R J Hardy

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Early growth and type 2 diabetes: evidence from the 1946 British birth cohort
    M Wadsworth
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Diabetologia 48:2505-10. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Change in psychological and vasomotor symptom reporting during the menopause
    Rebecca Hardy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Gower Street Campus, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1975-88. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Birthweight, childhood growth, and blood pressure at 43 years in a British birth cohort
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:121-9. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Birthweight, childhood social class, and change in adult blood pressure in the 1946 British birth cohort
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    Lancet 362:1178-83. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Does early growth influence timing of the menopause? Evidence from a British birth cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Hum Reprod 17:2474-9. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Smoking, body mass index, socioeconomic status and the menopausal transition in a British national cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London
    Int J Epidemiol 29:845-51. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint The influence of childhood weight and socioeconomic status on change in adult body mass index in a British national birth cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:725-34. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Detecting and describing heterogeneity in meta-analysis
    R J Hardy
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London Medical School, U K
    Stat Med 17:841-56. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint Commentary: The association between height growth and cholesterol levels during puberty: implications for adult health
    Rebecca Hardy
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1110-1. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint MUC7 haplotype analysis: results from a longitudinal birth cohort support protective effect of the MUC7*5 allele on respiratory function
    K Rousseau
    The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, Wolfson House, 4 Stephenson Way, London, NW1 2HE, UK
    Ann Hum Genet 70:417-27. 2006

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. ncbi request reprint Early growth and type 2 diabetes: evidence from the 1946 British birth cohort
    M Wadsworth
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Diabetologia 48:2505-10. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Change in psychological and vasomotor symptom reporting during the menopause
    Rebecca Hardy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Gower Street Campus, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1975-88. 2002
    ..Factors other than the menopause should be considered, such as concurrent life events and past experiences and behaviours, when considering the treatment of psychological symptoms in women during middle life...
  3. ncbi request reprint Birthweight, childhood growth, and blood pressure at 43 years in a British birth cohort
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:121-9. 2004
    ..Low birthweight is associated with high blood pressure in later life, but it is unclear whether the association is confounded with or modified by maternal and socioeconomic factors or childhood growth...
  4. ncbi request reprint Birthweight, childhood social class, and change in adult blood pressure in the 1946 British birth cohort
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    Lancet 362:1178-83. 2003
    ..The negative effect of birthweight on systolic blood pressure has been suggested to be initiated in utero and amplified with age. We aimed to investigate this hypothesis...
  5. ncbi request reprint Does early growth influence timing of the menopause? Evidence from a British birth cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Hum Reprod 17:2474-9. 2002
    ..This study investigates whether birthweight, childhood body size, having been breastfed and early socioeconomic circumstances are associated with age at menopause...
  6. ncbi request reprint Smoking, body mass index, socioeconomic status and the menopausal transition in a British national cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London
    Int J Epidemiol 29:845-51. 2000
    ..This study investigates whether cigarette smoking, body mass index (BMI) and socioeconomic status are independently associated with age at menopausal transition...
  7. ncbi request reprint The influence of childhood weight and socioeconomic status on change in adult body mass index in a British national birth cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24:725-34. 2000
    ..To investigate the effect of childhood weight and childhood socioeconomic status on the pattern of change in body mass index (BMI) between 20 and 43 years...
  8. ncbi request reprint Detecting and describing heterogeneity in meta-analysis
    R J Hardy
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London Medical School, U K
    Stat Med 17:841-56. 1998
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Commentary: The association between height growth and cholesterol levels during puberty: implications for adult health
    Rebecca Hardy
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1110-1. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint MUC7 haplotype analysis: results from a longitudinal birth cohort support protective effect of the MUC7*5 allele on respiratory function
    K Rousseau
    The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, Wolfson House, 4 Stephenson Way, London, NW1 2HE, UK
    Ann Hum Genet 70:417-27. 2006
    ..We show that the haplotype carrying MUC7*5 is associated with higher FEV1 at 53 years, reduced age-related decline of FEV1, and also reduced incidence of wheeze...
  11. pmc Validity of age at menarche self-reported in adulthood
    R Cooper
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:993-7. 2006
    ..To test the validity of age at menarche self-reported in adulthood and examine whether socioeconomic position, education, experience of gynaecological events and psychological symptoms influence the accuracy of recall...
