D Carroll

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Depression following hip fracture is associated with increased physical frailty in older adults: the role of the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate ratio
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:60. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Systolic blood pressure reactions to acute stress are associated with future hypertension status in the Dutch Famine Birth Cohort Study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Int J Psychophysiol 85:270-3. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Forced expiratory volume is associated with cardiovascular and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 49:866-72. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Predictors of attendance at cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction
    D Lane
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Psychosom Res 51:497-501. 2001
  5. doi request reprint Metabolically exaggerated cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress revisited
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 46:270-5. 2009
  6. doi request reprint Body mass index, abdominal adiposity, obesity, and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:653-60. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: evidence from a population study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 75:68-74. 2007
  8. pmc Birth weight, adult blood pressure, and blood pressure reactions to acute psychological stress
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:144-5. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Stressful life events are associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva in the middle aged and elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:191-7. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure reactions to stress and the prediction of future blood pressure: effects of sex, age, and socioeconomic position
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychosom Med 65:1058-64. 2003

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. pmc Depression following hip fracture is associated with increased physical frailty in older adults: the role of the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate ratio
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Geriatr 13:60. 2013
    ..This study examined the synergistic effects of depression and hip fracture on physical frailty, and the mediating role of the cortisol:dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) ratio...
  2. doi request reprint Systolic blood pressure reactions to acute stress are associated with future hypertension status in the Dutch Famine Birth Cohort Study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Int J Psychophysiol 85:270-3. 2012
    ..The association was strongest for reactions to the speech and Stroop tasks. Diastolic blood pressure reactivity was not significantly associated with hypertension. The results provide support for the reactivity hypothesis...
  3. doi request reprint Forced expiratory volume is associated with cardiovascular and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 49:866-72. 2012
    ..The association survived adjustment for smoking, a range of anthropometric and sociodemographic covariates, and commitment to the stress tasks, as well as cognitive ability...
  4. ncbi request reprint Predictors of attendance at cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction
    D Lane
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Psychosom Res 51:497-501. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine predictors of attendance at cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction (MI)...
  5. doi request reprint Metabolically exaggerated cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress revisited
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 46:270-5. 2009
    ..Thus, psychological stress can provoke increases in cardiac activity difficult to account for in terms of the metabolic demands of the stress task...
  6. doi request reprint Body mass index, abdominal adiposity, obesity, and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:653-60. 2008
    ..To examine the association between adiposity and the magnitude of cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress cross-sectionally and prospectively in a large community sample...
  7. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: evidence from a population study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 75:68-74. 2007
    ..The direction of association was opposite to that which would be expected if excessive reactivity were to mediate the association between depression and cardiovascular disease outcomes or if they shared common antecedents...
  8. pmc Birth weight, adult blood pressure, and blood pressure reactions to acute psychological stress
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:144-5. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Stressful life events are associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva in the middle aged and elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:191-7. 2006
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure reactions to stress and the prediction of future blood pressure: effects of sex, age, and socioeconomic position
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychosom Med 65:1058-64. 2003
    ..This epidemiological study examined whether the magnitude of blood pressure reactions to mental stress was associated with future blood pressure and whether the strength of association was affected by sex, age, and socioeconomic position...
  11. doi request reprint Generalized anxiety and major depressive disorders, their comorbidity and hypertension in middle-aged men
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Psychosom Med 72:16-9. 2010
    ..To examine the cross-sectional associations between generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), their comorbidity, and hypertension...
  12. doi request reprint Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with metabolic syndrome in the Vietnam experience study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport, Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Biol Psychiatry 66:91-3. 2009
    ..The present study examined the cross-sectional associations of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) with MetS in a large study of male US veterans...
  13. ncbi request reprint In-hospital symptoms of depression do not predict mortality 3 years after myocardial infarction
    Deirdre Lane
    University Department of Medicine, City Hospital NHS Trust, Dudley Road, Birmingham, B18 7QH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1179-82. 2002
    ..The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship between symptoms of depression following myocardial infarction (MI) and 3-year survival status...
  14. ncbi request reprint The effects of an oral multivitamin combination with calcium, magnesium, and zinc on psychological well-being in healthy young male volunteers: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial
    D Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 150:220-5. 2000
    ..Vitamin and mineral supplements may be associated with improved psychological status...
