Andy Gardner

Summary

Affiliation: University of Edinburgh
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Even more extreme fertility insurance and the sex ratios of protozoan blood parasites
    A Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Theor Biol 223:515-21. 2003
  2. doi request reprint Capturing the superorganism: a formal theory of group adaptation
    A Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 22:659-71. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Social evolution: the decline and fall of genetic kin recognition
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 17:R810-2. 2007
  4. doi request reprint The Price equation
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 18:R198-202. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Social evolution: this microbe will self-destruct
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 18:R1021-3. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Budding dispersal and the sex ratio
    A Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 22:1036-45. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint A dimensionless invariant for relative size at sex change in animals: explanation and implications
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 165:551-66. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Spite and the scale of competition
    A Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:1195-203. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Ecology. Spite among siblings
    Andy Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 305:1413-4. 2004
  10. pmc Bacteriocins, spite and virulence
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1529-35. 2004

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint Even more extreme fertility insurance and the sex ratios of protozoan blood parasites
    A Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Theor Biol 223:515-21. 2003
    ..Our results show that interactions between the two types of fertility insurance reduce the extent of female bias predicted in the sex ratio, suggesting that fertility insurance may be more important than has previously been assumed...
  2. doi request reprint Capturing the superorganism: a formal theory of group adaptation
    A Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 22:659-71. 2009
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Social evolution: the decline and fall of genetic kin recognition
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 17:R810-2. 2007
    ..Animals should benefit from the ability to recognise their kin, yet curiously this faculty is often absent. New theory confirms that genetic kin recognition is inherently unstable, explaining its rarity...
  4. doi request reprint The Price equation
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 18:R198-202. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Social evolution: this microbe will self-destruct
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 18:R1021-3. 2008
    ..Phenotypic noise and social evolution in microbes have recently attracted huge interdisciplinary interest. A new study highlights the interaction between these phenomena and its implications for self-destructive cooperation...
  6. ncbi request reprint Budding dispersal and the sex ratio
    A Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 22:1036-45. 2009
    ..More generally, our analysis illustrates the relative ease with which biological problems involving class structure can be solved using a kin selection approach to social evolution theory...
  7. ncbi request reprint A dimensionless invariant for relative size at sex change in animals: explanation and implications
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 165:551-66. 2005
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Spite and the scale of competition
    A Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:1195-203. 2004
    ..Wilsonian); (iv) local competition can enhance the spread of spiteful greenbeards; and (v) the theory makes testable predictions for how the extent of spite should vary dependent upon population structure and average relatedness...
  9. ncbi request reprint Ecology. Spite among siblings
    Andy Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 305:1413-4. 2004
  10. pmc Bacteriocins, spite and virulence
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:1529-35. 2004
    ..This emphasizes how biological details can fundamentally alter the qualitative nature of theoretical predictions made by models of parasite virulence...
  11. ncbi request reprint Is evolvability involved in the origin of modular variation?
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 57:1448-50. 2003
    ..In addition, we question the relation between modularity and evolvability in their simulations, suggesting that this modularity cannot confer enhanced evolvability...
  12. pmc Is bacterial persistence a social trait?
    Andy Gardner
    St John s College, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 2:e752. 2007
    ..More generally, our results clarify the links between persistence and other bet-hedging or social behaviours...
  13. pmc Resource supply and the evolution of public-goods cooperation in bacteria
    Michael A Brockhurst
    School of Biological Sciences, Biosciences Building, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK
    BMC Biol 6:20. 2008
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Density dependence and cooperation: theory and a test with bacteria
    Adin Ross-Gillespie
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Evolution 63:2315-25. 2009
    ..Furthermore, as assumed by theory, we show that this occurs because cheats are better able to exploit the cooperative siderophore production of other cells when they are physically closer to them...
  15. doi request reprint Altruism, spite, and greenbeards
    Stuart A West
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:1341-4. 2010
    ..represented by the sterile workers of social insects, driven by genetics or ecology? Does spite really exist in nature? And, can altruism be favored between individuals who are not close kin but share a "greenbeard" gene for altruism?..
  16. ncbi request reprint Siderophore-mediated cooperation and virulence in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Angus Buckling
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 62:135-41. 2007
    ..Fourth, cooperative pyoverdin production is also shown to be favoured by kin selection in vivo (caterpillars), and results in more virulent infections. Finally, we briefly outline ongoing and future work using this experimental system...
  17. ncbi request reprint Ecological drivers of the evolution of public-goods cooperation in bacteria
    Michael A Brockhurst
    School of Biological Sciences, Biosciences Building, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, United Kingdom
    Ecology 91:334-40. 2010
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Cooperation peaks at intermediate disturbance
    Michael A Brockhurst
    School of Biological Sciences, Biosciences Building, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool, L69 7ZB, UK
    Curr Biol 17:761-5. 2007
    ..Given the ubiquity of disturbances in nature, these results suggest that they may play a major role in the evolution of social traits in microbes...
  19. pmc Sex and death: the effects of innate immune factors on the sexual reproduction of malaria parasites
    Ricardo S Ramiro
    Institutes of Evolution, Immunology and Infection Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1001309. 2011
    ..Given the drive to develop medical interventions that interfere with parasite mating, our data and theoretical models have important implications...
  20. doi request reprint Limited dispersal, budding dispersal, and cooperation: an experimental study
