E Ernst

Summary

Affiliation: University of Exeter
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc 'Alternative' cancer cures via the Internet?
    E Ernst
    Br J Cancer 87:479-80. 2002
  2. pmc What's the point of rigorous research on complementary/alternative medicine?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 95:211-3. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Tea tree oil: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 7:17-20. 2000
  4. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture as a treatment for temporomandibular joint dysfunction: a systematic review of randomized trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 125:269-72. 1999
  5. ncbi request reprint Rise in popularity of complementary and alternative medicine: reasons and consequences for vaccination
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Vaccine 20:S90-3; discussion S89. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects of herbal drugs in dermatology
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 143:923-9. 2000
  7. pmc Spinal manipulation: its safety is uncertain
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sports and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    CMAJ 166:40-1. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint The dark side of complementary and alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 13:797-800. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for back pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2235-41. 1998
  10. ncbi request reprint St John's Wort supplements endanger the success of organ transplantation
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter EX2 4NT, England
    Arch Surg 137:316-9. 2002

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications185 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc 'Alternative' cancer cures via the Internet?
    E Ernst
    Br J Cancer 87:479-80. 2002
  2. pmc What's the point of rigorous research on complementary/alternative medicine?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 95:211-3. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Tea tree oil: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 7:17-20. 2000
    ..This article is an attempt to systematically review the evidence from randomised clinical trials for or against effectiveness of external TTO in dermatological conditions...
  4. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture as a treatment for temporomandibular joint dysfunction: a systematic review of randomized trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 125:269-72. 1999
    ..To summarize the data from randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for temporomandibular joint dysfunction...
  5. ncbi request reprint Rise in popularity of complementary and alternative medicine: reasons and consequences for vaccination
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Vaccine 20:S90-3; discussion S89. 2001
    ..The best way forward, it seems, would be a campaign to clarify the risk-benefit profile of immunisations for both users and providers of CAM...
  6. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects of herbal drugs in dermatology
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 143:923-9. 2000
    ..It is concluded that adverse effects of herbal medicines are an important albeit neglected subject in dermatology, which deserves further systematic investigation...
  7. pmc Spinal manipulation: its safety is uncertain
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sports and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    CMAJ 166:40-1. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint The dark side of complementary and alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J STD AIDS 13:797-800. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for back pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2235-41. 1998
    ..Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain, but there is no published meta-analysis of trials of its effectiveness for this condition...
  10. ncbi request reprint St John's Wort supplements endanger the success of organ transplantation
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter EX2 4NT, England
    Arch Surg 137:316-9. 2002
    ..St John's wort causes a decrease in cyclosporine levels, thus endangering the success of organ transplantations...
  11. ncbi request reprint The role of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Lancet Oncol 1:176-80. 2000
    ..The evidence for this approach is still preliminary but, generally speaking, promising. The challenge for the future is to obtain reliable evidence and to identify those approaches that do more good than harm...
  12. ncbi request reprint Complementary medicine--a critical review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Isr J Med Sci 33:808-15. 1997
    ..In certain instances they may, however, require some adaptation to fit the special needs of CM. It is concluded that key questions in CM remain unanswered and research efforts to find these answers should be increased...
  13. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine in dermatology: evidence-assessed efficacy of two diseases and two treatments
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Am J Clin Dermatol 3:341-8. 2002
    ..The data for aloe vera gel and tea tree oil indicate that for neither is there compelling evidence of effectiveness. The use of CAM treatments is not free of risk; direct and indirect risks associated with CAM must be considered...
  14. ncbi request reprint Phyto-anti-inflammatories. A systematic review of randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Rheum Dis Clin North Am 26:13-27, vii. 2000
    ..It is concluded that phyto-anti-inflammatories have considerable, albeit under-researched, potential in the symptomatic treatment of rheumatic disorders...
  15. ncbi request reprint Location bias in controlled clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:485-9. 2000
    ..To systematically investigate location bias of controlled clinical trials in complementary/alternative medicine (CAM)...
