Luis E Cuevas

Summary

Affiliation: University of Liverpool
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Comparison of Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug susceptibility using solid and liquid culture in Nigeria
    Lovett Lawson
    Zankli Medical Centre, Plot 1021 Shehu YarAdua Way, Abuja, Nigeria
    BMC Res Notes 6:215. 2013
  2. doi Tuberculosis diagnostics for children in high-burden countries: what is available and what is needed
    Luis E Cuevas
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, Geneva, Switzerland
    Paediatr Int Child Health 32:S30-7. 2012
  3. pmc Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 2. Methodological issues for conducting and reporting research evaluations of tuberculosis diagnostics for intrathoracic tuberculosis in children. Consensus from an expert panel
    Luis E Cuevas
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 205:S209-15. 2012
  4. pmc Human metapneumovirus and respiratory syncytial virus, Brazil
    Luis E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1626-8. 2003
  5. ncbi Effect of reactive vaccination on meningitis epidemics in Southern Ethiopia
    L E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    J Infect 55:425-30. 2007
  6. ncbi Effect of zinc on the tuberculin response of children exposed to adults with smear-positive tuberculosis
    L E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 22:313-9. 2002
  7. pmc A multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial of frontloaded smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
    Luis Eduardo Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1000443. 2011
  8. ncbi Zinc and infection: a review
    Luis E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 25:149-60. 2005
  9. doi Unusual norovirus and rotavirus genotypes in Ethiopia
    Mohammed A Yassin
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Paediatr Int Child Health 32:51-5. 2012
  10. doi Rotavirus and norovirus infections in children in Sana'a, Yemen
    Andrew Kirby
    Department of Clinical Infection, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 16:680-4. 2011

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. pmc Comparison of Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug susceptibility using solid and liquid culture in Nigeria
    Lovett Lawson
    Zankli Medical Centre, Plot 1021 Shehu YarAdua Way, Abuja, Nigeria
    BMC Res Notes 6:215. 2013
    ..This study compares Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture isolation and drug sensitivity testing (DST) using solid (LJ) and liquid (BACTEC-MGIT-960) media in Nigeria...
  2. doi Tuberculosis diagnostics for children in high-burden countries: what is available and what is needed
    Luis E Cuevas
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, Geneva, Switzerland
    Paediatr Int Child Health 32:S30-7. 2012
    ..The diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis (TB) is complex and most of the new diagnostics for TB are for adults...
  3. pmc Evaluation of tuberculosis diagnostics in children: 2. Methodological issues for conducting and reporting research evaluations of tuberculosis diagnostics for intrathoracic tuberculosis in children. Consensus from an expert panel
    Luis E Cuevas
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 205:S209-15. 2012
    ..This consensus statement is an important step toward ensuring greater rigor and comparability of pediatric tuberculosis diagnostic research, with the aim of realizing the full potential of better tests for children...
  4. pmc Human metapneumovirus and respiratory syncytial virus, Brazil
    Luis E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1626-8. 2003
    ..Fifty-three (48%) children were infected with RSV alone, 19 (17%) with HMPV alone, and 8 (7%) had RSV/HMPV co-infections...
  5. ncbi Effect of reactive vaccination on meningitis epidemics in Southern Ethiopia
    L E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    J Infect 55:425-30. 2007
    ..To describe the duration and seasonality of meningitis epidemics in Southern Ethiopia and estimate the proportion of cases prevented by vaccination in order to assess the efficacy of current control strategies...
  6. ncbi Effect of zinc on the tuberculin response of children exposed to adults with smear-positive tuberculosis
    L E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 22:313-9. 2002
    ..Zinc supplementation could work by correcting asymptomatic or marginal zinc deficiencies or as a non-specific booster of immunological mechanisms (whether or not there is a deficiency)...
  7. pmc A multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial of frontloaded smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
    Luis Eduardo Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 8:e1000443. 2011
    ..More than 50 million people around the world are investigated for tuberculosis using sputum smear microscopy annually. This process requires repeated visits and patients often drop out...
  8. ncbi Zinc and infection: a review
    Luis E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 25:149-60. 2005
    ....
  9. doi Unusual norovirus and rotavirus genotypes in Ethiopia
    Mohammed A Yassin
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Paediatr Int Child Health 32:51-5. 2012
    ..Gastro-enteritis is associated with significant mortality in low- and middle-income countries, and rotavirus and norovirus are the principal viral agents implicated...
