E Ernst

Summary

Affiliation: University of Exeter
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of the safety of kava extract in the treatment of anxiety
    Clare Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Drug Saf 25:251-61. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Manipulation of the cervical spine: a systematic review of case reports of serious adverse events, 1995-2001
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 176:376-80. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: what does the "best" evidence tell us?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 192:458-60. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint Risks associated with herbal medicinal products
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:183-9. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint The efficacy and safety of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.): an update of a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Science, University of Exeter, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:509-14. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint A primer of complementary and alternative medicine commonly used by cancer patients
    E Ernst
    School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 174:88-92. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Chelation therapy for coronary heart disease: An overview of all clinical investigations
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am Heart J 140:139-41. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint Toxic heavy metals and undeclared drugs in Asian herbal medicines
    Edzard Ernst
    Dept of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Trends Pharmacol Sci 23:136-9. 2002
  10. pmc Prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:252-7. 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications158 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of the safety of kava extract in the treatment of anxiety
    Clare Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Drug Saf 25:251-61. 2002
    ..Serious adverse events have been reported and further research is required to determine the nature and frequency of such events...
  2. ncbi request reprint Manipulation of the cervical spine: a systematic review of case reports of serious adverse events, 1995-2001
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 176:376-80. 2002
    ..To summarise recent evidence from case reports (published January 1995-September 2001) of adverse events after cervical spine manipulation...
  3. ncbi request reprint Homeopathy: what does the "best" evidence tell us?
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med J Aust 192:458-60. 2010
    ..To evaluate the evidence for and against the effectiveness of homeopathy...
  4. ncbi request reprint Risks associated with herbal medicinal products
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:183-9. 2002
    ..Asian HMPs are most often implicated. It is concluded that HMPs are not free of risk. More research and more information are required in order to maximize consumers' safety...
  5. ncbi request reprint The efficacy and safety of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.): an update of a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Science, University of Exeter, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:509-14. 2000
    ..The aims of this systematic review are to update the evidence from rigorous clinical trials for or against the efficacy of feverfew for migraine prevention and to provide a safety profile of this herbal remedy...
  6. ncbi request reprint A primer of complementary and alternative medicine commonly used by cancer patients
    E Ernst
    School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Med J Aust 174:88-92. 2001
    ..Our knowledge regarding the potential benefit and harm of CAM is insufficient...
  7. ncbi request reprint Chelation therapy for coronary heart disease: An overview of all clinical investigations
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am Heart J 140:139-41. 2000
    ..Chelation therapy is popular in the United States. The question of whether it does more good than harm remains controversial...
  8. ncbi request reprint The usage of complementary therapies by dermatological patients: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Br J Dermatol 142:857-61. 2000
    ..With this high level of prevalence, research into the potential risks and benefits of CM is urgently needed. Dermatologists should consider discussing CM openly with their patients...
  9. ncbi request reprint Toxic heavy metals and undeclared drugs in Asian herbal medicines
    Edzard Ernst
    Dept of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Trends Pharmacol Sci 23:136-9. 2002
    ..However, the majority of the data is anecdotal and insufficient to define prevalence figures. Ways ought to be found to maximize consumer safety...
  10. pmc Prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Bull World Health Organ 78:252-7. 2000
    ..The true prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine in the general population remains uncertain...
  11. ncbi request reprint How useful are unconventional cancer treatments?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, U K
    Eur J Cancer 35:1608-13. 1999
    ..It is concluded that good evidence in this area is scarce. Vis-à-vis the high prevalence of unconventional cancer treatments, rigorous investigations are mandatory, not least for increasing the safety of future patients...
  12. pmc A systematic review of systematic reviews of homeopathy
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT UK
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 54:577-82. 2002
    ..It is concluded that the best clinical evidence for homeopathy available to date does not warrant positive recommendations for its use in clinical practice...
  13. pmc Chiropractic care: attempting a risk-benefit analysis
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, England, UK
    Am J Public Health 92:1603-4. 2002
  14. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicinal products during pregnancy?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Phytomedicine 9:352-4. 2002
  15. ncbi request reprint Health risks over the Internet: advice offered by "medical herbalists" to a pregnant woman
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Med Wochenschr 152:190-2. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate Internet advice offered by "medical herbalists" to a pregnant woman regarding herbal treatment of morning sickness...
