D C Greenwood

Summary

Affiliation: University of Leeds
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc The impact of imprecisely measured covariates on estimating gene-environment interactions
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:21. 2006
  2. doi Caffeine intake during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis
    Darren C Greenwood
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:725-34. 2014
  3. pmc Glycemic index, glycemic load, carbohydrates, and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies
    Darren C Greenwood
    Corresponding author Darren C Greenwood
    Diabetes Care 36:4166-71. 2013
  4. pmc Study protocol: a cluster randomised controlled trial of a school based fruit and vegetable intervention - Project Tomato
    Meaghan S Kitchen
    Leeds Institute for Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:101. 2009
  5. pmc The Internet for weight control in an obese sample: results of a randomised controlled trial
    Aine McConnon
    Food, Consumer Behaviour and Health Research Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:206. 2007
  6. ncbi HFE genotype modifies the influence of heme iron intake on iron status
    D C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, University of Leeds, and Genetic Epidemiology Division, Cancer Genetics Building, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Epidemiology 16:802-5. 2005
  7. ncbi The impact of high non-starch polysaccharide intake on serum micronutrient concentrations in a cohort of women
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, and Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:543-8. 2004
  8. doi Caffeine intake during pregnancy, late miscarriage and stillbirth
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Worsley Building, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
    Eur J Epidemiol 25:275-80. 2010
  9. pmc Reliability of journal impact factor rankings
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:48. 2007
  10. ncbi The UK Women's Cohort Study: comparison of vegetarians, fish-eaters and meat-eaters
    J E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, University of Leeds, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:871-8. 2004

