D J Gunnell

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bristol
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc A community-based cluster randomised trial of safe storage to reduce pesticide self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: study protocol
    Melissa Pearson
    Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Edinburgh, The Queen s Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4TJ, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:879. 2011
  2. pmc Adolescent self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the ALSPAC cohort: a self-report survey in England
    Judi Kidger
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 12:69. 2012
  3. pmc Maternal and offspring fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes-associated genetic variants and cognitive function at age 8: a Mendelian randomization study in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Carolina Bonilla
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Med Genet 13:90. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Sleep and suicide: an analysis of a cohort of 394,000 Taiwanese adults
    David Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:1457-65. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Time trends in coroners' use of different verdicts for possible suicides and their impact on officially reported incidence of suicide in England: 1990-2005
    D Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 43:1415-22. 2013
  6. doi request reprint The use of the Internet by people who die by suicide in England: a cross sectional study
    David Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    J Affect Disord 141:480-3. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Impact of national policy initiatives on fatal and non-fatal self-harm after psychiatric hospital discharge: time series analysis
    David Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, 39 Whatley Road, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 201:233-8. 2012
  8. pmc The impact of pesticide suicide on the geographic distribution of suicide in Taiwan: a spatial analysis
    Shu Sen Chang
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:260. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Changes in the geography of suicide in young men: England and Wales 1981--2005
    D Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:536-43. 2012
  10. pmc School-based intervention to improve the mental health of low-income, secondary school students in Santiago, Chile (YPSA): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    Trials 12:49. 2011

Detail Information

Publications139 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc A community-based cluster randomised trial of safe storage to reduce pesticide self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: study protocol
    Melissa Pearson
    Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Edinburgh, The Queen s Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4TJ, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:879. 2011
    ..One approach to reducing access to pesticides is for households to store pesticides in lockable "safe-storage" containers. However, before this approach can be promoted, evidence is required on its effectiveness and safety...
  2. pmc Adolescent self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the ALSPAC cohort: a self-report survey in England
    Judi Kidger
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 12:69. 2012
    ..The prevalence of suicidal thoughts and plans at this age, and the inter-relationships between suicidal thoughts, plans and self-harm remain largely unexplored...
  3. pmc Maternal and offspring fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes-associated genetic variants and cognitive function at age 8: a Mendelian randomization study in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Carolina Bonilla
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Med Genet 13:90. 2012
    ..These associations could be explained by confounding...
  4. doi request reprint Sleep and suicide: an analysis of a cohort of 394,000 Taiwanese adults
    David Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:1457-65. 2013
    ..Sleep problems may lead to, or be symptomatic of, depression and other mental illnesses yet few studies have investigated their association with suicide risk...
  5. doi request reprint Time trends in coroners' use of different verdicts for possible suicides and their impact on officially reported incidence of suicide in England: 1990-2005
    D Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 43:1415-22. 2013
    ..Details of all suicide verdicts given by these coroners were also recorded...
  6. doi request reprint The use of the Internet by people who die by suicide in England: a cross sectional study
    David Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    J Affect Disord 141:480-3. 2012
    ..There is widespread concern regarding the possible influence of the Internet on suicidal behaviour. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of Internet-related suicide in England...
  7. doi request reprint Impact of national policy initiatives on fatal and non-fatal self-harm after psychiatric hospital discharge: time series analysis
    David Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, 39 Whatley Road, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 201:233-8. 2012
    ..Risk of self-harm and suicide is greatly increased in the period after discharge from psychiatric in-patient care...
  8. pmc The impact of pesticide suicide on the geographic distribution of suicide in Taiwan: a spatial analysis
    Shu Sen Chang
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Public Health 12:260. 2012
    ..This study aims to investigate geographic variations in pesticide suicide and their impact on the spatial distribution of suicide in Taiwan...
  9. doi request reprint Changes in the geography of suicide in young men: England and Wales 1981--2005
    D Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:536-43. 2012
    ..Suicide rates changed considerably in men aged <45 years in England and Wales between 1980 and 2005. The impact of these changes on the geographic distribution of suicide is unknown...
