Alexander J German

Summary

Affiliation: University of Liverpool
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Status of selected nutrients in obese dogs undergoing caloric restriction
    Deborah E Linder
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    BMC Vet Res 9:219. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in the dog: breed associations, nutritional considerations, and long-term outcome
    Alexander J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, United Kingdom
    Top Companion Anim Med 27:104-8. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint Quality of life is reduced in obese dogs but improves after successful weight loss
    A J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Vet J 192:428-34. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Long-term follow-up after weight management in obese dogs: the role of diet in preventing regain
    A J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Vet J 192:65-70. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Changes in body composition during weight loss in obese client-owned cats: loss of lean tissue mass correlates with overall percentage of weight lost
    Alexander J German
    Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 10:452-9. 2008
  6. doi request reprint Use of starting condition score to estimate changes in body weight and composition during weight loss in obese dogs
    A J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Res Vet Sci 87:249-54. 2009
  7. doi request reprint A high protein high fibre diet improves weight loss in obese dogs
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Vet J 183:294-7. 2010
  8. doi request reprint First-choice therapy for dogs presenting with diarrhoea in clinical practice
    A J German
    Department of Comparative and Molecular Medicine, School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Chester High Road, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
    Vet Rec 167:810-4. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint The growing problem of obesity in dogs and cats
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Small Animal Hospital, Liverpool, L7 7EX, UK
    J Nutr 136:1940S-1946S. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint A simple, reliable tool for owners to assess the body condition of their dog or cat
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Nutr 136:2031S-2033S. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. pmc Status of selected nutrients in obese dogs undergoing caloric restriction
    Deborah E Linder
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    BMC Vet Res 9:219. 2013
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in the dog: breed associations, nutritional considerations, and long-term outcome
    Alexander J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, United Kingdom
    Top Companion Anim Med 27:104-8. 2012
    ..Important factors affecting outcome are the choice of enzyme preparation, presence of hypocobalaminemia, and the response to the first 2 to 3 months of therapy...
  3. ncbi request reprint Quality of life is reduced in obese dogs but improves after successful weight loss
    A J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Vet J 192:428-34. 2012
    ..43, P=0.02) and percentage body fat loss (r(P)=0.39, P=0.03). These results indicate demonstrable improvement in HRQOL for obese dogs that successfully lose weight...
  4. ncbi request reprint Long-term follow-up after weight management in obese dogs: the role of diet in preventing regain
    A J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Vet J 192:65-70. 2012
    ..Long-term use of a purpose-formulated weight management diet can significantly limit regain in the follow-up period, likely by limiting food intake...
  5. doi request reprint Changes in body composition during weight loss in obese client-owned cats: loss of lean tissue mass correlates with overall percentage of weight lost
    Alexander J German
    Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 10:452-9. 2008
    ..2%, P=0.026). Conventional weight loss programmes produce safe weight loss, but lean tissue loss is an inevitable consequence in cats that lose significant proportions of their starting body weight...
  6. doi request reprint Use of starting condition score to estimate changes in body weight and composition during weight loss in obese dogs
    A J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Res Vet Sci 87:249-54. 2009
    ..Therefore, although such calculations may provide a guide to final TW in obese dogs, they can either over- or under-estimate the appropriate end point of weight loss...
  7. doi request reprint A high protein high fibre diet improves weight loss in obese dogs
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Vet J 183:294-7. 2010
    ..37% [15-72%), P=0.002). Thus, a diet formulated to include high levels of both protein and fibre, improves outcome during weight loss in obese dogs...
  8. doi request reprint First-choice therapy for dogs presenting with diarrhoea in clinical practice
    A J German
    Department of Comparative and Molecular Medicine, School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Chester High Road, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE
    Vet Rec 167:810-4. 2010
    ..43, P=0.035). In contrast, use of antidiarrhoeal products was positively associated with the presence of faecal mucus (OR=1.77, P=0.043), and negatively associated with vomiting (OR=0.57, P=0.025) and weight loss (OR=0.52, P=0.033)...
  9. ncbi request reprint The growing problem of obesity in dogs and cats
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Small Animal Hospital, Liverpool, L7 7EX, UK
    J Nutr 136:1940S-1946S. 2006
    ..There is a need to increase the awareness of companion animal obesity as a serious medical concern within the veterinary profession...
  10. ncbi request reprint A simple, reliable tool for owners to assess the body condition of their dog or cat
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Nutr 136:2031S-2033S. 2006
  11. ncbi request reprint Comparison of a bioimpedance monitor with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry for noninvasive estimation of percentage body fat in dogs
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Leahurst Campus, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, England
    Am J Vet Res 71:393-8. 2010
    ..To assess performance of a portable bioimpedance monitor for measurement of body composition in dogs...
