Paul M Emerson
Affiliation: University of Durham
- Role of flies and provision of latrines in trachoma control: cluster-randomised controlled trialPaul M Emerson
Medical Research Council Laboratories, PO Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia
Lancet 363:1093-8. 2004..We aimed to assess the role of eye-seeking flies as vectors of trachoma and to test provision of simple pit latrines, without additional health education, as a sustainable method of fly control...
- The Flies and Eyes project: design and methods of a cluster-randomised intervention study to confirm the importance of flies as trachoma vectors in The Gambia and to test a sustainable method of fly control using pit latrinesPaul M Emerson
Medical Research Council Laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia
Ophthalmic Epidemiol 9:105-17. 2002..The results will assist programme planners and country co-ordinators to make informed decisions on the environmental aspects of trachoma control...
- Reducing malaria by mosquito-proofing housesSteve W Lindsay
School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham, UK
Trends Parasitol 18:510-4. 2002..The literature reviewed here demonstrates the enormous potential of these methods to reduce malaria, in the hope that it will stimulate scientific debate and further research...
- Sustainability and acceptability of latrine provision in The GambiaVictoria M Simms
MRC Laboratories, P.O. Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia; Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:631-7. 2005....
- Household pit latrines as a potential source of the fly Musca sorbens--a one year longitudinal study from The GambiaPaul M Emerson
School of Biological and Biomedical Science, University of Durham, Durham, UK
Trop Med Int Health 10:706-9. 2005..To assess whether the trachoma vector Musca sorbens was breeding in household latrines in a trachoma-endemic part of The Gambia...
- Intensive insecticide spraying for fly control after mass antibiotic treatment for trachoma in a hyperendemic setting: a randomised trialSheila K West
Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Lancet 368:596-600. 2006..We sought to determine whether insecticide spray intervention after mass antibiotic treatment could reduce trachoma and ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in hyperendemic neighbourhoods in Tanzania...
- Household latrine use, maintenance and acceptability in rural Zinder, NigerMamadou O Diallo
The Carter Center Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30307, USA
Int J Environ Health Res 17:443-52. 2007..Future promotion projects may develop local sanitation expertise and focus on perceived benefits--proximity and privacy--rather than health...
- Risk factors for active trachoma in children and trichiasis in adults: a household survey in Amhara Regional State, EthiopiaJeremiah Ngondi
The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:432-8. 2008..5; 95% CI 1.4-1.7), female gender (OR=4.5; 95% CI 3.5-5.8), increasing prevalence of active trachoma in children (Ptrend=0.003) and increasing altitude (Ptrend=0.015)...
- Evaluation of light microscopy and rapid diagnostic test for the detection of malaria under operational field conditions: a household survey in EthiopiaTekola Endeshaw
The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Malar J 7:118. 2008..The concordance between RDTs and microscopy in low or unstable transmission areas has not been evaluated...
- Characteristics of latrine promotion participants and non-participants; inspection of latrines; and perceptions of household latrines in Northern GhanaAnn F Rodgers
Yale University, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA
Trop Med Int Health 12:772-82. 2007..To examine characteristics of household heads in two districts of Northern Ghana who had or had not participated in latrine promotion programmes; to inspect latrines; and to explore perceptions of latrine ownership...
- Blindness survey methods: response from Sudan study authorsJeremiah Ngondi
PLoS Med 4:e86. 2007
- Prevalence and causes of blindness and low vision in southern SudanJeremiah Ngondi
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 3:e477. 2006..We aimed to estimate the prevalence of blindness and low vision, identify the main causes of blindness and low vision, and estimate targets for blindness prevention programs in Mankien payam (district), southern Sudan...
- Follow-up of a low cost latrine promotion programme in one district of Amhara, Ethiopia: characteristics of early adopters and non-adoptersGashu Fentie
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Trop Med Int Health 11:1406-15. 2006..CONCLUSION: The latrine promotion programme dramatically increased latrine access and use at very low cost. The method of community mobilization used could be an effective way of reaching millennium development sanitation targets...
- The SAFE strategy for trachoma control: Using operational research for policy, planning and implementationPaul M Emerson
The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
Bull World Health Organ 84:613-9. 2006..Operational research has become a part of practice. Although there are still many questions without answers, national programme coordinators have a reasonable expectation that trachoma control programmes based on SAFE will work...
- Effect of 3 years of SAFE (surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental change) strategy for trachoma control in southern Sudan: a cross-sectional studyJeremiah Ngondi
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
Lancet 368:589-95. 2006..We did a 3-year evaluation to quantify uptake of SAFE (surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental change) interventions, and to assess the prevalence of active trachoma and unclean faces...
- Blinding trachoma in katsina state, Nigeria: population-based prevalence survey in ten local government areasNimzing F Jip
The Carter Center, Jos, Nigeria
Ophthalmic Epidemiol 15:294-302. 2008..To assess the prevalence of trachomatous inflammation follicular (TF) in children aged 1-9 years and trachomatous trichiasis (TT) in adults aged 15 years or more in Katsina State, Nigeria...