  16. ncbi request reprint [Acupuncture for back pain: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials and an update with data from the most recent studies]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Germany
    Schmerz 16:129-39. 2002
    ..Acupuncture is commonly used to treat back pain. A meta-analysis of clinical trials of acupuncture for this condition came to a positive conclusion whilst a qualitative review was negative...
  17. ncbi request reprint Heavy metals in traditional Indian remedies
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 57:891-6. 2002
    ..These findings should alert us to the possibility of heavy metal content in traditional Indian remedies and motivate us to consider means of protecting consumers from such risks...
  18. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine: what is it all about?
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Scinces, Exeter, UK
    Occup Environ Med 59:140-4; quiz 144, 84. 2002
  19. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Med Clin North Am 86:149-61. 2002
    ..The research required to fill the gaps in present knowledge should have a high priority...
  20. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine for pain management in rheumatic disease
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Rheumatol 14:58-62. 2002
    ..Generally speaking, complementary and alternative medicine is grossly underresearched. Because of the popularity of complementary and alternative medicine, adequately defining risk-benefit relationships is an urgent matter...
  21. ncbi request reprint The risk-benefit profile of commonly used herbal therapies: Ginkgo, St. John's Wort, Ginseng, Echinacea, Saw Palmetto, and Kava
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Devon EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    Ann Intern Med 136:42-53. 2002
    ..None of these herbal medicines is free of adverse effects. Because the evidence is incomplete, risk-benefit assessments are not completely reliable, and much knowledge is still lacking...
  22. ncbi request reprint Herbal medications for common ailments in the elderly
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Drugs Aging 15:423-8. 1999
    ..However, several uncertainties remain and, at present, prevent unreserved recommendations...
  23. ncbi request reprint Iridology: not useful and potentially harmful
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, Univesity of Exter, England
    Arch Ophthalmol 118:120-1. 2000
    ..In Germany, for instance, 80% of the Heilpraktiker (nonmedically qualified health practitioners) practice iridology. Ophthalmologists may therefore ask what is iridology and how valuable is it?..
  24. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of complementary/alternative medicine for children: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 158:7-11. 1999
    ..Ten studies were found. Their results suggest that the prevalence of CAM use is variable but generally high. CAM is often perceived as helpful. Insufficient data exist about safety and cost...
  25. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 3: The failure of coming to terms with the past
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:53-4. 1997
    ..The German and Austrian medical profession may have forfeited the chance to learn an important lesson relating to its own past...
  26. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects profile of the herbal antidepressant St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.)
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Devon, UK
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 54:589-94. 1998
    ..This paper provides a systematic review of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with the use of extracts of the herb St. John's wort (Hypericum perfbratum L.) for the treatment of mild to moderate depression...
  27. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for asthma: what patients use
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Asthma 35:667-71. 1998
    ..In general, the money spent on CM was modest. It is concluded that CM is frequently used for asthma. Therefore, this area of healthcare would seem to warrant more rigorous investigation...
  28. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of homeopathic arnica: a systematic review of placebo-controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England, United Kingdom
    Arch Surg 133:1187-90. 1998
    ..The efficacy of homeopathic remedies has remained controversial. The homeopathic remedy most frequently studied in placebo-controlled clinical trials is Arnica montana...
  29. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for depression: an overview
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:1026-32. 1998
    ..There is a need for further research involving randomized controlled trials into the efficacy of complementary and alternative therapies in the treatment of depression...
  30. ncbi request reprint Usage of complementary therapies in rheumatology: a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 17:301-5. 1998
    ..On the basis of these findings, a rigorous investigation of the effectiveness, safety and costs of CM in rheumatology seems desirable...
  31. ncbi request reprint Exercise for female osteoporosis. A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Sports Med 25:359-68. 1998
    ..It is concluded that regular exercise for women of practically all ages is well advised...
  32. ncbi request reprint [How effective is spa treatment? A systematic review of randomized studies]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 123:273-7; discussion 278. 1998
    ..An important argument against spa treatment has been the supposed lack of evidence for its efficacy. This analysis was undertaken to gather firm data bearing on this problem...
  33. ncbi request reprint [Healing practitioners in Austria?]
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:423-5. 1997
    ..A speedy solution to the obvious problems is therefore not in sight. On the basis of these facts, there are hardly any good reasons for introducing the "Heilpraktiker" in Austria...
