E Ernst

Summary

Affiliation: University of Exeter
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
  2. ncbi 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde': complementary/alternative medicine in the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:49-51. 2001
  3. ncbi Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
  4. ncbi Complementary therapies for depression: an overview
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1026-32. 1998
  5. ncbi Location bias in controlled clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:485-9. 2000
  6. ncbi A randomized trial of distant healing for skin warts
    E F Harkness
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 108:448-52. 2000
  7. ncbi Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
  8. ncbi 50 years ago: the Nuremberg doctors' tribunal. Part 2: Medical resistance during the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 146:629-31. 1996
  9. ncbi 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 3: The failure of coming to terms with the past
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:53-4. 1997
  10. ncbi The role of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Lancet Oncol 1:176-80. 2000

Detail Information

Publications125 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
    ..With this high level of prevalence, research into the potential risks and benefits of CM is urgently needed. Dermatologists should consider discussing CM openly with their patients...
  2. ncbi 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde': complementary/alternative medicine in the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:49-51. 2001
    ..Most importantly, perhaps, today's CAM is concerned with the welfare of the individual, whereas the 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde' was aimed at ensuring the dominance of the Aryan race...
  3. ncbi Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
    ..Complementary medicine has become an important aspect of palliative cancer care. This overview is primarily aimed at providing guidance to clinicians regarding some commonly used complementary therapies...
  4. ncbi Complementary therapies for depression: an overview
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1026-32. 1998
    ..There is a need for further research involving randomized controlled trials into the efficacy of complementary and alternative therapies in the treatment of depression...
  5. ncbi Location bias in controlled clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:485-9. 2000
    ..To systematically investigate location bias of controlled clinical trials in complementary/alternative medicine (CAM)...
  6. ncbi A randomized trial of distant healing for skin warts
    E F Harkness
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 108:448-52. 2000
    ..This trial was aimed at assessing the efficacy of one form of distant healing on common skin warts...
  7. ncbi Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
    ..69; 95% confidence interval, 3.54-15.83). These data imply that kava extract is superior to placebo as a symptomatic treatment for anxiety. Therefore, kava extract is an herbal treatment option for anxiety that is worthy of consideration...
  8. ncbi 50 years ago: the Nuremberg doctors' tribunal. Part 2: Medical resistance during the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 146:629-31. 1996
    ..Sauerbruch are briefly discussed as examples of medical resistance...
  9. ncbi 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 3: The failure of coming to terms with the past
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:53-4. 1997
    ..The German and Austrian medical profession may have forfeited the chance to learn an important lesson relating to its own past...
  10. ncbi The role of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Lancet Oncol 1:176-80. 2000
    ..The evidence for this approach is still preliminary but, generally speaking, promising. The challenge for the future is to obtain reliable evidence and to identify those approaches that do more good than harm...
  11. ncbi Efficacy of homeopathic arnica: a systematic review of placebo-controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Surg 133:1187-90. 1998
    ..The efficacy of homeopathic remedies has remained controversial. The homeopathic remedy most frequently studied in placebo-controlled clinical trials is Arnica montana...
  12. ncbi Complementary/alternative medicine for supportive cancer care: development of the evidence-base
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Support Care Cancer 15:565-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is to compare the evidence relating to the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in palliative cancer care as it existed in 2000 and 2005...
  13. doi Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: the kind face of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Surg 7:499-500. 2009
    ..Yet CAM can play an important role in oncology, and that is in supportive and palliative care. Several treatments can decrease the side-effects of cancer drugs or improve quality of life in other ways...
  14. ncbi A systematic review of randomised clinical trials of Tripterygium wilfordii for rheumatoid arthritis
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:371-7. 2006
    ..However, the literature indicates that T. wilfordii is associated with serious adverse events which make the risk-benefit analysis for this herb unfavourable. Therefore, we cannot recommend its use...
  15. ncbi Herbal medicines for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 40:779-93. 2001
    ..The reviewed herbal medicines appear relatively safe. CONCLUSIONS: Some herbal medicines may offer a much-needed alternative for patients with osteoarthritis...
  16. ncbi Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
    ..The majority of rigorous trial data available to date suggest that ASU is effective for the symptomatic treatment of OA and more research seems warranted. However, the only real long-term trial yielded a largely negative result...
  17. ncbi Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of chiropractic and massage therapy for the reduction of any type of pain...
  18. ncbi Hypericum for depression. An update of the clinical evidence
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 9:501-5. 1999
    ..It is concluded that recent clinical trials strengthen the case for hypericum as an antidepressant, but more work needs to be done to answer the remaining questions...
