C R Gale

Summary

Affiliation: University of Southampton
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Renal function, plasma homocysteine and carotid atherosclerosis in elderly people
    C R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Atherosclerosis 154:141-6. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Framingham cardiovascular disease risk scores and incident frailty: the English longitudinal study of ageing
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Age (Dordr) 36:9692. 2014
  3. ncbi request reprint The dynamic relationship between cognitive function and walking speed: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Catharine R Gale
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Age (Dordr) 36:9682. 2014
  4. pmc Cognitive function in childhood and lifetime cognitive change in relation to mental wellbeing in four cohorts of older people
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e44860. 2012
  5. pmc Inflammatory markers and incident frailty in men and women: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Age (Dordr) 35:2493-501. 2013
  6. pmc Measures of frailty in population-based studies: an overview
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:64. 2013
  7. pmc Is there a bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive ability in older people? A prospective study using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    C R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Psychol Med 42:2057-69. 2012
  8. pmc Symptoms of anxiety or depression and risk of fracture in older people: the Hertfordshire Cohort Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Arch Osteoporos 7:59-65. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Intelligence in childhood and chronic widespread pain in middle age: the National Child Development Survey
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Pain 153:2339-44. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint Intelligence in early adulthood and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:e13. 2012

Detail Information

Publications66

  1. ncbi request reprint Renal function, plasma homocysteine and carotid atherosclerosis in elderly people
    C R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Atherosclerosis 154:141-6. 2001
    ..2-11.9). Plasma homocysteine concentrations were significantly higher in people with poorer renal function, but they did not explain the associations we found between carotid atherosclerosis and creatinine clearance or serum creatinine...
  2. ncbi request reprint Framingham cardiovascular disease risk scores and incident frailty: the English longitudinal study of ageing
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Age (Dordr) 36:9692. 2014
    ..Framingham cardiovascular risk scores may be useful for predicting the development of physical frailty in older people. We now need to understand the biological mechanisms whereby cardiovascular risk increases the risk of frailty...
  3. ncbi request reprint The dynamic relationship between cognitive function and walking speed: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Catharine R Gale
    Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Age (Dordr) 36:9682. 2014
    ..Investigation of the association between walking speed and cognition earlier in life is needed to better understand the origins of this relation and inform the development and timing of interventions...
  4. pmc Cognitive function in childhood and lifetime cognitive change in relation to mental wellbeing in four cohorts of older people
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e44860. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate whether cognitive ability at age 11 years, cognitive ability in later life, or lifetime cognitive change are associated with mental wellbeing in older people...
  5. pmc Inflammatory markers and incident frailty in men and women: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Age (Dordr) 35:2493-501. 2013
    ..High concentrations of the inflammatory markers CRP and fibrinogen are more strongly predictive of incident frailty in women than in men. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms underlying this sex difference...
  6. pmc Measures of frailty in population-based studies: an overview
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:64. 2013
    ..This overview offers three services: first, we provide a comprehensive catalogue of current frailty measures; second, we evaluate their reliability and validity; third, we report on their popularity of use...
  7. pmc Is there a bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive ability in older people? A prospective study using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    C R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Psychol Med 42:2057-69. 2012
    ....
  8. pmc Symptoms of anxiety or depression and risk of fracture in older people: the Hertfordshire Cohort Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Arch Osteoporos 7:59-65. 2012
    ..Results showed that men, but not women, with probable anxiety at baseline had an increased risk of fracture...
  9. doi request reprint Intelligence in childhood and chronic widespread pain in middle age: the National Child Development Survey
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Pain 153:2339-44. 2012
    ..Men and women with higher intelligence in childhood are less likely as adults to report chronic widespread pain...
  10. ncbi request reprint Intelligence in early adulthood and subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:e13. 2012
    ..People with higher intelligence in early life have a lower subsequent risk of coronary heart disease events, but the explanation for these observations is unclear...
  11. pmc Maternal size in pregnancy and body composition in children
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3904-11. 2007
    ..Evidence suggests that babies' fat mass at birth is greater if their mothers were themselves fatter during pregnancy, but it is unclear whether this association persists into childhood...
  12. doi request reprint Breastfeeding, the use of docosahexaenoic acid-fortified formulas in infancy and neuropsychological function in childhood
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Arch Dis Child 95:174-9. 2010
    ..To investigate the relation between breastfeeding, use of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-fortified formula and neuropsychological function in children...
  13. doi request reprint Fasting glucose, diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, and depression: the Vietnam experience study
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO166YD, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 67:189-92. 2010
    ..We explored the association between fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes (undiagnosed and diagnosed) and depression in middle-aged men...