  34. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg doctors' tribunal. Part 2: Medical resistance during the Third Reich
    E Ernst
    Postgraduate Medical School, Department for Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 146:629-31. 1996
    ..Sauerbruch are briefly discussed as examples of medical resistance...
  35. ncbi request reprint 50 years ago: the Nuremberg Doctors' Tribunal. Part 4: Nazi medicine's relevance today
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 147:70-1. 1997
    ..It would be foolish not to learn from experiences of the past. Nazi medicine can therefore never be an irrelevant subject of the days gone by...
  36. ncbi request reprint Towards a risk-benefit evaluation of placebos
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 148:461-3. 1998
    ..Under certain conditions, the clinical use of placebos might therefore be a realistic option. In the final analysis, however, our knowledge for a conclusive risk-benefit evaluation of placebo is incomplete...
  37. ncbi request reprint Iridology: A systematic review
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed 6:7-9. 1999
    ..Iridologists claim to be able to diagnose medical conditions through abnormalities of pigmentation in the iris. This technique is popular in many countries. Therefore it is relevant to ask whether it is valid...
  38. ncbi request reprint Abdominal massage therapy for chronic constipation: A systematic review of controlled clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Forsch Komplementarmed 6:149-51. 1999
    ..Nonetheless the results of these trials collectively imply that massage therapy could be a promising treatment for chronic constipation. Future, more rigorous trials should evaluate its true value...
  39. ncbi request reprint Location bias in controlled clinical trials of complementary/alternative therapies
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:485-9. 2000
    ..Thus location of trials in terms of journal type and impact factor should be taken into account when the literature on complementary therapies is being examined...
  40. ncbi request reprint Avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) for osteoarthritis - a systematic review
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Devon, Exeter, UK
    Clin Rheumatol 22:285-8. 2003
    ..The majority of rigorous trial data available to date suggest that ASU is effective for the symptomatic treatment of OA and more research seems warranted. However, the only real long-term trial yielded a largely negative result...
  41. ncbi request reprint CAM research in Britain: the last 10 years
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine Department, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:17-20. 2005
    ..K., CAM has become a respectable area of scientific investigation only during the last decade. In this article, we review the 10 years of CAM research in Britain...
  42. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of kava extract for treating anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 20:84-9. 2000
    ..69; 95% confidence interval, 3.54-15.83). These data imply that kava extract is superior to placebo as a symptomatic treatment for anxiety. Therefore, kava extract is an herbal treatment option for anxiety that is worthy of consideration...
  43. ncbi request reprint The role of complementary and alternative medicine in cancer
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Lancet Oncol 1:176-80. 2000
    ..The evidence for this approach is still preliminary but, generally speaking, promising. The challenge for the future is to obtain reliable evidence and to identify those approaches that do more good than harm...
  44. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of distant healing for skin warts
    E F Harkness
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 108:448-52. 2000
    ..This trial was aimed at assessing the efficacy of one form of distant healing on common skin warts...
  45. ncbi request reprint The benefits of Arnica: 16 case reports
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, Complementary Medicine, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Homeopathy 92:217-9. 2003
    ..Many of these apparent responses could have been due to other factors including the use of herbal (non-diluted) Arnica, placebo response and natural course of disease...
  46. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine for supportive cancer care: development of the evidence-base
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Support Care Cancer 15:565-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this article is to compare the evidence relating to the effectiveness of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in palliative cancer care as it existed in 2000 and 2005...
  47. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies in palliative cancer care
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Cancer 91:2181-5. 2001
    ..Complementary medicine has become an important aspect of palliative cancer care. This overview is primarily aimed at providing guidance to clinicians regarding some commonly used complementary therapies...
  48. pmc Ukrain - a new cancer cure? A systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMC Cancer 5:69. 2005
    ..Numerous pre-clinical and clinical investigations seem to suggest that Ukrain is pharmacologically active and clinically effective. We wanted therefore to critically evaluate the clinical trial data in the form of a systematic review...
  49. doi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and cancer: the kind face of complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Surg 7:499-500. 2009
    ..Yet CAM can play an important role in oncology, and that is in supportive and palliative care. Several treatments can decrease the side-effects of cancer drugs or improve quality of life in other ways...