  19. doi Is lavender an anxiolytic drug? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    R Perry
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4SG, United Kingdom
    Phytomedicine 19:825-35. 2012
    ..Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is often recommended for stress/anxiety relief and believed to possess anxiolytic effects...
  20. ncbi Acupuncture--a critical analysis
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Intern Med 259:125-37. 2006
    ..Nonserious adverse effects occur in 7-11% of all patients. In conclusion, acupuncture remains steeped in controversy. Some findings are encouraging but others suggest that its clinical effects mainly depend on a placebo response...
  21. doi Effects of reiki in clinical practice: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 62:947-54. 2008
    ..The aim of this systematic review is to summarise and critically evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of reiki...
  22. ncbi Complementary/alternative therapies for premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:227-35. 2001
    ..On the basis of current evidence, no complementary/alternative therapy can be recommended as a treatment for premenstrual syndrome...
  23. ncbi Adverse effects profile of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.)
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:589-94. 1998
    ..This paper provides a systematic review of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with the use of extracts of the herb St. John's wort (Hypericum perfbratum L.) for the treatment of mild to moderate depression...
  24. ncbi The efficacy and safety of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.): an update of a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Science, University of Exeter, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:509-14. 2000
    ..The aims of this systematic review are to update the evidence from rigorous clinical trials for or against the efficacy of feverfew for migraine prevention and to provide a safety profile of this herbal remedy...
  25. pmc Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial
    A White
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 58:317-21. 2003
    ..Homeopathy is frequently used to treat asthma in children. In the common classical form of homeopathy, prescriptions are individualised for each patient. There has been no rigorous investigation into this form of treatment for asthma...
  26. ncbi Usage of complementary therapies in rheumatology: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 17:301-5. 1998
    ..On the basis of these findings, a rigorous investigation of the effectiveness, safety and costs of CM in rheumatology seems desirable...
  27. ncbi Iridology: A systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed 6:7-9. 1999
    ..Iridologists claim to be able to diagnose medical conditions through abnormalities of pigmentation in the iris. This technique is popular in many countries. Therefore it is relevant to ask whether it is valid...
  28. ncbi 'If it helps my patient...' Perspectives on complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Clin Med 4:242-3. 2004
    ..The revised argument should be 'if it helps my patient, I want research undertaken to find out whether more people could benefit from it'...
  29. ncbi Complementary therapies for back pain: is the evidence getting stronger?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 26:736-8. 2007
    ..The direction of the evidence, however, remained unchanged for all but one therapy. We conclude that the value of complementary therapies in the management of back pain remains encouraging but not fully convincing...
  30. ncbi The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
    ..Many of these apparent responses could have been due to other factors including the use of herbal (non-diluted) Arnica, placebo response and natural course of disease...
  31. doi Acupuncture for depression?: A systematic review of systematic reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eval Health Prof 34:403-12. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment of depression remains unproven and the authors' findings are consistent with acupuncture effects in depression being indistinguishable from placebo effects...
  32. ncbi Massage therapy for the treatment of depression: a systematic review
    H F Coelho
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 62:325-33. 2008
    ..This systematic review evaluates the evidence, from randomised clinical trials (RCTs), for the effectiveness of multiple sessions of classical European (Swedish) MT for the treatment of depression...
  33. ncbi [How effective is spa treatment? A systematic review of randomized studies]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 123:273-7; discussion 278. 1998
    ..An important argument against spa treatment has been the supposed lack of evidence for its efficacy. This analysis was undertaken to gather firm data bearing on this problem...
  34. ncbi The current position of complementary/alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Eur J Cancer 39:2273-7. 2003
    ..Research in this area is scarce and with numerous therapies we cannot be sure about efficacy or safety. It follows that our current knowledge gaps urgently needs to be filled...
  35. ncbi 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 4: Nazi medicine's relevance today
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:70-1. 1997
    ..It would be foolish not to learn from experiences of the past. Nazi medicine can therefore never be an irrelevant subject of the days gone by...
  36. pmc Ethical problems arising in evidence based complementary and alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Med Ethics 30:156-9. 2004
    ..This article is an attempt to explore some of the more obvious or practical ethical aspects of complementary and alternative medicine...
  37. ncbi Homeopathy: promotion versus evidence
    E Ernst
    Penisula Medical School, University of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Soc Integr Oncol 4:113-5. 2006
    ..The best clinical evidence available to date fails to support its effectiveness. Nevertheless, it is gaining in popularity. One reason for this is that, at least in the UK, it is being promoted by influential people...
