E Ernst

Summary

Affiliation: University of Exeter
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Adulteration of Chinese herbal medicines with synthetic drugs: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    J Intern Med 252:107-13. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for depression: an overview
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1026-32. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of homeopathic arnica: a systematic review of placebo-controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Surg 133:1187-90. 1998
  6. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
  8. doi request reprint Acupuncture for depression?: A systematic review of systematic reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eval Health Prof 34:403-12. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects profile of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.)
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:589-94. 1998

Detail Information

Publications121 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Adulteration of Chinese herbal medicines with synthetic drugs: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    J Intern Med 252:107-13. 2002
    ..It is concluded that adulteration of CHMs with synthetic drugs is a potentially serious problem which needs to be addressed by adequate regulatory measures...
  2. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for depression: an overview
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1026-32. 1998
    ..There is a need for further research involving randomized controlled trials into the efficacy of complementary and alternative therapies in the treatment of depression...
  3. ncbi request reprint Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
    ..The majority of rigorous trial data available to date suggest that ASU is effective for the symptomatic treatment of OA and more research seems warranted. However, the only real long-term trial yielded a largely negative result...
  4. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
    ..Many of these apparent responses could have been due to other factors including the use of herbal (non-diluted) Arnica, placebo response and natural course of disease...
  5. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of homeopathic arnica: a systematic review of placebo-controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Surg 133:1187-90. 1998
    ..The efficacy of homeopathic remedies has remained controversial. The homeopathic remedy most frequently studied in placebo-controlled clinical trials is Arnica montana...
  6. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
    ..Complementary medicine has become an important aspect of palliative cancer care. This overview is primarily aimed at providing guidance to clinicians regarding some commonly used complementary therapies...
  7. ncbi request reprint Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of chiropractic and massage therapy for the reduction of any type of pain...
  8. doi request reprint Acupuncture for depression?: A systematic review of systematic reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eval Health Prof 34:403-12. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment of depression remains unproven and the authors' findings are consistent with acupuncture effects in depression being indistinguishable from placebo effects...
  9. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
    ..69; 95% confidence interval, 3.54-15.83). These data imply that kava extract is superior to placebo as a symptomatic treatment for anxiety. Therefore, kava extract is an herbal treatment option for anxiety that is worthy of consideration...
  10. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects profile of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.)
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:589-94. 1998
    ..This paper provides a systematic review of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with the use of extracts of the herb St. John's wort (Hypericum perfbratum L.) for the treatment of mild to moderate depression...
  11. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: the kind face of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Surg 7:499-500. 2009
    ..Yet CAM can play an important role in oncology, and that is in supportive and palliative care. Several treatments can decrease the side-effects of cancer drugs or improve quality of life in other ways...
  12. ncbi request reprint Usage of complementary therapies in rheumatology: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 17:301-5. 1998
    ..On the basis of these findings, a rigorous investigation of the effectiveness, safety and costs of CM in rheumatology seems desirable...
  13. doi request reprint Great expectations: what do patients using complementary and alternative medicine hope for?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Patient 4:89-101. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the expectations of CAM users are currently not rigorously investigated. Future studies should have a clear focus on specific aspects of this broad question...
  14. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: hepatotoxic events associated with herbal medicinal products
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 18:451-71. 2003
    ..Large proportions of patients use herbal medicinal products, and encouraging data in terms of effectiveness exist for some of these. One aspect, however, which is still largely under-investigated is the question of potential harm...
  15. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of homeopathy
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 54:577-82. 2002
    ..It is concluded that the best clinical evidence for homeopathy available to date does not warrant positive recommendations for its use in clinical practice...
  16. ncbi request reprint Chromium picolinate for reducing body weight: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complimentary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:522-9. 2003
    ..The clinical relevance of the effect is debatable and the lack of robustness means that the result has to be interpreted with caution...
  17. ncbi request reprint The efficacy and safety of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.): an update of a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Science, University of Exeter, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:509-14. 2000
    ..The aims of this systematic review are to update the evidence from rigorous clinical trials for or against the efficacy of feverfew for migraine prevention and to provide a safety profile of this herbal remedy...
  18. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for episodic tension-type headache: a multicentre randomized controlled trial
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Cephalalgia 20:632-7. 2000
    ..Results also show that patient blinding was successful. In conclusion, this study does not provide evidence that this form of acupuncture is effective in the prevention of episodic tension-type headache...