  10. doi Rotavirus and norovirus infections in children in Sana'a, Yemen
    Andrew Kirby
    Department of Clinical Infection, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 16:680-4. 2011
    ..To describe the epidemiology of rotavirus and norovirus infection among children with acute gastroenteritis in Sana'a, Yemen...
  11. ncbi The effect on haemoglobin of the use of iron cooking pots in rural Malawian households in an area with high malaria prevalence: a randomized trial
    Paul Prinsen Geerligs
    Tropical Child Health Group, Division of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 8:310-5. 2003
    ..Innovative low-cost sustainable strategies are required to reduce the high prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia in developing countries...
  12. pmc Environmental risk and meningitis epidemics in Africa
    Anna M Molesworth
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1287-93. 2003
  13. pmc Human metapneumovirus and respiratory syncytial virus disease in children, Yemen
    Najla Al-Sonboli
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1437-9. 2006
    ..Age, indoor air pollution, and incomplete vaccinations were risk factors and differed from those in industrialized countries...
  14. ncbi Short communication: colour vision and proficiency in diagnostic microscopy
    Naomi Seki
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:433-4. 2005
    ..Our results suggest that routine quality improvement activities may not achieve their desired effect if the colour discrimination abilities of technicians are not considered...
  15. ncbi Human bocavirus in Iranian children with acute respiratory infections
    Mohammadreza Naghipour
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    J Med Virol 79:539-43. 2007
    ..Seven children had co-infections with RSV, adenovirus or influenza A. The relatively high frequency of HBoV suggests that the virus may contribute substantially to acute respiratory infections in children...
  16. doi Use of tuberculin skin test, IFN-γ release assays and IFN-γ-induced protein-10 to identify children with TB infection
    Mohammed A Yassin
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Eur Respir J 41:644-8. 2013
    ..This increase is associated with the bacilli load of the adults. Using only one test may underestimate the proportion of infected children, but the interpretation of the data is difficult due to the lack of reference standards...
  17. pmc New policies, new technologies: modelling the potential for improved smear microscopy services in Malawi
    Andrew Ramsay
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 4:e7760. 2009
    ..To quantify the likely impact of recent WHO policy recommendations regarding smear microscopy and the introduction of appropriate low-cost fluorescence microscopy on a) case detection and b) laboratory workload...
  18. doi Treatment outcome in children with tuberculosis in southern Ethiopia
    Montserrat Muñoz-Sellart
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Scand J Infect Dis 41:450-5. 2009
    ..Reporting only cases with smear-positive TB disproportionally excludes a higher proportion of children than adults. Surveillance systems to monitor TB outcome in children need to be improved...
  19. ncbi Risk mapping and early warning systems for the control of meningitis in Africa
    Luis E Cuevas
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Vaccine 25:A12-7. 2007
    ..Discussion of priorities for research in the context of the new conjugate vaccines in Africa is also provided...
  20. pmc Risk for tuberculosis among children
    Hiroshi Nakaoka
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:1383-8. 2006
    ..TST may underestimate risk for infection with TB in children...
  21. doi Adenovirus infections within a family cohort in Iran
    Mohammadreza Naghipour
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Pediatr Pulmonol 44:749-53. 2009
    ..Adenovirus is one of the most frequent viruses associated with acute respiratory infections (ARI). There is limited information of its transmission within the community...
  22. pmc Molecular analysis of the 18S rRNA gene of Cryptosporidium parasites from patients with or without human immunodeficiency virus infections living in Kenya, Malawi, Brazil, the United Kingdom, and Vietnam
    Wangeci Gatei
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 41:1458-62. 2003
    ..The variation within genotypes was conserved in all geographical regions regardless of the patients' HIV status. The extensive diversity within genotypes at the 18S rRNA gene locus may limit its application to phylogenetic analyses...
  23. ncbi Prediction and diagnosis of cytomegalovirus disease in renal transplant recipients using qualitative and quantitative polymerase chain reaction
    C Y Tong
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Transplantation 69:985-91. 2000
    ..We examined the use of qualitative and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to monitor renal transplant recipients...
  24. pmc Comparison of two commercial methods for measurement of cytomegalovirus load in blood samples after renal transplantation
    C Y Tong
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Clin Microbiol 38:1209-13. 2000
    ..5%; HCS, 82.4%) and has a high NPV (Amplicor, 91.8%; HCS, 94.2%) but, due to the low PPV (Amplicor, 46.2%; HCS, 56%), is useful only for exclusion of CMV disease...