  16. ncbi request reprint The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
    ..With this high level of prevalence, research into the potential risks and benefits of CM is urgently needed. Dermatologists should consider discussing CM openly with their patients...
  17. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for depression: an overview
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1026-32. 1998
    ..There is a need for further research involving randomized controlled trials into the efficacy of complementary and alternative therapies in the treatment of depression...
  18. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
    ..69; 95% confidence interval, 3.54-15.83). These data imply that kava extract is superior to placebo as a symptomatic treatment for anxiety. Therefore, kava extract is an herbal treatment option for anxiety that is worthy of consideration...
  19. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of distant healing for skin warts
    E F Harkness
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 108:448-52. 2000
    ..This trial was aimed at assessing the efficacy of one form of distant healing on common skin warts...
  20. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg doctors' tribunal. Part 2: Medical resistance during the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 146:629-31. 1996
    ..Sauerbruch are briefly discussed as examples of medical resistance...
  21. ncbi request reprint CAM research in Britain: the last 10 years
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Department, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:17-20. 2005
    ..K., CAM has become a respectable area of scientific investigation only during the last decade. In this article, we review the 10 years of CAM research in Britain...
  22. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
    ..Complementary medicine has become an important aspect of palliative cancer care. This overview is primarily aimed at providing guidance to clinicians regarding some commonly used complementary therapies...
  23. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of homeopathic arnica: a systematic review of placebo-controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Surg 133:1187-90. 1998
    ..The efficacy of homeopathic remedies has remained controversial. The homeopathic remedy most frequently studied in placebo-controlled clinical trials is Arnica montana...
  24. pmc Ukrain - a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMC Cancer 5:69. 2005
    ..Numerous pre-clinical and clinical investigations seem to suggest that Ukrain is pharmacologically active and clinically effective. We wanted therefore to critically evaluate the clinical trial data in the form of a systematic review...
  25. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 3: The failure of coming to terms with the past
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:53-4. 1997
    ..The German and Austrian medical profession may have forfeited the chance to learn an important lesson relating to its own past...
  26. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine for supportive cancer care: development of the evidence-base
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Support Care Cancer 15:565-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is to compare the evidence relating to the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in palliative cancer care as it existed in 2000 and 2005...
  27. ncbi request reprint Risks associated with herbal medicinal products
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:183-9. 2002
    ..Asian HMPs are most often implicated. It is concluded that HMPs are not free of risk. More research and more information are required in order to maximize consumers' safety...
  28. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: the kind face of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Surg 7:499-500. 2009
    ..Yet CAM can play an important role in oncology, and that is in supportive and palliative care. Several treatments can decrease the side-effects of cancer drugs or improve quality of life in other ways...
  29. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based complementary medicine for palliative cancer care: does it make sense?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Palliat Med 17:704-7. 2003
    ..This, in turn, would be to the detriment of future patients. Through discussing the strengths and weaknesses of both sets of arguments, both sides might learn valuable lessons...
  30. ncbi request reprint Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of chiropractic and massage therapy for the reduction of any type of pain...
  31. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
    ..Many of these apparent responses could have been due to other factors including the use of herbal (non-diluted) Arnica, placebo response and natural course of disease...
  32. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of randomised clinical trials of Tripterygium wilfordii for rheumatoid arthritis
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:371-7. 2006
    ..However, the literature indicates that T. wilfordii is associated with serious adverse events which make the risk-benefit analysis for this herb unfavourable. Therefore, we cannot recommend its use...
  33. ncbi request reprint Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
    ..The majority of rigorous trial data available to date suggest that ASU is effective for the symptomatic treatment of OA and more research seems warranted. However, the only real long-term trial yielded a largely negative result...
  34. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 40:779-93. 2001
    ..The reviewed herbal medicines appear relatively safe. CONCLUSIONS: Some herbal medicines may offer a much-needed alternative for patients with osteoarthritis...