Detail Information

Publications43

  1. pmc The impact of imprecisely measured covariates on estimating gene-environment interactions
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 6:21. 2006
    ..In particular, the effects of confounder measurement error on gene-environment interactions are unknown...
  2. doi Caffeine intake during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis
    Darren C Greenwood
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 29:725-34. 2014
    ..There is therefore insufficient evidence to support further reductions in the maximum recommended intake of caffeine, but maintenance of current recommendations is a wise precaution. ..
  3. pmc Glycemic index, glycemic load, carbohydrates, and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies
    Darren C Greenwood
    Corresponding author Darren C Greenwood
    Diabetes Care 36:4166-71. 2013
    ..We aimed to conduct a systematic literature review and dose-response meta-analysis of evidence from prospective cohorts...
  4. pmc Study protocol: a cluster randomised controlled trial of a school based fruit and vegetable intervention - Project Tomato
    Meaghan S Kitchen
    Leeds Institute for Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:101. 2009
    ..This proposed study aims to design a flexible multi-component intervention for schools to support the maintenance of fruit and vegetable consumption for Year 3 children who are no longer eligible for the scheme...
  5. pmc The Internet for weight control in an obese sample: results of a randomised controlled trial
    Aine McConnon
    Food, Consumer Behaviour and Health Research Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:206. 2007
    ..This study aims to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an Internet-based resource for obesity management...
  6. ncbi HFE genotype modifies the influence of heme iron intake on iron status
    D C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, University of Leeds, and Genetic Epidemiology Division, Cancer Genetics Building, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, UK
    Epidemiology 16:802-5. 2005
    ..Public health policy to prevent iron deficiency through food fortification or other measures may be disadvantageous to people with hereditary hemochromatosis...
  7. ncbi The impact of high non-starch polysaccharide intake on serum micronutrient concentrations in a cohort of women
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, and Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:543-8. 2004
    ..We aimed to investigate the effect of non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) fibre on plasma micronutrient concentrations in a large free-living population consuming their usual diet...
  8. doi Caffeine intake during pregnancy, late miscarriage and stillbirth
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Worsley Building, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
    Eur J Epidemiol 25:275-80. 2010
    ..Despite remaining uncertainty in the strength of association, our study strengthens the observational evidence base on which current guidance is founded...
  9. pmc Reliability of journal impact factor rankings
    Darren C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 7:48. 2007
    ..Journal impact factors and their ranks are used widely by journals, researchers, and research assessment exercises...
  10. ncbi The UK Women's Cohort Study: comparison of vegetarians, fish-eaters and meat-eaters
    J E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, University of Leeds, UK
    Public Health Nutr 7:871-8. 2004
    ..This paper describes the development of the UK Women's Cohort Study and presents cohort baseline characteristics...
  11. pmc Vitamin C intake from diary recordings and risk of breast cancer in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium
    J Hutchinson
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:561-8. 2012
    ..This is the first study to investigate associations between vitamin C intake and breast cancer risk using food diaries...
  12. doi Age-dependent inequalities in improvements in mortality occur early after acute myocardial infarction in 478,242 patients in the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) registry
    C P Gale
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Department of Cardiology, York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, York, UK Electronic address
    Int J Cardiol 168:881-7. 2013
    ..Mortality rates after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have declined, but there is uncertainty regarding the extent of improvements in early mortality in the elderly...
  13. doi Does the Mediterranean dietary pattern or the Healthy Diet Index influence the risk of breast cancer in a large British cohort of women?
    J E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:920-8. 2011
    ..To assess the risk of developing breast cancer associated with consumption of two common dietary patterns: a Mediterranean dietary pattern and a dietary pattern, which conforms to the World Health Organization Healthy Diet Index (WHO HDI)...
  14. ncbi The use of supermarket till receipts to determine the fat and energy intake in a UK population
    J K Ransley
    Public Health Nutrition Unit, Trinity and All Saints, University of Leeds, UK
    Public Health Nutr 4:1279-86. 2001
    ..To validate the use of supermarket receipts as an index of fat and energy intake in a population that buys most of its food from supermarkets...
  15. pmc Does the school fruit and vegetable scheme improve children's diet? A non-randomised controlled trial
    J K Ransley
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, 30 32 Hyde Terrace, Leeds LS2 9LN, United Kingdom
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:699-703. 2007
    ..Evaluation of the impact on diet of the school fruit and vegetable scheme (SFVS)...
  16. doi A cross-sectional survey of children's packed lunches in the UK: food- and nutrient-based results
    C E L Evans
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, LS2 9LN, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:977-83. 2010
    ..This study measures the provision and consumption of a range of food types and nutrients in British children's packed lunches and compares the results with the prevailing school meal standards in England...
  17. doi SMART lunch box intervention to improve the food and nutrient content of children's packed lunches: UK wide cluster randomised controlled trial
    C E L Evans
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9LN, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:970-6. 2010
    ..Government standards are now in place for children's school meals but not for lunches prepared at home. The aim of this trial is to improve the content of children's packed lunches...
  18. ncbi Inter-brand differences in iron content of breakfast cereals and their impact on measurement of iron intake
    B A O'Hara
    Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 17:461-9. 2004
    ..The variation in reported iron contents of FBCs was examined and the impact of this variation on measurement of iron intake using standard food composition tables was investigated...
  19. pmc Meat consumption and risk of breast cancer in the UK Women's Cohort Study
    E F Taylor
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, 30 32 Hyde Terrace, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Br J Cancer 96:1139-46. 2007
    ..Processed meat showed the strongest HR=1.64 (95% CI: 1.14-2.37) for high consumption compared with none. Women, both pre- and postmenopausal, who consumed the most meat had the highest risk of breast cancer...
  20. ncbi Assessment of diet in young children with an emphasis on fruit and vegetable intake: using CADET--Child and Diet Evaluation Tool
    J E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, 30 32 Hyde Terrace, Leeds LS2 9LN, UK
    Public Health Nutr 9:501-8. 2006
    ..To develop a concise, simple tool for use by non-specialists to assess diet in children aged 3-7 years attending primary schools...
  21. doi Association between sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies
    D C Greenwood
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Level 8, Worsley Building, University of Leeds, LeedsLS2 9JT, UK
    Br J Nutr 112:725-34. 2014
    ..This may indicate an alternative explanation, such as lifestyle factors or reverse causality. Future research should focus on the temporal nature of the association and whether BMI modifies or mediates the association...
  22. pmc Dietary acrylamide intake and risk of breast cancer in the UK women's cohort
    V J Burley
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Br J Cancer 103:1749-54. 2010
    ..No studies to date have demonstrated a clear association with breast cancer risk and dietary exposure to acrylamide...
