Andrew J Calder

Summary

Affiliation: University of Cambridge
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Caricaturing facial expressions
    A J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, CB2 2EF, Cambridge, UK
    Cognition 76:105-46. 2000
  2. pmc Connectivity analysis reveals a cortical network for eye gaze perception
    Lauri Nummenmaa
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02015 TKK, Espoo, Finland
    Cereb Cortex 20:1780-7. 2010
  3. pmc The Interaction Between Gaze and Facial Expression in the Amygdala and Extended Amygdala is Modulated by Anxiety
    Michael P Ewbank
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit Cambridge, UK
    Front Hum Neurosci 4:56. 2010
  4. pmc Failure to deactivate the default mode network indicates a possible endophenotype of autism
    Michael D Spencer
    Department of Psychiatry, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 8AH, UK
    Mol Autism 3:15. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Impaired recognition of anger following damage to the ventral striatum
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Brain 127:1958-69. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Understanding the recognition of facial identity and facial expression
    Andrew J Calder
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:641-51. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Configural information in facial expression perception
    A J Calder
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 26:527-51. 2000
  8. pmc Separate coding of different gaze directions in the superior temporal sulcus and inferior parietal lobule
    Andrew J Calder
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, CB2 7EF Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:20-5. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual representation of eye gaze is coded by a nonopponent multichannel system
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:244-61. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Face cells: separate processing of expression and gaze in the amygdala
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Curr Biol 17:R371-2. 2007