  10. pmc School-based intervention to improve the mental health of low-income, secondary school students in Santiago, Chile (YPSA): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Ricardo Araya
    University of Bristol, School of Social and Community Medicine, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    Trials 12:49. 2011
    ..This proposal aims to evaluate a school-based, universal psychological intervention to reduce depressive symptoms among student's aged 13-14 attending municipal state secondary schools in Santiago, Chile...
  11. pmc Suicide in the Philippines: time trend analysis (1974-2005) and literature review
    Maria Theresa Redaniel
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 2PS, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:536. 2011
    ..This study aims to investigate trends in the incidence of suicide in the Philippines, assess possible underreporting and provide information on the methods used and the reasons for suicide...
  12. pmc Impact of different pack sizes of paracetamol in the United Kingdom and Ireland on intentional overdoses: a comparative study
    Keith Hawton
    Centre for Suicide Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:460. 2011
    ..Our aim was to determine whether this resulted in smaller overdoses of paracetamol in Ireland compared with the UK...
  13. pmc Suicide epidemics: the impact of newly emerging methods on overall suicide rates - a time trends study
    Kyla Thomas
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:314. 2011
    ..We examine the emergence of three novel methods of suicide by gassing in the 20th and 21st centuries and determine the impact of emerging methods on overall suicide rates...
  14. pmc Self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka: small-area variations in incidence
    Celie Manuel
    Department of International Health, Institute of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, Building 16, P O Box 2099, 1014 Cph K, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 8:26. 2008
    ..To inform the development of preventive measures in these settings, this study investigates small-area variation in self-poisoning incidence and its association with area-based socioeconomic and agricultural factors...
  15. pmc Supporting adolescent emotional health in schools: a mixed methods study of student and staff views in England
    Judi Kidger
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39, Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:403. 2009
    ..Relatively little is known about student and staff views regarding current school-based emotional health provision and what they would like to see in the future, and this is what this study explored...
  16. pmc Pattern of pesticide storage before pesticide self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka
    Fahim Mohamed
    South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
    BMC Public Health 9:405. 2009
    ..The aim of this large observational study was to investigate the immediate source of pesticides used for self-harm to help inform suicide prevention strategies such as reducing domestic access to pesticides...
  17. pmc Antidepressants and suicide: what is the balance of benefit and harm
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 329:34-8. 2004
  18. ncbi request reprint Do height-related variations in insulin-like growth factors underlie the associations of stature with adult chronic disease?
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:213-8. 2004
    ..The associations of anthropometry with IGFBP-2 merit additional investigation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Association of insulin-like growth factor I and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 with intelligence quotient among 8- to 9-year-old children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 116:e681-6. 2005
    ..We are aware of no studies that investigated the association of IGF-I levels with IQ in population samples of normal children...
  20. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology and prevention of suicide by hanging: a systematic review
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:433-42. 2005
    ..This review summarizes the published literature on suicide by hanging. The focus is on its epidemiology in England and on identifying potential means of prevention...
  21. ncbi request reprint IGF1, growth pathway polymorphisms and schizophrenia: a pooling study
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 144:117-20. 2007
    ..SNP coverage of IGF1 was extensive, so our findings do not support a major role for IGF-I in the aetiology of schizophrenia...
  22. pmc The impact of pesticide regulations on suicide in Sri Lanka
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1235-42. 2007
    ..By 2005, rates had halved. We investigated whether Sri Lanka's regulatory controls on the import and sale of pesticides that are particularly toxic to humans were responsible for these changes in the incidence of suicide...
  23. pmc Varenicline and suicidal behaviour: a cohort study based on data from the General Practice Research Database
    D Gunnell
    University of Bristol, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS
    BMJ 339:b3805. 2009
    ..To determine whether varenicline, a recently licensed smoking cessation product, is associated with an increased risk of suicide and suicidal behaviour compared with alternative treatments bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy...
  24. ncbi request reprint Does the misreporting of adult body size depend upon an individual's height and weight? Methodological debate
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1398-9. 2004
  25. pmc Hospital admissions for self harm after discharge from psychiatric inpatient care: cohort study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 337:a2278. 2008
    ..To determine the risk of non-fatal self harm in the 12 months after discharge from psychiatric inpatient care...
