K K Cheng

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Adding fluoride to water supplies
    K K Cheng
    Public Health Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 335:699-702. 2007
  2. pmc Life-course origins of social inequalities in adult immune cell markers of inflammation in a developing southern Chinese population: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    Douglas A West
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 12:269. 2012
  3. pmc Childhood meat eating and inflammatory markers: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    C M Schooling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 11:345. 2011
  4. pmc Estimated birth weight and adult cardiovascular risk factors in a developing southern Chinese population: a cross sectional study
    C M Schooling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 10:270. 2010
  5. pmc The influence of in-pregnancy smoking cessation programmes on partner quitting and women's social support mobilization: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN89131885]
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 5:80. 2005
  6. pmc The risk of colorectal cancer with symptoms at different ages and between the sexes: a case-control study
    William Hamilton
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 25 Belgrave Road, Bristol, BS8 2AA, UK
    BMC Med 7:17. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint The change-in-stage and updated smoking status results from a cluster-randomized trial of smoking prevention and cessation using the transtheoretical model among British adolescents
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 33:313-24. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint The influence of school culture on smoking among pupils
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:1767-80. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smoke
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:2253-65. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Is inter-school variation in smoking uptake and cessation due to differences in pupil composition? A cohort study
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Health Place 11:55-65. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications45

  1. pmc Adding fluoride to water supplies
    K K Cheng
    Public Health Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 335:699-702. 2007
  2. pmc Life-course origins of social inequalities in adult immune cell markers of inflammation in a developing southern Chinese population: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    Douglas A West
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 12:269. 2012
    ..Inflammation may be a mechanism linking socioeconomic position (SEP) with cardiovascular disease. In a large sample of older residents of Guangzhou, in southern China, we examined the association of life course SEP with inflammation...
  3. pmc Childhood meat eating and inflammatory markers: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    C M Schooling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 11:345. 2011
    ..We tested this hypothesis, using recalled childhood meat eating as a proxy for childhood nutrition, in southern China...
  4. pmc Estimated birth weight and adult cardiovascular risk factors in a developing southern Chinese population: a cross sectional study
    C M Schooling
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    BMC Public Health 10:270. 2010
    ..We studied the association of birth weight and cardiovascular risk, using birth rank as an instrumental variable, in Southern China...
  5. pmc The influence of in-pregnancy smoking cessation programmes on partner quitting and women's social support mobilization: a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN89131885]
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Public Health 5:80. 2005
    ..Smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy could influence a woman's social behaviour and her partner's smoking behaviour, but this has not been examined in any published randomized trials...
  6. pmc The risk of colorectal cancer with symptoms at different ages and between the sexes: a case-control study
    William Hamilton
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 25 Belgrave Road, Bristol, BS8 2AA, UK
    BMC Med 7:17. 2009
    ..Although the presenting features of the cancer are well described, the risks they convey are less well known. This study aimed to quantify the risk of cancer for different symptoms, across age groups and in both sexes...
  7. ncbi request reprint The change-in-stage and updated smoking status results from a cluster-randomized trial of smoking prevention and cessation using the transtheoretical model among British adolescents
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 33:313-24. 2001
    ..The transtheoretical model (TTM) and computer technology are promising technologies for changing health behavior, but there is little evidence of their effectiveness among adolescents...
  8. ncbi request reprint The influence of school culture on smoking among pupils
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:1767-80. 2004
    ..27), respectively. Adjustment for pupil-level smoking risk factors had little effect. School culture is an independent risk factor for adolescent smoking. Schools providing effective support and control might protect pupils from smoking...
  9. ncbi request reprint A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smoke
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:2253-65. 2004
    ..However, under-control and over-control of confounding and lack of theoretical underpinning precludes definitive conclusions on how particular school characteristics influence pupils' smoking...
  10. ncbi request reprint Is inter-school variation in smoking uptake and cessation due to differences in pupil composition? A cohort study
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Health Place 11:55-65. 2005
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Is advice to stop smoking from a midwife stressful for pregnant women who smoke? Data from a randomized controlled trial
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Prev Med 40:575-82. 2005
    ..There are no randomized trials examining whether intensive advice to pregnant smokers is more stressful than standard care...
  12. pmc Systemic hypertension and glaucoma: mechanisms in common and co-occurrence
    M J S Langman
    Department of Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 89:960-3. 2005
    ..To determine whether systemic hypertension and glaucoma might coexist more often than expected, with possible implications for treatment...