  19. ncbi request reprint A primer of complementary and alternative medicine commonly used by cancer patients
    E Ernst
    School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 174:88-92. 2001
    ..Our knowledge regarding the potential benefit and harm of CAM is insufficient...
  20. ncbi request reprint Homeopathic remedies for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK
    Br Homeopath J 90:37-43. 2001
    ..The clinical evidence appears promising, however, and more research into this area seems warranted...
  21. ncbi request reprint A blinded investigation into the accuracy of reflexology charts
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 8:166-72. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether this representation can be used as a valid method of diagnosis...
  22. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of acupuncture for stroke: a systematic review
    J Park
    Dept of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    J Neurol 248:558-63. 2001
    ..Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for stroke rehabilitation, but the question whether it is effective has not been answered satisfactorily...
  23. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicinal products during pregnancy?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Phytomedicine 9:352-4. 2002
  24. ncbi request reprint Health risks over the Internet: advice offered by "medical herbalists" to a pregnant woman
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:190-2. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate Internet advice offered by "medical herbalists" to a pregnant woman regarding herbal treatment of morning sickness...
  25. ncbi request reprint Risks associated with herbal medicinal products
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:183-9. 2002
    ..Asian HMPs are most often implicated. It is concluded that HMPs are not free of risk. More research and more information are required in order to maximize consumers' safety...
  26. ncbi request reprint [Acupuncture for back pain: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and an update with data from the most recent studies]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Germany
    Schmerz 16:129-39. 2002
    ..Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain. A meta-analysis of clinical trials of acupuncture for this condition came to a positive conclusion whilst a qualitative review was negative...
  27. ncbi request reprint Heavy metals in traditional Indian remedies
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 57:891-6. 2002
    ..These findings should alert us to the possibility of heavy metal content in traditional Indian remedies and motivate us to consider means of protecting consumers from such risks...
  28. ncbi request reprint The role of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Lancet Oncol 1:176-80. 2000
    ..The evidence for this approach is still preliminary but, generally speaking, promising. The challenge for the future is to obtain reliable evidence and to identify those approaches that do more good than harm...
  29. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: herbal medicinal products for non-ulcer dyspepsia
    J Thompson Coon
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 16:1689-99. 2002
    ..Herbal medicinal products are often used for the relief of dyspeptic symptoms...
  30. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine: what is it all about?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Scinces, Exeter, UK
    Occup Environ Med 59:140-4; quiz 144, 84. 2002
  31. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med Clin North Am 86:149-61. 2002
    ..The research required to fill the gaps in present knowledge should have a high priority...
  32. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine for pain management in rheumatic disease
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 14:58-62. 2002
    ..Generally speaking, complementary and alternative medicine is grossly underresearched. Because of the popularity of complementary and alternative medicine, adequately defining risk-benefit relationships is an urgent matter...
  33. ncbi request reprint A profile of journals of complementary and alternative medicine
    K Schmidt
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Swiss Med Wkly 131:588-91. 2001
    ..CAM journals, and most likely CAM itself, are associated with a lack of clinical trials and a bias in favour of positive conclusions...
  34. pmc Chiropractic care: attempting a risk-benefit analysis
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, England, UK
    Am J Public Health 92:1603-4. 2002
  35. ncbi request reprint Chelation therapy for coronary heart disease: An overview of all clinical investigations
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am Heart J 140:139-41. 2000
    ..Chelation therapy is popular in the United States. The question of whether it does more good than harm remains controversial...
  36. ncbi request reprint Spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:880-4. 2006
    ..The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence for or against the effectiveness of spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain...
  37. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 3: The failure of coming to terms with the past
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:53-4. 1997
    ..The German and Austrian medical profession may have forfeited the chance to learn an important lesson relating to its own past...
  38. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative therapies for premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:227-35. 2001
    ..On the basis of current evidence, no complementary/alternative therapy can be recommended as a treatment for premenstrual syndrome...
  39. ncbi request reprint Artemether for severe malaria: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 28:597-601. 1999
    ..38; 95% CI, 0.14-1.02). These data demonstrate the equality of artemether and quinine for severe malaria and indicate a trend toward greater effectiveness of artemether in regions where there is recognized quinine resistance...
  40. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg doctors' tribunal. Part 2: Medical resistance during the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 146:629-31. 1996
    ..Sauerbruch are briefly discussed as examples of medical resistance...