  12. ncbi request reprint Improvement in insulin resistance and reduction in plasma inflammatory adipokines after weight loss in obese dogs
    A J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral, United Kingdom
    Domest Anim Endocrinol 37:214-26. 2009
    ..Concurrent decreases in TNF-alpha and adipose tissue mass suggest that in dogs, as in humans, this adipokine may be implicated in the insulin resistance of obesity...
  13. doi request reprint Imprecision when using measuring cups to weigh out extruded dry kibbled food
    A J German
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral, UK
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 95:368-73. 2011
    ..Imprecision in measuring food portions could also contribute to failure of weight management programmes for obese animals...
  14. ncbi request reprint Obesity, its associated disorders and the role of inflammatory adipokines in companion animals
    Alexander J German
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Vet J 185:4-9. 2010
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Dietary energy restriction and successful weight loss in obese client-owned dogs
    Alexander J German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Neston, Wirral, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 21:1174-80. 2007
    ..Further, no information currently exists on the changes in body composition during weight loss in clinical cases...
  16. ncbi request reprint Oesophageal strictures in cats associated with doxycycline therapy
    Alexander James German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 7:33-41. 2005
    ..Caution should be exercised when administering oral medication to cats, especially doxycycline, and should be accompanied either by a water or food swallow...
  17. doi request reprint Low-maintenance energy requirements of obese dogs after weight loss
    Alexander J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Br J Nutr 106:S93-6. 2011
    ..Preserving lean tissue during weight loss may maximise post-weight-loss MER and help prevent rebound...
  18. doi request reprint Do feeding practices of obese dogs, before weight loss, affect the success of weight management?
    Alexander J German
    Department of Obesity and Endocrinology, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral CH64 7TE, UK
    Br J Nutr 106:S97-100. 2011
    ..Thus, most pre-weight-loss factors have limited effect on outcomes of weight loss. The significance of the associations identified between feeding of dried food and purchased treats, and weight-loss energy intake, requires further study...
  19. ncbi request reprint Comparison of direct and indirect tests for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and antibiotic-responsive diarrhea in dogs
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Bristol, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 17:33-43. 2003
    ..These results question the utility of quantitative duodenal juice bacteriology and indirect biochemical marker tests for SIBO in the investigation of canine gastrointestinal disorders...
  20. ncbi request reprint Is childhood obesity influenced by dog ownership? No cross-sectional or longitudinal evidence
    Carri Westgarth
    Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Obes Facts 5:833-44. 2012
    ..To examine whether dog ownership is associated with lower risk of childhood obesity...
  21. pmc Pet ownership, dog types and attachment to pets in 9-10 year old children in Liverpool, UK
    Carri Westgarth
    Institute of Infection and Global Health, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE, UK
    BMC Vet Res 9:102. 2013
    ..Data were collected using a survey of 1021 9-10 year old primary school children in a deprived area of the city of Liverpool, UK...
  22. ncbi request reprint Breed associations for canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
    Daniel J Batchelor
    Small Animal Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L7 7EX, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 21:207-14. 2007
    ..Knowledge of breed associations is valuable to clinicians and researchers investigating diseases with a genetic basis...
  23. pmc Dog ownership during pregnancy, maternal activity, and obesity: a cross-sectional study
    Carri Westgarth
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Neston, Cheshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e31315. 2012
    ..As walking is a low-risk exercise, participation of pregnant women in dog walking activities may be a useful context to investigate as part of a broader strategy to improve activity levels in pregnant women...
  24. pmc A cross-sectional study of frequency and factors associated with dog walking in 9-10 year old children in Liverpool, UK
    Carri Westgarth
    Institute of Infection and Global Health, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:822. 2013
    ..The objective of this study was to describe the participation of children in dog walking, including their own and those belonging to somebody else, and investigate factors associated with regular walking with their own pet dog...
  25. pmc A blinded randomised controlled trial to determine the effect of enteric coating on enzyme treatment for canine exocrine pancreatic efficiency
    Aran Mas
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, United Kingdom
    BMC Vet Res 8:127. 2012
    ..Dogs received either an enteric-coated enzyme preparation (test treatment) or an identical preparation without the enteric coating (control treatment) over a period of 56 days...
