K J Gaston

Summary

Affiliation: University of Sheffield
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Physiological tolerances of the euterrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) as a key to its geographical distribution? A test using mesocosms
    Jenny E Cowling
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 139:251-9. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Abundance, spatial variance and occupancy: arthropod species distribution in the Azores
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:646-56. 2006
  3. pmc Global patterns of geographic range size in birds
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 4:e208. 2006
  4. pmc Geographic range limits: achieving synthesis
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:1395-406. 2009
  5. pmc Habitat conversion and global avian biodiversity loss
    Kevin J Gaston
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1293-300. 2003
  6. pmc Rates of species introduction to a remote oceanic island
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1091-8. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Commonness, population depletion and conservation biology
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:14-9. 2008
  8. pmc Automated species identification: why not?
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:655-67. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Macrophysiology: a conceptual reunification
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 174:595-612. 2009
  10. pmc Birds and people in Europe
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1649-55. 2004

Detail Information

Publications70

  1. ncbi request reprint Physiological tolerances of the euterrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) as a key to its geographical distribution? A test using mesocosms
    Jenny E Cowling
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 139:251-9. 2004
    ..dorrieni is related to the depth of microhabitat available for it to utilise in avoiding low temperatures...
  2. ncbi request reprint Abundance, spatial variance and occupancy: arthropod species distribution in the Azores
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:646-56. 2006
    ..5. Density, spatial variance in density, and occupancy appear to be all the things one needs to know to describe much of the spatial distribution of species...
  3. pmc Global patterns of geographic range size in birds
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 4:e208. 2006
    ....
  4. pmc Geographic range limits: achieving synthesis
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:1395-406. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc Habitat conversion and global avian biodiversity loss
    Kevin J Gaston
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1293-300. 2003
    ..This loss is shared across a range of temperate and tropical land-use types...
  6. pmc Rates of species introduction to a remote oceanic island
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1091-8. 2003
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Commonness, population depletion and conservation biology
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:14-9. 2008
    ..Complementing the focus on extinction risk, we highlight important implications for conservation, including the need to identify, monitor and alleviate significant depletion events...
  8. pmc Automated species identification: why not?
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:655-67. 2004
    ..Vision and enterprise are perhaps more limiting at present than practical constraints on what might possibly be achieved...
  9. ncbi request reprint Macrophysiology: a conceptual reunification
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 174:595-612. 2009
    ..We suggest ways in which each of these components could be developed usefully...
  10. pmc Birds and people in Europe
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1649-55. 2004
    ..The analyses also underline the low numbers of breeding birds in Europe relative to humans, with a median of just three individual birds per person, and 4 g of bird for every kilogram of human...
  11. pmc Geographic range limits of species
    K J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:1391-3. 2009
    ..In this introduction, these contributions are placed in the wider context of these broad themes...
  12. ncbi request reprint Latitudinal gradient in species richness
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Curr Biol 17:R574. 2007
  13. pmc Spatial turnover in the global avifauna
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1567-74. 2007
    ....
  14. pmc The distribution of species range size: a stochastic process
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:1079-86. 2002
    ..The model fits well to several empirical datasets of the geographical range sizes of species in taxonomic assemblages, and provides the simplest explanation of species-range size distributions to date...
  15. pmc The animal species-body size distribution of Marion Island
    K J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:14493-6. 2001
    ..The scarcity of small species might well be a consequence of their large geographic ranges...
  16. ncbi request reprint Global patterns in biodiversity
    K J Gaston
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Nature 405:220-7. 2000
    ..Theory is, however, developing rapidly, improving in its internal consistency, and more readily subjected to empirical challenge...
  17. ncbi request reprint Protected areas in Europe: principle and practice
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1134:97-119. 2008
    ..vi) There are significant concerns over the extent to which existing protected area systems can maintain their biodiversity values, particularly given the small size of many of these areas and likely impacts of climate change...