  13. pmc Mechanisms of recurrence of Ta/T1 bladder cancer
    Richard T Bryan
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 92:519-24. 2010
    ..However, the relative importance and timing of these mechanisms is currently unknown. Our objective was to postulate the incidence and timing of these mechanisms by investigating the location of bladder cancer recurrences over time...
  14. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of smoking cessation for pregnant women to test the effect of a transtheoretical model-based intervention on movement in stage and interaction with baseline stage
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 11:263-78. 2006
    ..To examine whether, as predicted by the transtheoretical model (TTM), stage-matched interventions will be more effective than stage-mismatched interventions...
  15. doi request reprint The West Midlands Bladder Cancer Prognosis Programme: rationale and design
    Maurice P Zeegers
    Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    BJU Int 105:784-8. 2010
    ..This might represent a model for the future investigation of urological and other malignancies...
  16. ncbi request reprint A case-control study of elderly patients with acute respiratory illness: effect of influenza vaccination on admission to hospital in winter 2003-2004
    R E Jordan
    Health Protection Research and Development Unit, Health Protection Agency, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Vaccine 25:7909-13. 2007
    ..2 (95%CI 0.8, 1.9). Policy makers should not rely solely on influenza vaccine routinely having a large effect on winter pressures, and should focus on additional preventive strategies...
  17. ncbi request reprint Social deprivation and breast cancer
    Aliki Taylor
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT
    J Public Health Med 25:228-33. 2003
    ..This cross-sectional study was carried out in a population-based setting in Worcestershire to investigate the relationship between social deprivation and other potential prognostic factors...
  18. pmc A cluster randomised controlled trial of smoking cessation in pregnant women comparing interventions based on the transtheoretical (stages of change) model to standard care
    T Lawrence
    The Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Tob Control 12:168-77. 2003
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness in helping pregnant women stop smoking of two interventions (Pro-Change for a healthy pregnancy) based on the transtheoretical model of behaviour change (TTM) compared to current standard care...
  19. pmc Effect of anti-inflammatory drugs on overall risk of common cancer: case-control study in general practice research database
    M J Langman
    Department of Medicine University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT
    BMJ 320:1642-6. 2000
    ..To examine whether anti-inflammatory drug treatment protects against the commoner cancers in the United Kingdom...
  20. ncbi request reprint Does smoking status influence the prognosis of bladder cancer? A systematic review
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    BJU Int 90:228-39. 2002
    ..To summarize, in a systematic review, the evidence for the effect of stopping smoking on recurrence, cancer-specific and all cause-mortality among smokers with newly diagnosed bladder cancer...
  21. pmc Cluster randomised controlled trial of expert system based on the transtheoretical ("stages of change") model for smoking prevention and cessation in schools
    P Aveyard
    Department of Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 319:948-53. 1999
    ..To examine whether a year long programme based on the transtheoretical model of behaviour change, incorporating three sessions using an expert system computer program and three class lessons, could reduce the prevalence of teenage smoking...
  22. ncbi request reprint Can the stages of change for smoking acquisition be measured reliably in adolescents?
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 35:407-14. 2002
    ..was to examine the reliability of the algorithm...
  23. ncbi request reprint The risk of smoking in relation to engagement with a school-based smoking intervention
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:869-82. 2003
    ..The best explanation is that disengagement from school, an established risk factor for smoking, generalises to disengagement from didactic school-based health promotion programmes...
  24. ncbi request reprint A controlled trial of an expert system and self-help manual intervention based on the stages of change versus standard self-help materials in smoking cessation
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Addiction 98:345-54. 2003
    ..To examine the population impact and effectiveness of the Pro-Change smoking cessation course based on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) compared to standard self-help smoking cessation literature...
  25. pmc The importance of social sources of cigarettes to school students
    E Croghan
    Behavioural Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Tob Control 12:67-73. 2003
    ..To discover the importance of social sources of tobacco to young people as opposed to commercial sources; to describe the peer market for cigarettes in schools and the consequences for young people of their involvement in it...
  26. ncbi request reprint Bristol, Shipman, and clinical governance: Shewhart's forgotten lessons
    M A Mohammed
    Department of Surgery, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Lancet 357:463-7. 2001
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Does stage-based smoking cessation advice in pregnancy result in long-term quitters? 18-month postpartum follow-up of a randomized controlled trial
    Terry Lawrence
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham UK
    Addiction 100:107-16. 2005
    ..It has been claimed that TTM-based interventions will continue to create quitters after the end of the intervention period...