  25. ncbi Meningococcal disease in Africa
    C A Hart
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Genito Urinary Medicine, Liverpool, U K
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 91:777-85. 1997
    ..Prevention of epidemic meningococcal disease could be achieved by mass vaccination with protein-conjugate, group-A and -C polysaccharides, but these new vaccines are likely to be expensive...
  26. doi Prevalence of rheumatic heart disease among school-children in Aden, Yemen
    I A Ba-Saddik
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Aden, Yemen
    Ann Trop Paediatr 31:37-46. 2011
    ..Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an important contributor to cardiovascular disease in children and adults in Yemen. This is the first report to determine the prevalence of RHD among school-children in the city of Aden...
  27. pmc Innovative community-based approaches doubled tuberculosis case notification and improve treatment outcome in Southern Ethiopia
    Mohammed A Yassin
    Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 8:e63174. 2013
    ..TB Control Programmes rely on passive case-finding to detect cases. TB notification remains low in Ethiopia despite major expansion of health services. Poor rural communities face many barriers to service access...
  28. doi Estimating the post-neonatal prevalence of sickle cell disease in a Brazilian population
    Chinenye Ilozue
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1125-31. 2010
    ..There are no reliable estimates of the number of individuals with this condition in Aracaju, north-east Brazil. The CRC method has been used to quantify other ubiquitous populations...
  29. ncbi Where is the meningitis belt? Defining an area at risk of epidemic meningitis in Africa
    Anna M Molesworth
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:242-9. 2002
    ....
  30. doi An evaluation of the RIDASCREEN and IDEIA enzyme immunoassays and the RIDAQUICK immunochromatographic test for the detection of norovirus in faecal specimens
    Andrew Kirby
    Division of Medical Microbiology, School of Infection and Host Defence, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Clin Virol 49:254-7. 2010
    ....
  31. doi Interferon gamma-induced protein-10 concentrations in children with previous tuberculosis infections and disease
    Smiti Bihari
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine LSTM, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:1089-91. 2012
    ..Cases and contacts had similar interferon gamma-induced protein-10 concentrations. Concentrations varied with the tuberculin and interferon gamma release tests' concordance or discordance, and were independent of time...
  32. pmc Evaluation of the meningitis epidemics risk model in Africa
    E C Savory
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 134:1047-51. 2006
    ..Further studies are needed to enhance our understanding of the complex relationship between meningitis epidemics and the environment...
  33. pmc Burden of acute respiratory infections in a family cohort in Iran
    M Naghipour
    School of Infection and Host Defence, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 135:1384-8. 2007
    ..01). Winter episodes occurred more frequently in January (P<0.01). The high frequency and apparent transmissibility of ARI in this cohort highlights its enormous burden in the community...
  34. doi The urgent need for new diagnostics for symptomatic tuberculosis in children
    Luis E Cuevas
    UNICEF UNDP World Bank WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, Geneva, Switzerland
    Indian J Pediatr 78:449-55. 2011
    ..Although the future holds promise, increased support from international organizations and funding agencies is needed to promote the evaluation and development of new diagnostics that are suitable for TB in children...
  35. pmc The impact of the H1N1 influenza pandemic on clinical presentations and viral epidemiology of acute respiratory infection in preschool children in Brazil
    David W Fawkner-Corbett
    Institute of Child Health, Alder Hey Children s Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:653-5. 2012
    ..H1N1 was also associated with increased risk of hospitalization and coinfection...
  36. ncbi Acceptability of the use of iron cooking pots to reduce anaemia in developing countries
    Paul Prinsen Geerligs
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Division of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:619-24. 2002
    ..To evaluate acceptability, compliance and attitude towards the use of iron pots compared with aluminium pots, for cooking in a community that traditionally did not use iron pots...
  37. doi Ocular manifestations of sickle cell disease
    A O Fadugbagbe
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 30:19-26. 2010
    ..There is also an increase with age in the incidence and prevalence rates of all ocular complications of SCD. It is therefore recommended that all patients with SCD undergo periodic ophthalmological screening from the age of 10 years...
  38. ncbi Comparison of screening methods for anaemia in pregnant women in Awassa, Ethiopia
    S Gies
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 8:301-9. 2003
    ..None of the methods tested or models predicted anaemia with suitable accuracy in this population. The diagnosis of anaemia based on clinical signs and symptoms remains unreliable despite attempts to develop predictive models...