  26. doi request reprint Mechanisms, causes, investigation and management of vomiting disorders in cats: a literature review
    Daniel J Batchelor
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 15:237-65. 2013
    ..The strength of the evidence on which recommendations are made (and areas where evidence is lacking for cats) has been highlighted throughout...
  27. ncbi request reprint Cross sectional and longitudinal surveys of canine enteric coronavirus infection in kennelled dogs: a molecular marker for biosecurity
    Jenny Stavisky
    Institute of Infection and Global Health, School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Wirral CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Infect Genet Evol 12:1419-26. 2012
    ..We also propose that the diversity of viruses like CECoV in these populations may provide a novel surrogate marker for the success of biosecurity...
  28. ncbi request reprint Standardized positioning is essential for precise determination of body composition using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in dogs
    Eleanor Raffan
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Nutr 136:1976S-1978S. 2006
  29. ncbi request reprint Hypocobalaminaemia is uncommon in cats in the United Kingdom
    Patricia Ibarrola
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool UOL, Small Animal Hospital, Liverpool L7 7EX, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 7:341-8. 2005
    ..Cobalamin deficiency was rare in the population tested and this may suggest that the incidence of this biochemical abnormality is less common than reported in the USA...
  30. doi request reprint Comparison of a chlorambucil-prednisolone combination with an azathioprine-prednisolone combination for treatment of chronic enteropathy with concurrent protein-losing enteropathy in dogs: 27 cases (2007-2010)
    Julien R S Dandrieux
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston CH64 7TE, England
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 242:1705-14. 2013
    ..To compare treatment protocols for chronic enteropathy and concurrent protein-losing enteropathy that used prednisolone in conjunction with either azathioprine or chlorambucil in dogs...
  31. ncbi request reprint Prognostic factors in canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: prolonged survival is likely if clinical remission is achieved
    Daniel J Batchelor
    Small Animal Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 21:54-60. 2007
    ..Response to therapy in canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) varies considerably, making it difficult to determine prognosis for individual patients...
  32. doi request reprint Determination of serum fPLI concentrations in cats with diabetes mellitus
    Yaiza Forcada
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 10:480-7. 2008
    ..This is the first study to demonstrate elevated serum fPLI concentrations in cats with DM, suggesting that pancreatitis could be a significant comorbidity in these cats...
  33. doi request reprint Adipokine expression and secretion by canine adipocytes: stimulation of inflammatory adipokine production by LPS and TNFalpha
    Vivien H Ryan
    Obesity Biology Research Unit, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Duncan Building, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK
    Pflugers Arch 460:603-16. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of Cryptosporidium, Giardia and Isospora species infections in pet cats with clinical signs of gastrointestinal disease
    Sophia Tzannes
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst CH64 7TE, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 10:1-8. 2008
    ..None of these organisms show a characteristic pattern of clinical signs. This study demonstrates that enteric protozoal infection is common in domestic cats showing signs of alimentary disease...
  35. doi request reprint Prevalence of canine enteric coronavirus in a cross-sectional survey of dogs presenting at veterinary practices
    J Stavisky
    Small Animal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Groups, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, S Wirral CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Vet Microbiol 140:18-24. 2010
    ..Interestingly five of the positive dogs from three separate households were aged over 6 years, suggesting that older dogs may play an important role in the persistence of CECoV in such populations...
  36. ncbi request reprint Clinical and clinicopathologic abnormalities in young dogs with acquired and congenital portosystemic shunts: 93 cases (2003-2008)
    Fiona H Adam
    Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Neston, Cheshire, England
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 241:760-5. 2012
    ..To determine whether clinical and clinicopathologic data could assist differentiation of congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSSs) from acquired portosystemic shunts (APSSs) in young dogs...
  37. doi request reprint Biliothorax in a Siamese cat
    Brandan G Wustefeld-Janssens
    Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Veterinary School, Chester High Road, Neston, CH64 7TE, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 13:984-7. 2011
    ..It was suspected that the tears had been created at the time of the thoracostomy tube placement. Biliothorax has not been described before in a cat, and appears to be a rare complication following thoracostomy tube placement...
  38. doi request reprint Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in a cross-sectional study of dogs attending veterinary practices in the UK and risk indicators associated with shedding
    B N Parsons
    Small Animal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Groups, Department of Veterinary Pathology, Leahurst, Chester High Road, Neston CH64 7TE, UK
    Vet J 184:66-70. 2010
    ..upsaliensis infection for humans. However the prevalence of C. jejuni, the most common Campylobacter spp. associated with disease in humans, was low (1.2%, 95% CI 0.3, 3)...