  35. ncbi request reprint Hypericum for depression. An update of the clinical evidence
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 9:501-5. 1999
    ..It is concluded that recent clinical trials strengthen the case for hypericum as an antidepressant, but more work needs to be done to answer the remaining questions...
  36. ncbi request reprint Reflexologists' responses to a patient with abdominal pain-a survey on Internet advice
    K Schmidt
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 11:98-102. 2003
    ..To generate preliminary data on how individual reflexologists deal with patients seeking medical advice on the Internet...
  37. doi request reprint Is lavender an anxiolytic drug? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    R Perry
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4SG, United Kingdom
    Phytomedicine 19:825-35. 2012
    ..Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is often recommended for stress/anxiety relief and believed to possess anxiolytic effects...
  38. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of spinal manipulation
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:192-6. 2006
    ..To systematically collate and evaluate the evidence from recent systematic reviews of clinical trials of spinal manipulation...
  39. ncbi request reprint [Anthroposophic medicine: a critical analysis]
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:1-6. 2008
    ..Anthroposophic medicine (AM) is popular in Europe. This review is an attempt to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of AM. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion of this subject...
  40. ncbi request reprint Iridology: A systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed 6:7-9. 1999
    ..Iridologists claim to be able to diagnose medical conditions through abnormalities of pigmentation in the iris. This technique is popular in many countries. Therefore it is relevant to ask whether it is valid...
  41. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 4: Nazi medicine's relevance today
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:70-1. 1997
    ..It would be foolish not to learn from experiences of the past. Nazi medicine can therefore never be an irrelevant subject of the days gone by...
  42. pmc A systematic review of randomised clinical trials of individualised herbal medicine in any indication
    R Guo
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Postgrad Med J 83:633-7. 2007
    ..To summarise and critically evaluate the evidence from randomised clinical trials for the effectiveness of individualised herbal medicine in any indication...
  43. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture--a critical analysis
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Intern Med 259:125-37. 2006
    ..Nonserious adverse effects occur in 7-11% of all patients. In conclusion, acupuncture remains steeped in controversy. Some findings are encouraging but others suggest that its clinical effects mainly depend on a placebo response...
  44. ncbi request reprint Herbal medications for common ailments in the elderly
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Drugs Aging 15:423-8. 1999
    ..However, several uncertainties remain and, at present, prevent unreserved recommendations...
  45. doi request reprint Effects of reiki in clinical practice: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 62:947-54. 2008
    ..The aim of this systematic review is to summarise and critically evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of reiki...
  46. pmc Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial
    A White
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 58:317-21. 2003
    ..Homeopathy is frequently used to treat asthma in children. In the common classical form of homeopathy, prescriptions are individualised for each patient. There has been no rigorous investigation into this form of treatment for asthma...
  47. ncbi request reprint Assessing websites on complementary and alternative medicine for cancer
    K Schmidt
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Institute of Health and Social Care, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Ann Oncol 15:733-42. 2004
    ..Materials and methods We used a pre-tested search strategy to identify the websites that are most likely to be used by cancer patients and assessed them according to pre-defined criteria...
  48. ncbi request reprint Prevalence surveys: to be taken with a pinch of salt
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 12:272-5. 2006
  49. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative therapies for premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:227-35. 2001
    ..On the basis of current evidence, no complementary/alternative therapy can be recommended as a treatment for premenstrual syndrome...
  50. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for the treatment of COPD: a systematic review
    R Guo
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur Respir J 28:330-8. 2006
    ..Considering the popularity of herbal medicine among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, rigorously designed studies seem warranted...
  51. ncbi request reprint The efficacy and safety of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.): an update of a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Science, University of Exeter, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:509-14. 2000
    ..The aims of this systematic review are to update the evidence from rigorous clinical trials for or against the efficacy of feverfew for migraine prevention and to provide a safety profile of this herbal remedy...
  52. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for peripheral joint osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Y D Kwon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:1331-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in peripheral joint osteoarthritis (OA)...