  15. doi request reprint Blood pressure reactions to acute mental stress and future blood pressure status: data from the 12-year follow-up of the West of Scotland Study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychosom Med 73:737-42. 2011
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with reduced lung function in the Vietnam Experience Study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 73:716-20. 2011
    ..The present study examined the cross-sectional associations of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) with lung function in a large study of male US veterans...
  17. doi request reprint Low cognitive ability in early adulthood is associated with reduced lung function in middle age: the Vietnam experience study
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    Thorax 66:884-8. 2011
    ..In the present study, the authors examined the converse: whether there was a prospective association between cognitive ability in early adulthood and lung function in middle age...
  18. doi request reprint Cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate, their ratio and hypertension: evidence of associations in male veterans from the Vietnam Experience Study
    D Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 25:418-24. 2011
    ..The present analyses provide confirmation of a positive association between cortisol and the cortisol:DHEAS ratio and population hypertension...
  19. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure reactions to acute psychological stress and future blood pressure status: a 10-year follow-up of men in the Whitehall II study
    D Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychosom Med 63:737-43. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to examine whether blood pressure reactions to mental stress predicted future blood pressure and hypertension...
  20. ncbi request reprint Mortality and quality of life 12 months after myocardial infarction: effects of depression and anxiety
    D Lane
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kingdom
    Psychosom Med 63:221-30. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms of depression and anxiety did not predict either cardiac or all-cause mortality after MI, but they did predict quality of life among those who lived to 12 months...
  21. ncbi request reprint Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular reactions to mental arithmetic, cold pressor, and exercise: effects of beta-adrenergic blockade
    A Winzer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 36:591-601. 1999
    ..Exercise elicited increases in both sIgA concentration and sIgA secretion rate, which were not diminished by beta blockade. These data suggest that sIgA is not regulated by beta-adrenergic mechanisms...
  22. ncbi request reprint The relationship between socioeconomic status, hostility, and blood pressure reactions to mental stress in men: data from the Whitehall II study
    D Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, England
    Health Psychol 16:131-6. 1997
    ..Cynical hostility was also negatively related to mental stress task performance but unrelated to ratings of task difficulty...
  23. doi request reprint Lymphocyte cell counts in middle age are positively associated with subsequent all-cause and cardiovascular mortality
    A C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    QJM 104:319-24. 2011
    ..There is an association between higher white blood cell counts and all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. However, little is known about the prognostic significance of circulating lymphocyte and lymphocyte subset numbers...
  24. doi request reprint Depression and anxiety are associated with a diagnosis of hypertension 5 years later in a cohort of late middle-aged men and women
    A T Ginty
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 27:187-90. 2013
    ..In conclusion, symptoms of depression and anxiety were associated with a diagnosis of hypertension assessed 5 years later, although the mechanisms underlying these associations remain to be determined...
  25. ncbi request reprint Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular activity during mental arithmetic and paced breathing
    C Ring
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, England
    Psychophysiology 36:602-9. 1999
    ..These data suggest that sIgA responses to laboratory challenges are mediated by sympathetic rather than parasympathetic processes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular reactions to mental arithmetic and cold pressor
    G Willemsen
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 35:252-9. 1998
    ..52-.83), although test-retest correlations were less impressive for change scores (r = -.19-.53). The pattern of correlations between change in sIgA secretion rate and cardiovascular reactivity variables was inconsistent...
  27. pmc Increased C reactive protein in response to acute stress in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
    J J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Ann Rheum Dis 64:1299-304. 2005
    ..To assess the effects of acute stress on inflammatory, haemostatic, rheological, and haemodynamic activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in comparison with patients with osteoarthritis (OA)...
  28. doi request reprint Health-related quality of life in patients reliant upon mitrofanoff catheterisation
    G M Smith
    Birmingham Children s Hospital, Paediatric Urology, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Eur J Pediatr Surg 21:263-5. 2011
    ..Aim of the study was determine health care outcomes from the patients' perspective in patients reliant on Mitrofanoff catheterisation for bladder emptying...
  29. ncbi request reprint The effects of competition and competitiveness on cardiovascular activity
    L K Harrison
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychophysiology 38:601-6. 2001
    ..Participants high in competitiveness and desire to win showed higher blood pressure reactions and greater shortening of the preejection period to competition than those low in these characteristics...