  39. ncbi Efficacy and safety of short-term bleach digestion of sputum in case-finding for pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopia
    M A Yassin
    Tropical Child Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:678-83. 2003
    ..In many settings, the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis depends on sputum microscopy. However, this technique has low sensitivity. We studied the efficacy and safety of sputum digestion with bleach prior to Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining...
  40. ncbi Comparison of scanty AFB smears against culture in an area with high HIV prevalence
    L Lawson
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:933-5. 2005
    ..Twelve of 18 patients with a single scanty smear and 51 of 52 with > or = 2 scanty smears were culture-positive. Fewer than < 5% scanty results, < 1% of the patients treated for TB, are false-positive...
  41. ncbi Relationships between serum concentrations of C-reactive protein and micronutrients, in patients with tuberculosis
    A Koyanagi
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 98:391-9. 2004
    ..It is therefore necessary to consider the extent of activation of the APR when interpreting serum micronutrient concentrations in patients with TB...
  42. ncbi Bleach-digested sputum smears for the diagnosis of TB in HIV-infected individuals
    S Douthwaite
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Trop Doct 37:35-6. 2007
    ..Despite the lower bacilli numbers of HIV-positive patients, the technique had sensitivity and specificity similar to that in HIV-negative patients...
  43. doi Micronutrient concentrations in respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus in Yemeni children
    N Al-Sonboli
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 29:35-40. 2009
    ..More information is required regarding micronutrient levels in ARI viral infections, especially newly identified viruses such as human metapneumovirus (HMPV)...
  44. doi Norovirus infection among children with acute gastroenteritis in Recife, Brazil: disease severity is comparable to rotavirus gastroenteritis
    T Nakagomi
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Genitourinary Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    Arch Virol 153:957-60. 2008
    ..These data underscore the importance of norovirus as a cause of severe diarrhoea in children...
  45. ncbi Epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhoea in Iranian children
    B Khalili
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    J Med Virol 73:309-12. 2004
    ..The most frequent G and P types (G1, G2, P[8], and P[4]) are similar to those reported from around the world and will be covered by existing rotavirus vaccines targeting G types G1-G4...
  46. ncbi Microbiological validation of smear microscopy after sputum digestion with bleach; a step closer to a one-stop diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
    L Lawson
    Zankli Medical Centre, Plot 1021, B5 Shehu Yar adua Way, Abuja, Nigeria, and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 86:34-40. 2006
    ..Smear microscopy is relatively insensitive for the diagnosis of TB. The digestion of sputum with household bleach prior to smear preparation has been reported to improve its sensitivity. This method has not been validated...
  47. ncbi Factors associated with poor tuberculosis treatment outcome in the Southern Region of Ethiopia
    M Muñoz-Sellart
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 14:973-9. 2010
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) treatment centres in southern Ethiopia...
  48. ncbi Potential of environmental models to predict meningitis epidemics in Africa
    Madeleine C Thomson
    International Research Institute for Climate and Society, The Earth Institute of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 11:781-8. 2006
    ..Meningococcal meningitis is a major public health problem in Africa. This report explores the potential for climate/environmental models to predict the probability of occurrence of meningitis epidemics...
  49. ncbi Respiratory syncytial virus and metapneumovirus in children over two seasons with a high incidence of respiratory infections in Brazil
    Robert L Serafino
    The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 24:213-7. 2004
    ..The incidence of HMPV and RSV genotypes causing bronchiolitis varied between the years. Long-term prospective studies are required to better describe the epidemiology of these viruses in children...
  50. ncbi Anticipating rotavirus vaccines in Brazil: detection and molecular characterization of emerging rotavirus serotypes G8 and G9 among children with diarrhoea in Recife, Brazil
    Fernanda M U Montenegro
    Instituto Materno Infantil Prof Fernando Figueira, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
    J Med Virol 79:335-40. 2007
    ..The results suggest that certain rotavirus strains have a much wider global circulation than generally appreciated. Continued global spread of such strains might challenge the efficacy of current rotavirus vaccines...
  51. ncbi Contribution of viruses, Chlamydia spp. and Mycoplasma pneumoniae to acute respiratory infections in Iranian children
    Mohammadreza Naghipour
    Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Namdjoo Avenue, Rasht, Iran
    J Trop Pediatr 53:179-84. 2007
    ..Adv presented more frequently as upper respiratory infection. All pathogens, except M. pneumoniae, were detected in children with severe pneumonia. Viruses play a significant role in Iranian children with community-acquired ARI...