  53. ncbi request reprint Spiritual healing as a therapy for chronic pain: a randomized, clinical trial
    N C Abbot
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Pain 91:79-89. 2001
    ..It was concluded that a specific effect of face-to-face or distant healing on chronic pain could not be demonstrated over eight treatment sessions in these patients...
  54. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for back pain: is the evidence getting stronger?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 26:736-8. 2007
    ..The direction of the evidence, however, remained unchanged for all but one therapy. We conclude that the value of complementary therapies in the management of back pain remains encouraging but not fully convincing...
  55. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects profile of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.)
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:589-94. 1998
    ..This paper provides a systematic review of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with the use of extracts of the herb St. John's wort (Hypericum perfbratum L.) for the treatment of mild to moderate depression...
  56. ncbi request reprint Can St. John's wort trigger psychoses?
    C Stevinson
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 42:473-80. 2004
    ..St. John's wort (SJW) is a popular herbal remedy often self-prescribed for depressed mood. It has recently been associated with psychotic events...
  57. ncbi request reprint 'If it helps my patient...' Perspectives on complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Clin Med (Lond) 4:242-3. 2004
    ..The revised argument should be 'if it helps my patient, I want research undertaken to find out whether more people could benefit from it'...
  58. ncbi request reprint Usage of complementary therapies in rheumatology: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 17:301-5. 1998
    ..On the basis of these findings, a rigorous investigation of the effectiveness, safety and costs of CM in rheumatology seems desirable...
  59. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for treatment of fungal infections: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    Karen W Martin
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Mycoses 47:87-92. 2004
    ..There are few controlled clinical trials of herbal antifungal medicines. The most thoroughly clinically tested is tea tree oil, which holds some promise. All herbal remedies require further investigation in rigorous clinical trials...
  60. doi request reprint Adverse effects of homeopathy: a systematic review of published case reports and case series
    P Posadzki
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 66:1178-88. 2012
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to critically evaluate the evidence regarding the adverse effects (AEs) of homeopathy...
  61. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine use in England: results from a national survey
    K J Hunt
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 64:1496-502. 2010
    ..In many countries, recent data on the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are available. However, in England, there is a paucity of such data. We sought to determine the prevalence and predictors of CAM use in England...
  62. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for episodic tension-type headache: a multicentre randomized controlled trial
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Cephalalgia 20:632-7. 2000
    ..Results also show that patient blinding was successful. In conclusion, this study does not provide evidence that this form of acupuncture is effective in the prevention of episodic tension-type headache...
  63. ncbi request reprint [How effective is spa treatment? A systematic review of randomized studies]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 123:273-7; discussion 278. 1998
    ..An important argument against spa treatment has been the supposed lack of evidence for its efficacy. This analysis was undertaken to gather firm data bearing on this problem...
  64. ncbi request reprint Panel discussions about CAM and research: science friction
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 9:81-2. 2003
  65. ncbi request reprint Tai chi for rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:1648-51. 2007
    ..Collectively this evidence is not convincing enough to suggest that tai chi is an effective treatment for RA. The value of tai chi for this indication therefore remains unproven...
  66. pmc Ethical problems arising in evidence based complementary and alternative medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    J Med Ethics 30:156-9. 2004
    ..This article is an attempt to explore some of the more obvious or practical ethical aspects of complementary and alternative medicine...
  67. ncbi request reprint The current position of complementary/alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Eur J Cancer 39:2273-7. 2003
    ..Research in this area is scarce and with numerous therapies we cannot be sure about efficacy or safety. It follows that our current knowledge gaps urgently needs to be filled...
  68. ncbi request reprint Chromium picolinate for reducing body weight: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complimentary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:522-9. 2003
    ..The clinical relevance of the effect is debatable and the lack of robustness means that the result has to be interpreted with caution...