  14. doi request reprint Neuroticism in adolescence and cognitive function in midlife in the British 1946 birth cohort: The HALCyon program
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, UK
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 65:50-6. 2010
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Globus sensation and psychopathology in men: the Vietnam experience study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Psychosom Med 71:1026-31. 2009
    ..Several small studies, based wholly or largely on women, suggested that globus is associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, and somatic concern...
  16. doi request reprint Psychomotor coordination and intelligence in childhood and health in adulthood--testing the system integrity hypothesis
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 71:675-81. 2009
    ..To investigate whether psychomotor coordination as a potential marker of the construct "system integrity" explains associations between intelligence and these outcomes...
  17. doi request reprint Intelligence in girls and their subsequent smoking behaviour as mothers: the 1958 National Child Development Study and the 1970 British Cohort Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:173-81. 2009
    ..How women's intelligence in childhood affects their smoking behaviour as mothers is unclear...
  18. doi request reprint Oily fish intake during pregnancy--association with lower hyperactivity but not with higher full-scale IQ in offspring
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:1061-8. 2008
    ..As oily fish is a major dietary source of omega-3 fatty acids, it is possible that low intake of fish during pregnancy may have adverse effects on the developing fetal brain...
  19. doi request reprint Locus of control at age 10 years and health outcomes and behaviors at age 30 years: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 70:397-403. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc Dietary patterns in infancy and cognitive and neuropsychological function in childhood
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:816-23. 2009
    ..Although many studies have examined the relation between type of milk received in infancy and subsequent cognition, there has been no investigation of the possible effect of variations in the weaning diet...
  21. pmc Cognitive ability in early adulthood and risk of 5 specific psychiatric disorders in middle age: the Vietnam experience study
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:1410-8. 2008
    ..It is unclear whether lower ability influences the risk of particular patterns of comorbidity...
  22. pmc IQ in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood: 1970 British cohort study
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD
    BMJ 334:245. 2007
    ..To examine the relation between IQ in childhood and vegetarianism in adulthood...
  23. ncbi request reprint Grip strength, body composition, and mortality
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:228-35. 2007
    ..We investigated the relation between grip strength, body composition, and cause-specific and total mortality in 800 men and women aged 65 and over...
  24. ncbi request reprint Antioxidant vitamin status and carotid atherosclerosis in the elderly
    C R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:402-8. 2001
    ..Few data are available on the importance of antioxidant vitamins in earlier stages of atherogenesis...
  25. ncbi request reprint Size at birth and carotid atherosclerosis in later life
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Hants, UK
    Atherosclerosis 163:141-7. 2002
    ..040), after adjustment for gestational age and cardiovascular risk factors. These results provide little evidence that impaired fetal growth increases susceptibility to atherogenesis...
  26. ncbi request reprint Lutein and zeaxanthin status and risk of age-related macular degeneration
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:2461-5. 2003
    ..To investigate the relation between plasma concentrations of lutein and zeaxanthin and age-related macular degeneration in a group of elderly men and women...
  27. ncbi request reprint Birth weight and later risk of depression in a national birth cohort
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 184:28-33. 2004
    ..Low birth weight increases the risk of childhood behavioural problems, but it is not clear whether poor foetal growth has a long-term influence on susceptibility to depression...
  28. doi request reprint Neighbourhood environment and positive mental health in older people: the Hertfordshire Cohort Study
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, UK
    Health Place 17:867-74. 2011
    ..How older people feel about their neighbourhood may be important for positive mental health in later life...
  29. pmc Factors associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression in five cohorts of community-based older people: the HALCyon (Healthy Ageing across the Life Course) Programme
    C R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Psychol Med 41:2057-73. 2011
    ..Symptoms of anxiety and depression are common in older people, but the relative importance of factors operating in early and later life in influencing risk is unclear, particularly in the case of anxiety...
  30. ncbi request reprint Maternal diet during pregnancy and carotid intima-media thickness in children
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, UK
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:1877-82. 2006
    ..In animal models, a restricted or unbalanced maternal diet during gestation can influence susceptibility to atherosclerosis, but the relation in humans between maternal diet during pregnancy and atherogenesis is unknown...
  31. ncbi request reprint The influence of head growth in fetal life, infancy, and childhood on intelligence at the ages of 4 and 8 years
    Catharine R Gale
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:1486-92. 2006
    ..We investigated the effects of head growth prenatally, during infancy, and during later periods of development on cognitive function at the ages of 4 and 8 years...
