Simon J Handley

Summary

Affiliation: University of Plymouth
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Logic, beliefs, and instruction: a test of the default interventionist account of belief bias
    Simon J Handley
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 37:28-43. 2011
  2. ncbi request reprint Alternative antecedents, probabilities, and the suppression of fallacies in Wason's selection task
    Simon J Handley
    Centre for Thinking and Language, Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:799-818. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Conditional reasoning and the Tower of Hanoi: the role of spatial and verbal working memory
    Simon J Handley
    Centre for Thinking and Language, Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Br J Psychol 93:501-18. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint The negated conditional: a litmus test for the suppositional conditional?
    Simon J Handley
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:559-69. 2006
  5. doi request reprint The influence of cognitive ability and instructional set on causal conditional inference
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 63:892-909. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint Reasoning under time pressure. A study of causal conditional inference
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Exp Psychol 56:77-83. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Thinking about conditionals: a study of individual differences
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England
    Mem Cognit 35:1772-84. 2007
  8. doi request reprint Making heads or tails of probability: an experiment with random generators
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Br J Educ Psychol 83:379-95. 2013
  9. doi request reprint Logic feels so good-I like it! Evidence for intuitive detection of logicality in syllogistic reasoning
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:596-616. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Conditional reasoning in autism: activation and integration of knowledge and belief
    Rebecca McKenzie
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drakes Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 46:391-403. 2010

