Tony Charman

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Regression in individuals with Rett syndrome
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guildford St, WC1N 1EH London, UK
    Brain Dev 24:281-3. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Matching preschool children with autism spectrum disorders and comparison children for language ability: methodological challenges
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:59-64. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Measuring developmental progress of children with autism spectrum disorder on school entry using parent report
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Autism 8:89-100. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Measuring early language development in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder using the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory (Infant Form)
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College, London
    J Child Lang 30:213-36. 2003
  5. pmc Why is joint attention a pivotal skill in autism?
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:315-24. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Outcome at 7 years of children diagnosed with autism at age 2: predictive validity of assessments conducted at 2 and 3 years of age and pattern of symptom change over time
    Tony Charman
    Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:500-13. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders. Recent evidence and future challenges
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 11:249-56. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Dimensional phenotypic analysis and functional categorisation of mutations reveal novel genotype-phenotype associations in Rett syndrome
    Tony Charman
    Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 13:1121-30. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Predicting language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Int J Lang Commun Disord 38:265-85. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of three screening instruments in the identification of autistic-spectrum disorders
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 191:554-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications77

  1. ncbi request reprint Regression in individuals with Rett syndrome
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guildford St, WC1N 1EH London, UK
    Brain Dev 24:281-3. 2002
    ..There is a continuing need to further elucidate the pre- and post-regression features of Rett syndrome in order to aid early identification, diagnosis and referral for genotype mutation analysis...
  2. ncbi request reprint Matching preschool children with autism spectrum disorders and comparison children for language ability: methodological challenges
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:59-64. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Measuring developmental progress of children with autism spectrum disorder on school entry using parent report
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Autism 8:89-100. 2004
    ..Such data would assist in judging claims regarding developmental progress within particular programmes...
  4. ncbi request reprint Measuring early language development in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder using the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory (Infant Form)
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College, London
    J Child Lang 30:213-36. 2003
    ..The implications for assessment and intervention with preschool children with autism spectrum disorder are discussed...
  5. pmc Why is joint attention a pivotal skill in autism?
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 358:315-24. 2003
    ..Possible deficits in psychological and neurological processes that might underlie the impaired development of joint attention in autism are discussed...
  6. ncbi request reprint Outcome at 7 years of children diagnosed with autism at age 2: predictive validity of assessments conducted at 2 and 3 years of age and pattern of symptom change over time
    Tony Charman
    Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:500-13. 2005
    ..To examine the predictive validity of symptom severity, cognitive and language measures taken at ages 2 and 3 years to outcome at age 7 in a sample of children diagnosed with autism at age 2...
  7. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders. Recent evidence and future challenges
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 11:249-56. 2002
    ..5/1,000 for autism and 2.0/1,000 for the broader spectrum. Three recent studies have suggested a significantly higher prevalence rate for ASD of 6.0/1,000 (mean 95 % CI = 4.8-8.0)...
  8. ncbi request reprint Dimensional phenotypic analysis and functional categorisation of mutations reveal novel genotype-phenotype associations in Rett syndrome
    Tony Charman
    Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 13:1121-30. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Predicting language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Int J Lang Commun Disord 38:265-85. 2003
    ..To examine longitudinal associations between diagnosis, joint attention, play and imitation abilities and language outcome in infants with autism and pervasive developmental disorder...
  10. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of three screening instruments in the identification of autistic-spectrum disorders
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 191:554-9. 2007
    ..Screening instruments for autistic-spectrum disorders have not been compared in the same sample...
  11. ncbi request reprint Autism and the pervasive developmental disorders
    T Charman
    Behavioural Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Curr Opin Neurol 12:155-9. 1999
    ..Neuroanatomical models have yet to receive consistent support but early signs of promising advances have been made in pharmacological interventions, and adequate evaluation of behavioural intervention programmes is now underway...
  12. ncbi request reprint Commentary: The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers
    T Charman
    Behavioural Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    J Autism Dev Disord 31:145-8; discussion 149-51. 2001
    ..The work reported by Robins er al. makes an important contribution to this ongoing research and clinical process as we attempt to accurately identify children with autism at a young age...
  13. ncbi request reprint Practitioner review: Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in 2- and 3-year-old children
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 43:289-305. 2002
    ....
  14. doi request reprint Frontal cortex functioning in the infant broader autism phenotype
    Karla Holmboe
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, London, United Kingdom
    Infant Behav Dev 33:482-91. 2010
    ..However, Sibs-ASD infants did demonstrate Selective Inhibitory Learning. These results provide preliminary evidence for atypical frontal cortex functioning in the infant broader autism phenotype...