  41. ncbi request reprint Abdominal massage therapy for chronic constipation: A systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed 6:149-51. 1999
    ..Nonetheless the results of these trials collectively imply that massage therapy could be a promising treatment for chronic constipation. Future, more rigorous trials should evaluate its true value...
  42. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for reducing body weight: a systematic review
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1030-8. 2005
    ..However, the intake of E. sinica and ephedrine is associated with an increased risk of adverse events. Interventions suggesting positive effects in single RCTs require independent replication...
  43. ncbi request reprint Exercise for female osteoporosis. A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Sports Med 25:359-68. 1998
    ..It is concluded that regular exercise for women of practically all ages is well advised...
  44. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 4: Nazi medicine's relevance today
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:70-1. 1997
    ..It would be foolish not to learn from experiences of the past. Nazi medicine can therefore never be an irrelevant subject of the days gone by...
  45. pmc Prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:252-7. 2000
    ..The true prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine in the general population remains uncertain...
  46. ncbi request reprint Iridology: not useful and potentially harmful
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, Univesity of Exter, England
    Arch Ophthalmol 118:120-1. 2000
    ..In Germany, for instance, 80% of the Heilpraktiker (nonmedically qualified health practitioners) practice iridology. Ophthalmologists may therefore ask what is iridology and how valuable is it?..
  47. ncbi request reprint [How effective is spa treatment? A systematic review of randomized studies]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 123:273-7; discussion 278. 1998
    ..An important argument against spa treatment has been the supposed lack of evidence for its efficacy. This analysis was undertaken to gather firm data bearing on this problem...
  48. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of acupuncture for nicotine withdrawal symptoms
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2251-5. 1998
    ..One possible reason for this is that the optimal acupuncture technique was not applied or that the technique was not repeated sufficiently often...
  49. ncbi request reprint Location bias in controlled clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:485-9. 2000
    ..Thus location of trials in terms of journal type and impact factor should be taken into account when the literature on complementary therapies is being examined...
  50. ncbi request reprint The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
    ..With this high level of prevalence, research into the potential risks and benefits of CM is urgently needed. Dermatologists should consider discussing CM openly with their patients...
  51. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture as a treatment for temporomandibular joint dysfunction: a systematic review of randomized trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 125:269-72. 1999
    ..To summarize the data from randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for temporomandibular joint dysfunction...
  52. ncbi request reprint Tea tree oil: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 7:17-20. 2000
    ..This article is an attempt to systematically review the evidence from randomised clinical trials for or against effectiveness of external TTO in dermatological conditions...
  53. ncbi request reprint Articles on complementary medicine in the mainstream medical literature: an investigation of MEDLINE, 1966 through 1996
    J Barnes
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 159:1721-5. 1999
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Hypericum for depression. An update of the clinical evidence
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 9:501-5. 1999
    ..It is concluded that recent clinical trials strengthen the case for hypericum as an antidepressant, but more work needs to be done to answer the remaining questions...
  55. ncbi request reprint Herbal medications for common ailments in the elderly
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Drugs Aging 15:423-8. 1999
    ..However, several uncertainties remain and, at present, prevent unreserved recommendations...
  56. ncbi request reprint The current position of complementary/alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Eur J Cancer 39:2273-7. 2003
    ..Research in this area is scarce and with numerous therapies we cannot be sure about efficacy or safety. It follows that our current knowledge gaps urgently needs to be filled...
  57. doi request reprint Prevalence of CAM use by UK climacteric women: a systematic review of surveys
    P Posadzki
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Climacteric 16:3-7. 2013
    ..This systematic review is aimed at assessing surveys which monitor the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by climacteric women living in the UK...
  58. doi request reprint Alternative detox
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Br Med Bull 101:33-8. 2012
    ..The concept that alternative therapies can eliminate toxins and toxicants from the body, i.e. 'alternative detox' (AD) is popular...
  59. doi request reprint Acupuncture: does it alleviate pain and are there serious risks? A review of reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Pain 152:755-64. 2011
    ..Serious adverse effects continue to be reported. Numerous reviews have produced little convincing evidence that acupuncture is effective in reducing pain. Serious adverse events, including deaths, continue to be reported...
  60. ncbi request reprint Towards a risk-benefit evaluation of placebos
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 148:461-3. 1998
    ..Under certain conditions, the clinical use of placebos might therefore be a realistic option. In the final analysis, however, our knowledge for a conclusive risk-benefit evaluation of placebo is incomplete...