  30. ncbi request reprint Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular reactions to mental arithmetic, cold pressor, and exercise: effects of alpha-adrenergic blockade
    C Ring
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Psychophysiology 37:634-43. 2000
    ..These data suggest that acute decreases, but not increases, in sIgA are mediated by alpha-adrenergic mechanisms...
  31. pmc Are the effects of psychosocial exposures attributable to confounding? Evidence from a prospective observational study on psychological stress and mortality
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:878-84. 2001
    ..To examine the association between perceived psychological stress and cause specific mortality in a population where perceived stress was not associated with material disadvantage...
  32. ncbi request reprint Modulation of the human nociceptive flexion reflex across the cardiac cycle
    L Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychophysiology 38:712-8. 2001
    ..Stimulation of baroreceptors by natural changes in blood pressure during the cardiac cycle dampened nociception, and accordingly, the data support the arterial baroreflex mechanism of hypertensive hypoalgesia...
  33. pmc Limitations of adjustment for reporting tendency in observational studies of stress and self reported coronary heart disease
    J Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, The Medical School, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:76-7. 2002
  34. ncbi request reprint Six-month observational study of prompted stair climbing
    J Kerr
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Prev Med 33:422-7. 2001
    ..Presented here are the results of a 6-month observational study of prompted stair climbing...
  35. pmc "It's exercise or nothing": a qualitative analysis of exercise dependence
    D Bamber
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Br J Sports Med 34:423-30. 2000
    ..To explore, using qualitative methods, the concept of exercise dependence. Semistructured interviews were undertaken with subjects screened for exercise dependence and eating disorders...
  36. doi request reprint What is the effect of circumcision on risk of urinary tract infection in boys with posterior urethral valves?
    S Mukherjee
    Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    J Pediatr Surg 44:417-21. 2009
    ..This study aims to test this hypothesis by comparing the risk of UTI, and subsequent renal outcome, in PUV in uncircumcised boys with those who were circumcised...
  37. ncbi request reprint Effects of arterial and cardiopulmonary baroreceptor activation on simple and choice reaction times
    David McIntyre
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 44:874-9. 2007
    ..No cardiopulmonary baroreceptor effects were found. Cardiac cycle effects on reaction time are consistent with the arterial baroreceptor hypothesis and appear to be confined to lower order sensory-motor processing...
  38. ncbi request reprint Increase in systemic vascular resistance during acute mental stress in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with high-grade systemic inflammation
    Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 77:106-10. 2008
    ..Thus, acute cardiovascular events in rheumatoid arthritis patients may be related to stress-induced increases in systemic vascular resistance, particularly in patients with high levels of systemic inflammation...
  39. ncbi request reprint Reliability of hematocrit during rest and stress in healthy adults
    Christopher Ring
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 77:63-8. 2008
    ..The reliability of stress-induced hemoconcentration may be improved by more provocative challenges and repeated sampling during stress...
  40. pmc Nociceptive flexion reflex thresholds and pain during rest and computer game play in patients with hypertension and individuals at risk for hypertension
    Louisa Edwards
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 76:72-82. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Depression, anxiety, and quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation
    Graham Thrall
    University Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham, UK
    Chest 132:1259-64. 2007
    ..To examine the prevalence and persistence of depression and anxiety in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and their effect on future quality of life (QoL) status...
  42. ncbi request reprint The acute stress-induced immunoenhancement hypothesis
    Kate M Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0804, USA
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 35:150-5. 2007
    ..This review develops the acute stress-induced immunoenhancement hypothesis and its possible role as a vaccine adjuvant...
  43. ncbi request reprint Time course and mechanisms of mental stress-induced changes and their recovery: hematocrit, colloid osmotic pressure, whole blood viscosity, coagulation times, and hemodynamic activity
    Dolf de Boer
    Behavioural Medicine Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 44:639-49. 2007
    ..Poststress, elevated colloid osmotic pressure may drive its own recovery and that of hematocrit and blood viscosity...
  44. ncbi request reprint Psychomotor speed in hypertension: effects of reaction time components, stimulus modality, and phase of the cardiac cycle
    Louisa Edwards
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychophysiology 44:459-68. 2007
    ..No sensory-motor deficits were evident in these hypertensives regardless of baroreceptor activity...
  45. ncbi request reprint A systematic review of the effects of acute psychological stress and physical activity on haemorheology, coagulation, fibrinolysis and platelet reactivity: Implications for the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes
    Graham Thrall
    Haemostasis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology Unit, University Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, England
    Thromb Res 120:819-47. 2007
    ..In conclusion, psychological stress and physical activity may act as potential triggers for the onset of ACS via effects on haemostasis and haemorheology...