  38. ncbi [Anthroposophic medicine: a critical analysis]
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:1-6. 2008
    ..Anthroposophic medicine (AM) is popular in Europe. This review is an attempt to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of AM. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion of this subject...
  39. ncbi Tai chi for rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:1648-51. 2007
    ..Collectively this evidence is not convincing enough to suggest that tai chi is an effective treatment for RA. The value of tai chi for this indication therefore remains unproven...
  40. doi Great expectations: what do patients using complementary and alternative medicine hope for?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Patient 4:89-101. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the expectations of CAM users are currently not rigorously investigated. Future studies should have a clear focus on specific aspects of this broad question...
  41. ncbi The case for uncontrolled clinical trials: a starting point for the evidence base for CAM
    A White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:111-6. 2001
    ..The ultimate purpose of uncontrolled trials is to facilitate subsequent definitive studies that will help define the place of CAM in health care...
  42. pmc Herbal medicines for asthma: a systematic review
    A Huntley
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 55:925-9. 2000
    ..This study was undertaken to determine if there is any evidence for the clinical efficacy of herbal preparations for the treatment of asthma symptoms...
  43. ncbi Articles on complementary medicine in the mainstream medical literature: an investigation of MEDLINE, 1966 through 1996
    J Barnes
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 159:1721-5. 1999
    ....
  44. ncbi Tea tree oil: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 7:17-20. 2000
    ..This article is an attempt to systematically review the evidence from randomised clinical trials for or against effectiveness of external TTO in dermatological conditions...
  45. ncbi Spiritual healing as a therapy for chronic pain: a randomized, clinical trial
    N C Abbot
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Pain 91:79-89. 2001
    ..It was concluded that a specific effect of face-to-face or distant healing on chronic pain could not be demonstrated over eight treatment sessions in these patients...
  46. ncbi Towards a risk-benefit evaluation of placebos
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 148:461-3. 1998
    ..Under certain conditions, the clinical use of placebos might therefore be a realistic option. In the final analysis, however, our knowledge for a conclusive risk-benefit evaluation of placebo is incomplete...
  47. ncbi Efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus: a systematic review
    J Park
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:489-92. 2000
    ..Tinnitus is a prevalent condition for which patients may seek treatment with acupuncture since no conventional treatment has been shown to be effective...
  48. ncbi Herbal medications for common ailments in the elderly
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Drugs Aging 15:423-8. 1999
    ..However, several uncertainties remain and, at present, prevent unreserved recommendations...
  49. ncbi Research into complementary/alternative medicine: an attempt to dispel the myths
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 55:376-9. 2001
    ..Any central body overseeing CAM research has to be seen to be rigorous and impartial. Strong opinions which often dominate CAM can be a hindrance to good research. Evidence-based CAM should no longer remain a contradiction in terms...
  50. ncbi How useful are unconventional cancer treatments?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Eur J Cancer 35:1608-13. 1999
    ..It is concluded that good evidence in this area is scarce. Vis-à-vis the high prevalence of unconventional cancer treatments, rigorous investigations are mandatory, not least for increasing the safety of future patients...
  51. ncbi Ginkgo biloba is not a smart drug: an updated systematic review of randomised clinical trials testing the nootropic effects of G. biloba extracts in healthy people
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Hum Psychopharmacol 22:265-78. 2007
    ..biloba ingestion upon any aspect of cognitive function in healthy young people, after either acute or longer term administration...
  52. ncbi Phyto-anti-inflammatories. A systematic review of randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Rheum Dis Clin North Am 26:13-27, vii. 2000
    ..It is concluded that phyto-anti-inflammatories have considerable, albeit under-researched, potential in the symptomatic treatment of rheumatic disorders...
  53. ncbi Rise in popularity of complementary and alternative medicine: reasons and consequences for vaccination
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Vaccine 20:S90-3; discussion S89. 2001
    ..The best way forward, it seems, would be a campaign to clarify the risk-benefit profile of immunisations for both users and providers of CAM...
  54. ncbi Serious psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal medicines -- a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:83-91. 2003
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to provide a summary of recent data on severe psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal remedies...
  55. ncbi Randomized trial of acupuncture for nicotine withdrawal symptoms
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2251-5. 1998
    ..One possible reason for this is that the optimal acupuncture technique was not applied or that the technique was not repeated sufficiently often...