  12. pmc Central and total obesity in middle aged men and women in relation to lifetime socioeconomic status: evidence from a national birth cohort
    C Langenberg
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:816-22. 2003
    ..To investigate the influence of social class in childhood, young adulthood and middle age, and intergenerational mobility, on adult central and total obesity...
  13. ncbi request reprint Birth weight, childhood growth and abdominal obesity in adult life
    D Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:40-7. 2002
    ..To examine the relationship of adult abdominal obesity to birth weight, childhood growth and lifetime socioeconomic circumstances...
  14. ncbi request reprint Long-term affective disorder in people with mild learning disability
    M Richards
    National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 179:523-7. 2001
    ....
  15. pmc Birth weight and cognitive function in the British 1946 birth cohort: longitudinal population based study
    M Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMJ 322:199-203. 2001
    ..The effect at this age largely explains associations between birth weight and cognitive function at subsequent ages. Similarly, the association between birth weight and education was accounted for partly by earlier cognitive scores...
  16. ncbi request reprint Is adiposity across life associated with subsequent hysterectomy risk? Findings from the 1946 British birth cohort study
    R Cooper
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    BJOG 115:184-92; discussion 192. 2008
    ..To examine the associations between adiposity at time points from early life onwards and subsequent hysterectomy risk...
  17. ncbi request reprint Social outcomes in adulthood of children with intellectual impairment: evidence from a birth cohort
    I Hall
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University College London, London, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 49:171-82. 2005
    ..We aimed to use a prospective follow-up of a British birth cohort to identify children with mild and more severe intellectual impairment, and compare a range of social outcomes in adulthood with people in the rest of the cohort...
  18. ncbi request reprint Leg and trunk length at 43 years in relation to childhood health, diet and family circumstances; evidence from the 1946 national birth cohort
    M E J Wadsworth
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:383-90. 2002
    ..This is a study of the associations of adult leg and trunk length with early life height and weight, diet, socioeconomic circumstances, and health, and parental height, divorce and death...
  19. ncbi request reprint The design and analysis of paired cluster randomized trials: an application of meta-analysis techniques
    S G Thompson
    Department of Medical Statistics and Evaluation, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London, U K
    Stat Med 16:2063-79. 1997
    ..The methods presented here are contrasted with previously published methods for cluster randomized trials...
  20. ncbi request reprint The life course prospective design: an example of benefits and problems associated with study longevity
    M E J Wadsworth
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free Hospital, University College Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:2193-205. 2003
    ..That seems also likely in Britain's two later born national birth cohort studies that have continued into adulthood...
  21. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular risk at age 53 years in relation to the menopause transition and use of hormone replacement therapy: a prospective British birth cohort study
    D Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BJOG 112:476-85. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer in relation to childhood parental divorce and early adult psychiatric disorder in a British birth cohort
    A U Lokugamage
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Psychol Med 36:1307-12. 2006
    ..We have examined the effects of parental loss in childhood and psychiatric disorder in adult life on breast cancer risk using a national birth cohort study...
  23. ncbi request reprint Number of children and coronary heart disease risk factors in men and women from a British birth cohort
    R Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    BJOG 114:721-30. 2007
    ..To examine the association between number of children and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors in women and men...
  24. pmc Birthweight, childhood growth and risk of breast cancer in a British cohort
    B L Stavola
    Cancer and Public Health Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Br J Cancer 83:964-8. 2000
    ..5 kg) but tall at 7 years (>/= 1.22 m) had a four-fold increase (RR = 4.01; 95% CI = 1.82-8.83). These results suggest that the effect of birthweight on breast cancer risk may be modulated by childhood growth...
  25. pmc Body weight through adult life and risk of urinary incontinence in middle-aged women: results from a British prospective cohort
    G D Mishra
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College and Royal Free Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1415-22. 2008
    ..To determine whether the onset and duration of being overweight or obese are associated with symptoms of urinary incontinence...
  26. ncbi request reprint Adolescents' sense of coherence, oral health status, and oral health-related behaviours
    M C Freire
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, UK
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 29:204-12. 2001
    ..To investigate the relationship between sense of coherence (SOC) and oral health. It was hypothesised that subjects with better oral health status and better oral health-related behaviours have higher levels of SOC...
