Elaine Fox

Summary

Affiliation: University of Essex
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Trait anxiety and perceptual load as determinants of emotion processing in a fear conditioning paradigm
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Emotion 12:236-49. 2012
  2. ncbi Perceptual grouping and visual selective attention
    E Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, U K
    Percept Psychophys 60:1004-21. 1998
  3. pmc Anxiety and sensitivity to gaze direction in emotionally expressive faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, England
    Emotion 7:478-86. 2007
  4. ncbi Trait anxiety modulates the electrophysiological indices of rapid spatial orienting towards angry faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, UK
    Neuroreport 19:259-63. 2008
  5. pmc Looking on the bright side: biased attention and the human serotonin transporter gene
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:1747-51. 2009
  6. pmc The eyes are sufficient to produce a threat superiority effect
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Essex, United Kingdom
    Emotion 6:534-9. 2006
  7. pmc Anxiety modulates the degree of attentive resources required to process emotional faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:396-404. 2005
  8. pmc The detection of fear-relevant stimuli: are guns noticed as quickly as snakes?
    Elaine Fox
    University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    Emotion 7:691-6. 2007
  9. pmc Preconscious processing biases predict emotional reactivity to stress
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 67:371-7. 2010
  10. pmc The serotonin transporter gene alters sensitivity to attention bias modification: evidence for a plasticity gene
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 70:1049-54. 2011