  18. pmc Human impacts and the global distribution of extinction risk
    Richard G Davies
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:2127-33. 2006
    ..These results underline the importance of a global perspective on the mechanisms driving spatial patterns of extinction risk, and the key role of anthropogenic factors in driving the current extinction crisis...
  19. pmc Robustness of reserve selection procedures under temporal species turnover
    A S Rodrigues
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:49-55. 2000
    ..A desirable compromise can be achieved by embedding the concerns about the long-term maintenance of the biodiversity features of interest in the complementarity-based algorithms...
  20. ncbi request reprint Low functional diversity and no redundancy in British avian assemblages
    Owen L Petchey
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 1SA, UK
    J Anim Ecol 76:977-85. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Persistence and vulnerability: retaining biodiversity in the landscape and in protected areas
    K J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    J Biosci 27:361-84. 2002
    ....
  22. pmc Using presence-absence data to establish reserve selection procedures that are robust to temporal species turnover
    A S Rodrigues
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:897-902. 2000
    ..This strategy was also very efficient, suggesting that the investment made in the monitoring schemes may be compensated for by a lower cost in reserve acquisition...
  23. ncbi request reprint Incorporating private lands in conservation planning: protected areas in Britain
    Sarah F Jackson
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    Ecol Appl 18:1050-60. 2008
    ..Improving the current situation requires not only a more systematic approach to site selection, but a more equitable and diverse portfolio of incentives for private landowners to facilitate the decision to manage sites for conservation...
  24. pmc Psychological benefits of greenspace increase with biodiversity
    Richard A Fuller
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Lett 3:390-4. 2007
    ..These results indicate that successful management of urban greenspaces should emphasize biological complexity to enhance human well-being in addition to biodiversity conservation...
  25. pmc Geographic range size and evolutionary age in birds
    T J Webb
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:1843-50. 2000
    ..We discuss these results with reference to the various models of range-size dynamics that have been proposed...
  26. pmc Field-level bird abundances are enhanced by landscape-scale agri-environment scheme uptake
    Martin Dallimer
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Biol Lett 6:643-6. 2010
    ..Hence, measures of the success of AESs should consider landscape-wide benefits as well as localized impacts...
  27. pmc Relative contribution of abundant and rare species to species-energy relationships
    Karl L Evans
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Lett 1:87-90. 2005
    ..We investigate these opposing predictions using British breeding bird data and find that, contrary to the MIH, common species contribute more to species-energy relationships than rare ones...
  28. pmc Species traits and the form of individual species-energy relationships
    Karl L Evans
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:1779-87. 2006
    ....
  29. pmc Independent colonization of multiple urban centres by a formerly forest specialist bird species
    Karl L Evans
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:2403-10. 2009
    ..If the former model predominates, colonization of multiple urban centres will be particularly difficult when urbanization requires genetic adaptations, having implications for urban species diversity...
  30. pmc Protected areas and regional avian species richness in South Africa
    Karl L Evans
    University of Sheffield, Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Lett 2:184-8. 2006
    ..While the protected area network should be expanded, it is essential that conservation efforts also focus on maintaining biodiversity in the wider unprotected landscape that supports high species richness...
  31. pmc Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness
    Richard G Davies
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1189-97. 2007
    ..Rather a global perspective confirms the primary importance of mountain ranges in high-energy areas...
  32. ncbi request reprint Spatial scale, abundance and the species-energy relationship in British birds
    Karl L Evans
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    J Anim Ecol 77:395-405. 2008
    ..The sampling mechanism, together with species spatial aggregation driven by limited habitat availability, may thus explain the species-energy relationship observed at this spatial scale...
  33. ncbi request reprint A conceptual framework for the colonisation of urban areas: the blackbird Turdus merula as a case study
    Karl L Evans
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 85:643-67. 2010
    ..These are major issues for urban ecology...
  34. pmc The growth of easements as a conservation tool
    Isla S Fishburn
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e4996. 2009
    ..An obvious starting point is to examine the past allocation of effort among conservation approaches and how this has evolved...