  46. ncbi request reprint Stress, coping, and hepatitis B antibody status
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    Psychosom Med 64:287-93. 2002
    ..The present study investigated the association between exposure to stressful life events, coping style, and antibody status after hepatitis B vaccination...
  47. pmc Effects of naltrexone on electrocutaneous pain in patients with hypertension compared to normotensive individuals
    Christopher Ring
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 77:191-6. 2008
    ..These findings fail to support the hypothesis that essential hypertension is characterised by relative opioid insensitivity...
  48. doi request reprint Preliminary evidence that morning vaccination is associated with an enhanced antibody response in men
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 45:663-6. 2008
    ..These results indicate that it would be worthwhile testing this effect in a large randomized control trial with vaccination during time periods representing the extremes of hormonal and cytokine diurnal rhythms...
  49. ncbi request reprint Acute stress exposure prior to influenza vaccination enhances antibody response in women
    Kate M Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:159-68. 2006
    ..In line with animal research, the current study provides preliminary evidence that acute stress can enhance the antibody response to vaccination in humans...
  50. ncbi request reprint Secretory immunoglobulin A reactions to prolonged mental arithmetic stress: inter-session and intra-session reliability
    Christopher Ring
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 59:1-13. 2002
    ..Blood pressure and pulse rate were also elevated by the mental stress task, although correlational analyses revealed that stress-induced changes in sIgA were not related to cardiovascular reactions...
  51. doi request reprint Complement cascade activation after an acute psychological stress task
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:387-96. 2008
    ..Although the complement cascade is a key component of these inflammatory processes, there has been little research regarding its susceptibility to stress...
  52. ncbi request reprint Simple reaction time as a function of the phase of the cardiac cycle in young adults at risk for hypertension
    David McIntyre
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 45:333-6. 2008
    ..However, these cycle time effects were not moderated by sex, resting blood pressure, or parental history of hypertension. In conclusion, cardiac-related cortical interference was not moderated by risk for hypertension...
  53. doi request reprint Social support is positively associated with the immunoglobulin M response to vaccination with pneumococcal polysaccharides
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychol 78:211-5. 2008
    ..There was no association between life events stress and immunoglobulin M response. It appears that psychosocial factors affect both the immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G responses to vaccination...
  54. doi request reprint Meningococcal A vaccination response is enhanced by acute stress in men
    Kate M Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, UK
    Psychosom Med 70:147-51. 2008
    ..To determine if acute stress experienced at the time of antigenic challenge augments the subsequent immune response...
  55. doi request reprint Caregiving is associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, United Kingdom
    Brain Behav Immun 22:565-72. 2008
    ..These findings resonate with those from other studies using different immune outcomes. Considered together, it is clear that that the chronic stress of caregiving has widespread effects on immunity...
  56. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial factors are associated with the antibody response to both thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccines
    Stephen Gallagher
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, England, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 22:456-60. 2008
    ..Psychosocial factors would appear to influence the response to both thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccines, but not in the same manner...
  57. ncbi request reprint Mental stress-induced hemoconcentration and its recovery: a controlled study of time course and mechanisms
    Dolf de Boer
    Behavioural Medicine Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 44:161-9. 2007
    ..The mechanisms of stress-induced hemoconcentration may differ from those responsible for recovery, which may depend primarily on colloid osmotic pressure...
  58. ncbi request reprint Cytomegalovirus is associated with depression and anxiety in older adults
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 22:52-5. 2008
    ..This association could be mediated by the impact of affect-moderating cytokines secreted through the CMV-specific immune response...
  59. pmc Psychological stress and cardiovascular disease: empirical demonstration of bias in a prospective observational study of Scottish men
    John Macleod
    Department of Primary Care and General Practice, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 324:1247-51. 2002
    ..To examine the association between self perceived psychological stress and cardiovascular disease in a population where stress was not associated with social disadvantage...
  60. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing influenza vaccination uptake in an elderly, community-based sample
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Vaccine 23:3604-8. 2005
    ....
  61. ncbi request reprint Neuroticism, cortisol reactivity, and antibody response to vaccination
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 42:232-8. 2005
    ..However, there was no conclusive evidence that cortisol reactivity mediated the association between neuroticism and antibody response...