  32. doi request reprint The structure of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in four cohorts of community-based, healthy older people: the HALCyon program
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 22:559-71. 2010
    ..The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is widely used but evaluation of its psychometric properties has produced equivocal results. Little is known about its structure in non-clinical samples of older people...
  33. pmc Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and child outcomes
    C R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:68-77. 2008
    ..To investigate whether exposure to high maternal concentrations of 25(OH)-vitamin D in pregnancy poses any risk to the child...
  34. ncbi request reprint Critical periods of brain growth and cognitive function in children
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Brain 127:321-9. 2004
    ..These results suggest that brain growth during infancy and early childhood is more important than growth during foetal life in determining cognitive function...
  35. ncbi request reprint Maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy and childhood bone mass at age 9 years: a longitudinal study
    M K Javaid
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Lancet 367:36-43. 2006
    ..We investigated the effect of maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy on childhood skeletal growth...
  36. ncbi request reprint Impaired fetal growth and atherosclerosis of carotid and peripheral arteries
    C N Martyn
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, UK
    Lancet 352:173-8. 1998
    ..We investigated whether impaired fetal growth leads to an increased risk of atherosclerosis by assessment of the carotid and lower-limb arteries in a group of people aged around 70 years for whom birthweight data were available...
  37. ncbi request reprint Relation between size at birth and age-related cataract
    N F Hall
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton, Hampshire SO16 6YD, UK
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:614-9. 2001
    ..To determine whether poor fetal growth, as determined by size at birth, is associated with an increased risk of age-related cataract...
  38. ncbi request reprint Intrauterine programming of adult body composition
    C R Gale
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, United Kingdom S016 6YD
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86:267-72. 2001
    ..The presence of these relationships at birth adds to the evidence that bone and muscle growth may be programmed by genetic and/or environmental influences during intrauterine life...
  39. ncbi request reprint Plasma antioxidant vitamins and carotenoids and age-related cataract
    C R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hants, England
    Ophthalmology 108:1992-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that a diet rich in carotenoids may protect against cataract development, but because they are based on observational data, they need to be confirmed in randomized controlled trials...
  40. pmc Immune-endocrine biomarkers as predictors of frailty and mortality: a 10-year longitudinal study in community-dwelling older people
    D Baylis
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK
    Age (Dordr) 35:963-71. 2013
    ..Progress towards the prevention of frailty would bring major health and socio-economic benefits at the individual and the population level...
  41. pmc Is bipolar disorder more common in highly intelligent people? A cohort study of a million men
    C R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Mol Psychiatry 18:190-4. 2013
    ..0001). At least in men, high intelligence may indeed be a risk factor for bipolar disorder, but only in the minority of cases who have the disorder in a pure form with no psychiatric comorbidity...
  42. ncbi request reprint Foetal and postnatal head growth and risk of cognitive decline in old age
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire, UK
    Brain 126:2273-8. 2003
    ..These results suggest that brain development during infancy and early childhood is important in determining how well cognitive abilities are preserved in old age...
  43. ncbi request reprint Cortisol, DHEA sulphate, their ratio, and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the Vietnam Experience Study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 163:285-92. 2010
    ..The aim of the present analyses was to examine the association between cortisol, DHEA sulphate (DHEAS) and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio and mortality...
  44. doi request reprint Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and childhood bone mass: a longitudinal study
    Zoe A Cole
    The MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Untied Kingdom
    J Bone Miner Res 24:663-8. 2009
    ..We conclude that dietary patterns consistent with current advice for healthy eating during pregnancy are associated with greater bone size and BMD in the offspring at 9 yr of age...
  45. doi request reprint Intelligence in early adulthood and subsequent hospitalization for mental disorders
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 21:70-7. 2010
    ..We examined the relation of premorbid intelligence with risk of hospital admission and with total admission rates, for the whole range of mental disorders...
  46. ncbi request reprint Patterns of prescribing of nutritional supplements in the United Kingdom
    C R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit (University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire, UK
    Clin Nutr 20:333-7. 2001
    ..But because only limited data are available on their nutritional status prior to supplementation, it is hard to assess whether general practitioners are prescribing these supplements appropriately...
  47. doi request reprint Breast-feeding and adherence to infant feeding guidelines do not influence bone mass at age 4 years
    Nicholas C Harvey
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Br J Nutr 102:915-20. 2009
    ..We observed wide variations in current infant feeding practice, but these variations were not associated with differences in childhood bone mass at age 4 years...
  48. ncbi request reprint Variations in infant feeding practice are associated with body composition in childhood: a prospective cohort study
    Sian M Robinson
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:2799-805. 2009
    ..Most studies of infant diet and later body composition focus on milk feeding; few consider the influence of variations in the weaning diet...