  69. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of acupuncture for nicotine withdrawal symptoms
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2251-5. 1998
    ..One possible reason for this is that the optimal acupuncture technique was not applied or that the technique was not repeated sufficiently often...
  70. doi request reprint Massage therapy for cancer palliation and supportive care: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Support Care Cancer 17:333-7. 2009
    ..Massage is a popular adjunct to cancer palliation. This systematic review is aimed at critically evaluating all available randomised clinical trials of massage in cancer palliation...
  71. doi request reprint Acupuncture for depression?: A systematic review of systematic reviews
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Eval Health Prof 34:403-12. 2011
    ..In conclusion, the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment of depression remains unproven and the authors' findings are consistent with acupuncture effects in depression being indistinguishable from placebo effects...
  72. ncbi request reprint Massage therapy for the treatment of depression: a systematic review
    H F Coelho
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 62:325-33. 2008
    ..This systematic review evaluates the evidence, from randomised clinical trials (RCTs), for the effectiveness of multiple sessions of classical European (Swedish) MT for the treatment of depression...
  73. pmc Homeopathic arnica for prevention of pain and bruising: randomized placebo-controlled trial in hand surgery
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, UK
    J R Soc Med 96:60-5. 2003
    ..The results of this trial do not suggest that homeopathic arnica has an advantage over placebo in reducing postoperative pain, bruising and swelling in patients undergoing elective hand surgery...
  74. ncbi request reprint Serious psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal medicines -- a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 108:83-91. 2003
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to provide a summary of recent data on severe psychiatric and neurological adverse effects of herbal remedies...
  75. doi request reprint Great expectations: what do patients using complementary and alternative medicine hope for?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Patient 4:89-101. 2011
    ..It is concluded that the expectations of CAM users are currently not rigorously investigated. Future studies should have a clear focus on specific aspects of this broad question...
  76. ncbi request reprint A trial design that generates only ''positive'' results
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Postgrad Med 54:214-6. 2008
    ..We conclude that the 'A + B versus B' design is prone to false positive results and discuss the design features that might prevent or exacerbate this problem...
  77. ncbi request reprint Towards a risk-benefit evaluation of placebos
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 148:461-3. 1998
    ..Under certain conditions, the clinical use of placebos might therefore be a realistic option. In the final analysis, however, our knowledge for a conclusive risk-benefit evaluation of placebo is incomplete...
  78. ncbi request reprint Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of autologous blood therapy for atopic dermatitis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 148:307-13. 2003
    ..However, there is little evidence from rigorous clinical trials to suggest that it is effective...
  79. ncbi request reprint Tai chi for osteoporosis: a systematic review
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Osteoporos Int 19:139-46. 2008
    ..The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence from controlled clinical trials testing the effectiveness of tai chi for osteoporosis...
  80. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus: a systematic review
    J Park
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:489-92. 2000
    ..Tinnitus is a prevalent condition for which patients may seek treatment with acupuncture since no conventional treatment has been shown to be effective...
  81. ncbi request reprint Research into complementary/alternative medicine: an attempt to dispel the myths
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 55:376-9. 2001
    ..Any central body overseeing CAM research has to be seen to be rigorous and impartial. Strong opinions which often dominate CAM can be a hindrance to good research. Evidence-based CAM should no longer remain a contradiction in terms...
  82. ncbi request reprint Informed consent: a potential dilemma for complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 27:428-9. 2004
  83. ncbi request reprint The case for uncontrolled clinical trials: a starting point for the evidence base for CAM
    A White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:111-6. 2001
    ..The ultimate purpose of uncontrolled trials is to facilitate subsequent definitive studies that will help define the place of CAM in health care...
  84. pmc Herbal medicines for asthma: a systematic review
    A Huntley
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 55:925-9. 2000
    ..This study was undertaken to determine if there is any evidence for the clinical efficacy of herbal preparations for the treatment of asthma symptoms...
  85. pmc Neurological complications of cervical spine manipulation
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    J R Soc Med 94:107-10. 2001
    ..Concern about neurological complications following cervical spine manipulation appears to be justified. A large long-term prospective study is required to determine the scale of the hazard...