  50. ncbi request reprint Massage therapy for the treatment of depression: a systematic review
    H F Coelho
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 62:325-33. 2008
    ..This systematic review evaluates the evidence, from randomised clinical trials (RCTs), for the effectiveness of multiple sessions of classical European (Swedish) MT for the treatment of depression...
  51. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of randomised clinical trials of Tripterygium wilfordii for rheumatoid arthritis
    P H Canter
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Rd, Exeter, Devon EX2 4NT, UK
    Phytomedicine 13:371-7. 2006
    ..However, the literature indicates that T. wilfordii is associated with serious adverse events which make the risk-benefit analysis for this herb unfavourable. Therefore, we cannot recommend its use...
  52. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based complementary medicine for palliative cancer care: does it make sense?
    E Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Palliat Med 17:704-7. 2003
    ..This, in turn, would be to the detriment of future patients. Through discussing the strengths and weaknesses of both sets of arguments, both sides might learn valuable lessons...
  53. ncbi request reprint Manual therapies for pain control: chiropractic and massage
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, and Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Clin J Pain 20:8-12. 2004
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of chiropractic and massage therapy for the reduction of any type of pain...
  54. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 40:779-93. 2001
    ..The reviewed herbal medicines appear relatively safe. CONCLUSIONS: Some herbal medicines may offer a much-needed alternative for patients with osteoarthritis...
  55. ncbi request reprint Spiritual healing as a therapy for chronic pain: a randomized, clinical trial
    N C Abbot
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, EX2 4NT, Exeter, UK
    Pain 91:79-89. 2001
    ..It was concluded that a specific effect of face-to-face or distant healing on chronic pain could not be demonstrated over eight treatment sessions in these patients...
  56. ncbi request reprint Hypericum for depression. An update of the clinical evidence
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 9:501-5. 1999
    ..It is concluded that recent clinical trials strengthen the case for hypericum as an antidepressant, but more work needs to be done to answer the remaining questions...
  57. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative therapies for premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    C Stevinson
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:227-35. 2001
    ..On the basis of current evidence, no complementary/alternative therapy can be recommended as a treatment for premenstrual syndrome...
  58. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines for the treatment of COPD: a systematic review
    R Guo
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur Respir J 28:330-8. 2006
    ..Considering the popularity of herbal medicine among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, rigorously designed studies seem warranted...
  59. ncbi request reprint Tai chi for osteoporosis: a systematic review
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, UK
    Osteoporos Int 19:139-46. 2008
    ..The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence from controlled clinical trials testing the effectiveness of tai chi for osteoporosis...
  60. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment for tinnitus: a systematic review
    J Park
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:489-92. 2000
    ..Tinnitus is a prevalent condition for which patients may seek treatment with acupuncture since no conventional treatment has been shown to be effective...
  61. doi request reprint Effects of reiki in clinical practice: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials
    M S Lee
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Int J Clin Pract 62:947-54. 2008
    ..The aim of this systematic review is to summarise and critically evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of reiki...
  62. pmc Individualised homeopathy as an adjunct in the treatment of childhood asthma: a randomised placebo controlled trial
    A White
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Thorax 58:317-21. 2003
    ..Homeopathy is frequently used to treat asthma in children. In the common classical form of homeopathy, prescriptions are individualised for each patient. There has been no rigorous investigation into this form of treatment for asthma...
  63. ncbi request reprint 'If it helps my patient...' Perspectives on complementary medicine
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter
    Clin Med 4:242-3. 2004
    ..The revised argument should be 'if it helps my patient, I want research undertaken to find out whether more people could benefit from it'...
  64. ncbi request reprint [Anthroposophic medicine: a critical analysis]
    E Ernst
    Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:1-6. 2008
    ..Anthroposophic medicine (AM) is popular in Europe. This review is an attempt to critically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of AM. The aim is to contribute to a critical discussion of this subject...
  65. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for reducing body weight: a systematic review
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:1030-8. 2005
    ..However, the intake of E. sinica and ephedrine is associated with an increased risk of adverse events. Interventions suggesting positive effects in single RCTs require independent replication...
  66. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: hepatotoxic events associated with herbal medicinal products
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 18:451-71. 2003
    ..Large proportions of patients use herbal medicinal products, and encouraging data in terms of effectiveness exist for some of these. One aspect, however, which is still largely under-investigated is the question of potential harm...