  26. pmc Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and suicide in adults: meta-analysis of drug company data from placebo controlled, randomised controlled trials submitted to the MHRA's safety review
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 330:385. 2005
    ..To investigate whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants are associated with an increased risk of suicide related outcomes in adults...
  27. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology and management of self-harm amongst adults in England
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:67-73. 2005
    ..There are no national data on the characteristics and management of people presenting to hospital following self-harm...
  28. pmc The global distribution of fatal pesticide self-poisoning: systematic review
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:357. 2007
    ..Evidence is accumulating that pesticide self-poisoning is one of the most commonly used methods of suicide worldwide, but the magnitude of the problem and the global distribution of these deaths is unknown...
  29. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing the development and amelioration of suicidal thoughts in the general population. Cohort study
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 185:385-93. 2004
    ..The incidence of suicidal thoughts in the British population is unknown...
  30. doi request reprint School performance and risk of suicide in early adulthood: follow-up of two national cohorts of Swedish schoolchildren
    D Gunnell
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Affect Disord 131:104-12. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Influence of cohort effects on patterns of suicide in England and Wales, 1950-1999
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 182:164-70. 2003
    ..Age- and gender-specific suicide rates in England and Wales have changed considerably since 1950...
  32. ncbi request reprint Use of paracetamol (acetaminophen) for suicide and nonfatal poisoning: worldwide patterns of use and misuse
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, Bristol University, England
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 30:313-26. 2000
    ..We recommend restricting the quantity of drug available as a single purchase as the most pragmatic means of reducing paracetamol-related suicide and liver failure...
  33. ncbi request reprint How accurately are height, weight and leg length reported by the elderly, and how closely are they related to measurements recorded in childhood?
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 29:456-64. 2000
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Associations between premorbid intellectual performance, early-life exposures and early-onset schizophrenia. Cohort study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 181:298-305. 2002
    ..Impaired intellectual performance is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia...
  35. ncbi request reprint How great a burden does early discharge to hospital-at-home impose on carers? A randomized controlled trial
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Age Ageing 29:137-42. 2000
    ..to assess the effects of an early discharge hospital-at-home scheme on self-reported carer strain and quality of life...
  36. pmc Associations of height, leg length, and lung function with cardiovascular risk factors in the Midspan Family Study
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:141-6. 2003
    ..Subjects come from 1477 families and are members of the Midspan Family Study...
  37. ncbi request reprint Do patients who self-harm consult their general practitioner soon after hospital discharge? A cohort study
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:599-602. 2002
    ..Approximately 20 % of patients repeat self-harm in the 12 months after admission. The GP's role in DSH aftercare and the prevention of repeat episodes is unclear...
  38. ncbi request reprint Childhood obesity and adult cardiovascular mortality: a 57-y follow-up study based on the Boyd Orr cohort
    D J Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:1111-8. 1998
    ..From the public health perspective, strategies aimed at reducing weight in childhood are important but may only affect adult health if such weight reduction persists into adulthood...
  39. doi request reprint Is low IQ associated with an increased risk of developing suicidal thoughts? A cohort study based on an 18-month follow-up of the national psychiatric morbidity survey
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:34-8. 2009
    ..Studies in young male conscripts suggest that low IQ scores are associated with an increased risk of suicide. Mechanisms underlying this association are unclear...
  40. ncbi request reprint National suicide rates as an indicator of the effect of suicide on premature mortality
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, BS8 2PR, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 362:961-2. 2003
    ..National suicide reduction targets should focus on PYLL and overall suicide rates...
  41. ncbi request reprint Suicide and unemployment in young people. Analysis of trends in England and Wales, 1921-1995
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol
    Br J Psychiatry 175:263-70. 1999
    ..The influence of the macro-economic climate on suicide is unclear. During the recent recession, rates have increased in young males but declined in females...
  42. pmc Medical management of deliberate drug overdose: a neglected area for suicide prevention?
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, Bristol University, Bristol, UK
    Emerg Med J 21:35-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of overdose suicides dying in hospital and describe their sociodemographic characteristics...
  43. ncbi request reprint Method availability and the prevention of suicide--a re-analysis of secular trends in England and Wales 1950-1975
    D Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 35:437-43. 2000
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate method-specific trends in suicide between 1950 and 1975 to elucidate possible explanations for the patterns seen in different demographic groups...