  61. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for asthma: what patients use
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Asthma 35:667-71. 1998
    ..In general, the money spent on CM was modest. It is concluded that CM is frequently used for asthma. Therefore, this area of healthcare would seem to warrant more rigorous investigation...
  62. pmc A meta-analysis of acupuncture techniques for smoking cessation
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Tob Control 8:393-7. 1999
    ..To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for smoking cessation and to examine whether any individual aspect of trials is associated with an effect...
  63. ncbi request reprint Iridology: A systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed 6:7-9. 1999
    ..Iridologists claim to be able to diagnose medical conditions through abnormalities of pigmentation in the iris. This technique is popular in many countries. Therefore it is relevant to ask whether it is valid...
  64. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of complementary/alternative medicine for children: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 158:7-11. 1999
    ..Ten studies were found. Their results suggest that the prevalence of CAM use is variable but generally high. CAM is often perceived as helpful. Insufficient data exist about safety and cost...
  65. pmc Herbal medicines for asthma: a systematic review
    A Huntley
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 55:925-9. 2000
    ..This study was undertaken to determine if there is any evidence for the clinical efficacy of herbal preparations for the treatment of asthma symptoms...
  66. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of distant healing for skin warts
    E F Harkness
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 108:448-52. 2000
    ..This trial was aimed at assessing the efficacy of one form of distant healing on common skin warts...
  67. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for back pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2235-41. 1998
    ..Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain, but there is no published meta-analysis of trials of its effectiveness for this condition...
  68. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus: a systematic review
    J Park
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:489-92. 2000
    ..Tinnitus is a prevalent condition for which patients may seek treatment with acupuncture since no conventional treatment has been shown to be effective...
  69. ncbi request reprint Complementary medicine--a critical review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Isr J Med Sci 33:808-15. 1997
    ..In certain instances they may, however, require some adaptation to fit the special needs of CM. It is concluded that key questions in CM remain unanswered and research efforts to find these answers should be increased...
  70. ncbi request reprint [Healing practitioners in Austria?]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:423-5. 1997
    ..A speedy solution to the obvious problems is therefore not in sight. On the basis of these facts, there are hardly any good reasons for introducing the "Heilpraktiker" in Austria...
  71. ncbi request reprint Phyto-anti-inflammatories. A systematic review of randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Rheum Dis Clin North Am 26:13-27, vii. 2000
    ..It is concluded that phyto-anti-inflammatories have considerable, albeit under-researched, potential in the symptomatic treatment of rheumatic disorders...
  72. doi request reprint Informing the public responsibly about herbal medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Diet Suppl 6:9-12. 2009
    ..Instead, we have a plethora of seriously misleading texts. In the interest of public health, we need reliable, unbiased, and easily accessible information...
  73. doi request reprint Adverse effects of homeopathy: a systematic review of published case reports and case series
    P Posadzki
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 66:1178-88. 2012
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to critically evaluate the evidence regarding the adverse effects (AEs) of homeopathy...
  74. ncbi request reprint How useful are unconventional cancer treatments?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Eur J Cancer 35:1608-13. 1999
    ..It is concluded that good evidence in this area is scarce. Vis-à-vis the high prevalence of unconventional cancer treatments, rigorous investigations are mandatory, not least for increasing the safety of future patients...
  75. doi request reprint Spinal manipulations for the treatment of migraine: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    P Posadzki
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, UK
    Cephalalgia 31:964-70. 2011
    ..The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of spinal manipulations as a treatment for migraine headaches...
  76. doi request reprint Reflexology: an update of a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Maturitas 68:116-20. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the best clinical evidence does not demonstrate convincingly reflexology to be an effective treatment for any medical condition...
  77. ncbi request reprint Economic analysis of complementary medicine: a systematic review
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 8:111-8. 2000
    ..To review systematically all reports of economic analysis of complementary and alternative medicine...
  78. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine use in England: results from a national survey
    K J Hunt
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 64:1496-502. 2010
    ..In many countries, recent data on the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are available. However, in England, there is a paucity of such data. We sought to determine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in England...
  79. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects of herbal drugs in dermatology
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 143:923-9. 2000
    ..It is concluded that adverse effects of herbal medicines are an important albeit neglected subject in dermatology, which deserves further systematic investigation...
  80. ncbi request reprint CAM research in Britain: the last 10 years
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Department, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:17-20. 2005
    ..K., CAM has become a respectable area of scientific investigation only during the last decade. In this article, we review the 10 years of CAM research in Britain...