  15. doi request reprint Reading and arithmetic in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders: peaks and dips in attainment
    Catherine R G Jones
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Neuropsychology 23:718-28. 2009
    ..The high rate of uneven academic attainment in ASD has implications for educational practice...
  16. doi request reprint Social and attention factors during infancy and the later emergence of autism characteristics
    Mayada Elsabbagh
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK
    Prog Brain Res 189:195-207. 2011
    ..We discuss the findings in terms of the emergent nature of autism as a result of complex developmental interactions among brain networks...
  17. doi request reprint The Classroom Observation Schedule to Measure Intentional Communication (COSMIC): an observational measure of the intentional communication of children with autism in an unstructured classroom setting
    Greg Pasco
    Department of Community Health Science, St George s University of London, London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1807-18. 2008
    ..Results suggest that the use of observational measures of intentional communication in natural settings is a valuable assessment strategy for research and clinical practice...
  18. doi request reprint Neural correlates of eye gaze processing in the infant broader autism phenotype
    Mayada Elsabbagh
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 65:31-8. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Validation of the social communication questionnaire in a population cohort of children with autism spectrum disorders
    Susie Chandler
    Guy s and Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 46:1324-32. 2007
    ..To examine the properties of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) in a population cohort of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and in the general population...
  20. doi request reprint Severe mood problems in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
    Emily Simonoff
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry and NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, De Crespigny Park, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 53:1157-66. 2012
    ..SMP in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have not previously been explored...
  21. ncbi request reprint Features of autism in Rett syndrome and severe mental retardation
    Rebecca H Mount
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 33:435-42. 2003
    ..Further work on the characterisation of the behavioral phenotype of genetic disorders such as RS and autism may aid in identifying the neuropathogenic processes that lead from gene-to-brain-to-behavior...
  22. ncbi request reprint The Social Communication Assessment for Toddlers with Autism (SCATA): an instrument to measure the frequency, form and function of communication in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder
    Auriol Drew
    Newcomen Centre, Guy s Hospital, London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 37:648-66. 2007
    ..Both frequency and function of communicative acts in toddlerhood were positively associated with later language ability: social acts, comments and initiations showed greater predictive association than requests and responses...
  23. doi request reprint The persistence and stability of psychiatric problems in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders
    Emily Simonoff
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry and NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54:186-94. 2013
    ..We use a longitudinal population-representative cohort to examine for the first time the persistence of psychiatric problems and to identify risk factors for their occurrence and stability...
  24. ncbi request reprint Precursors to social and communication difficulties in infants at-risk for autism: gaze following and attentional engagement
    Rachael Bedford
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Institute of Education, University of London, 25 Woburn Square, London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 42:2208-18. 2012
    ..The findings suggest that the subtle emergence of difficulties in JA in infancy may be related to ASD and other atypical outcomes...
  25. doi request reprint Gaze following, gaze reading, and word learning in children at risk for autism
    Teodora Gliga
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, UK
    Child Dev 83:926-38. 2012
    ..These findings shed light on the conditions that lead to successful word learning in typical and atypical populations...
  26. doi request reprint Regression, developmental trajectory and associated problems in disorders in the autism spectrum: the SNAP study
    Gillian Baird
    Newcomen Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, SE1 9RT, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1827-36. 2008
    ..Regression was associated with higher rates of autistic symptoms and a deviation in developmental trajectory. Regression was not associated with epilepsy or gastrointestinal problems...
  27. doi request reprint 'Everyday memory' impairments in autism spectrum disorders
    Catherine R G Jones
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, WC1H 0AL, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 41:455-64. 2011
    ..Social and communication ability was significantly associated with prospective remembering in an everyday memory context but not with the CAVLT-2. The complex nature of everyday memory and its relevance to ASD is discussed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP)
    Gillian Baird
    Newcomen Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
    Lancet 368:210-5. 2006
    ..Recent reports have suggested that the prevalence of autism and related spectrum disorders (ASDs) is substantially higher than previously recognised. We sought to quantify prevalence of ASDs in children in South Thames, UK...
  29. pmc Audiovisual speech integration in autism spectrum disorders: ERP evidence for atypicalities in lexical-semantic processing
    Odette Megnin
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Autism Res 5:39-48. 2012
    ..These results suggest that the neural networks facilitating processing of spoken words by visual speech are altered in individuals with ASD...