  62. ncbi request reprint The influence of hydration status on stress-induced hemoconcentration
    Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychophysiology 42:98-107. 2005
    ..As expected the combined stress during euhydration was associated with an unfavorable rheological and cardiovascular profile, which may help explain the increased incidence of cardiovascular events in the morning...
  63. ncbi request reprint Effects of opioid blockade with naltrexone and distraction on cold and ischemic pain in hypertension
    Christopher Ring
    International Centre for Health and Exercise Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    J Behav Med 30:59-68. 2007
    ..The finding that the distracting secondary task successfully reduced pain ratings suggests normal supraspinal pain modulation in essential hypertension...
  64. ncbi request reprint Effects of arousal and natural baroreceptor activation on the human muscle stretch reflex
    David McIntyre
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychophysiology 41:954-60. 2004
    ..The stretch reflex did not vary with the phase of the cardiac cycle. While the stretch reflex is susceptible to arousal, natural baroreceptor-mediated modulation across the cardiac cycle may be specific to nociception...
  65. ncbi request reprint Mental stress-induced hemoconcentration: Sex differences and mechanisms
    Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 41:541-51. 2004
    ..Blood pressure reactivity was a strong and consistent predictor of stress-induced hemoconcentration. These findings may help to explain sex differences in susceptibility to myocardial infarction...
  66. ncbi request reprint Reductions in secretory immunoglobulin A to cold pressor stress are not influenced by timing of saliva sampling
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 66:91-8. 2004
    ..S-IgA decreased from baseline to task, regardless of timing of saliva sampling. It was concluded that differences in timing of sampling do not account for the mixed reports in the literature...
  67. ncbi request reprint Increases in lipids and immune cells in response to exercise and mental stress in patients with suspected coronary artery disease: effects of adjustment for shifts in plasma volume
    Simon L Bacon
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
    Biol Psychol 65:237-50. 2004
    ..This study provides evidence that, in coronary artery disease patients, exercise and mental stress-induced increases in lipids but not immune cells can be largely accounted for by shifts in plasma volume...
  68. ncbi request reprint Effects of artificial and natural baroreceptor stimulation on nociceptive responding and pain
    Louisa Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 40:762-9. 2003
    ..In contrast, natural baroreceptor stimulation during systole reduced nociceptive responding compared to diastole, but did not affect pain ratings. The data provide partial support for baroreflex modulation of pain...
  69. ncbi request reprint The human nociceptive flexion reflex threshold is higher during systole than diastole
    Louisa Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Psychophysiology 39:678-81. 2002
    ..Stimulation of baroreceptors by natural increases in blood pressure during the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle was associated with dampened nociception...
  70. ncbi request reprint Life events, perceived stress and antibody response to influenza vaccination in young, healthy adults
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 55:569-72. 2003
    ..Chronic stress has been associated with impaired response to influenza vaccination in the elderly. This study investigated whether mild, intermittent stress experienced by young, healthy adults has a similar effect...
  71. ncbi request reprint Anxiety, depression, and prognosis after myocardial infarction: is there a causal association?
    Deirdre Lane
    J Am Coll Cardiol 42:1808-10. 2003
  72. ncbi request reprint Antibody response to vaccination and psychosocial stress in humans: relationships and mechanisms
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Vaccine 21:2523-34. 2003
    ..Results to date are sufficiently indicative to direct future research to untangling their theoretical ramifications, as well as realising their clinical implications...
  73. ncbi request reprint Perceived stress and psychological well-being are associated with antibody status after meningitis C conjugate vaccination
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychosom Med 64:963-70. 2002
    ..This study is the first to examine antibody status after vaccination with a conjugate vaccine, in which a polysaccharide antigen is conjugated to a protein to elicit a thymus-dependent antibody response...
  74. pmc Admissions for myocardial infarction and World Cup football: database survey
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT
    BMJ 325:1439-42. 2002
    ..To examine hospital admissions for a range of diagnoses on days surrounding England's 1998 World Cup football matches...
  75. ncbi request reprint Life events and acute cardiovascular reactions to mental stress: a cohort study
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, England
    Psychosom Med 67:384-92. 2005
    ..This study addressed the issue of whether frequent exposure to life events is associated with aggravation or blunting of cardiovascular reactions to acute mental stress...