  56. ncbi Complementary therapies for asthma: what patients use
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Asthma 35:667-71. 1998
    ..In general, the money spent on CM was modest. It is concluded that CM is frequently used for asthma. Therefore, this area of healthcare would seem to warrant more rigorous investigation...
  57. ncbi Are herbal medicines effective?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 42:157-9. 2004
    ..In view of the present popularity of herbal medicine it seems necessary to overcome obstacles to rigorous research and establish which herbal medicines do more good than harm for which conditions...
  58. ncbi Homeopathic remedies for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK
    Br Homeopath J 90:37-43. 2001
    ..The clinical evidence appears promising, however, and more research into this area seems warranted...
  59. pmc A systematic review of randomised clinical trials of individualised herbal medicine in any indication
    R Guo
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Postgrad Med J 83:633-7. 2007
    ..To summarise and critically evaluate the evidence from randomised clinical trials for the effectiveness of individualised herbal medicine in any indication...
  60. ncbi A blinded investigation into the accuracy of reflexology charts
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 8:166-72. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether this representation can be used as a valid method of diagnosis...
  61. ncbi [Healing practitioners in Austria?]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:423-5. 1997
    ..A speedy solution to the obvious problems is therefore not in sight. On the basis of these facts, there are hardly any good reasons for introducing the "Heilpraktiker" in Austria...
  62. ncbi Multiple n = 1 trials in the identification of responders and non-responders to the cognitive effects of Ginkgo biloba
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, Devon, UK
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 41:354-7. 2003
    ..biloba) among healthy volunteers...
  63. ncbi Adverse effects of herbal drugs in dermatology
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 143:923-9. 2000
    ..It is concluded that adverse effects of herbal medicines are an important albeit neglected subject in dermatology, which deserves further systematic investigation...
  64. pmc A meta-analysis of acupuncture techniques for smoking cessation
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Tob Control 8:393-7. 1999
    ..To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for smoking cessation and to examine whether any individual aspect of trials is associated with an effect...
  65. ncbi Acupuncture research--the first 10 years in Exeter
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Acupunct Med 21:100-4. 2003
    ..We also hope in the future that we will be able to contribute to the understanding of acupuncture as a therapeutic modality...
  66. ncbi Herbal medicines for treatment of fungal infections: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    Karen W Martin
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Mycoses 47:87-92. 2004
    ..There are few controlled clinical trials of herbal antifungal medicines. The most thoroughly clinically tested is tea tree oil, which holds some promise. All herbal remedies require further investigation in rigorous clinical trials...
  67. ncbi The antioxidant vitamins A, C, E and selenium in the treatment of arthritis: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    P H Canter
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:1223-33. 2007
    ..Methodological quality was assessed using the Jadad scale...
  68. ncbi Reflexologists' responses to a patient with abdominal pain-a survey on Internet advice
    K Schmidt
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 11:98-102. 2003
    ..To generate preliminary data on how individual reflexologists deal with patients seeking medical advice on the Internet...
  69. ncbi A profile of journals of complementary and alternative medicine
    K Schmidt
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Swiss Med Wkly 131:588-91. 2001
    ..CAM journals, and most likely CAM itself, are associated with a lack of clinical trials and a bias in favour of positive conclusions...
  70. ncbi Effectiveness of acupuncture for stroke: a systematic review
    J Park
    Dept of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    J Neurol 248:558-63. 2001
    ..Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for stroke rehabilitation, but the question whether it is effective has not been answered satisfactorily...
  71. ncbi Which complementary and alternative therapies benefit which conditions? A survey of the opinions of 223 professional organizations
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:178-85. 2001
    ..Therefore they might benefit from advice by CAM-providers as to which treatment can be recommended for which condition...
  72. doi Complementary and alternative medicine use in England: results from a national survey
    K J Hunt
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 64:1496-502. 2010
    ..In many countries, recent data on the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are available. However, in England, there is a paucity of such data. We sought to determine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in England...
  73. ncbi Acupuncture for episodic tension-type headache: a multicentre randomized controlled trial
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Cephalalgia 20:632-7. 2000
    ..Results also show that patient blinding was successful. In conclusion, this study does not provide evidence that this form of acupuncture is effective in the prevention of episodic tension-type headache...
  74. ncbi Tai chi for osteoporosis: a systematic review
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Osteoporos Int 19:139-46. 2008
    ..The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence from controlled clinical trials testing the effectiveness of tai chi for osteoporosis...