  44. pmc Childhood energy intake and adult mortality from cancer: the Boyd Orr Cohort Study
    S Frankel
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol
    BMJ 316:499-504. 1998
    ..To examine the relation between energy intake in childhood and adult mortality from cancer...
  45. pmc Randomised controlled trial comparing effectiveness and acceptability of an early discharge, hospital at home scheme with acute hospital care
    S H Richards
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 316:1796-801. 1998
    ..To compare effectiveness and acceptability of early discharge to a hospital at home scheme with that of routine discharge from acute hospital...
  46. pmc Hospital at home or acute hospital care? A cost minimisation analysis
    J Coast
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 316:1802-6. 1998
    ..To compare, from the viewpoints of the NHS and social services and of patients, the costs associated with early discharge to a hospital at home scheme and those associated with continued care in an acute hospital...
  47. ncbi request reprint Height, leg length, and cancer: the Caerphilly Study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Nutr Cancer 47:34-9. 2003
    ..05; 0.94-1.18). Height-cancer associations were strongest for lung cancer (HR 1.21; 0.96-1.51). This analysis provides limited support for the suggestion that leg length is the component of height underlying height-cancer associations..
  48. pmc IQ and non-clinical psychotic symptoms in 12-year-olds: results from the ALSPAC birth cohort
    Jeremy Horwood
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 193:185-91. 2008
    ..There is a well-established association between pre-morbid low IQ score and schizophrenia. Psychosis-like symptoms in children may also be a risk factor for psychotic disorder but their relationship with IQ is unclear...
  49. pmc Resuscitation at birth and cognition at 8 years of age: a cohort study
    David E Odd
    Clinical Science at North Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 373:1615-22. 2009
    ..Our aim was to determine whether infants receiving resuscitation after birth, but with no symptoms of encephalopathy, have reduced intelligence quotient (IQ) scores in childhood...
  50. ncbi request reprint Use of the EuroQoL among elderly acute care patients
    J Coast
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Qual Life Res 7:1-10. 1998
    ..It is argued that this research points to the need for rigorous studies (such as randomized controlled trials) to assess the impact of the format of administration of the EuroQoL on the scores obtained...
  51. ncbi request reprint Urban-rural differences in suicide trends in young adults: England and Wales, 1981-1998
    Nicos Middleton
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, BS8 2PR Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:1183-94. 2003
    ..The mental health of young adults or other factors influencing suicide risk may have deteriorated more in rural than urban areas in recent years. Explanations for these trends require further investigation...
  52. pmc The geography of despair among 15-44-year-old men in England and Wales: putting suicide on the map
    Nicos Middleton
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1040-7. 2006
    ..To investigate the spatial patterning and possible contributors to the geographical distribution of suicide among 15-44- year-old men...
  53. pmc Secular trends in prostate cancer mortality, incidence and treatment: England and Wales, 1975-2004
    Sabina Hussain
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BJU Int 101:547-55. 2008
    ....
  54. pmc Suicide rates in young men in England and Wales in the 21st century: time trend study
    Lucy Biddle
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 336:539-42. 2008
    ..To explore trends in suicide in young people to investigate the recent observation that after year on year rises in the 1970s, 1980s, and early 1990s, rates in young men are now declining...
  55. doi request reprint 'Hidden' suicides amongst deaths certified as undetermined intent, accident by pesticide poisoning and accident by suffocation in Taiwan
    Shu Sen Chang
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:143-52. 2010
    ..To identify cause-of-death categories in which suicides might be misclassified in Taiwan...
  56. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: The Boyd Orr cohort--an historical cohort study based on the 65 year follow-up of the Carnegie Survey of Diet and Health (1937-39)
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:742-9. 2005
  57. ncbi request reprint Risk of schizophrenia and other non-affective psychosis among individuals exposed to head injury: case control study
    Glynn Harrison
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Bristol BS6 6JL, United Kingdom
    Schizophr Res 88:119-26. 2006
    ..Further research is needed to clarify the potential roles of social and biological intermediary factors...
  58. ncbi request reprint Patterns of fetal and childhood growth and the development of psychosis in young males: a cohort study
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 158:291-300. 2003
    ..The role of childhood exposures, as indexed by adult height and body mass index, appears to be less strong...