  30. ncbi request reprint Towards a behavioral phenotype for Rett syndrome
    Rebecca H Mount
    Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Ment Retard 108:1-12. 2003
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Impairment in movement skills of children with autistic spectrum disorders
    Dido Green
    Newcomen Centre, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, Great Maze Pond, London, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 51:311-6. 2009
    ..We undertook this study to explore the degree of impairment in movement skills in children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and a wide IQ range...
  32. doi request reprint Auditory discrimination and auditory sensory behaviours in autism spectrum disorders
    Catherine R G Jones
    Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:2850-8. 2009
    ....
  33. doi request reprint Preschoolers with autism show greater impairment in receptive compared with expressive language abilities
    Kristelle Hudry
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    Int J Lang Commun Disord 45:681-90. 2010
    ..However, the relative degree of delay or impairment in each of these sub-domains may also be atypical and remains less well-understood...
  34. doi request reprint A multimodal approach to emotion recognition ability in autism spectrum disorders
    Catherine R G Jones
    Centre for Research in Autism and Education, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Institute of Education, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:275-85. 2011
    ..However, experimental investigations of emotion recognition ability in ASD have been equivocal, hampered by small sample sizes, narrow IQ range and over-focus on the visual modality...
  35. ncbi request reprint Adolescent development of motor imagery in a visually guided pointing task
    Suparna Choudhury
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Conscious Cogn 16:886-96. 2007
    ..However, the strength of association between E and I significantly increased with age, reflecting a refinement in action representation between adolescence and adulthood...
  36. pmc The importance of the eyes: communication skills in infants of blind parents
    Atsushi Senju
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 280:20130436. 2013
    ..Indeed, the need to switch between different types of communication strategy may actually enhance other skills during development...
  37. doi request reprint Toward specifying pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified
    William Mandy
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1N 6BT, United Kingdom
    Autism Res 4:121-31. 2011
    ..The current draft guidelines for DSM-V, which mandate the presence of RSBs for any PDD diagnosis, would exclude such people from the autistic spectrum...
  38. ncbi request reprint Performance of children with autism spectrum disorder on advanced theory of mind tasks
    Ella Brent
    Brent Child and Family Clinic, London, UK
    Autism 8:283-99. 2004
    ..They may also indicate a degree of dissociation between social-cognitive and social-perceptual or affective components of the mentalizing system...
  39. ncbi request reprint Childhood rituals and executive functions
    Jenifer Tregay
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Br J Dev Psychol 27:283-96. 2009
    ..5 months) cognitive flexibility was associated with both 'Just Right' and 'Repetitive Behaviour', suggesting that the association between EF and RRBs may become stronger with age in typically developing children...
  40. doi request reprint Reactions to ostracism in adolescents with autism spectrum conditions
    Catherine Sebastian
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 39:1122-30. 2009
    ..In general, the results of this study suggest that normative models of ostracism are applicable to ASC...
  41. ncbi request reprint The Rett Syndrome Behaviour Questionnaire (RSBQ): refining the behavioural phenotype of Rett syndrome
    Rebecca H Mount
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 43:1099-110. 2002
    ..No study has tested the specificity of these behavioural features to individuals with RS, compared to individuals with severe to profound mental retardation (SMR)...
  42. pmc Social cognitive development during adolescence
    Suparna Choudhury
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 1:165-74. 2006
    ..The data suggest that the efficiency, and possibly strategy, of perspective taking develop in parallel with brain maturation and psychosocial development during adolescence...
  43. ncbi request reprint Stability of the autism diagnostic interview-revised from pre-school to elementary school age in children with autism spectrum disorders
    Jo Moss
    Department of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1081-91. 2008
    ..In conclusion while classification of children according to ADI-R criteria generally remained stable between pre-school and elementary school age, many children demonstrated significant improvements in symptom severity...
  44. ncbi request reprint Follow-up of children with language delay and features of autism from preschool years to middle childhood
    Janine Michelotti
    Donald Winnicott Centre, City and Hackney Community Services, NHS Trust, London, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 44:812-9. 2002
    ..The findings are discussed in relation to the unclear boundary between autism spectrum disorders and language delay/disorder...
  45. doi request reprint Systematic review of early intensive behavioral interventions for children with autism
    Patricia Howlin
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 114:23-41. 2009
    ..This review provides evidence for the effectiveness of EIBI for some, but not all, preschool children with autism...
  46. pmc Visual orienting in the early broader autism phenotype: disengagement and facilitation
    Mayada Elsabbagh
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:637-42. 2009
    ..In the current study we focused on a set of functions associated with visual attention, previously reported to be atypical in autism...