  75. ncbi Chromium picolinate for reducing body weight: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complimentary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:522-9. 2003
    ..The clinical relevance of the effect is debatable and the lack of robustness means that the result has to be interpreted with caution...
  76. ncbi Acupuncture for back pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2235-41. 1998
    ..Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain, but there is no published meta-analysis of trials of its effectiveness for this condition...
  77. ncbi Interactions between herbal medicines and prescribed drugs: a systematic review
    A A Izzo
    Department of Experimental Pharmacology, University of Naples 'Federico II, Naples, Italy
    Drugs 61:2163-75. 2001
    ..Healthcare professionals should ask their patients about the use of herbal products and consider the possibility of herb-drug interactions...
  78. ncbi The dark side of complementary and alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 13:797-800. 2002
  79. pmc Relaxation therapies for asthma: a systematic review
    A Huntley
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 57:127-31. 2002
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to determine if there is any evidence for or against the clinical efficacy of such interventions...
  80. ncbi St John's Wort supplements endanger the success of organ transplantation
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter EX2 4NT, England
    Arch Surg 137:316-9. 2002
    ..St John's wort causes a decrease in cyclosporine levels, thus endangering the success of organ transplantations...
  81. pmc What's the point of rigorous research on complementary/alternative medicine?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 95:211-3. 2002
  82. ncbi Keynote comment: Dumbing down of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Lancet Oncol 6:442-3. 2005
  83. ncbi Spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:880-4. 2006
    ..The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence for or against the effectiveness of spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain...
  84. ncbi Herbal remedies for anxiety - a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter Plymouth, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:205-8. 2006
    ..Only for kava were independent replications available. It was concluded that there is a lack of rigorous studies in this area and that only kava has been shown beyond reasonable doubt to have anxiolytic effects in humans...
  85. pmc Ukrain - a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMC Cancer 5:69. 2005
    ..Numerous pre-clinical and clinical investigations seem to suggest that Ukrain is pharmacologically active and clinically effective. We wanted therefore to critically evaluate the clinical trial data in the form of a systematic review...
  86. ncbi The complexity of complementary medicine: chiropractic for back pain
    E Ernst
    Clin Rheumatol 24:445-6. 2005
  87. ncbi Commentary: creating research capacity in complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:214-6. 2005
    ..It is suggested that this approach is likely to be more productive than the present governmental strategy...
  88. ncbi When natural is not harmless
    E Ernst
    Int J Clin Pract 60:380. 2006
  89. ncbi Herbal medicines for the treatment of COPD: a systematic review
    R Guo
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur Respir J 28:330-8. 2006
    ..Considering the popularity of herbal medicine among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, rigorously designed studies seem warranted...
  90. ncbi Acupuncture for peripheral joint osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Y D Kwon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:1331-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in peripheral joint osteoarthritis (OA)...
  91. ncbi Prevalence surveys: to be taken with a pinch of salt
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 12:272-5. 2006
  92. ncbi Publication bias in complementary/alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:1093-4. 2007
  93. pmc A re-evaluation of kava (Piper methysticum)
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 64:415-7. 2007
  94. ncbi British asthma patients are being misled
    E Ernst
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 62:331. 2006
  95. ncbi Complementary therapies for reducing body weight: a systematic review
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1030-8. 2005
    ..However, the intake of E. sinica and ephedrine is associated with an increased risk of adverse events. Interventions suggesting positive effects in single RCTs require independent replication...
  96. ncbi Herbal medicines for children
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 42:193-6. 2003
  97. ncbi Homeopathic aggravations: a systematic review of randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trials
    S Grabia
    Master of Public Health Program, University of Wisconsin La Crosse, USA
    Homeopathy 92:92-8. 2003
    ..We conclude that this systematic review does not provide clear evidence that the phenomenon of homeopathic aggravations exists...
  98. ncbi Herbal medicines for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
    K L Soeken
    Complementary Medicine Program, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 42:652-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review to examine the evidence for the use of herbal medicines for RA based on randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
  99. ncbi Complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 15:151-5. 2003
    ..Clearly, rigorous testing of complementary treatments is possible, and considering their popularity, should be encouraged...
  100. ncbi Ayurvedic medicines
    E Ernst
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:455-6. 2002
  101. ncbi Efficacy of acupuncture in asthma: systematic review and meta-analysis of published data from 11 randomised controlled trials
    J Martin
    Eur Respir J 20:846-52. 2002
    ..There is an obvious need to conduct a full-scale randomised clinical trial addressing these limitations and the prognostic value of the aetiology of the disease...