  23. doi Does nausea and vomiting of pregnancy play a role in the association found between maternal caffeine intake and fetal growth restriction?
    S M Boylan
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Matern Child Health J 17:601-8. 2013
    ..The results from this study show no evidence that the relationship between maternal caffeine intake and fetal growth restriction is modified by nausea and vomiting in pregnancy...
  24. doi Resolving inequalities in care? Reduced mortality in the elderly after acute coronary syndromes. The Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project 2003-2010
    Chris P Gale
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Eur Heart J 33:630-9. 2012
    ..To examine age-dependent in-hospital mortality for hospitalization with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in England and Wales...
  25. ncbi Use of itemized Till receipts to adjust for correlated dietary measurement error
    D C Greenwood
    Biostatistics Unit, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 164:1012-8. 2006
    ..The authors discuss the many methodological challenges of using household-level data and discuss how till receipts might be used in practice, with or without the use of biomarkers...
  26. ncbi The design features and practicalities of conducting a pragmatic cluster randomized trial of obesity management in primary care
    H Moore
    Centre for Research in Primary Care, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Stat Med 20:331-40. 2001
    ..The practical problems (and our solutions) associated with implementing these design features, particularly those that result in a time delay between baseline data collection, randomization and intervention, are discussed...
  27. ncbi Diet and genetic factors associated with iron status in middle-aged women
    Janet E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group and the Biostatistics Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:813-20. 2005
    ..Gene mutations associated with iron overload have been identified. How food and nutrient intakes affect iron status in persons who may be at risk of iron overload because their genetic status is unknown...
  28. ncbi Mortality and suicide after non-fatal self-poisoning: 16-year outcome study
    David Owens
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, University of Leeds School of Medicine, 15 Hyde Terrace, Leeds LS2 9LT, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 187:470-5. 2005
    ..Suicide reduction is government strategy in many countries. We need to quantify the connection between non-fatal self-poisoning and eventual suicide...
  29. pmc A randomised trial of an Internet weight control resource: the UK Weight Control Trial [ISRCTN58621669]
    Sara F L Kirk
    Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, 71 75 Clarendon Road, Leeds, LS2 9PL, UK
    BMC Health Serv Res 3:19. 2003
    ..The project aims to deliver high quality information to the patient and to evaluate the effectiveness of this information, both in terms of weight loss outcomes and cost-effectiveness...
  30. pmc Improving management of obesity in primary care: cluster randomised trial
    Helen Moore
    Centre for Research in Primary Care, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9PL
    BMJ 327:1085. 2003
    ..To evaluate a training programme intended to improve the management of obesity, delivered to general practice teams...
  31. doi A comparison of British school meals and packed lunches from 1990 to 2007: meta-analysis by lunch type
    Charlotte E L Evans
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre of Epidemiology, University of Leeds, Room 8 01, Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Br J Nutr 104:474-87. 2010
    ..The introduction of food-based standards for school meals in 2006 has moderately improved the nutrient content of school meals, slightly widening the nutritional gap between school meals and packed lunches...
  32. doi Common dietary patterns and risk of breast cancer: analysis from the United Kingdom Women's Cohort Study
    Janet E Cade
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Nutr Cancer 62:300-6. 2010
    ..A fish eating dietary pattern that excludes meat from the diet may confer some benefit with regard to risk of postmenopausal breast cancer...
  33. pmc Impact of the CSM advice on thioridazine on general practitioner prescribing behaviour in Leeds: time series analysis
    Nat M J Wright
    Centre for Research in Primary Care, Leeds
    Br J Gen Pract 54:370-3. 2004
    ..001) but others increased slightly in response. Costs mimicked these changes. Fresh criteria are proposed for appraising the quality of evidence needed to inform future urgent facsimile transmissions...
  34. doi Dietary fibre intake and risk of ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke in the UK Women's Cohort Study
    D E Threapleton
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 69:467-74. 2015
    ..Fibre intake was associated with a reduced stroke risk in recent meta-analyses; however, data were contributed by relatively few studies, and few examined different stroke types...
  35. doi General supplement use, subsequent use and cancer risk in the UK Women's Cohort Study
    J Hutchinson
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Willow Terrace Road, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 68:1095-100. 2014
    ..To determine whether general dietary supplement use is associated with cancer risk in UK women and to estimate risks related to use at one and two recording points...
  36. ncbi Use of supermarket receipts to estimate energy and fat content of food purchased by lean and overweight families
    J K Ransley
    Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, 71 75 Clarendon Road, Leeds LS2 9PL, UK
    Appetite 41:141-8. 2003
    ..It was concluded that food purchasing behaviour may be linked to the prevalence of obesity in households who shop at supermarkets...
  37. doi Can peer educators influence healthy eating in people with diabetes? Results of a randomized controlled trial
    J E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Diabet Med 26:1048-54. 2009
    ..To assess whether the Expert Patient Programme (EPP), adapted for people with Type 2 diabetes, can be used to promote healthy eating to improve glycaemic control...
  38. pmc The relationship between dietary supplement use in late pregnancy and birth outcomes: a cohort study in British women
    N A Alwan
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    BJOG 117:821-9. 2010
    ..To examine the relationship between dietary supplement use during pregnancy and birth outcomes...
  39. pmc Rising obesity and expanding waistlines in schoolchildren: a cohort study
    M C J Rudolf
    Leeds Community and Mental Health Trust, Leeds, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:235-7. 2004
    ..International Obesity Task Force measures were found to be more stringent than previous criteria, with no significant change noted over the time period...
  40. ncbi Comparison of plasma biomarkers with dietary assessment methods for fruit and vegetable intake
    J Pollard
    Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Nuffield Institute for Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:988-98. 2003
    ..To assess the variability and validity of plasma-based biomarkers of antioxidant vitamin, and fruit and vegetable intake...
  41. doi Assessing caffeine exposure in pregnant women
    Sinead M Boylan
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9LN, UK
    Br J Nutr 100:875-82. 2008
    ..However, there was still adequate agreement between these measures and the CAT. The CAT is a valuable tool that is now being used in a large prospective study investigating caffeine's role in pregnancy outcome...
  42. doi Impact of missing data on standardised mortality ratios for acute myocardial infarction: evidence from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) 2004-7
    C P Gale
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Heart 97:1926-31. 2011
    ..Standardised mortality ratios (SMR) are often used to depict cardiovascular care. Data missingness, data quality, temporal variation and case-mix can, however, complicate the assessment of clinical performance...
  43. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of the risk of increasing adiposity on Barrett's esophagus
    Michael B Cook
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leeds Institute for Genetics Health and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, England, United Kingdom
    Am J Gastroenterol 103:292-300. 2008
    ..This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated whether increasing BMI is associated with Barrett's esophagus as compared to general population and GERD controls...