359-64. 2002
    ..To describe the effect of atrial fibrillation on long-term morbidity and mortality...
  36. ncbi request reprint Maternal and personal cigarette smoking synergize to increase airflow limitation in adults
    Mark N Upton
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 169:479-87. 2004
    ..7 (95% confidence interval: 1.2-2.5) after adjustment for covariates. Maternal smoking impairs lung volume irrespective of personal smoking and appears to synergize with personal smoking to increase airflow limitation and COPD...
  37. ncbi request reprint Childhood mental ability and blood pressure at midlife: linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    John M Starr
    Royal Victoria Hospital, Craigleith Road, Edinburgh EH4 2DN, Scotland, UK
    J Hypertens 22:893-7. 2004
    ..To establish the relationship between childhood mental ability and adult hypertension...
  38. ncbi request reprint Childhood IQ and social factors on smoking behaviour, lung function and smoking-related outcomes in adulthood: linking the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies
    Michelle D Taylor
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 10:399-410. 2005
    ..To investigate the associations of childhood IQ and adult social factors, and smoking behaviour, lung function (forced expiratory volume in one second; FEV(1)), and smoking-related outcomes in adulthood...
  39. doi request reprint The scope for biased recall of risk-factor exposure in case-control studies: evidence from a cohort study of Scottish men
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Scand J Public Health 36:442-5. 2008
    ..Case-control studies are prone to recall bias, a participant's case-control status influencing their recall of exposure to risk factors. We aimed to demonstrate empirically the scope for this bias...
  40. pmc The accuracy of the Framingham risk-score in different socioeconomic groups: a prospective study
    Peter M Brindle
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol
    Br J Gen Pract 55:838-45. 2005
    ..The primary prevention of cardiovascular disease involves using the Framingham risk score to identify high risk patients and then prescribe preventive treatments...
  41. ncbi request reprint Reverse causality and confounding and the associations of overweight and obesity with mortality
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:2294-304. 2006
    ..To examine the effect of reverse causality and confounding on the association of BMI with all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
  42. ncbi request reprint Cause-specific hospital admission and mortality among working men: association with socioeconomic circumstances in childhood and adult life, and the mediating role of daily stress
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Public Health 15:238-44. 2005
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Contribution of Midparental BMI and other determinants of obesity in adult offspring
    Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh
    General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1388-93. 2008
    ..Whether it represents genetic or environmental family effects, it is easily ascertained by the individual and could be used in health promotion and clinical settings to target individuals who are at increased risk of becoming obese...
  44. ncbi request reprint Psychological distress, physical illness and mortality risk
    Farhat Rasul
    Department of Psychiatry, Bart s and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
    J Psychosom Res 57:231-6. 2004
    ..Psychological distress has been associated with an increased risk of overall and disease-specific mortality risk. This study examines whether the length of follow-up time influences mortality risk...
  45. pmc Psychological distress and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Renfrew and Paisley (MIDSPAN) study
    Thomas P I Pembroke
    Centre of Psychiatry, The Old Anatomy Building, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:789-92. 2006
    ..This study examined whether psychological distress might be a predictor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...