  39. ncbi request reprint Successful resolution of dermatophyte mycetoma following terbinafine treatment in two cats
    T J Nuttall
    The University of Liverpool Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Leahurst Campus, Chester High Road, Neston, Cheshire CH64 7TE, UK
    Vet Dermatol 19:405-10. 2008
    ..To the best of the authors' knowledge this is the first report of a dermatophyte mycetoma in a Maine Coon and of successful resolution of this condition in cats following terbinafine therapy...
  40. doi request reprint Detection of endoparasites with zoonotic potential in dogs with gastrointestinal disease in the UK
    D J Batchelor
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Wirral, UK
    Transbound Emerg Dis 55:99-104. 2008
    ..Moreover, they provide information to direct future work in determining the risk to the human population from parasitic zoonoses of dogs...
  41. pmc Obesity-related metabolic dysfunction in dogs: a comparison with human metabolic syndrome
    Asta Tvarijonaviciute
    Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary School, RegionalCampus of International Excellence Campus Mare Nostrum, University of Murcia, 30100, Murcia, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 8:147. 2012
    ..By way of comparison, total body fat mass was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, whilst total adiponectin, fasting insulin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured using validated assays...
  42. doi request reprint Underlying diseases in dogs referred to a veterinary teaching hospital because of dyspnea: 229 cases (2003-2007)
    Sonja Fonfara
    Small Animal Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, England, UK
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 239:1219-24. 2011
    ..To identify the most frequent underlying diseases in dogs examined because of dyspnea and determine whether signalment, clinical signs, and duration of clinical signs might help guide assessment of the underlying condition and prognosis...
  43. ncbi request reprint Congenital abnormalities of the feline vertebral column
    Anna Newitt
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Crown Street, Liverpool, L7 7EX, UK
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 49:35-41. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae in cats and their effects on morphology of adjacent joints
    Anna L M Newitt
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Crown Street, Liverpool L7 7EX, UK
    J Feline Med Surg 11:941-7. 2009
    ..There was a marked trend towards lumbosacral spondylosis in cats with pelvic rotation or asymmetry. The frequency of hip dysplasia in cats with lumbosacral transitional vertebrae was very similar to those without...
  45. ncbi request reprint Effect of intestinal inflammation on fecal elastase concentration in dogs
    I A Battersby
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bristol, UK
    Vet Clin Pathol 34:49-51. 2005
    ..A commercially available ELISA kit for fecal elastase measurement can be used in the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) in dogs. However, other causes of diarrhea also may affect fecal elastase concentration...
  46. ncbi request reprint Appendicular arterial tumor embolization in two cats with pulmonary carcinoma
    Patricia Ibarrola
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Small Animal Hospital, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L7 7EX UK
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 225:1065-9, 1048-9. 2004
    ..Staining for factor VIII-related antigen confirmed that clusters of neoplastic cells represented intravascular emboli. Clinical signs in the cats were attributed to arterial occlusion by tumor emboli...
  47. ncbi request reprint Multicentric lymphoma in a dog after cyclosporine therapy
    L Blackwood
    Small Animal Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L7 7EX
    J Small Anim Pract 45:259-62. 2004
    ..As the use of cyclosporine in small animals is increasing, further work is required to substantiate and quantify the proposed increased risk...
  48. ncbi request reprint Fecal alpha1-proteinase inhibitor concentration in dogs with chronic gastrointestinal disease
    K F Murphy
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK
    Vet Clin Pathol 32:67-72. 2003
    ..Fecal alpha(1)-proteinase inhibitor (alpha(1)-PI) clearance is a reliable, noninvasive marker for protein-losing enteropathy in human beings. An assay for use in dogs has been developed and validated...
  49. ncbi request reprint Eosinophilic diseases in two Cavalier King Charles spaniels
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Bristol BS40 5DU
    J Small Anim Pract 43:533-8. 2002
    ..This report is the first to describe the concurrence of eosinophilic stomatitis and systemic eosinophilic disease in Cavalier King Charles spaniels, and suggest that this breed may be predisposed to eosinophilic syndromes...
  50. ncbi request reprint Immune cell populations within the duodenal mucosa of dogs with enteropathies
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 15:14-25. 2001
    ..The altered mucosal immune cell populations observed in dogs with ARD or IBD may reflect an underlying immunologic pathogenesis in these disorders...
  51. ncbi request reprint How often do veterinarians assess the bodyweight and body condition of dogs?
    A J German
    Small Animal Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Chester High Road, Neston, Wirral
    Vet Rec 163:503-5. 2008
    ..26 years) and the median number of consultations per assessment was seven (two to 43). A recognised body condition score had been assessed in only one dog on one occasion...
