J M Gill
Affiliation: University of Glasgow
- Recruiting South Asians to a lifestyle intervention trial: experiences and lessons from PODOSA (Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in South Asians)Anne Douglas
Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
Trials 12:220. 2011..Despite the growing emphasis on the inclusion of ethnic minority patients in research, there is little published on the recruitment of these populations especially to randomised, community based, lifestyle intervention trials in the UK...
- Exercise training has greater effects on insulin sensitivity in daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes than in women with no family history of diabetesN D Barwell
Institute of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, West Medical Building, University of Glasgow, University Avenue, Glasgow, UK
Diabetologia 51:1912-9. 2008..This study aimed to determine the effects of an exercise training intervention on insulin sensitivity in both groups...
- Hepatic production of VLDL1 but not VLDL2 is related to insulin resistance in normoglycaemic middle-aged subjectsJason M R Gill
Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Atherosclerosis 176:49-56. 2004..These results suggest a role for insulin resistance in the determination of hepatic VLDL1 production and highlight the independent regulation of VLDL1 and VLDL2 metabolism...
- Effects of short-term detraining on postprandial metabolism, endothelial function, and inflammation in endurance-trained men: dissociation between changes in triglyceride metabolism and endothelial function. email@example.comJason M R Gill
Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland G31 2ER, United Kingdom
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:4328-35. 2003..These results suggest that, although fat ingestion induces endothelial dysfunction, interventions that alter postprandial TG metabolism will not necessarily concomitantly influence endothelial function...
- Effects of dietary monounsaturated fatty acids on lipoprotein concentrations, compositions, and subfraction distributions and on VLDL apolipoprotein B kinetics: dose-dependent effects on LDLJason M R Gill
Department of Pathological Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 78:47-56. 2003..Replacing dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) lowers LDL cholesterol, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear...
- Effects of a moderate exercise session on postprandial lipoproteins, apolipoproteins and lipoprotein remnants in middle-aged menJason M R Gill
Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
Atherosclerosis 185:87-96. 2006....
- Physical activity, fitness and cardiovascular disease risk in adults: interactions with insulin resistance and obesityJason M R Gill
Institute of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle IDEAL, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, West Medical Building, University of Glasgow, UK
Clin Sci (Lond) 110:409-25. 2006..This may be due to effects of physical activity in normalizing the metabolic dysfunction particularly associated with insulin-resistant conditions...
- Effect of prior moderate exercise on postprandial metabolism in men with type 2 diabetes: heterogeneity of responsesJason M R Gill
Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
Atherosclerosis 194:134-43. 2007..On the afternoon before one test, participants performed a 90-min treadmill walk (Exercise); no exercise was performed before the CONTROL test. Exercise significantly reduced fasting glucose (..
- Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and insulin resistance: a short updateJason M R Gill
Institute of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle IDEAL, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK
Curr Opin Lipidol 18:47-52. 2007..The purpose of this review is to highlight some recent evidence on the interrelationships between physical activity, fitness, obesity, genotype and insulin resistance...
- Physical activity and prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitusJason M R Gill
Institute of Diet, Exercise and Lifestyle, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Sports Med 38:807-24. 2008..Producing tailored guidelines with the specific aim of reducing risk of diabetes in high-risk populations may provide an alternative approach...
- Individual responsiveness to exercise-induced fat loss is associated with change in resting substrate utilizationNicholas D Barwell
Integrative and Systems Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom
Metabolism 58:1320-8. 2009..This suggests that development of strategies to maximize the change in resting fat oxidation in response to an exercise training program may help individuals to maximize exercise-induced fat loss...
- Reproducibility of an oral fat tolerance test is influenced by phase of menstrual cycleJ M Gill
Division of Neuroscience and Biomedical Systems, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Horm Metab Res 37:336-41. 2005....
- Effects of prior moderate exercise on postprandial metabolism and vascular function in lean and centrally obese menJason M R Gill
Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK
J Am Coll Cardiol 44:2375-82. 2004..We investigated whether a session of prior exercise could ameliorate postprandial endothelial dysfunction...
- Physical activity, dietary intake and metabolic risk factors in non-diabetic daughters of patients with type II diabetesSiobhan Higgins
Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Prev Med 40:145-51. 2005..This study aimed to investigate the impact of habitual physical activity and diet on metabolic risk factors in the daughters of patients with type II diabetes and control subjects...
- Effects of prior moderate exercise on exogenous and endogenous lipid metabolism and plasma factor VII activityJ M Gill
Human Muscle Metabolism Research Group, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE113TU, UK
Clin Sci (Lond) 100:517-27. 2001....
- Moderate exercise, postprandial lipaemia and triacylglycerol clearanceJ M Gill
Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
Eur J Clin Invest 31:201-7. 2001..69 +/- 0.49 % min-1; exercise, 4.85 +/- 0.40 % min-1). These data suggest that mechanisms other than increased TG clearance mediate the lower postprandial TG concentrations seen after moderate exercise...
- Effects of a brisk walk on lipoprotein lipase activity and plasma triglyceride concentrations in the fasted and postprandial statesJason M R Gill
Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, 4th Floor, Queen Elizabeth Building, Glasgow, UK
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:184-90. 2003..70 and -0.77 respectively, P<0.05 for both). These data suggest that increased LPL activity may contribute to the hypotriglyceridaemic effect of moderate exercise, although other mechanisms are also likely to be involved...
- Moderate exercise and post-prandial metabolism: issues of dose-responseJason M R Gill
J Sports Sci 20:961-7. 2002..3 vs 7.6%; P < 0.05 for trend). The results demonstrate that the beneficial effects of exercise on post-prandial metabolism are related to the duration and, therefore, the energy expenditure of the exercise session...
- Exercise and postprandial lipid metabolism: an update on potential mechanisms and interactions with high-carbohydrate diets (review)Jason M R Gill
Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
J Nutr Biochem 14:122-32. 2003..Levels of physical activity should therefore be taken into account when considering nutritional strategies for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease...
- Are the reductions in triacylglycerol and insulin levels after exercise related?Jason M R Gill
Department of Pathological Biochemistry, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK
Clin Sci (Lond) 102:223-31. 2002..04, P=0.70). These data suggest that the reductions in fasting and postprandial TG levels elicited by a session of moderate-intensity exercise are not mediated by an increase in insulin sensitivity...
- Effect of 2 weeks of sprint interval training on health-related outcomes in sedentary overweight/obese menLaura J Whyte
Integrative and Systems Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ Glasgow, UK
Metabolism 59:1421-8. 2010....
- Development of a novel method to determine very low density lipoprotein kineticsIqbal A R Al-Shayji
Department of Vascular Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
J Lipid Res 48:2086-95. 2007..05). The protocol is relatively quick, inexpensive, and transferable to nonspecialist laboratories...
- Substrate metabolism, appetite and feeding behaviour under low and high energy turnover conditions in overweight womenFrancesca L Burton
Integrative and Systems Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Br J Nutr 104:1249-59. 2010..49). These findings demonstrate that HET resulted in a more positive carbohydrate balance than LET, which associated with lower subsequent energy intake. This may have implications for the regulation of body weight...
- Exercise and oxidation of dietary fatJason M R Gill
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1072; author reply 1072. 2003
- UK Food Standards Agency cis-monounsaturated fatty acid workshop reportPeter Sanderson
Nutrition Division, Food Standards Agency, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London, WC2 6NH, UK
Br J Nutr 88:99-104. 2002..Recommendations for studies investigating the mechanistic effects of MUFA were also made. Methods of manipulating the food chain to increase MUFA at the expense of saturated fatty acids were also discussed...