  27. pmc Offspring birth weight, gestational age and maternal characteristics in relation to glucose status at age 53 years: evidence from a national birth cohort
    D Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Diabet Med 25:530-5. 2008
    ..We investigated pathways linking offspring birth weight to maternal diabetes risk in later life by taking into account a range of prospective early-life and adult maternal factors...
  28. doi request reprint Contribution of functional variation in the IL13 gene to allergy, hay fever and asthma in the NSHD longitudinal 1946 birth cohort
    S Black
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London NW1 2HE, UK
    Allergy 64:1172-8. 2009
    ....
  29. pmc Dietary calcium and vitamin D intakes in childhood and throughout adulthood and mammographic density in a British birth cohort
    G Mishra
    MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Br J Cancer 99:1539-43. 2008
    ..53 s.d. lower percent breast density than those in the lowest fifth (P-value <0.01 for linear trend)...
  30. pmc Mortality from infective endocarditis: clinical predictors of outcome
    S M Wallace
    Department of Cardiology, The Middlesex Hospital, University College London Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK
    Heart 88:53-60. 2002
    ..To identify clinical markers available within the first 48 hours of admission that are associated with poor outcome in infective endocarditis...
  31. pmc Cessation of hormone replacement therapy after reports of adverse findings from randomized controlled trials: evidence from a British Birth Cohort
    Gita Mishra
    National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, England
    Am J Public Health 96:1219-25. 2006
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Developmental origins of midlife physical performance: evidence from a British birth cohort
    Diana Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 164:110-21. 2006
    ..This study is the first to show that childhood growth and development affect midlife performance; prevention of disability and frailty in later life may need to start early...
  33. pmc Life course social roles and women's health in mid-life: causation or selection?
    Anne McMunn
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:484-9. 2006
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Prenatal factors, childhood growth trajectories and age at menarche
    Isabel dos Santos Silva
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:405-12. 2002
    ..The mechanisms underlying this association are not clear, however, as birthweight is a predictor of body size in childhood, and a large body size is known to be associated with an early onset of menarche...
  35. ncbi request reprint Lung function and cognitive ability in a longitudinal birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Psychosom Med 67:602-8. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association between forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and cognitive ability in midlife in the normal population...
  36. ncbi request reprint Developmental origins of midlife grip strength: findings from a birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:702-6. 2006
    ..We tested whether prepubertal growth, pubertal growth, or the development of motor and cognitive capabilities was associated with midlife muscle strength independently of other determinants of grip strength...
  37. ncbi request reprint Birthweight, postnatal growth and cognitive function in a national UK birth cohort
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:342-8. 2002
    ..We therefore investigated the independent effects of birthweight and postnatal height adjusted for postnatal weight on cognitive function and educational attainment while controlling for family background...
  38. pmc Social circumstances and education: life course origins of social inequalities in metabolic risk in a prospective national birth cohort
    Claudia Langenberg
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 96:2216-21. 2006
    ..We investigated the relative importance of education and childhood and adult social class in the risk of metabolic syndrome...
  39. ncbi request reprint Are the effects of risk factors for timing of menopause modified by age? Results from a British birth cohort study
    Gita Mishra
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, University College and Royal Free Medical School, London, UK
    Menopause 14:717-24. 2007
    ..This study investigated the influence of mother's age at menopause, early life and adult behavioral factors on the timing of menopause until age 57 years, and whether these effects vary according to the women's age at menopause...
  40. pmc Childhood cognitive ability and adult mental health in the British 1946 birth cohort
    Stephani L Hatch
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:2285-96. 2007
    ..In addition, the underlying mechanisms responsible for the gender-specific link between childhood cognitive ability and the risk of experiencing internalising disorders in mid-adulthood warrants further consideration...
  41. ncbi request reprint Clinical, social and psychosocial factors associated with self-rated oral health in Brazilian adolescents
    Marcos P Pattussi
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, RS, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 35:377-86. 2007
    ..The objective of this study is to investigate the main social, psychosocial and clinical factors associated with poor self-rated oral health in adolescents...
  42. pmc Is there an association between hysterectomy and subsequent adiposity?
    Rachel Cooper
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Maturitas 58:296-307. 2007
    ....
