Geoffrey Gill

Summary

Affiliation: University of Liverpool
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Hidden diabetes in the UK: use of capture-recapture methods to estimate total prevalence of diabetes mellitus in an urban population
    Geoffrey V Gill
    Division of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    J R Soc Med 96:328-32. 2003
  2. doi request reprint A sub-Saharan African perspective of diabetes
    G V Gill
    Clinical Division, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Diabetologia 52:8-16. 2009
  3. doi request reprint Diabetic complications and glycaemic control in remote North Africa
    G Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, L9 1AE, UK
    QJM 101:793-8. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of aneroid sphygmomanometer blood pressure recording compared with digital and mercury measurements in Brazil
    Geoffrey Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Doct 34:26-7. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint A British Second World War veteran with disseminated strongyloidiasis
    G V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:382-6. 2004
  6. doi request reprint An effective system of nurse-led diabetes care in rural Africa
    G V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 25:606-11. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Chronic Strongyloides stercoralis infection in former British Far East prisoners of war
    G V Gill
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA
    QJM 97:789-95. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Awareness and use of smoking cessation treatments among diabetic patients
    G V Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 22:658-60. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Critical illness with hyponatraemia and impaired cell membrane integrity--the "sick cell syndrome" revisited
    Geoffrey V Gill
    Department of Medicine, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool L9 1AL, UK
    Clin Biochem 38:1045-8. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Long-term (20 years) outcome and mortality of Type 1 diabetic patients in Soweto, South Africa
    G V Gill
    Department of Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Diabet Med 22:1642-6. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications53

  1. pmc Hidden diabetes in the UK: use of capture-recapture methods to estimate total prevalence of diabetes mellitus in an urban population
    Geoffrey V Gill
    Division of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    J R Soc Med 96:328-32. 2003
    ..3% at 80+ years; in females the corresponding figures were 0.4% and 9.3%. The gap between crude and CR-estimated prevalence points to a rate of 'hidden diabetes' that has substantial implications for future diabetes care...
  2. doi request reprint A sub-Saharan African perspective of diabetes
    G V Gill
    Clinical Division, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Diabetologia 52:8-16. 2009
    ..Future improvements depend on practical and sustainable support, coupled with local acceptance of diabetes as a major threat to the future health and quality of life of sub-Saharan Africans...
  3. doi request reprint Diabetic complications and glycaemic control in remote North Africa
    G Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, L9 1AE, UK
    QJM 101:793-8. 2008
    ..Control is often poor and complications are common. However, adequate robust surveys are uncommon, particularly in remote rural areas. This makes needs assessment difficult and health-care planning impossible...
  4. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of aneroid sphygmomanometer blood pressure recording compared with digital and mercury measurements in Brazil
    Geoffrey Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Doct 34:26-7. 2004
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint A British Second World War veteran with disseminated strongyloidiasis
    G V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:382-6. 2004
    ..The pattern of dissemination was also not that of a true hyperinfection syndrome, and the case demonstrates the continued need for diagnostic vigilance amongst former soldiers who were based in the Far East...
  6. doi request reprint An effective system of nurse-led diabetes care in rural Africa
    G V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 25:606-11. 2008
    ..We aimed to set up and evaluate a nurse-led protocol and education-based system in rural Kwazulu Natal in South Africa...
  7. ncbi request reprint Chronic Strongyloides stercoralis infection in former British Far East prisoners of war
    G V Gill
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA
    QJM 97:789-95. 2004
    ..Under conditions of immunosuppression (particularly systemic corticosteroid treatment) potentially fatal dissemination of larvae ('hyperinfection') may occur...
  8. ncbi request reprint Awareness and use of smoking cessation treatments among diabetic patients
    G V Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 22:658-60. 2005
    ..To investigate awareness of pharmacotherapeutic aids to smoking cessation in diabetic cigarette smokers...
  9. ncbi request reprint Critical illness with hyponatraemia and impaired cell membrane integrity--the "sick cell syndrome" revisited
    Geoffrey V Gill
    Department of Medicine, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool L9 1AL, UK
    Clin Biochem 38:1045-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether impaired cell membrane permeability exists in critically ill patients with "sick cell" type hyponatraemia...
  10. ncbi request reprint Long-term (20 years) outcome and mortality of Type 1 diabetic patients in Soweto, South Africa
    G V Gill
    Department of Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Diabet Med 22:1642-6. 2005
    ..To assess the long-term (20 years) mortality, with causes of death, in a cohort of Type 1 diabetic patients resident in Soweto, South Africa...