  76. ncbi request reprint Life events and hemodynamic stress reactivity in the middle-aged and elderly
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England
    Psychophysiology 42:269-76. 2005
    ..The present results suggest that acute stress reactivity may not be independent of stressful life events experience...
  77. ncbi request reprint The effects of the spontaneous presence of a spouse/partner and others on cardiovascular reactions to an acute psychological challenge
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 43:633-40. 2006
    ....
  78. ncbi request reprint Eccentric exercise as an adjuvant to influenza vaccination in humans
    Kate M Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 21:209-17. 2007
    ..Eccentric exercise of the muscle at the site of vaccine administration should be explored further as a possible behavioural adjuvant to vaccination...
  79. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in the interleukin-6 response to maximal and submaximal exercise tasks
    Kate M Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    J Sports Sci 24:855-62. 2006
    ..The finding that women showed a greater IL-6 response to maximal exercise may reflect a gender dimorphism in the immune response to stress...
  80. ncbi request reprint Systolic inhibition of nociceptive responding is moderated by arousal
    David McIntyre
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 43:314-9. 2006
    ..This moderation of systolic inhibition of nociception could be due to attenuation of the baroreflex with increased arousal...
  81. ncbi request reprint Time course and mechanisms of hemoconcentration in response to mental stress
    Dolf de Boer
    Behavioural Medicine Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham, UK
    Biol Psychol 72:318-24. 2006
    ..This suggests that stress-induced hemoconcentration may driven by different mechanisms than those which underlie its recovery...
  82. ncbi request reprint Cortisol and cardiovascular reactions to mental stress and antibody status following hepatitis B vaccination: a preliminary study
    Victoria E Burns
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Psychophysiology 39:361-8. 2002
    ..In sum, variations in indices of both hypothalamic pituitary adrenocortical axis and sympathetic nervous system activity were associated with individual differences in immune response to vaccination...
  83. ncbi request reprint Bereavement and marriage are associated with antibody response to influenza vaccination in the elderly
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 20:279-89. 2006
    ....
  84. ncbi request reprint Effects of competition, exercise, and mental stress on secretory immunity
    Christopher Ring
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    J Sports Sci 23:501-8. 2005
    ..min(-1)). The hypothesis that the psychological stress of competitive exercise contributes to increased susceptibility to infection via reductions in s-IgA requires further investigation...
  85. ncbi request reprint Cellular and mucosal immune reactions to mental and cold stress: associations with gender and cardiovascular reactivity
    Gonneke Willemsen
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 39:222-8. 2002
    ..Mechanisms underlying sIgA reactions are more difficult to determine. Men and women differed in some cell counts, but not in reactivity, although gender influenced sIgA reactions to arithmetic...
  86. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in the interleukin-6 response to acute psychological stress
    Kate M Edwards
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 71:236-9. 2006
    ..These findings confirm a small delayed IL-6 increase after acute laboratory stress, and reveal sex differences in the profile of the IL-6 response...
  87. ncbi request reprint Shifting hemodynamics of blood pressure control during prolonged mental stress
    Christopher Ring
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 39:585-90. 2002
    ..Thus, the sustained pressor response was initially supported mainly by cardiac mechanisms but subsequently by predominantly vascular mechanisms...
  88. ncbi request reprint Hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial reactions to psychological and physical stress in coronary artery disease patients
    Simon L Bacon
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Biol Psychol 71:162-70. 2006
    ..Future research is needed to investigate how these stress responses are prospectively related to acute cardiac events...
  89. ncbi request reprint The association between life events, social support, and antibody status following thymus-dependent and thymus-independent vaccinations in healthy young adults
    Anna C Phillips
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Brain Behav Immun 19:325-33. 2005
    ..Neither psychosocial factor was associated with response to primary meningococcal A polysaccharide vaccination...
  90. ncbi request reprint Competitiveness and hemodynamic reactions to competition
    Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK
    Psychophysiology 39:759-66. 2002
    ..Although trait competitiveness was not associated with beta-adrenergic activation, variations in state competitiveness were...
  91. ncbi request reprint Risk factors, confounding, and the illusion of statistical control
    Nicholas J S Christenfeld
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychosom Med 66:868-75. 2004
    ..Statistical adjustment serves a useful function, but it cannot transform observational studies into natural experiments, and involves far more subjective judgment than many users realize...
  92. ncbi request reprint Intervening for exhaustion
    Douglas Carroll
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham, UK
    J Psychosom Res 61:9-10. 2006