  35. pmc Structure of the species--energy relationship
    Aletta Bonn
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1685-91. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint On the heritability of geographic range sizes
    Thomas J Webb
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 161:553-66. 2003
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Species-energy relationships at the macroecological scale: a review of the mechanisms
    Karl L Evans
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:1-25. 2005
    ..The increased population size, niche position and diversification rate mechanisms are particularly noteworthy in this context...
  38. pmc Dissecting the species-energy relationship
    Karl L Evans
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:2155-63. 2005
    ..We find evidence to the contrary, together with little support for suggestions that high-energy availability elevates species richness by increasing the numbers of specialists or predators...
  39. pmc The impact of projected increases in urbanization on ecosystem services
    F Eigenbrod
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 278:3201-8. 2011
    ..Our results illustrate the challenges of meeting, but also of predicting, future demands and patterns of ecosystem services in the face of increasing urbanization...
  40. pmc Pink landscapes: 1/f spectra of spatial environmental variability and bird community composition
    David Storch
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:1791-6. 2002
    ....
  41. pmc Coincident scales of forest feedback on climate and conservation in a diversity hot spot
    Thomas J Webb
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:757-65. 2006
    ..Areas of forest of ca 10(3) km2 would be large enough to support such populations at the same time as minimizing the risk of climatic feedbacks resulting from deforestation...
  42. ncbi request reprint Functional diversity: back to basics and looking forward
    Owen L Petchey
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Ecol Lett 9:741-58. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Urban domestic gardens (XIV): the characteristics of gardens in five cities
    Alison Loram
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    Environ Manage 42:361-76. 2008
    ..This might be detrimental from ecological, aesthetic, social, and economic stand points...
  44. pmc Extinction and the loss of functional diversity
    Owen L Petchey
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Alfred Denny Building, Western Bank, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 269:1721-7. 2002
    ..These data suggest that conserving a large proportion of the functional traits of species requires conserving a large proportion of all species...
  45. ncbi request reprint Environmental tolerances of an invasive terrestrial amphipod, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) in Britain
    Jenny E Cowling
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 136:735-47. 2003
    ..Based on its tolerance to these environmental factors it is suggested that A. dorrieni has a limited potential to invade further into Britain, being restricted to areas with sufficiently high ion concentrations and mild winters...
  46. pmc Ecosystem service benefits of contrasting conservation strategies in a human-dominated region
    Felix Eigenbrod
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:2903-11. 2009
    ....
  47. doi request reprint Threats to avifauna on oceanic islands revisited
    Tim M Blackburn
    Institute of Zoology, ZSL, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, United Kingdom
    Conserv Biol 22:492-4; discussion 495-7. 2008
  48. doi request reprint Sympatric speciation in birds is rare: insights from range data and simulations
    Albert B Phillimore
    Division of Biology and Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 171:646-57. 2008
    ..Our simulations demonstrate that the observed patterns are most consistent with a model in which allopatric speciation is dominant but in which sympatric speciation is also present and contributes 5% of speciation events...
  49. ncbi request reprint Macroecology is distinct from biogeography
    Tim M Blackburn
    Nature 418:723. 2002
  50. ncbi request reprint Ecology: The how and why of biodiversity
    Kevin J Gaston
    Nature 421:900-1. 2003
  51. ncbi request reprint Occupancy, spatial variance, and the abundance of species
    Fangliang He
    Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, British Columbia V8Z 1M5, Canada
    Am Nat 162:366-75. 2003
  52. doi request reprint The quest for a null model for macroecological patterns: geometry of species distributions at multiple spatial scales
    David Storch
    Center for Theoretical Study, Charles University, Jilská 1, 11000 Praha 1, Czech Republic
    Ecol Lett 11:771-84. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Occupancy frequency distributions: patterns, artefacts and mechanisms
    Melodie A McGeoch
    Department of Conservation Ecology, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland, South Africa
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 77:311-31. 2002
    ....
  54. pmc Macrophysiology for a changing world
    Steven L Chown
    Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, Republic of South Africa
    Proc Biol Sci 275:1469-78. 2008
    ..In so doing we demonstrate that environmental physiologists have much to offer the scientific quest to resolve major environmental problems...