  11. ncbi request reprint Diabetic ketoacidosis complicated by axillary vein thrombosis
    G V Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Longmoor Lane, Liverpool L9 1AE, UK
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 73:104-6. 2006
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Intensified treatment of type 2 diabetes--positive effects on blood pressure, but not glycaemic control
    G V Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    QJM 96:833-6. 2003
    ..Since publication of the UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) in 1998, there has been a clear evidence base for tight glycaemic (HBA(1c) < 7.0%) and blood pressure (BP < 140/85 mmHg) control...
  13. doi request reprint Cardiac arrhythmia and nocturnal hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetes--the 'dead in bed' syndrome revisited
    G V Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, Clinical Sciences Centre, Aintree University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    Diabetologia 52:42-5. 2009
    ..We investigated this theoretical mechanism using continuous ECG and continuous glucose monitoring in a group of patients with type 1 diabetes...
  14. ncbi request reprint Characteristics and mortality of severe hyponatraemia--a hospital-based study
    Geoffrey Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University HospitalAintree, Liverpool, UK
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 65:246-9. 2006
    ..To determine the characteristics, causes and outcome of severe hyponatraemia (< 125 mmol/l) in hospitalized patients, and to identify mortality predictors...
  15. doi request reprint Immunological and C-peptide studies of patients with diabetes in northern Ethiopia: existence of an unusual subgroup possibly related to malnutrition
    G V Gill
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Diabetologia 54:51-7. 2011
    ..We therefore investigated in detail a cohort of diabetic patients from this region to clarify the nature of this type of diabetes...
  16. doi request reprint The insulin dilemma in resource-limited countries. A way forward?
    G V Gill
    Centre for International Health and Development, Institute for Child Health, London, UK
    Diabetologia 54:19-24. 2011
    ..The IIF has developed a position statement on the provision and choice of diabetes treatments in resource-limited settings which should be applicable wherever consideration of resources is a component of therapeutic decision making...
  17. ncbi request reprint Traditional clay pots as storage containers for insulin in hot climates
    Geoffrey Gill
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Doct 32:237-8. 2002
  18. ncbi request reprint Insulin-treated diabetes and driving in the UK
    G Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 19:435-9. 2002
    ..Diabetes and insulin-treated diabetes is an emotive and difficult issue, for which a stronger evidence base is urgently needed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Enumeration of non-communicable disease in rural South Africa by electronic data linkage and capture-recapture techniques
    G V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 6:435-41. 2001
    ..Capture-recapture analysis is feasible, but requires suitable lists with acceptable overlap of patients...
  20. doi request reprint Improving glycaemic control in African diabetic patients on insulin: a resource-free approach
    Geoffrey V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Doct 39:3-5. 2009
    ..We conclude that a simple change from once- to twice-daily insulin, without monitoring or support, can lead to a significant improvement in the overall glycaemic control, and is suitable for resource-limited tropical countries...
  21. doi request reprint Postprandial hyperglycemia in urban South African blacks with and without coronary artery disease
    Lucas Ntyintyane
    Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:23-9. 2009
    ..This study assessed postprandial hyperglycemia, which a risk factor for CAD, in blacks with and without CAD...
  22. doi request reprint Comparison between surrogate indices of insulin sensitivity and resistance, and the hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic glucose clamp in urban South African blacks with and without coronary artery disease
    Lucas Ntyintyane
    Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Diab Vasc Dis Res 7:151-7. 2010
    ..Log HOMA IR and QUICKI were comparable to the hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic glucose clamp and these surrogate indices provided a valid method to estimate insulin sensitivity/resistance in our patients...
  23. ncbi request reprint An accurate and portable system for glycated haemoglobin measurement in the tropics
    Atakilt Gebrekidan
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Trop Doct 34:94-5. 2004
    ..Though still relatively expensive (pound 4 per test), this meter does give the opportunity for practical and appropriate HbA1c testing in tropical climes, and should be considered for at least intermittent use in diabetic patients...
  24. doi request reprint Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome in British veterans
    D Robson
    Clinical Unit, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, U K
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 103:145-8. 2009
    ..Attempts at the detection and eradication of the infections in the surviving veterans are recommended...