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. pmc Trait anxiety and perceptual load as determinants of emotion processing in a fear conditioning paradigm
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Emotion 12:236-49. 2012
    ..Fear conditioning elicits an avoidance of threat-relevant stimuli in high trait-anxious participants...
  2. ncbi Perceptual grouping and visual selective attention
    E Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, U K
    Percept Psychophys 60:1004-21. 1998
    ..This suggests that the inhibitory mechanisms of visual attention can be directed to perceptual groups/objects in the environment and not only to unsegmented regions of visual space...
  3. pmc Anxiety and sensitivity to gaze direction in emotionally expressive faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, England
    Emotion 7:478-86. 2007
    ..Thus, in anxiety-prone people attention is more likely to be held by an expression of anger, whereas attention is guided more potently by fearful facial expressions...
  4. ncbi Trait anxiety modulates the electrophysiological indices of rapid spatial orienting towards angry faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, UK
    Neuroreport 19:259-63. 2008
    ..Our findings indicate that individual differences in temperament are an important determinant of the early neural response to threat...
  5. pmc Looking on the bright side: biased attention and the human serotonin transporter gene
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:1747-51. 2009
    ..The current study is important in demonstrating a genotype-related alteration in a well-established processing bias, which is a known risk factor in determining both resilience and vulnerability to emotional disorders...
  6. pmc The eyes are sufficient to produce a threat superiority effect
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Essex, United Kingdom
    Emotion 6:534-9. 2006
    ..The authors conclude that the configuration of the eyes provides a key signal of threat, which can mediate the search advantage for threat-related facial expressions...
  7. pmc Anxiety modulates the degree of attentive resources required to process emotional faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:396-404. 2005
    ..Thus, individual differences in self-reported anxiety are an important determinant of the attentional control of emotional processing...
  8. pmc The detection of fear-relevant stimuli: are guns noticed as quickly as snakes?
    Elaine Fox
    University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    Emotion 7:691-6. 2007
    ..The results are consistent with the view that faster detection of threat in visual search tasks may be more accurately characterized as relevance superiority effects rather than as threat superiority effects...
  9. pmc Preconscious processing biases predict emotional reactivity to stress
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 67:371-7. 2010
    ..It is not clear whether this bias is: 1) related to the physiological response to stressful events, and 2) causally related to the development of anxiety disorders...
  10. pmc The serotonin transporter gene alters sensitivity to attention bias modification: evidence for a plasticity gene
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 70:1049-54. 2011
    ....
  11. ncbi Inhibitory effects of repeating color and shape: inhibition of return or repetition blindness?
    E Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 27:798-812. 2001
    ..These results suggest that a repetition blindness mechanism may underlie the repetition disadvantage effects of nonspatial features, rather than an inhibition of return mechanism...
  12. pmc Processing emotional facial expressions: the role of anxiety and awareness
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2:52-63. 2002
    ..This suggests that emotional facial expressions may be less dependent on attention to achieve awareness. The implications of these results for understanding the relations between attention, emotion, and anxiety are discussed...
  13. pmc Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety?
    E Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, England
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:681-700. 2001
    ..It is concluded that threat-related stimuli affect attentional dwell time and the disengage component of attention, leaving the question of whether threat stimuli affect the shift component of attention open to debate...
  14. doi Cognitive and physiological responses in humans exposed to a TETRA base station signal in relation to perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity
    Denise Wallace
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Brain Science, University of Essex, UK
    Bioelectromagnetics 33:23-39. 2012
    ..These findings are similar to previous double-blind studies with other mobile phone signals (900-2100 MHz), which could not establish any clear evidence that mobile phone signals affect health or cognitive function...
  15. pmc Do TETRA (Airwave) base station signals have a short-term impact on health and well-being? A randomized double-blind provocation study
    Denise Wallace
    Department of Psychology and Centre for Brain Science, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 118:735-41. 2010
    ..In addition, a small subgroup in the population self-report being sensitive to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in general...
  16. pmc Does short-term exposure to mobile phone base station signals increase symptoms in individuals who report sensitivity to electromagnetic fields? A double-blind randomized provocation study
    Stacy Eltiti
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1603-8. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Comparing visual and auditory presentation for the modification of interpretation bias
    Helen Standage
    University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:558-70. 2009
    ....
  18. pmc Enhanced anger superiority effect in generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder
    Chris Ashwin
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, UK
    J Anxiety Disord 26:329-36. 2012
    ..The different attentional bias patterns between the GAD and PD groups may be related to the diverse symptoms in these disorders. These findings have implications for the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety...
  19. pmc Mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals is not a consequence of response bias
    Riccardo Russo
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    Memory 14:393-9. 2006
    ..Moreover, contrary to Dowens and Calvo (2003), the current results show that the memory advantage for threat-related information in anxious individuals is not a consequence of response bias...
  20. pmc Does emotion processing require attention? The effects of fear conditioning and perceptual load
    Alan Yates
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex
    Emotion 10:822-30. 2010
    ..These findings demonstrate that aversively conditioned face distractors capture attention only under conditions of low perceptual load...
  21. ncbi Effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields on an auditory order threshold task
    Caterina Cinel
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
    Bioelectromagnetics 28:493-6. 2007
    ..No significant effect of exposure to RF EMF was detected, suggesting that acute exposure to RF EMFs does not affect performance in the order threshold task...
  22. doi Exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic fields and subjective symptoms: a double-blind study
    Caterina Cinel
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 70:345-8. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to examine whether acute exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields (REFs) emitted by mobile phone may affect subjective symptoms...
  23. ncbi Is manipulation of mood a critical component of cognitive bias modification procedures?
    Helen Standage
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    Behav Res Ther 48:4-10. 2010
    ..Critically however, performance on the scrambled sentence task did not change for both groups. This demonstrates that a change in mood state is not sufficient for a change in cognitive bias to occur...
  24. ncbi Development and evaluation of the electromagnetic hypersensitivity questionnaire
    Stacy Eltiti
    University of Essex, Colchester, UK
    Bioelectromagnetics 28:137-51. 2007
    ....
  25. ncbi Does acute exposure to mobile phones affect human attention?
    Riccardo Russo
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Bioelectromagnetics 27:215-20. 2006
    ..No significant effects of RF exposure on performance for either GSM or CW were found, independent of whether the phone was positioned on the left or on the right side...
  26. ncbi Age differences and the identity negative priming effect: an updated meta-analysis
    Nadia Gamboz
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Psychol Aging 17:525-31. 2002
    ..This result differs from P. Verhaeghen and L. De Meersman's study. The implications of this finding for inhibitory-based theories of cognitive aging are discussed...
  27. ncbi Target selection difficulty, negative priming, and aging
    N Gamboz
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Psychol Aging 15:542-50. 2000
    ..Moreover, the size of the negative priming effect did not differ between young and elderly participants. These results are discussed with respect to the issue of age-related deficits in the mechanisms underlying negative priming...
  28. ncbi The role of perceptual load in negative priming
    N Lavie
    Department of Psychology, University College London, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 26:1038-52. 2000
    ..g., N. Lavie, 1995), leaving less distractor processing to produce NP. This conclusion is consistent with recent reactive inhibition views for NP (e.g., G. Houghton, S. P. Tipper, B. Weaver, & D. I. Shore, 1996)...
  29. ncbi Selective target processing: perceptual load or distractor salience?
    Stacy Eltiti
    University of Essex, Department of Psychology, Winenhoe Park, Colchester C04 3 SQ, England
    Percept Psychophys 67:876-85. 2005
    ..Interference may even occur in highload displays if the distractor is more salient. The results supported the salience hypothesis...
  30. doi The influence of social comparison on cognitive bias modification and emotional vulnerability
    Helen Standage
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex
    Emotion 14:170-9. 2014
    ..This result has both theoretical and clinical implications in suggesting that the success of CBM is dependent upon the way in which participants socially compare themselves with CBM training material...
  31. ncbi Perception without awareness: further evidence from a Stroop priming task
    M Teresa Daza
    Departamento de Neurociencia y Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educacion, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain
    Percept Psychophys 64:1316-24. 2002
    ..Such an differential time course of both types of Stroop priming effects provides further evidence for the existence of qualitative differences between conscious and nonconscious perceptual processes...
  32. ncbi Repetition priming effects from attended vs. ignored single words in a semantic categorization task
    Juan J Ortells
    Departamento de Neurociencia y Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad Humanidades y CC Educación, Universidad de Almeria, 04120, Almeria, Spain
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 114:185-210. 2003
    ..Methodological and theoretical implications of the present findings for the extant negative priming literature are discussed...
  33. ncbi Semantic activation in the absence of perceptual awareness
    Juan J Ortells
    Departamento de Neurociencia y Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educacion, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain
    Percept Psychophys 65:1307-17. 2003
    ..The present findings provide further evidence that perceiving a stimulus with and without phenomenological awareness can lead to qualitatively different behavioral consequences...