  47. ncbi request reprint High functioning children with autism spectrum disorder: a novel test of multitasking
    Rachael Mackinlay
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    Brain Cogn 61:14-24. 2006
    ..Group differences in multitasking were observed. Participants with HF-ASD were less efficient at planning, attempted fewer tasks, switched inflexibly between tasks and broke performance rules more frequently than controls...
  48. doi request reprint Weak imitative performance is not due to a functional 'mirroring' deficit in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Jane Leighton
    Department of Psychology, UCL, 26 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AP, UK
    Neuropsychologia 46:1041-9. 2008
    ..These findings add to the weight of evidence suggesting that impairments in imitation skills should not be cited as evidence consistent with a 'mirror system deficit theory' of ASD...
  49. ncbi request reprint The relationship between joint attention and pretend play in autism
    T Charman
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Dev Psychopathol 9:1-16. 1997
    ..It also suggests directions for future work to clarify the relationship between the two skills and to identify the nature of the underlying primary deficit in autism...
  50. ncbi request reprint Behavioural and emotional features in Rett syndrome
    R H Mount
    Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Disabil Rehabil 23:129-38. 2001
    ..In this paper the existing literature is reviewed with an aim to identify behavioural and emotional features that are candidates for Rett syndrome (RS) specific behaviours...
  51. pmc Atypical audiovisual speech integration in infants at risk for autism
    Jeanne A Guiraud
    Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Department of Psychological Science, Birkbeck, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e36428. 2012
    ..466, p = 0.041). In some cases this reduced ability might lead to the poor communication skills characteristic of autism...
  52. doi request reprint Testing the construct validity of proposed criteria for DSM-5 autism spectrum disorder
    William P L Mandy
    Research Department of Clinical, Health and Educational Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 51:41-50. 2012
    ..To use confirmatory factor analysis to test the construct validity of the proposed DSM-5 symptom model of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), in comparison to alternative models, including that described in DSM-IV-TR...
  53. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and early identification of autism: research challenges and opportunities
    Tony Charman
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WClN 1EH, UK
    Novartis Found Symp 251:10-9; discussion 19-25, 109-11, 281-97. 2003
    ..This offers an opportunity to better understand the early developmental course of autism and may provide additional clues to the underlying pathology...
  54. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) training for teachers of children with autism: a pragmatic, group randomised controlled trial
    Patricia Howlin
    Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:473-81. 2007
    ..To assess the effectiveness of expert training and consultancy for teachers of children with autism spectrum disorder in the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)...
  55. doi request reprint Quality of interaction between at-risk infants and caregiver at 12-15 months is associated with 3-year autism outcome
    Ming Wai Wan
    Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54:763-71. 2013
    ..This study examines whether 6- and 12-month parent-infant interactions in at-risk siblings differ from those with low-risk and whether--in at-risk siblings--such interactions predict later 3-year classification of ASD or no ASD...
  56. doi request reprint Attachment in adults with high-functioning autism
    Emma L Taylor
    Mile End Hospital, London, UK
    Attach Hum Dev 10:143-63. 2008
    ..This study suggests that adults with autism can engage with the AAI and produce scoreable narratives of their attachment experiences, and a minority demonstrate secure attachment...
  57. ncbi request reprint Development of action representation during adolescence
    Suparna Choudhury
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Neuropsychologia 45:255-62. 2007
    ..The results support the notion that aspects of internal models are refined during adolescence. We suggest that this refinement may be facilitated by the development of parietal cortex during adolescence...
  58. doi request reprint Measles vaccination and antibody response in autism spectrum disorders
    G Baird
    Newcomen Centre for Child Development, Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
    Arch Dis Child 93:832-7. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Well sibling psychological adjustment to chronic physical disorder in a sibling: how important is maternal awareness of their illness attitudes and perceptions?
    - Taylor
    Department of Adolescent and Child Psychology, Camden and Islington Mental Health NHS Trust, London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:953-62. 2001
    ..The implications of these findings for clinical practice are discussed...
  60. ncbi request reprint Repetitive and ritualistic behaviour in children with Prader-Willi syndrome and children with autism
    N Greaves
    Islington Primary Care NHS Trust, London, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 50:92-100. 2006
    ..Recent research has shown that the range of repetitive behaviour seen in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) extends beyond food-related behaviour...
  61. ncbi request reprint Behaviour problems in adult women with Rett syndrome
    R H Mount
    Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 46:619-24. 2002
    ..Furthermore, few case studies or surveys have included adult women with RS. The main aim of the present study was to compare behaviour problems in a sample of women with RS against data from normative samples...