  55. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity
    Ana S L Rodrigues
    Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Nature 428:640-3. 2004
    ..We show that the global network is far from complete, and demonstrate the inadequacy of uniform--that is, 'one size fits all'--conservation targets...
  56. ncbi request reprint Variations on a theme: sources of heterogeneity in the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and distribution
    Tim M Blackburn
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:1426-39. 2006
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Global distribution and conservation of rare and threatened vertebrates
    Richard Grenyer
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA
    Nature 444:93-6. 2006
    ..Instead, priority areas for biodiversity conservation must be based on high-resolution data from multiple taxa...
  58. ncbi request reprint Energy, range dynamics and global species richness patterns: reconciling mid-domain effects and environmental determinants of avian diversity
    David Storch
    Ecol Lett 9:1308-20. 2006
    ..This model also accurately predicts the latitudinal variation in species richness and variation of species richness both within and between realms, thus representing a compelling mechanism for the major trends in global biodiversity...
  59. pmc Causes of exotic bird establishment across oceanic islands
    Phillip Cassey
    University of Birmingham School of Biosciences Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:2059-63. 2005
    ..However, they also reveal a strong negative interaction across regions between establishment success and predation; exotic birds are more likely to fail on islands with species-rich mammalian predator assemblages...
  60. ncbi request reprint Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology and
    Nature 436:1016-9. 2005
    ..Consequently, the different types of hotspots also vary greatly in their utility as conservation tools...
  61. ncbi request reprint Biogeographical basis of recent phenotypic divergence among birds: a global study of subspecies richness
    Albert B Phillimore
    Division of Biology and Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Evolution 61:942-57. 2007
    ..Overall, we demonstrate that biogeographic models can explain about 30% of the global variation in subspecies richness in birds...
  62. pmc Predicting unknown species numbers using discovery curves
    Daniel P Bebber
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1651-8. 2007
    ..The strong influence of unpredictable variations in the discovery process on species accumulation curves makes these data unreliable in estimating total species numbers...
  63. ncbi request reprint Ecology. Coral reefs and the global network of Marine Protected Areas
    Camilo Mora
    Leigh Marine Laboratory, University of Auckland, Post Office Box 349, Warkworth, New Zealand
    Science 312:1750-1. 2006
  64. ncbi request reprint Ecology. Untangling an entangled bank
    David Storch
    Center for Theoretical Study, Charles University, 110 00 CZ Praha 1, Czech Republic
    Science 307:684-6. 2005
  65. pmc Hemispheric asymmetries in biodiversity--a serious matter for ecology
    Steven L Chown
    Centre for Invasion Biology and Department of Botany and Zoology, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    PLoS Biol 2:e406. 2004
  66. ncbi request reprint Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands
    Tim M Blackburn
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Science 305:1955-8. 2004
    ....
  67. pmc Global variation in terrestrial conservation costs, conservation benefits, and unmet conservation needs
    Andrew Balmford
    Conservation Biology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:1046-50. 2003
    ..Substantially increased investment in tropical conservation is therefore urgently required if opportunities for cost-effective action are not to be missed...
  68. ncbi request reprint Constraint and competition in assemblages: a cross-continental and modeling approach for ants
    Catherine L Parr
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
    Am Nat 165:481-94. 2005
    ..Our results draw attention to the significance of regional processes in structuring ant assemblages...
  69. ncbi request reprint The mid-domain effect revisited
    Fernando A Zapata
    Department of Biology, Universidad de Valle, Apartado Aéreo 25360, Cali, Colombia
    Am Nat 166:E144-8; discussion E149-54. 2005
    ..Criticism of MDE model assumptions does not, however, imply opposition to the use of null models in ecology...
  70. pmc Climate, energy and diversity
    Andrew Clarke
    Biological Sciences, British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Cambridge, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:2257-66. 2006
    ..If we are to make progress in elucidating these mechanisms, it is important to distinguish climatic effects on species' distribution and abundance from processes linking energy supply to plant and animal diversity...