  43. pmc Neighborhood social capital and dental injuries in Brazilian adolescents
    Marcos Pascoal Pattussi
    Postgraduate Program on Collective Health of the Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 96:1462-8. 2006
    ..We investigated the association between social capital and dental injury...
  44. pmc Body mass index trajectories and age at menopause in a British birth cohort
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Maturitas 59:304-14. 2008
    ..This study investigates the influence of body mass index (BMI) at ages 15, 20, 26, 36, and 43, and of BMI trajectories from 20 to 36 years on the timing of menopause and hormone therapy (HT) use until age 57 years...
  45. pmc Child-to-adult body mass index and height trajectories: a comparison of 2 British birth cohorts
    Leah Li
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics Medical Research Council Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N1EH, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1008-15. 2008
    ..1% vs. 10.8% in males and 23.7% vs. 14.8% in females). Changes in height and adiposity over a relatively short period of 12 years suggest the likelihood of opposing trends of influences on later disease risk in these populations...
  46. ncbi request reprint Commentary: BMI and mortality in the elderly--a life course perspective
    Rebecca Hardy
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:179-80. 2006
  47. ncbi request reprint Age at puberty and adult blood pressure and body size in a British birth cohort study
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    J Hypertens 24:59-66. 2006
    ..To investigate the association between age at puberty and blood pressure at age 53 years...
  48. ncbi request reprint Statistical issues in life course epidemiology
    Bianca L de Stavola
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 163:84-96. 2006
    ..Examples from two cohorts in the United Kingdom are used to illustrate alternative modeling strategies. The authors conclude that more than one analytical approach should be adopted to gain more insight into the underlying mechanisms...
  49. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption and midlife cognitive change in the British 1946 birth cohort study
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 40:112-7. 2005
    ..However, more longitudinal studies are required to confirm that alcohol has an effect on cognitive change and to rule out the possibility that those of higher ability engage in a lifestyle that protects against cognitive decline...
  50. ncbi request reprint Childhood cognitive ability and deaths up until middle age: a post-war birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:408-13. 2004
    ..We examined mortality in relation to cognitive ability at age 8 years in a birth cohort and investigated these possible reasons...
  51. ncbi request reprint Mothers' sense of coherence and their adolescent children's oral health status and behaviours
    MariadoCarmoMatias Freire
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, UK
    Community Dent Health 19:24-31. 2002
    ..To investigate the relationship between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their adolescent children's oral health. SOC is the central construct of the salutogenesis model of health, which seeks to explain factors that promote health...
  52. ncbi request reprint A life-course approach to assess the relationship between social and psychological circumstances and gingival status in adolescents
    Belinda Nicolau
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College, London Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Clin Periodontol 30:1038-45. 2003
    ..Several models have been proposed to explain the causes of periodontal diseases. None have adopted the life-course approach...
  53. pmc Mortality in adults aged 26-54 years related to socioeconomic conditions in childhood and adulthood: post war birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 325:1076-80. 2002
    ..To examine premature mortality in adults in relation to socioeconomic conditions in childhood and adulthood...
  54. ncbi request reprint Patterns of interphalangeal hand joint involvement of osteoarthritis among men and women: a British cohort study
    Jason Poole
    Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Arthritis Rheum 48:3371-6. 2003
    ..To characterize the pattern of involvement of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hand among men and women of the same age...
  55. ncbi request reprint Does active leisure protect cognition? Evidence from a national birth cohort
    Marcus Richards
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, MRC National Survey of Health and Development, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:785-92. 2003
    ..We conclude that physical exercise and spare-time activity are significantly associated with benefit to memory in midlife, although these two kinds of voluntary activity may exert their effects on cognition via different paths...
  56. ncbi request reprint Influence of height, leg and trunk length on pulse pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure
    Claudia Langenberg
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1 6BT, UK
    J Hypertens 21:537-43. 2003
    ..To compare the effects of height, leg and trunk length on pulse pressure (PP), systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in men and women...
  57. ncbi request reprint Women's health in midlife: findings from a British birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    MRC Research Scientist and Reader, Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    J Br Menopause Soc 9:55-60. 2003
    ..Of particular interest are their results linking ovarian ageing to developmental factors. Replication of these findings in other life course cohorts is being sought...