  25. ncbi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolation from diabetic foot ulcers correlates with nasal MRSA carriage
    Stephen Stanaway
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool L9 1AE, United Kingdom
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 75:47-50. 2007
    ..0003). We conclude that nasal MRSA carriage in diabetic patients is a significant risk factor for foot ulcer MRSA infection...
  26. doi request reprint Nocturnal hypoglycaemia in type 1 diabetes--frequency and predictive factors
    A Woodward
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, Clinical Sciences Centre, Aintree University Hospital, L9 7AL, UK
    QJM 102:603-7. 2009
    ..Nocturnal hypoglycaemia (NH) remains a problem in type 1 diabetes and spontaneous asymptomatic NH may be a risk factor for sudden death ('Dead in Bed' syndrome)...
  27. ncbi request reprint Leptin, adiponectin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in relation to the metabolic syndrome in urban South African blacks with and without coronary artery disease
    Lucas Ntyintyane
    Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:243-8. 2009
    ..Inflammation is frequently associated with metabolic syndrome and CAD. This study evaluated markers of inflammation in black CAD patients, some of whom had metabolic syndrome...
  28. pmc Prevalence of obesity in type 2 diabetes in secondary care: association with cardiovascular risk factors
    C Daousi
    Diabetes and Endocrinology Research Group, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    Postgrad Med J 82:280-4. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Unexplained deaths of type 1 diabetic patients
    R B Tattersall
    Professional Advisory Committee, British Diabetic Association, London, UK
    Diabet Med 8:49-58. 1991
    ..All patients were taking human insulin at the time of death but most had been changed from animal insulin between 6 months and 2 years earlier and there was nothing to implicate the species of insulin as a factor in these deaths...
  30. pmc Brittle diabetes in the elderly
    S J Benbow
    University Clinical Department of Medicine, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool L9 1AE, UK
    J R Soc Med 94:578-80. 2001
    ..With the growing use of insulin in the elderly, brittle diabetes is likely to be encountered increasingly often in this age-group...
  31. ncbi request reprint Improving glycaemic control of insulin-treated diabetic patients--a structured audit of specialist nurse intervention
    Alice Yong
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    J Clin Nurs 11:773-6. 2002
    ..The factors which influence diabetic patients' 'responsiveness to change' require further investigation...
  32. ncbi request reprint Assessing diabetic control--reliability of methods available in resource poor settings
    A P Rotchford
    International Centre for Eye Health, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK
    Diabet Med 19:195-200. 2002
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Consequences of captivity: health effects of far East imprisonment in World War II
    D Robson
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    QJM 102:87-96. 2009
    ..Investigation of the survivors has provided unique insights into the medical outcome of deprivation in tropical environments...
  34. ncbi request reprint Chronic kidney disease in long duration type 1 diabetes lasting more than 50 years
    G V Gill
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Clinical Sciences Centre, Liverpool, UK
    Curr Med Res Opin 25:395-400. 2009
    ..To explore this further, we examined the characteristics of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a large cohort of long duration T1DM in the United Kingdom (UK)...
  35. ncbi request reprint Hypoglycaemic admissions among diabetic patients in Soweto, South Africa
    G V Gill
    Department of Medicine, Baragwanath Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Diabet Med 10:181-3. 1993
    ..We conclude that severe hypoglycaemia is a frequent and important acute diabetic complication in Soweto. Patient education and care in prescribing for Type 2 diabetic patients may help reduce its occurrence and severity...
  36. ncbi request reprint 'Disappearing diabetes'--resolution of apparent Type 1 diabetes in a patient with AIDS and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
    E M Evans
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 22:218-20. 2005
    ..Here resolution of diabetes may occur after presentation, though complete return to normoglycaemia after true DKA is very unusual...
  37. doi request reprint 'Microalbuminuric anaemia'--the relationship between haemoglobin levels and albuminuria in diabetes
    O R Adetunji
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 85:179-82. 2009
    ..There is an increasing incidence of anaemia in diabetes despite the absence of significant renal impairment...
  38. ncbi request reprint Aerobic fitness and hand grip strength in Type 1 diabetes: relationship to glycaemic control and body composition
    M E Wallymahmed
    University Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Aintree University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 24:1296-9. 2007
    ..To clarify the relationship of aerobic fitness and handgrip strength with glycaemic control (HbA1c), body composition and lipid profile in Type 1 diabetes...