  62. ncbi request reprint Research into early intervention for children with autism and related disorders: methodological and design issues. Report on a workshop funded by the Wellcome Trust, Institute of Child Health, London, UK, November 2001
    Tony Charman
    Autism 7:217-25. 2003
  63. ncbi request reprint Findings from a multidisciplinary clinical case series of females with Rett syndrome
    Hilary Cass
    Wolfson Centre, Great Ormond Street Children s Hospital NHS Trust, Mecklenburgh Square, London WC 1N 2AP, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 45:325-37. 2003
    ....
  64. pmc Correlation between clinical severity in patients with Rett syndrome with a p.R168X or p.T158M MECP2 mutation, and the direction and degree of skewing of X-chromosome inactivation
    Hayley Archer
    Institute of Medical Genetics, Cardiff University, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK
    J Med Genet 44:148-52. 2007
    ..R168X and p.T158M. The influence of X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) on clinical severity in patients with RTT with these mutations was investigated, taking into account the extent and direction of skewing...
  65. ncbi request reprint A pilot randomised control trial of a parent training intervention for pre-school children with autism. Preliminary findings and methodological challenges
    Auriol Drew
    Autism Research Centre, Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 11:266-72. 2002
    ..The difficulties encountered in the conduct of RCTs for pre-school children with autism are discussed. Methodological challenges and strategies for future well-designed RCTs for autism interventions are highlighted...
  66. ncbi request reprint A two-year prospective follow-up study of community-based early intensive behavioural intervention and specialist nursery provision for children with autism spectrum disorders
    Iliana Magiati
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:803-12. 2007
    ..This prospective study compared outcome for pre-school children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) receiving autism-specific nursery provision or home-based Early Intensive Behavioural Interventions (EIBI) in a community setting...
  67. ncbi request reprint Is 18 months too early for the chat?
    Tony Charman
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41:235-6. 2002
  68. ncbi request reprint Gradations of emulation learning in infants' imitation of actions on objects
    Chi Tai Huang
    Department of Human Development, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 97004, Taiwan
    J Exp Child Psychol 92:276-302. 2005
    ..These findings suggest that emulation in the form of object movement reenactment or affordance learning plays a role in the social learning of actions on objects during infancy...
  69. ncbi request reprint Infants' behavioral reenactment of "failed attempts": exploring the roles of emulation learning, stimulus enhancement, and understanding of intentions
    Chi Tai Huang
    Department of Human Development, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
    Dev Psychol 38:840-55. 2002
    ..This pattern of findings suggests that nonimitative social learning processes may influence infants' response in the behavioral reenactment paradigm...
  70. ncbi request reprint Difficulties with "executive functions"
    Tony Charman
    J Autism Dev Disord 34:467. 2004
  71. ncbi request reprint What does the term 'working diagnosis' mean?
    Tony Charman
    J Autism Dev Disord 35:539-40. 2005
  72. ncbi request reprint Challenges in evaluating psychosocial interventions for Autistic Spectrum Disorders
    Catherine Lord
    University of Michigan, Austim and Communication Disorders Center 1111, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    J Autism Dev Disord 35:695-708; discussion 709-11. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi request reprint Sleep electroencephalograms in young children with autism with and without regression
    Gillian Baird
    Newcomen Centre, Guy s Hospital, UK
    Dev Med Child Neurol 48:604-8. 2006
    ..There was no evidence that these cases of autism with and without regression were associated with epileptic encephalopathy. The significance of epileptiform discharges without epilepsy in the sleep EEG in autism remains unknown...
  74. ncbi request reprint Lateral glances toward moving stimuli among young children with autism: Early regulation of locally oriented perception?
    Laurent Mottron
    University of Montreal
    Dev Psychopathol 19:23-36. 2007
    ..These findings are initial evidence for the need to consider the neural bases and development of atypical behaviors and their implications for intervention strategies...
  75. ncbi request reprint Why a diversity of methods are required to understand childhood disorders
    Tony Charman
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:1051-2. 2007
  76. doi request reprint The Q-CHAT (Quantitative CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers): a normally distributed quantitative measure of autistic traits at 18-24 months of age: preliminary report
    Carrie Allison
    Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 8AH, UK
    J Autism Dev Disord 38:1414-25. 2008
    ..8 (7.7)). The intraclass correlation for test-retest reliability was 0.82 (n = 330). The distribution in the control group was close to normal. Full examination of the clinical validity of the Q-CHAT and test properties is underway...
  77. ncbi request reprint No evidence for MMR-ASD link
    Gillian Baird
    Practitioner 252:6. 2008