  58. ncbi request reprint Lifetime risk factors for women's psychological distress in midlife
    Diana Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Gower Street Campus, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1957-73. 2002
    ..More attention to a long term temporal perspective is warranted in research on the causes of psychological distress in women at midlife...
  59. ncbi request reprint Social and environmental conditions across the life course and age at menopause in a British birth cohort study
    Rebecca Hardy
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BJOG 112:346-54. 2005
    ..To assess whether socio-economic status, environmental stress and hardship throughout the life course are associated with age at menopause...
  60. ncbi request reprint Childhood cognitive ability and age at menopause: evidence from two cohort studies
    Diana Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London
    Menopause 12:475-82. 2005
    ..To investigate whether poorer cognitive ability in childhood is associated with an earlier menopause...
  61. ncbi request reprint Birth weight, childhood size, and muscle strength in adult life: evidence from a birth cohort study
    Diana Kuh
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, England
    Am J Epidemiol 156:627-33. 2002
    ..As the inevitable loss of muscle fibers proceeds in old age, a deficit in the number of fibers could threaten quality of life and independence...
  62. ncbi request reprint Long-term effects of breast-feeding in a national birth cohort: educational attainment and midlife cognitive function
    Marcus Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:631-5. 2002
    ..Little is known, however, about possible longer-term effects of breast-feeding. We investigated the effect of breast-feeding on educational attainment, and on a range of cognitive skills in midlife, in the British 1946 birth cohort...
  63. ncbi request reprint Cohort Profile: The 1946 National Birth Cohort (MRC National Survey of Health and Development)
    Michael Wadsworth
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Royal Free and UCL Medical School, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:49-54. 2006
  64. ncbi request reprint Grip strength, postural control, and functional leg power in a representative cohort of British men and women: associations with physical activity, health status, and socioeconomic conditions
    Diana Kuh
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, United Kingdom, WC1E 6BT
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:224-31. 2005
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Influence of short stature on the change in pulse pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure from age 36 to 53 years: an analysis using multilevel models
    Claudia Langenberg
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:905-13. 2005
    ..It is unclear how these adult measures of childhood growth influence the change in blood pressure as it increases with age...
  66. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic position across the life course and hysterectomy in three British cohorts: a cross-cohort comparative study
    Rachel Cooper
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    BJOG 112:1126-33. 2005
    ..To examine the association between indicators of lifetime socio-economic position and rates of hysterectomy in three British cohorts...
  67. ncbi request reprint Birthweight and blood pressure in five European birth cohort studies: an investigation of confounding factors
    Rebecca Hardy
    Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Eur J Public Health 16:21-30. 2006
    ..This study investigates the impact of potential confounding variables on the birthweight-blood pressure association in birth cohort studies from different time periods and geographical locations in Europe...
  68. ncbi request reprint Relationship between birthweight and blood lipid concentrations in later life: evidence from the existing literature
    Liisa Lauren
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 32:862-76. 2003
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Postnatal depression and the original mother-child relationship: a prospective cohort study
    Lindsay McLaren
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N 4N1
    J Affect Disord 100:211-9. 2007
    ..Previous studies assessing the role of early mother-child relationship as a risk factor for postnatal depression have been cross-sectional and/or retrospective in nature...
  70. ncbi request reprint The potential impact of neighborhood empowerment on dental caries among adolescents
    Marcos P Pattussi
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos São Leopoldo RS, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 34:344-50. 2006
    ..This relationship has not been explored in relation to dental health. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between neighborhood empowerment and dental caries in adolescents...
  71. ncbi request reprint Women's body satisfaction at midlife and lifetime body size: a prospective study
    Lindsay McLaren
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Health Psychol 22:370-7. 2003
    ..Attention to these factors across the life span is necessary to understand body dissatisfaction in women at midlife...
  72. doi request reprint Impacts of dental pain on daily activities of adolescents aged 14-15 years and their families
    Paulo S A Goes
    Departamento de Odontologia Social, Faculdade de Odontologia de Pernambuco, Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife PE, Brazil
    Acta Odontol Scand 66:7-12. 2008
    ..To assess the prevalence and severity of dental pain on the daily lives of adolescents and their families in Brazil, and, in terms of socio-economic status, whether there are differences in the prevalence of impacts...