  39. pmc Hyperglycaemia and mortality
    Khairollah Asadollahi
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    J R Soc Med 100:503-7. 2007
    ..Further work is needed, focusing on more standardized surveys--previous studies vary in their use of blood or plasma, as well as cut-off levels for hyperglycaemia--and larger intervention studies...
  40. pmc Carotid intima-media thickness is a predictor of coronary artery disease in South African black patients
    Zaiboonnisa Holland
    Department of Radiology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Cardiovasc J Afr 20:237-9. 2009
    ..The present study aimed at investigating whether CIMT is a predictor of CAD in South African black patients...
  41. ncbi request reprint Hypertriglyceridaemia is associated with an increased likelihood of albuminuria in extreme duration (> 50 years) Type 1 diabetes
    C Daousi
    Diabetes and Endocrinology Clinical Research Group, University Hospital Aintree, Clinical Sciences Centre, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 25:1234-6. 2008
    ..To explore the association between dyslipidaemia and albuminuria at the extreme of diabetes duration...
  42. ncbi request reprint Metabolic syndrome, undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance are highly prevalent in urbanised South African blacks with coronary artery disease
    L M Ntyintyane
    Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Cardiovasc J S Afr 17:50-5. 2006
    ..Aim: To assess the prevalence of the MS and abnormal glucose regulation in black patients with established CAD, who had no previously known diabetes mellitus (DM)...
  43. pmc Diabetes in a high secure hospital
    I A MacFarlane
    Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    Postgrad Med J 80:35-7. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its possible causes and to assess its control in a high secure hospital...
  44. doi request reprint Long-term glycaemic outcome of structured nurse-led diabetes care in rural Africa
    C Price
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    QJM 104:571-4. 2011
    ..Diabetes care delivery in rural Africa is difficult. Problems include lack of dedicated personnel, monitoring systems, laboratory support and drugs. Few structured intervention projects have been undertaken, none with long-term follow-up...
  45. doi request reprint The outcome of brittle type 1 diabetes--a 20 year study
    A Cartwright
    Department of Diabetes Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L9 1AE, UK
    QJM 104:575-9. 2011
    ..To determine the long-term (20 years from presentation) outcome of brittle type 1 diabetes characterized by recurrent episodes of ketoacidosis (DKA)...
  46. ncbi request reprint Diabetes and diet
    G V Gill
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Doct 32:57. 2002
  47. doi request reprint Postprandial lipaemia, metabolic syndrome and LDL particle size in urbanised South African blacks with and without coronary artery disease
    L M Ntyintyane
    Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa
    QJM 101:111-9. 2008
    ..Small, dense, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles are implicated in atherogenesis. Little is known about postprandial lipaemia or small, dense LDL particles in urbanised black South Africans...
  48. ncbi request reprint Institutional dietary provision for diabetic patients
    S J Benbow
    Diabetes Research Group, University Clinical Departments, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    QJM 94:27-30. 2001
    ..The diet of diabetic residents did not comply with current recommendations. Undernutrition is common in both groups...
  49. ncbi request reprint Laboratory risk factors for hospital mortality in acutely admitted patients
    K Asadollahi
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    QJM 100:501-7. 2007
    ..Although scoring systems exist for critically ill patients, usually in intensive care units (ICUs), there are no specific mortality prediction systems for general acute admissions...
  50. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of diabetic limb sepsis: an African perspective
    Z G Abbas
    Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Diabet Med 19:895-9. 2002
    ..Hence, preventive efforts for both foot and hand sepsis include aggressive glucose control, and education on hand and foot care and the importance of seeking medical attention promptly at the earliest onset of symptoms..
  51. ncbi request reprint Difficult hyponatraemia in an elderly woman
    Geoffrey V Gill
    Hosp Med 64:624. 2003
  52. ncbi request reprint Amputation and mortality in new-onset diabetic foot ulcers stratified by etiology
    Probal K Moulik
    Department of Diabetes, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK
    Diabetes Care 26:491-4. 2003
    ..The present study aims to examine the long-term outcome in terms of amputations and mortality in patients with new-onset diabetic foot ulcers in subgroups stratified by etiology...
  53. ncbi request reprint The rising incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes and reduced contribution of high-risk HLA haplotypes
    Kathleen M Gillespie
    Diabetes and Metabolism, Division of Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Lancet 364:1699-700. 2004
    ..003), especially in those diagnosed at age 5 years or younger, which is consistent with the hypothesis that the rise of type 1 diabetes is due to a major environmental effect...