  59. doi request reprint Investigating if psychosis-like symptoms (PLIKS) are associated with family history of schizophrenia or paternal age in the ALSPAC birth cohort
    Stanley Zammit
    The Academic Unit of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Schizophr Res 104:279-86. 2008
    ..Whether future studies of PLIKS will increase our understanding of mechanisms underlying the development of schizophrenia, or prove useful in prediction of this disorder, remains to be seen...
  60. doi request reprint Lower urinary tract symptoms and risk of prostate cancer: the HUNT 2 Cohort, Norway
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 123:1924-8. 2008
    ..Thus, screening for early cancers on the basis of LUTS may not be justified...
  61. ncbi request reprint Inter-rater reliability of the Barthel ADL index: how does a researcher compare to a nurse?
    S H Richards
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Clin Rehabil 14:72-8. 2000
    ..To investigate whether a nonclinical research assistant, using standardized scoring criteria, can reliably administer the Barthel Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Index in a sample of elderly inpatients...
  62. doi request reprint Blood pressure and risk of prostate cancer: Cohort Norway (CONOR)
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 21:463-72. 2010
    ..Some studies suggest that raised blood pressure may increase prostate cancer risk. We investigated associations of blood pressure with prostate cancer within the CONOR collaborative cohorts of Norway...
  63. ncbi request reprint Social fragmentation, severe mental illness and suicide
    Jonathan Evans
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 39:165-70. 2004
    ..Geographic patterns of suicide are associated with area levels of social fragmentation. It is unknown whether this reflects higher levels of severe mental illness in socially fragmented areas...
  64. pmc Breast feeding and cardiovascular disease risk factors, incidence, and mortality: the Caerphilly study
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:121-9. 2005
    ..To investigate the association of having been breast fed with cardiovascular disease risk factors, incidence, and mortality...
  65. ncbi request reprint Why are suicide rates rising in young men but falling in the elderly?-- a time-series analysis of trends in England and Wales 1950-1998
    David Gunnell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:595-611. 2003
    ..It is possible that some of the patterns observed are due to declining levels of social integration, but such effects do not appear to have adversely influenced patterns in older generations...
  66. ncbi request reprint Cross-sectional associations of diet and insulin-like growth factor levels in 7- to 8-year-old children
    Imogen S Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:204-12. 2005
    ..However, few studies have examined the relationship between diet and IGF levels in children...
  67. ncbi request reprint Exposures in childhood, adolescence and early adulthood and breast cancer risk: a systematic review of the literature
    Mona Okasha
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 78:223-76. 2003
    ..No clear association between early drinking and breast cancer risk exists. These results are discussed in relation to possible underlying mechanisms and health promotion strategies which could reduce breast cancer risk...
  68. ncbi request reprint Explaining non-help-seeking amongst young adults with mental distress: a dynamic interpretive model of illness behaviour
    Lucy Biddle
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Sociol Health Illn 29:983-1002. 2007
    ..Although derived in the context of young adulthood and mental distress, this model may have wider applicability as a theoretical template for explaining non-help-seeking in other age groups and conditions, and other illness behaviours...
  69. ncbi request reprint Trends in admissions to hospital involving an assault using a knife or other sharp instrument, England, 1997-2005
    Roy Maxwell
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:186-90. 2007
    ..Main outcome measure All completed hospital admissions with a mention of assault by sharp object (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, code X99) in the relevant diagnosis fields in HES...
  70. ncbi request reprint Body mass index in middle life and future risk of hospital admission for psychoses or depression: findings from the Renfrew/Paisley study
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Psychol Med 37:1151-61. 2007
    ..There is evidence that greater body mass index (BMI) protects against depression, schizophrenia and suicide. However, there is a need for prospective studies...
  71. ncbi request reprint Can adult anthropometry be used as a 'biomarker' for prenatal and childhood exposures?
    David Gunnell
    University of Bristol, Department of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:390-4. 2002
  72. pmc The population impact on incidence of suicide and non-fatal self harm of regulatory action against the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in under 18s in the United Kingdom: ecological study
    Benedict W Wheeler
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 336:542-5. 2008
    ..To investigate the population impact on the incidence of suicide and non-fatal self harm of regulatory action in 2003 to restrict the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in under 18s...