    Rolf Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Evolution 63:939-49. 2009
    ....
  21. doi request reprint A model for genomic imprinting in the social brain: elders
    Francisco Ubeda
    School of Biological Sciences, University of London, Royal Holloway, Egham TW20 0EX, United Kingdom
    Evolution 66:1567-81. 2012
    ..Although individuals are riven by internal conflict in their youth and middle age, they put their demons to rest in later life...
  22. doi request reprint Integrating physiological, ecological and evolutionary change: a Price equation approach
    Sinead Collins
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH93JT, UK
    Ecol Lett 12:744-57. 2009
    ..Thus Price's equation provides not only a powerful conceptual aid, but also a means for testing hypotheses and for directing empirical research programmes...
  23. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary explanations for cooperation
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:R661-72. 2007
    ..Over the last 40 years, biologists have developed a theoretical framework that can explain cooperation at all these levels. Here, we summarise this theory, illustrate how it may be applied to real organisms and discuss future directions...
  24. pmc Sex ratio adjustment and kin discrimination in malaria parasites
    Sarah E Reece
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Ashworth Laboratories, School of Biological Science, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Nature 453:609-14. 2008
    ..Malaria parasites provide a novel way to test evolutionary theory, and support the generality and power of a darwinian approach...
  25. ncbi request reprint The enforcement of cooperation by policing
    Claire El Mouden
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Evolution 64:2139-52. 2010
    ..We find that large groups and increased kin competition disfavor policing, and that policing is maintained more readily than it invades. Policing may be harder to evolve than previously thought...
  26. ncbi request reprint Social semantics: altruism, cooperation, mutualism, strong reciprocity and group selection
    S A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 20:415-32. 2007
    ..We draw examples from all areas, but especially recent work on humans and microbes...
  27. doi request reprint Nice natives and mean migrants: the evolution of dispersal-dependent social behaviour in viscous populations
    C El Mouden
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 21:1480-91. 2008
    ..We find that nondispersing individuals are weakly favoured to indiscriminately help their neighbours, whereas dispersing individuals are more readily favoured to indiscriminately harm their neighbours...
  28. doi request reprint Adaptation and inclusive fitness
    Stuart A West
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, The Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Curr Biol 23:R577-84. 2013
    ..Consequently, inclusive fitness remains the most general theory for explaining adaptation. ..
  29. pmc The meaning of death: evolution and ecology of apoptosis in protozoan parasites
    Sarah E Reece
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002320. 2011
    ..Understanding how, when, and why parasites employ apoptosis is central to targeting this process with interventions that are sustainable in the face of parasite evolution...
  30. ncbi request reprint Social evolution theory for microorganisms
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 4:597-607. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Altruism
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Curr Biol 16:R482-3. 2006
  32. ncbi request reprint Cooperation and the scale of competition in humans
    Stuart A West
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 16:1103-6. 2006
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Evolution of helping and harming in heterogeneous groups
    António M M Rodrigues
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Evolution 67:2284-98. 2013
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Quorum sensing and the confusion about diffusion
    Stuart A West
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK
    Trends Microbiol 20:586-94. 2012
    ..More generally, work in this area illustrates how the use of jargon can obscure the underlying concepts and key questions...
  35. pmc How do communication systems emerge?
    Thomas C Scott-Phillips
    School of Psychology, Philosophy and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, 3 Charles Street, Edinburgh EH8 9AD, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 279:1943-9. 2012
    ..More generally, our results demonstrate the utility of a functional approach to communication...
  36. ncbi request reprint Frequency dependence and cooperation: theory and a test with bacteria
    Adin Ross-Gillespie
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King s Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 170:331-42. 2007
    ....
  37. pmc Ecology drives intragenomic conflict over menopause
    Francisco Ubeda
    School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX, UK
    Ecol Lett 17:165-74. 2014
    ....
  38. doi request reprint Ecology, not the genetics of sex determination, determines who helps in eusocial populations
    Laura Ross
    School of Biological Sciences, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT, UK Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK Electronic address
    Curr Biol 23:2383-7. 2013
    ....
  39. doi request reprint Kin selection under blending inheritance
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Theor Biol 284:125-9. 2011
    ..e. a time-average of Hamilton's rule - remains the same as under particulate inheritance. By eliminating the gene from the theory of kin selection, I clarify the role that it plays in the theory of social adaptation...
  40. ncbi request reprint Recombination and the evolution of mutational robustness
    Andy Gardner
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    J Theor Biol 241:707-15. 2006
    ..We examine a simple two-locus model that allows for intermediate rates of recombination and inbreeding to show that increasing the effective recombination rate allows for the evolution of greater mutational robustness...
  41. doi request reprint Repression of competition favours cooperation: experimental evidence from bacteria
    R Kümmerli
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Evol Biol 23:699-706. 2010
    ..This confirms that RC per se, as opposed to increased relatedness, has driven the observed increase in bacterial cooperation...
  42. ncbi request reprint Spiteful soldiers and sex ratio conflict in polyembryonic parasitoid wasps
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Am Nat 169:519-33. 2007
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Spite
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston ON, K7L 3N6, Canada
    Curr Biol 16:R662-4. 2006
  44. ncbi request reprint The evolutionary consequences of plasticity in host-pathogen interactions
    Peter D Taylor
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6
    Theor Popul Biol 69:323-31. 2006
    ..We find, quite generally, that plasticity promotes the evolution of higher levels of cooperation, in this case leading to reduced levels of both virulence and clearance...
  45. pmc Evolutionary theory of bacterial quorum sensing: when is a signal not a signal?
    Stephen P Diggle
    Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University Park, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:1241-9. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint The relation between multilocus population genetics and social evolution theory
    Andy Gardner
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
    Am Nat 169:207-26. 2007
    ....