  86. ncbi request reprint Survey of adverse events following acupuncture (SAFA): a prospective study of 32,000 consultations
    A White
    University of Exeter
    Acupunct Med 19:84-92. 2001
    ..Acupuncture seems, in skilled hands, one of the safer forms of medical intervention...
  87. pmc Relaxation therapies for asthma: a systematic review
    A Huntley
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Studies, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 57:127-31. 2002
    ..The aim of this systematic review was to determine if there is any evidence for or against the clinical efficacy of such interventions...
  88. ncbi request reprint Economic analysis of complementary medicine: a systematic review
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 8:111-8. 2000
    ..To review systematically all reports of economic analysis of complementary and alternative medicine...
  89. ncbi request reprint 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde': complementary/alternative medicine in the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 9:49-51. 2001
    ..Most importantly, perhaps, today's CAM is concerned with the welfare of the individual, whereas the 'Neue Deutsche Heilkunde' was aimed at ensuring the dominance of the Aryan race...
  90. doi request reprint Review of reliable information sources related to integrative oncology
    Kate Boddy
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 22:619-30, vii. 2008
    ..Resources that met the selection criteria and produced high evaluation scores are reviewed in detail. Resources include research databases, clinical databases, online information systems, and print media...
  91. pmc Effectiveness of artichoke extract in preventing alcohol-induced hangovers: a randomized controlled trial
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, United Kingdom
    CMAJ 169:1269-73. 2003
    ..We undertook this study to test whether artichoke extract is effective in preventing the signs and symptoms of alcohol-induced hangover...
  92. ncbi request reprint [Research into complementary medicine--an account after 10 years]
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 154:32-6. 2004
    ..Although some progress has been made, this field continues to receive too little attention. The future of complementary medicine will depend on whether its modalities can be shown to generate more good than harm for the patient...
  93. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative therapies in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C: a systematic review
    Joanna Thompson Coon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J Hepatol 40:491-500. 2004
    ..Complementary therapies are widely promoted for and used by patients with hepatitis C. The aim is to systematically assess the efficacy of complementary therapies in treating chronic hepatitis C...
  94. ncbi request reprint Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 114:665-74. 2003
    ..In conclusion, these results suggest that there is a significant benefit from hawthorn extract as an adjunctive treatment for chronic heart failure...
  95. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: what does the "best" evidence tell us?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 192:458-60. 2010
    ..To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathy...
  96. ncbi request reprint Multiple n = 1 trials in the identification of responders and non-responders to the cognitive effects of Ginkgo biloba
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, Devon, UK
    Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 41:354-7. 2003
    ..biloba) among healthy volunteers...
  97. ncbi request reprint Anecdotal obsessions? A comment on the use of anecdotes by the general media to support claims in CAM
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery 10:254-5. 2004
  98. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for fibromyalgia--a systematic review of randomized clinical trials
    E Mayhew
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 46:801-4. 2007
    ..Acupuncture is often used and frequently advocated for the symptomatic treatment of fibromyalgia. A systematic review has previously demonstrated encouraging findings. As it is now outdated, we wanted to update it...
  99. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: herbal medicinal products for non-ulcer dyspepsia
    J Thompson Coon
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 16:1689-99. 2002
    ..Herbal medicinal products are often used for the relief of dyspeptic symptoms...
  100. ncbi request reprint How useful are unconventional cancer treatments?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Eur J Cancer 35:1608-13. 1999
    ..It is concluded that good evidence in this area is scarce. Vis-à-vis the high prevalence of unconventional cancer treatments, rigorous investigations are mandatory, not least for increasing the safety of future patients...
  101. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine for pain management in rheumatic disease
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 14:58-62. 2002
    ..Generally speaking, complementary and alternative medicine is grossly underresearched. Because of the popularity of complementary and alternative medicine, adequately defining risk-benefit relationships is an urgent matter...