  81. ncbi request reprint Herbal remedies for anxiety - a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter Plymouth, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:205-8. 2006
    ..Only for kava were independent replications available. It was concluded that there is a lack of rigorous studies in this area and that only kava has been shown beyond reasonable doubt to have anxiolytic effects in humans...
  82. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture--a critical analysis
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Intern Med 259:125-37. 2006
    ..Nonserious adverse effects occur in 7-11% of all patients. In conclusion, acupuncture remains steeped in controversy. Some findings are encouraging but others suggest that its clinical effects mainly depend on a placebo response...
  83. ncbi request reprint Economy chased medicine: health under the provision of economy -- chance or threat for CAM?
    E Ernst
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 12:292; author reply 292. 2005
  84. pmc Ukrain - a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMC Cancer 5:69. 2005
    ..Numerous pre-clinical and clinical investigations seem to suggest that Ukrain is pharmacologically active and clinically effective. We wanted therefore to critically evaluate the clinical trial data in the form of a systematic review...
  85. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of randomised clinical trials of Tripterygium wilfordii for rheumatoid arthritis
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:371-7. 2006
    ..However, the literature indicates that T. wilfordii is associated with serious adverse events which make the risk-benefit analysis for this herb unfavourable. Therefore, we cannot recommend its use...
  86. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for the treatment of COPD: a systematic review
    R Guo
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur Respir J 28:330-8. 2006
    ..Considering the popularity of herbal medicine among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, rigorously designed studies seem warranted...
  87. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for peripheral joint osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Y D Kwon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:1331-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in peripheral joint osteoarthritis (OA)...
  88. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for back pain: is the evidence getting stronger?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 26:736-8. 2007
    ..The direction of the evidence, however, remained unchanged for all but one therapy. We conclude that the value of complementary therapies in the management of back pain remains encouraging but not fully convincing...
  89. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for fibromyalgia--a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Mayhew
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:801-4. 2007
    ..Acupuncture is often used and frequently advocated for the symptomatic treatment of fibromyalgia. A systematic review has previously demonstrated encouraging findings. As it is now outdated, we wanted to update it...
  90. ncbi request reprint Study by Robertson et al is a fine example of nonsensical, misleading statistics
    E Ernst
    Homeopathy 96:285; author reply 285. 2007
  91. ncbi request reprint [Anthroposophic medicine: a critical analysis]
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:1-6. 2008
    ..Anthroposophic medicine (AM) is popular in Europe. This review is an attempt to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of AM. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion of this subject...
  92. ncbi request reprint Adverse events of herbal food supplements for body weight reduction: systematic review
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exter EX2 4NT, UK
    Obes Rev 6:93-111. 2005
    ..Exceptions are Garcinia cambogia and yerba mate, which merit further investigation...
  93. ncbi request reprint 'If it helps my patient...' Perspectives on complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Clin Med 4:242-3. 2004
    ..The revised argument should be 'if it helps my patient, I want research undertaken to find out whether more people could benefit from it'...
  94. ncbi request reprint Weighing the homeopathic evidence
    E Ernst
    Homeopathy 92:67-8; discussion 123. 2003
  95. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
    K L Soeken
    Complementary Medicine Program, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 42:652-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review to examine the evidence for the use of herbal medicines for RA based on randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
  96. ncbi request reprint Complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 15:151-5. 2003
    ..Clearly, rigorous testing of complementary treatments is possible, and considering their popularity, should be encouraged...
  97. pmc Challenges for phytopharmacovigilance
    E Ernst
    Postgrad Med J 80:249-50. 2004
  98. ncbi request reprint Ayurvedic medicines
    E Ernst
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:455-6. 2002
  99. ncbi request reprint Interactions between herbal medicines and prescribed drugs: a systematic review
    A A Izzo
    Department of Experimental Pharmacology, University of Naples 'Federico II, Naples, Italy
    Drugs 61:2163-75. 2001
    ..Healthcare professionals should ask their patients about the use of herbal products and consider the possibility of herb-drug interactions...
  100. pmc Aspects of MMR. Survey shows that some homoeopaths and chiropractors advise against MMR
    K Schmidt
    BMJ 325:597. 2002
  101. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine in rheumatology--between negligence, ignorance and arrogance
    E Ernst
    Osteoarthritis Cartilage 10:671-2. 2002