  28. ncbi request reprint Association of the metabolic syndrome with vascular disease in an older Chinese population: Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    X Q Lao
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    J Endocrinol Invest 29:989-96. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Parity and the metabolic syndrome in older Chinese women: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    X Q Lao
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 65:460-9. 2006
    ..To examine whether parity or gravidity contributes to the development of the metabolic syndrome (MS)...
  30. ncbi request reprint Snoring and vascular risk factors and disease in a low-risk Chinese population: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    G Neil Thomas
    Department of Community Medicine, and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam
    Sleep 29:896-900. 2006
    ..We therefore describe the association between snoring and vascular disease and associated risk factors...
  31. ncbi request reprint The risk of preterm delivery in women from different ethnic groups
    Paul Aveyard
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    BJOG 109:894-9. 2002
    ..To examine whether routinely measured variables explained the increased risk of preterm delivery in some UK ethnic groups...
  32. ncbi request reprint Life-course origins of social inequalities in metabolic risk in the population of a developing country
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Am J Epidemiol 167:419-28. 2008
    ....
  33. pmc Exposure to power frequency electric fields and the risk of childhood cancer in the UK
    J Skinner
    Strangeways Research Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
    Br J Cancer 87:1257-66. 2002
    ..59-1.35) for all malignancies. With exposure modelled as a continuous variable, odds ratios for an increase in the principal metric of 10 V m(-1) were close to unity for all disease categories, never differing significantly from one...
  34. ncbi request reprint Passive smoking exposure and risk of COPD among adults in China: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    P Yin
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Lancet 370:751-7. 2007
    ..We examined the relation between passive smoking and COPD and respiratory symptoms in an adult Chinese population...
  35. pmc Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): a community-based prevalence survey
    L Abudu
    Public Health Department, Worcestershire Health Authority, Worcester
    Epidemiol Infect 126:351-6. 2001
    ..Six per cent (4/63) of S. aureus isolates were MRSA and 2 of the 4 MRSA carriers reported previous contact with health facilities. The prevalence of MRSA colonization in the general adult population in Birmingham appears to be low...
  36. pmc Childhood cancer in the south Asian population of England (1990-1992)
    C Cummins
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Br J Cancer 84:1215-8. 2001
    ..Aetiological investigation is required...
  37. ncbi request reprint Age-specific relevance of usual blood pressure to vascular mortality
    Peymane Adab
    Lancet 361:1391; author reply 1391-2. 2003
  38. pmc Risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus in women: a case-control study
    L Sharp
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Cancer 85:1667-70. 2001
    ..08, 95% CI 0.01-0.56). Comparison with a parallel study of adenocarcinoma indicated a common protective effect of a healthy diet but otherwise distinct risk factors...
  39. pmc The importance of anaemia in diagnosing colorectal cancer: a case-control study using electronic primary care records
    W Hamilton
    Academic Unit of Primary Health Care, Department of Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, 25 Belgrave Road, Bristol BS8 2AA, UK
    Br J Cancer 98:323-7. 2008
    ..7% (5.7, 11). Current guidance for urgent investigation of anaemia misses some patients with a moderate risk of cancer, particularly men...
  40. doi request reprint Is leg length a biomarker of childhood conditions in older Chinese women? The Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    C M Schooling
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:160-6. 2008
    ..It was hypothesised that in transitioning populations better childhood conditions may bring forward puberty and thus decrease leg length, counteracting the overall positive effect of a favourable childhood environment on leg growth...
  41. ncbi request reprint Update on effects of screening mammography
    K K Cheng
    Lancet 360:339; author reply 339-40. 2002
  42. ncbi request reprint c-Reactive protein and the metabolic syndrome in older Chinese: Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study
    X Q Lao
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 21 Sassoon Road, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China
    Atherosclerosis 194:483-9. 2007
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Obesity prevention: life course approach vs continuing environmental 'detoxification'
    Miranda J Pallan
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1100-1; author reply 1102. 2006
  44. ncbi request reprint Does smoking influence survival in cancer patients through effects on respiratory and vascular disease?
    Taane G Clark
    Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Old Road, Headington, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Cancer Prev 15:87-90. 2006
    ..Mortality among cancer patients might fall if more assistance in stopping smoking was provided for patients who have smoking-related cancers...
  45. ncbi request reprint Strategies for reducing maternal mortality
    Abdul Jokhio
    Lancet 368:2122. 2006