  52. ncbi Rural poverty and delayed presentation to tuberculosis services in Ethiopia
    Alexis Cambanis
    St Elizabeth General Hospital, Shisong, Cameroon
    Trop Med Int Health 10:330-5. 2005
    ..Case-finding strategies for TB must be sensitive to patient delay and health systems must become more accessible in rural areas...
  53. ncbi HIV and tuberculosis coinfection in the southern region of Ethiopia: a prospective epidemiological study
    Mohammed Ahmed Yassin
    Southern Region Health Bureau, Awassa, Ethiopia
    Scand J Infect Dis 36:670-3. 2004
    ..It is important to consider this multi-factorial phenomenon when interpreting the increase of TB in a geographical area...
  54. ncbi Zinc supplementation in Brazilian children with acute diarrhoea
    Nagla a Al-Sonboli
    The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 23:3-8. 2003
    ..It is concluded that, similar to studies in India and Bangladesh, zinc could be an important adjunct for treating acute diarrhoea in Brazilian children...
  55. ncbi How many sputum smears are necessary for case finding in pulmonary tuberculosis?
    Mohammed A Yassin
    TB Leprosy and Blindness Control Programme, Awassa, Ethiopia
    Trop Med Int Health 8:927-32. 2003
    ..Submission of two specimens on the same day could improve compliance in submitting samples and collecting results as the number of diagnostic visits would be reduced without significant loss of sensitivity...
  56. pmc Detection of G12 human rotaviruses in Nepal
    Sher Bahadur Pun
    Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:482-4. 2007
    ..3%) tested positive for rotavirus. Reverse transcription-PCR, including a revised G12-specific primer set, identified 56 (32.9%) as G2P[4] and 39 (23.0%) as G12 with P[6], P[8], or P[4]...
  57. ncbi Risk factors for death from meningococcal infection in Recife, Brazil
    Maria C M B Duarte
    Instituto Materno Infantil de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
    J Trop Pediatr 51:227-31. 2005
    ..The identification of risk factors for death could contribute to the early recognition of patients with higher risk on admission in a middle-income country population...
  58. pmc Molecular epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea among children and adults in Nepal: detection of G12 strains with P[6] or P[8] and a G11P[25] strain
    Ryuichi Uchida
    Division of Molecular Epidemiology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1 12 4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    J Clin Microbiol 44:3499-505. 2006
    ..The presence of multiple strains as defined by electropherotypes suggests the richness of the rotavirus gene pool in Nepal, where unusual strains may continue to emerge...
  59. doi Rotavirus genotypes circulating in Brazil before national rotavirus vaccination: a review
    Ricardo Q Gurgel
    Postgraduate Nucleus, Rua Claudio Batista SN, Barrio Sanatorio, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Brazil
    J Clin Virol 43:1-8. 2008
    ..To provide baseline data to assess the effect of mass rotavirus vaccination on the ecology of circulating rotavirus strains, we systematically analysed published studies in the pre-vaccine era...
  60. doi Severe anemia in Malawian children
    Job C J Calis
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi
    N Engl J Med 358:888-99. 2008
    ..Severe anemia is a major cause of sickness and death in African children, yet the causes of anemia in this population have been inadequately studied...
  61. doi Effect of rotavirus vaccination on circulating virus strains
    Ricardo Q Gurgel
    Lancet 371:301-2. 2008
  62. pmc Predominance of rotavirus P[4]G2 in a vaccinated population, Brazil
    Ricardo Q Gurgel
    Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Brazil
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1571-3. 2007
    ..All rotaviruses were genotype P[4]G2 with 1 mixed infection with P[NT]G9. Although virus predominance could have occurred randomly, the vaccine may be less protective against P[4]G2. Prospective surveillance is urgently needed...
  63. ncbi Duration and associated factors of patient delay during tuberculosis screening in rural Cameroon
    Alexis Cambanis
    St Elizabeth General Hospital, Shisong, Cameroon
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1309-14. 2007
    ....
  64. ncbi Clinical presentation of adults with pulmonary tuberculosis with and without HIV infection in Nigeria
    Lovett Lawson
    Zankli Medical Centre, Abuja, Nigeria
    Scand J Infect Dis 40:30-5. 2008
    ..The presence of HIV decreases the sensitivity of smear microscopy and complicates the diagnosis of TB. Selected clinical and laboratory parameters could be used to identify individuals with TB who are likely to be coinfected with HIV...
  65. ncbi Dust clouds and spread of infection
    Anna M Molesworth
    Lancet 359:81-2. 2002