  73. pmc Risk of low Apgar score and socioeconomic position: a study of Swedish male births
    David E Odd
    Clinical Science at North Bristol, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Acta Paediatr 97:1275-80. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal socioeconomic position and a persistent low Apgar score (a score of < 7 at 1 and 5 min following birth)...
  74. pmc Population impact of regulatory activity restricting prescribing of COX-2 inhibitors: ecological study
    Benedict W Wheeler
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 68:752-64. 2009
    ..To investigate impacts of withdrawal and regulatory advice regarding cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on UK population rates of gastrointestinal haemorrhage and acute myocardial infarction (MI)...
  75. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and cardiovascular mortality: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, Avon BS8 2PR, UK
    Eur Heart J 25:778-86. 2004
    ..To investigate the association of breastfeeding with all-cause, cardiovascular, and ischaemic heart disease mortality...
  76. ncbi request reprint Does breast-feeding in infancy lower blood pressure in childhood? The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Circulation 109:1259-66. 2004
    ..Breast-feeding in infancy has been associated with decreased coronary heart disease mortality, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated the association of breast-feeding with blood pressure in a contemporary cohort...
  77. ncbi request reprint Suicide rates, life satisfaction and happiness as markers for population mental health
    Isabelle Bray
    Dept of Social Medicine, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:333-7. 2006
    ..To examine the association of variables from survey data on well-being with suicide rates and other markers of population mental health in Europe...
  78. doi request reprint International regulatory activity restricting COX-2 inhibitor use and deaths due to gastrointestinal haemorrhage and myocardial infarction
    Chris Metcalfe
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol, UK
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:778-85. 2010
    ..To investigate trends in mortality rates due to both myocardial infarction and gastrointestinal haemorrhage before and after rofecoxib withdrawal and the release of regulatory guidance regarding the use of other COX-2 inhibitors...
  79. doi request reprint Was the economic crisis 1997-1998 responsible for rising suicide rates in East/Southeast Asia? A time-trend analysis for Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Thailand
    Shu Sen Chang
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Soc Sci Med 68:1322-31. 2009
    ....
  80. doi request reprint Childhood stature and adult cancer risk: the Boyd Orr cohort
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol, BS8 2PR, England, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:243-51. 2009
    ..8+ years). There was no evidence that any of the five indicators of childhood growth was more strongly related to cancer risk than the other measures...
  81. pmc Young adults' perceptions of GPs as a help source for mental distress: a qualitative study
    Lucy Biddle
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Br J Gen Pract 56:924-31. 2006
    ..Few young adults with mental disorder seek help from a GP.Aim:To explore young adults' perceptions of GPs as a source of help for mental distress...
  82. pmc The association between birth condition and neuropsychological functioning and educational attainment at school age: a cohort study
    David E Odd
    Southmead Hospital, Bristol, Avon, UK
    Arch Dis Child 96:30-7. 2011
    ....
  83. doi request reprint Components of the metabolic syndrome and risk of prostate cancer: the HUNT 2 cohort, Norway
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1181-92. 2009
    ..The metabolic syndrome has been suggested as a unifying link between a "western" lifestyle and an increased prostate cancer risk...
  84. ncbi request reprint Insulin-like growth factor-I and growth in height, leg length, and trunk length between ages 5 and 10 years
    Imogen Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2514-9. 2006
    ..In this study, we investigated the association of IGF-I measured at 5 and 7-8 yr with growth in height and the components of height (leg and trunk length) from 5 yr to 9-10 yr...
  85. ncbi request reprint Association of body mass index measured in childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood with risk of ischemic heart disease and stroke: findings from 3 historical cohort studies
    Debbie A Lawlor
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:767-73. 2006
    ..It is unclear whether early life body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) is associated with adult cardiovascular disease...
  86. ncbi request reprint The usefulness of coroners' data on suicides for providing information relevant to prevention
    Olive Bennewith
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Cotham House, in Bristol, England
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 35:607-14. 2005
    ..The use of standardized forms by coroners would assist studies of factors associated with suicide and potentially provide a representative source of information relevant to suicide prevention...