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. doi request reprint Logic, beliefs, and instruction: a test of the default interventionist account of belief bias
    Simon J Handley
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 37:28-43. 2011
    ..In these latter experiments, belief-based judgments took significantly longer than those made under logical instructions. We discuss the implications of these findings for default interventionist accounts of belief bias...
  2. ncbi request reprint Alternative antecedents, probabilities, and the suppression of fallacies in Wason's selection task
    Simon J Handley
    Centre for Thinking and Language, Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 55:799-818. 2002
    ..These findings are discussed in the context of decision theoretic views of selection task performance (Oaksford & Chater, 1994)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Conditional reasoning and the Tower of Hanoi: the role of spatial and verbal working memory
    Simon J Handley
    Centre for Thinking and Language, Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Br J Psychol 93:501-18. 2002
    ..The results are interpreted in the context of recent work that suggests a dissociation between spatial and verbal resources at the level of the central executive...
  4. ncbi request reprint The negated conditional: a litmus test for the suppositional conditional?
    Simon J Handley
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 32:559-69. 2006
    ..In 4 experiments, the authors compare the contrasting predictions that arise from each of these accounts. The findings are consistent with the suppositional theory but are incongruent with the mental model theory of conditionals...
  5. doi request reprint The influence of cognitive ability and instructional set on causal conditional inference
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 63:892-909. 2010
    ..Two different models of belief-based reasoning were found to fit the data according to the kind of instructions and the type of inference under consideration...
  6. ncbi request reprint Reasoning under time pressure. A study of causal conditional inference
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Exp Psychol 56:77-83. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that the belief bias in conditional inference is less open to volitional control than that associated with syllogistic reasoning...
  7. ncbi request reprint Thinking about conditionals: a study of individual differences
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England
    Mem Cognit 35:1772-84. 2007
    ..The results include several novel findings and post challenges to contemporary psychological theories of conditionals...
  8. doi request reprint Making heads or tails of probability: an experiment with random generators
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Br J Educ Psychol 83:379-95. 2013
    ..The equiprobability bias has been repeatedly found to be related to formal education in statistics, and it is claimed to be based on a misunderstanding of the concept of randomness...
  9. doi request reprint Logic feels so good-I like it! Evidence for intuitive detection of logicality in syllogistic reasoning
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 38:596-616. 2012
    ..Finally, when participants misattributed their emotional reactions to background music, this significantly reduced the logic effect...
  10. doi request reprint Conditional reasoning in autism: activation and integration of knowledge and belief
    Rebecca McKenzie
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drakes Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
    Dev Psychol 46:391-403. 2010
    ..These findings are discussed with reference to weak central coherence theory and the conditional reasoning literature...
  11. ncbi request reprint Understanding causal conditionals: a study of individual differences
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:1291-7. 2008
    ..The results are discussed with reference to the suppositional theory of conditionals and our more general account of hypothetical thinking...
  12. doi request reprint When can we say 'if'?
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, England, UK
    Cognition 108:100-16. 2008
    ..All predictions were strongly confirmed, suggesting that such conditionals may best be asserted when they are of high relevance to the goals of the listener...
  13. ncbi request reprint Counterintuitive and alternative moves choice in the Water Jug task
    Hassina P Carder
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    Brain Cogn 66:11-20. 2008
    ..K., Dunbar, K., & Grafman, J. (2001). The effects of frontal lobe lesions on goal achievement in the Water Jug task. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 1129-1147]...
  14. ncbi request reprint Suppositions, extensionality, and conditionals: a critique of the mental model theory of Johnson-Laird And Byrne (2002)
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, England
    Psychol Rev 112:1040-52. 2005
    ..The Johnson-Laird and Byrne theory is critically examined with respect to its account of basic conditionals, nonbasic conditionals, and counterfactuals...
  15. ncbi request reprint Belief bias and figural bias in syllogistic reasoning
    Nicola J Morley
    Department of Psychology, Fylde College, Lancaster University, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 57:666-92. 2004
    ..The findings highlight that different task characteristics influence performance dependent upon the nature of task presentation. These findings are discussed in the context of current theories of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning...
  16. ncbi request reprint Reasoning and dyslexia: a spatial strategy may impede reasoning with visually rich information
    Alison M Bacon
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Br J Psychol 98:79-92. 2007
    ..The paper discusses these results in the light of recent research which has suggested that visual images may impede reasoning, and considers how individuals with dyslexia may differ from other reasoners...
  17. doi request reprint Decontextualised minds: adolescents with autism are less susceptible to the conjunction fallacy than typically developing adolescents
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 40:1378-88. 2010
    ..The findings are discussed in the light of accounts which emphasise differences in contextual processing between typical and autistic populations...
  18. ncbi request reprint Conditionals and conditional probability
    Jonathan S t B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, England
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:321-35. 2003
    ..Individual difference analyses showed that half of the participants used conditional probability and that most of the remaining participants used conjunctive probability as the basis of their judgments...
  19. doi request reprint Dyslexia and reasoning: the importance of visual processes
    Alison M Bacon
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    Br J Psychol 101:433-52. 2010
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Are systemizing and autistic traits related to talent and interest in mathematics and engineering? Testing some of the central claims of the empathizing-systemizing theory
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Br J Psychol 103:472-96. 2012
    ..We discuss the implications of our findings for the E-S theory, and for understanding the autistic cognitive profile...
  21. ncbi request reprint Background beliefs in Bayesian inference
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, England
    Mem Cognit 30:179-90. 2002
    ..We found that both prior probabilities and diagnostic information significantly influenced judgments, whether supplied by beliefs or by statistical information, but that belief-based information tended to dominate the judgments made...
  22. ncbi request reprint On the basis of belief in causal and diagnostic conditionals
    Jonathan St B T Evans
    Centre for Thinking and Language, School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:635-43. 2007
    ..This new finding presents a major challenge for theoretical accounts of the mental processing of conditional statements...
  23. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in deductive reasoning
    Stephen E Newstead
    Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol A 57:33-60. 2004
    ..These results are consistent with a mental models approach to reasoning and also have implications for the debate about human rationality...
  24. ncbi request reprint Generating alternatives: a key component in human reasoning?
    Stephen E Newstead
    Department of Psychology, University of Plymouth, England
    Mem Cognit 30:129-37. 2002
    ..These findings support the predictions of mental models theory and also indicate the potential importance of alternatives generation as a measure of individual differences in processing style...
  25. ncbi request reprint How smart do you need to be to get it wrong? The role of cognitive capacity in the development of heuristic-based judgment
    Kinga Morsanyi
    School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 99:18-36. 2008
    ..We offer an alternative explanation of the findings, considering them in the context of recent claims concerning the role of working memory in contextualized reasoning...
  26. ncbi request reprint The role of prior task experience in temporal misestimation
    Kevin E Thomas
    University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 60:230-40. 2007
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint The story of some: everyday pragmatic inference by children and adults
    Aidan Feeney
    Applied Psychology, University of Durham, Thornaby, Stockton on Tees, UK
    Can J Exp Psychol 58:121-32. 2004
    ..These results suggest that some adults develop the ability to inhibit a pragmatic response in favour of a logical answer. We discuss the implications of these findings for theories of pragmatic inference...
  28. ncbi request reprint The probability of causal conditionals
    David E Over
    Psychology Department, University of Sunderland, Sunderland SR6 0DD, UK
    Cogn Psychol 54:62-97. 2007
    ..Instead, it supports the Ramsey test hypothesis, implying that common processes underlie the use of conditionals in reasoning and judgments of conditional probability in decision making...
  29. ncbi request reprint Iffy beliefs: conditional thinking and belief change
    Constantinos Hadjichristidis
    Department of Cognitive Sciences and Education, University of Trento, Trento, Italy
    Mem Cognit 35:2052-9. 2007
    ..The effect was stronger following the evaluation of conditionals with dissimilar animal categories...
  30. ncbi request reprint On some limits of hypothetical thinking
    Shira Elqayam
    De Montfort University, Leicester, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:784-808. 2008
    ..Liar-type antecedents, in contrast, dramatically weakened belief in conditionals in which they were embedded. The results are discussed in the framework of the theory of hypothetical thinking...
  31. ncbi request reprint Comparisons, mental models, and the action effect in judgments of regret
    Aidan Feeney
    Department of Psychology, Durham University, Queen s Campus, Stockton on Tees TS 17 6BH, England
    Mem Cognit 34:1422-30. 2006
    ..These results suggest that people sometimes base their attributions of regret on comparisons among different sets of mental models...
  32. ncbi request reprint Anchoring in time estimation
    Kevin E Thomas
    School of Psychology, University of Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 127:24-9. 2008
    ..This finding is discussed in relation to the role of prior task experience in moderating this anchoring effect...