  67. pmc A meta-analysis of acupuncture techniques for smoking cessation
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    Tob Control 8:393-7. 1999
    ..To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for smoking cessation and to examine whether any individual aspect of trials is associated with an effect...
  68. ncbi request reprint Spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:880-4. 2006
    ..The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the evidence for or against the effectiveness of spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain...
  69. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for peripheral joint osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Y D Kwon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 45:1331-7. 2006
    ..To evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in peripheral joint osteoarthritis (OA)...
  70. ncbi request reprint Homeopathic remedies for the treatment of osteoarthritis: a systematic review
    L Long
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK
    Br Homeopath J 90:37-43. 2001
    ..The clinical evidence appears promising, however, and more research into this area seems warranted...
  71. ncbi request reprint Articles on complementary medicine in the mainstream medical literature: an investigation of MEDLINE, 1966 through 1996
    J Barnes
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 159:1721-5. 1999
    ....
  72. ncbi request reprint Artemether for severe malaria: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
    M H Pittler
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 28:597-601. 1999
    ..38; 95% CI, 0.14-1.02). These data demonstrate the equality of artemether and quinine for severe malaria and indicate a trend toward greater effectiveness of artemether in regions where there is recognized quinine resistance...
  73. ncbi request reprint Acupuncture for episodic tension-type headache: a multicentre randomized controlled trial
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Cephalalgia 20:632-7. 2000
    ..Results also show that patient blinding was successful. In conclusion, this study does not provide evidence that this form of acupuncture is effective in the prevention of episodic tension-type headache...
  74. ncbi request reprint Adverse effects of herbal drugs in dermatology
    E Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Br J Dermatol 143:923-9. 2000
    ..It is concluded that adverse effects of herbal medicines are an important albeit neglected subject in dermatology, which deserves further systematic investigation...
  75. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: herbal medicinal products for non-ulcer dyspepsia
    J Thompson Coon
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 16:1689-99. 2002
    ..Herbal medicinal products are often used for the relief of dyspeptic symptoms...
  76. ncbi request reprint A blinded investigation into the accuracy of reflexology charts
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK
    Complement Ther Med 8:166-72. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate whether this representation can be used as a valid method of diagnosis...
  77. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of acupuncture for stroke: a systematic review
    J Park
    Dept of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
    J Neurol 248:558-63. 2001
    ..Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for stroke rehabilitation, but the question whether it is effective has not been answered satisfactorily...
  78. ncbi request reprint Chromium picolinate for reducing body weight: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    M H Pittler
    Complimentary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:522-9. 2003
    ..The clinical relevance of the effect is debatable and the lack of robustness means that the result has to be interpreted with caution...
  79. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of acupuncture for nicotine withdrawal symptoms
    A R White
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, England
    Arch Intern Med 158:2251-5. 1998
    ..One possible reason for this is that the optimal acupuncture technique was not applied or that the technique was not repeated sufficiently often...
  80. ncbi request reprint A profile of journals of complementary and alternative medicine
    K Schmidt
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Swiss Med Wkly 131:588-91. 2001
    ..CAM journals, and most likely CAM itself, are associated with a lack of clinical trials and a bias in favour of positive conclusions...
  81. ncbi request reprint Dietary supplements for body-weight reduction: a systematic review
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:529-36. 2004
    ..Compliance with conventional weight-management programs is notoriously poor, and a plethora of over-the-counter slimming aids are sold with claims of effectiveness...
  82. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative therapies in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C: a systematic review
    Joanna Thompson Coon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    J Hepatol 40:491-500. 2004
    ..Complementary therapies are widely promoted for and used by patients with hepatitis C. The aim is to systematically assess the efficacy of complementary therapies in treating chronic hepatitis C...
  83. ncbi request reprint [Meta-analysis of randomized clinical studies. Hawthorn extract for treatment of chronic cardiac insufficiency]
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Pharm Unserer Zeit 34:66-71. 2005
  84. ncbi request reprint Complementary therapies for peripheral arterial disease: systematic review
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Atherosclerosis 181:1-7. 2005
    ..For all other complementary treatment options there is no evidence beyond reasonable doubt to suggest effectiveness for patients with peripheral arterial disease...