  87. ncbi request reprint Fetal growth and childhood behavioral problems: results from the ALSPAC cohort
    Nicola J Wiles
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, The Grange, 1 Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1AU, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 163:829-37. 2006
    ..Future work should focus on elucidating the biologic mechanisms that lead to variations in birth length and underlie this association...
  88. pmc Young adults' reluctance to seek help and use medications for mental distress
    Lucy Biddle
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:426. 2006
  89. ncbi request reprint Milk as a food for growth? The insulin-like growth factors link
    Imogen Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
    Public Health Nutr 9:359-68. 2006
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine the association between early diet - in particular, the intakes of cows' milk and dairy products - and height, leg length and IGF-I levels at age 7-8 years...
  90. pmc Continuing controversy over monitoring men with localized prostate cancer: a systematic review of programs in the prostate specific antigen era
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    J Urol 176:439-49. 2006
    ..Current evidence on monitoring protocols and biomarkers used to predict disease progression was systematically reviewed...
  91. ncbi request reprint Breastfeeding and atherosclerosis: intima-media thickness and plaques at 65-year follow-up of the Boyd Orr cohort
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:1482-8. 2005
    ..The impact of breastfeeding in infancy on cardiovascular disease risk is uncertain. We related breastfeeding in infancy to atherosclerosis in adulthood...
  92. ncbi request reprint Breast-feeding and cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR, United Kingdom
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:1446-57. 2005
    ..We investigated associations between breast-feeding during infancy and adult cancer incidence and mortality in a cohort study and meta-analyses of published studies...
  93. ncbi request reprint Crisis card following self-harm: 12-month follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
    Jonathan Evans
    Division of Psychiatry, University of Bristol, Cotham House, Cotham Hill, Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 187:186-7. 2005
    ..19, 95% CI 0.85-1.67). Among those with a first episode of self-harm, the possible benefit of the intervention had diminished (OR=0.89, 95% CI 0.52-1.52), although a modest effect cannot be excluded...
  94. ncbi request reprint Could associations between breastfeeding and insulin-like growth factors underlie associations of breastfeeding with adult chronic disease? The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 62:728-37. 2005
    ..We investigated associations of having been breastfed with serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in childhood...
  95. pmc Advanced paternal age: how old is too old?
    Isabelle Bray
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:851-3. 2006
    ..Adverse health outcomes should be weighed up against advantages for children born to older parents, mindful that these societal advantages are likely to change over time...
  96. ncbi request reprint Breast-feeding and childhood cancer: A systematic review with metaanalysis
    Richard M Martin
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 117:1020-31. 2005
    ..Our estimates suggest that increasing breast-feeding from 50% to 100% would prevent at most 5% of cases of childhood acute leukemia or lymphoma. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc...
  97. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of the MTHFR C677T polymorphism and schizophrenia risk
    Sarah J Lewis
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 135:2-4. 2005
    ..Larger studies of this issue are required, together with studies of maternal genotype which could identify whether maternal folate status during pregnancy is important...
  98. doi request reprint The relation between adiposity throughout the life course and variation in IGFs and IGFBPs: evidence from the ProtecT (Prostate testing for cancer and Treatment) study
    Mari Anne Rowlands
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1829-42. 2010
    ..Adiposity is positively associated with advanced, metastatic, and fatal prostate cancer. Obesity-related variations in insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and -II) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) could underlie these associations...
  99. doi request reprint Childhood circumstances and anthropometry: the Boyd Orr cohort
    Elise Whitley
    Department of Social Medicine, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    Ann Hum Biol 35:518-34. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi request reprint Patterns of hospital admission for adult psychiatric illness in England: analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics data
    Andrew Thompson
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Bristol BS6 6JL, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 185:334-41. 2004
    ..The assessment and reporting of national patterns of psychiatric hospital admissions is important for strategic service development and planning...
  101. pmc Circulating insulin-like growth factor peptides and prostate cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Mari Anne Rowlands
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:2416-29. 2009
    ..Associations between IGFBP-3 and prostate cancer were inconsistent, and there was little evidence for a role of IGF-II, IGFBP-1 or IGFBP-2 in prostate cancer risk...