  49. ncbi request reprint Relation between size at birth and risk of age-related macular degeneration
    Nigel F Hall
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:3641-5. 2002
    ..To determine whether poor fetal growth, as determined by size at birth, is associated with increased risk of age-related macular degeneration...
  50. pmc Epigenetic gene promoter methylation at birth is associated with child's later adiposity
    Keith M Godfrey
    Institute of Developmental Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Diabetes 60:1528-34. 2011
    ..In animal models, maternal diet alters offspring body composition, accompanied by epigenetic changes in metabolic control genes. Little is known about whether such processes operate in humans...
  51. ncbi request reprint Glucocorticoid metabolism and the Metabolic Syndrome: associations in an elderly cohort
    R Andrew
    Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh, EH4 2XU
    Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 110:284-90. 2002
    ..We have investigated relationships between glucocorticoid production and features of the Metabolic Syndrome in a cohort of elderly subjects...
  52. pmc Psychological well-being and incident frailty in men and women: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
    C R Gale
    MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, UK
    Psychol Med 44:697-706. 2014
    ..We investigated whether psychological well-being was associated with incidence of physical frailty...
  53. pmc Readiness of elders to use assistive devices to maintain their independence in the home
    Helen Pain
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Age Ageing 36:465-7. 2007
  54. pmc Lower maternal folate status in early pregnancy is associated with childhood hyperactivity and peer problems in offspring
    Wolff Schlotz
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:594-602. 2010
    ..We examined for associations of maternal folate status and dietary intake during pregnancy with brain growth and childhood behavioural difficulties in the offspring...
  55. ncbi request reprint Birth weight and cardiac structure in children
    Benyu Jiang
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 117:e257-61. 2006
    ..The underlying mechanisms are unknown. We investigated whether restricted intrauterine growth affects cardiac structure...
  56. doi request reprint Myopia and polymorphisms in genes for matrix metalloproteinases
    Nigel F Hall
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2632-6. 2009
    ..To investigate the relation between myopia and variations in three genes coding for matrix metalloproteinases, enzymes that degrade matrix proteins and modulate scleral extensibility...
  57. doi request reprint Bright children become enlightened adults
    Ian J Deary
    Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Psychol Sci 19:1-6. 2008
    ..This study confirms social attitudes as a major, novel field of adult human activity that is related to childhood intelligence differences...
  58. pmc Cognitive function in children and subsequent type 2 diabetes: response to Ollson, Hulting, and Montgomery
    G David Batty
    Diabetes Care 31:e59; author reply e60. 2008
  59. ncbi request reprint Diarrhoea in childhood and cause-specific mortality in older age: analyses of 5642 deaths in 33,261 individuals from the Hertfordshire studies
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 15:494-6. 2008
    ..In the largest study to date to examine the relation, there was no evidence that diarrhoea in early life had an influence on later CHD mortality...
  60. doi request reprint Intelligence and carotid atherosclerosis in older people: cross-sectional study
    Catharine R Gale
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:769-71. 2008
  61. ncbi request reprint Childhood mental ability in relation to food intake and physical activity in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, United Kingdom G12 8RZ
    Pediatrics 119:e38-45. 2007
    ..The purpose of this work was to examine the relation of scores on tests of mental ability in childhood with food consumption and physical activity in adulthood...
  62. pmc Mental ability across childhood in relation to risk factors for premature mortality in adult life: the 1970 British Cohort Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:997-1003. 2007
    ..To examine the relation of scores on tests of mental ability across childhood with established risk factors for premature mortality at the age of 30 years...
  63. pmc Association of diarrhoea in childhood with blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older age: analyses of two UK cohort studies
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1349-55. 2007
    ..We examined if episodes of diarrhoea in childhood, a recognized proxy for acute dehydration, were related to measured blood pressure and coronary heart disease in older adults...
  64. pmc Prevention of age related macular degeneration
    Nigel F Hall
    BMJ 325:1-2. 2002
  65. doi request reprint IQ in late adolescence/early adulthood, risk factors in middle-age and later coronary heart disease mortality in men: the Vietnam Experience Study
    G David Batty
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 15:359-61. 2008
    ..Examine the relation between IQ in early adulthood and later coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, and assess the extent to which established risk factors measured in middle-age might explain this gradient...
  66. ncbi request reprint Circulating levels of MCP-1 and eotaxin are not associated with presence of atherosclerosis or previous myocardial infarction
    David E Mosedale
    Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Box 157, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK
    Atherosclerosis 183:268-74. 2005
    ....