  85. ncbi request reprint Complementary/alternative medicine for hypertension: a mini-review
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Wien Med Wochenschr 155:386-91. 2005
    ..The most encouraging data pertain to garlic, autogenic training, biofeedback and yoga. More research is required before firm recommendations can be offered...
  86. ncbi request reprint Panax ginseng: a systematic review of adverse effects and drug interactions
    Joanna Thompson Coon
    Department of Complementary Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    Drug Saf 25:323-44. 2002
    ..The ones that are documented are usually mild and transient. Combined preparations are more often associated with such events but causal attribution is usually not possible...
  87. ncbi request reprint Clinical effectiveness of garlic (Allium sativum)
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, UK
    Mol Nutr Food Res 51:1382-5. 2007
    ..For reducing blood pressure, few studies are available and the reported effects are too small to be clinically meaningful. For all other conditions not enough data are available for clinical recommendations...
  88. doi request reprint Complementary therapies for neuropathic and neuralgic pain: systematic review
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Clin J Pain 24:731-3. 2008
    ..To assess the evidence from rigorous clinical trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses of complementary and alternative therapies for treating neuropathic and neuralgic pain...
  89. ncbi request reprint Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure: meta-analysis of randomized trials
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    Am J Med 114:665-74. 2003
    ..In conclusion, these results suggest that there is a significant benefit from hawthorn extract as an adjunctive treatment for chronic heart failure...
  90. pmc Interventions for preventing or treating alcohol hangover: systematic review of randomised controlled trials
    Max H Pittler
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter EX2 4NT
    BMJ 331:1515-8. 2005
    ..To assess the clinical evidence on the effectiveness of any medical intervention for preventing or treating alcohol hangover...
  91. ncbi request reprint The efficacy of herbal medicine--an overview
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol 19:405-9. 2005
    ..Ultimately, we need to know which herbal remedies do more harm than good for which condition. Because of the current popularity of herbal medicine, research in this area should be intensified...
  92. ncbi request reprint Kava update: a European perspective
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    N Z Med J 117:U1143. 2004
  93. ncbi request reprint Prescribing herbal medications appropriately
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Fam Pract 53:985-8. 2004
  94. ncbi request reprint Serious adverse effects of unconventional therapies for children and adolescents: a systematic review of recent evidence
    Edzard Ernst
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Eur J Pediatr 162:72-80. 2003
    ..At present, it is impossible to provide reliable incidence figures. It seems important to be vigilant and investigate this area more systematically...
  95. ncbi request reprint Ayurvedic medicine for rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
    Jongbae Park
    Institute of Health and Social Care Research, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom
    Semin Arthritis Rheum 34:705-13. 2005
    ..To systematically review all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medicine for rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  96. ncbi request reprint "Flower remedies": a systematic review of the clinical evidence
    Edzard Ernst
    Institute of Health and Social Care Research, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter, EX2 4NT, U K
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 114:963-6. 2002
    ..Flower remedies (also called "Bach" flower remedies) are used by an increasing number of individuals, and many health claims have been made for them. No systematic review of flower remedies has so far been published...
  97. ncbi request reprint Herbs for serum cholesterol reduction: a systematic view
    Joanna S Thompson Coon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, United Kingdom
    J Fam Pract 52:468-78. 2003
    ..To systematically review the clinical evidence for herbal medicinal products in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia...
  98. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of herbal medicinal products for the treatment of menopausal symptoms
    Alyson L Huntley
    Department of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, England
    Menopause 10:465-76. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of herbal medicinal products for the treatment of menopausal symptoms by performing a systematic review of randomized clinical trials...
  99. ncbi request reprint Andrographis paniculata in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections: a systematic review of safety and efficacy
    Joanna Thompson Coon
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK
    Planta Med 70:293-8. 2004
    ..There were few spontaneous reports of adverse events. A. paniculata may be a safe and efficacious treatment for the relief of symptoms of uncomplicated upper respiratory tract infection; more research is warranted...
  100. ncbi request reprint Herbal medicines: balancing benefits and risks
    Edzard Ernst
    Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, 25 Victoria Park Road, Exeter EX2 4NT, UK
    Novartis Found Symp 282:154-67; discussion 167-72, 212-8. 2007
    ..This is currently the case for only very few such preparations. It follows that, in order to advise consumers responsibly, the gaps in our present knowledge require filling...