  52. ncbi request reprint Fecal alpha1-proteinase inhibitor concentration in dogs receiving long-term nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy
    K F Murphy
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Vet Clin Pathol 32:136-9. 2003
    ..The value of fecal alpha(1)-PI measurement in detecting unrelated gastrointestinal disease may be limited in dogs on NSAID therapy, but alpha(1)-PI may be a useful marker for NSAID-induced gastrointestinal damage...
  53. pmc Family pet ownership during childhood: findings from a UK birth cohort and implications for public health research
    Carri Westgarth
    School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Campus, Neston, Cheshire, CH64 7TE, UK
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:3704-29. 2010
    ..ALSPAC and other similar birth cohorts can be considered a potential resource for research into the effects of pet ownership during childhood...
  54. ncbi request reprint Trilostane therapy for treatment of pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism in 5 cats
    Reto Neiger
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 18:160-4. 2004
    ..Trilostane ameliorates clinical signs of feline hyperadrenocorticism, but more research is needed before it can be recommended for treatment...
  55. ncbi request reprint Metabolomics: an emerging post-genomic tool for nutrition
    Phillip D Whitfield
    Department of Veterinary Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, UK
    Br J Nutr 92:549-55. 2004
    ..Examples include the metabolism of dietary substrates, drug-induced disturbances of lipid metabolites in type 2 diabetes mellitus and the therapeutic effects of vitamin supplementation in the treatment of chronic metabolic disorders...
  56. ncbi request reprint Sterile nodular panniculitis and pansteatitis in three weimaraners
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Bristol BS40 5DU
    J Small Anim Pract 44:449-55. 2003
    ..This report thus describes a presumed sterile and idiopathic panniculitis/pansteatitis complex in weimaraner dogs. Although the aetiology is unknown, this may represent an immune-mediated disorder...
  57. ncbi request reprint Analysis of canine and feline haemograms using the VetScan HMT analyser
    E C Dewhurst
    Langford Veterinary Diagnostics, Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford
    J Small Anim Pract 44:443-8. 2003
    ..For feline samples, although there was excellent correlation for Hct, Hb and RBC, the WBC and three-part white blood cell differential and platelet count should be interpreted with caution as they can be unreliable...
  58. ncbi request reprint Chronic intestinal inflammation and intestinal disease in dogs
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Vet Intern Med 17:8-20. 2003
    ..This review includes discussion of the factors involved in breakdown of mucosal tolerance, the immunologic basis of canine enteropathies, and the use of novel immunotherapies for these diseases...
  59. ncbi request reprint Adipokine gene expression in dog adipose tissues and dog white adipocytes differentiated in primary culture
    I Eisele
    Neuroendocrine and Obesity Biology Unit, Liverpool Centre for Nutritional Genomics, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, University Clinical Departments, Liverpool L69 3GA, United Kingdom
    Horm Metab Res 37:474-81. 2005
    ..Investigation of adipokine production and function will provide insight into the mechanisms involved in obesity-related pathologies in dogs and serve as a model for the related human diseases...
  60. ncbi request reprint Relative deficiency in IgA production by duodenal explants from German shepherd dogs with small intestinal disease
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Bristol, BS40 5DU, UK
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 76:25-43. 2000
    ..It remains to be determined whether such a deficiency is a breed-related primary defect, or whether it arises secondary to the pathological processes within the intestinal mucosa...
  61. ncbi request reprint Measurement of IgG, IgM and IgA concentrations in canine serum, saliva, tears and bile
    A J German
    University of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, UK
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 64:107-21. 1998
    ..Both findings should be taken into account in future studies of canine mucosal immunoglobulins...
  62. ncbi request reprint Expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens in the canine intestine
    A J German
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, UK
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 61:171-80. 1998
    ..Definition of constitutive expression of MHC class II within the canine intestine may be important in identifying upregulation of this molecule in inflammatory bowel diseases...
  63. doi request reprint NGF gene expression and secretion by canine adipocytes in primary culture: upregulation by the inflammatory mediators LPS and TNFalpha
    V H Ryan
    School of Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Horm Metab Res 40:861-8. 2008
    ..Canine adipocytes appear highly sensitive to inflammatory stimuli...
  64. ncbi request reprint We wish to thank Dr Trumble for her constructive letter
    Alexander James German
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Small Animal Hospital, Crown Street, Liverpool L7 7EX, United Kingdom
    J Feline Med Surg 7:323. 2005