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. ncbi request reprint Caricaturing facial expressions
    A J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, CB2 2EF, Cambridge, UK
    Cognition 76:105-46. 2000
    ..An exemplar-based multidimensional model is proposed as an alternative account...
  2. pmc Connectivity analysis reveals a cortical network for eye gaze perception
    Lauri Nummenmaa
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02015 TKK, Espoo, Finland
    Cereb Cortex 20:1780-7. 2010
    ....
  3. pmc The Interaction Between Gaze and Facial Expression in the Amygdala and Extended Amygdala is Modulated by Anxiety
    Michael P Ewbank
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit Cambridge, UK
    Front Hum Neurosci 4:56. 2010
    ....
  4. pmc Failure to deactivate the default mode network indicates a possible endophenotype of autism
    Michael D Spencer
    Department of Psychiatry, Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, Cambridge, CB2 8AH, UK
    Mol Autism 3:15. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  5. ncbi request reprint Impaired recognition of anger following damage to the ventral striatum
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Brain 127:1958-69. 2004
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Understanding the recognition of facial identity and facial expression
    Andrew J Calder
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:641-51. 2005
    ..Alongside this two-pathway framework, other possible models of facial identity and expression recognition, including one that has emerged from principal component analysis techniques, should be considered...
  7. ncbi request reprint Configural information in facial expression perception
    A J Calder
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, England
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 26:527-51. 2000
    ..g., that composites are more "attention-grabbing" than noncomposites). Finally, Experiment 4 demonstrates that the composite effects for identity and expression operate independently of one another...
  8. pmc Separate coding of different gaze directions in the superior temporal sulcus and inferior parietal lobule
    Andrew J Calder
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, CB2 7EF Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:20-5. 2007
    ..Consistent with these findings, averted gaze in the adapted direction was misidentified as direct. Our study provides the first human evidence of dissociable neural systems for left and right gaze...
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual representation of eye gaze is coded by a nonopponent multichannel system
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Exp Psychol Gen 137:244-61. 2008
    ..Previous research has shown that facial identity is coded by an opponent-coding system; hence, these results also demonstrate that gaze is coded by a different representational system to facial identity...
  10. ncbi request reprint Face cells: separate processing of expression and gaze in the amygdala
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Curr Biol 17:R371-2. 2007
    ..A neuroimaging study in monkeys has shown that separate regions of the amygdala are responsive to facial expression and gaze/head orientation...
  11. ncbi request reprint The relation between anger and different forms of disgust: implications for emotion recognition impairments in Huntington's disease
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, and Cambridge Centre for Brain Repair, Forvie Site, Addenbrooke s Hosptial, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:2719-29. 2010
    ..We conclude that the related emotions of disgust and anger associated with social disapproval are frequently impaired in HD and discuss factors that might cause one emotion to show more severe impairments than the other...
  12. ncbi request reprint Disgust sensitivity predicts the insula and pallidal response to pictures of disgusting foods
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 25:3422-8. 2007
    ..Our results also accord with comparative research showing an anterior to posterior gradient in the rat pallidum reflecting increased 'liking' of foods [Smith, K. S. and Berridge, K. C. (2005) J. Neurosci., 25, 849-8637]...
  13. ncbi request reprint Impaired recognition and experience of disgust following brain injury
    A J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Neurosci 3:1077-8. 2000
    ..Here we describe evidence, from a patient with insula and putamen damage, for a neural system for recognizing social signals of disgust from multiple modalities...
  14. ncbi request reprint A principal component analysis of facial expressions
    A J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, CB2 2EF, Cambridge, UK
    Vision Res 41:1179-208. 2001
    ..The implications for models of face processing are discussed...
  15. ncbi request reprint Neuropsychology of fear and loathing
    A J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Nat Rev Neurosci 2:352-63. 2001
    ..We review this research and its implications for theories of emotion...
  16. ncbi request reprint Reading the mind from eye gaze
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Neuropsychologia 40:1129-38. 2002
    ..Additional subtraction contrasts largely confirmed these patterns. Our results demonstrate a considerable degree of overlap between the medial frontal areas involved in eye gaze processing and theory of mind tasks...
  17. pmc Personality influences the neural responses to viewing facial expressions of emotion
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1684-701. 2011
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Facial expression recognition across the adult life span
    Andrew J Calder
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Neuropsychologia 41:195-202. 2003
    ..We suggest that the dissociable effects found for fear and disgust are consistent with the differential effects of ageing on brain regions involved in these emotions...
  19. ncbi request reprint Neural abnormalities in early-onset and adolescence-onset conduct disorder
    Luca Passamonti
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:729-38. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc Connectivity from the ventral anterior cingulate to the amygdala is modulated by appetitive motivation in response to facial signals of aggression
    Luca Passamonti
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
    Neuroimage 43:562-70. 2008
    ..The personality-mediated variation in the pathway from the ventral anterior cingulate cortex to the amygdala provides an account of why signals of aggression are interpreted as provocative by some individuals more than others...
  21. pmc Leaving a bad taste in your mouth but not in my insula
    Elisabeth A H von dem Hagen
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB27EF, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:379-86. 2009
    ....
  22. pmc Brain structure abnormalities in adolescent girls with conduct disorder
    Graeme Fairchild
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54:86-95. 2013
    ..Our primary objective was to investigate whether female adolescents with CD show changes in grey matter volume. Our secondary aim was to assess for sex differences in the relationship between CD and brain structure...
  23. pmc Direction-sensitive codes for observed head turns in human superior temporal sulcus
    Johan D Carlin
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 22:735-44. 2012
    ..Our findings suggest a role for right anterior STS/STG in coding the direction of motion in dynamic social attention cues...
  24. doi request reprint Insula and striatum mediate the default bias
    Rongjun Yu
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    J Neurosci 30:14702-7. 2010
    ..Our findings highlight aversive processes in the insula as underlying the default bias and suggest that choosing the default may be rewarding in itself...
  25. pmc Changes in "top-down" connectivity underlie repetition suppression in the ventral visual pathway
    Michael P Ewbank
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 31:5635-42. 2011
    ..Our results challenge previous interpretations regarding the underlying nature of neural representations made using fMRI RS paradigms...
  26. ncbi request reprint Why are you angry with me? Facial expressions of threat influence perception of gaze direction
    Michael P Ewbank
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Vis 9:16.1-7. 2009
    ..Our findings suggest the existence of a reciprocal influence between gaze direction and angry expressions...
  27. ncbi request reprint In the eye of the beholder: individual differences in reward-drive modulate early frontocentral ERPs to angry faces
    Benoit Bediou
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Neuropsychologia 47:825-34. 2009
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Personality predicts the brain's response to viewing appetizing foods: the neural basis of a risk factor for overeating
    Luca Passamonti
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 29:43-51. 2009
    ..Differences in the dynamic interactions within the human appetitive network in response to pictures of appetizing foods may determine an individual's risk of obesity...
  29. ncbi request reprint Anxiety predicts a differential neural response to attended and unattended facial signals of anger and fear
    Michael P Ewbank
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Neuroimage 44:1144-51. 2009
    ..Our findings demonstrate the striking effects of personality in a non-clinical population, and show how this can distinguish the neural coding of anger and fear faces...
  30. pmc Facial expression recognition, fear conditioning, and startle modulation in female subjects with conduct disorder
    Graeme Fairchild
    Developmental Psychiatry Section, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
    Biol Psychiatry 68:272-9. 2010
    ..Our primary aim was to characterize explicit and implicit aspects of emotion function to determine whether deficits in these processes are present in girls with CD...
  31. pmc Different neural mechanisms within occipitotemporal cortex underlie repetition suppression across same and different-size faces
    Michael P Ewbank
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 23:1073-84. 2013
    ..These findings suggest "size-invariant" RS to faces is a consequence of interactions between regions rather than being a localized effect...
  32. pmc Disgust enhances the recollection of negative emotional images
    Camilla J Croucher
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e26571. 2011
    ..The present data call for further consideration of the theoretical specifications of the mechanisms that lead to enhanced memory for emotional stimuli and their neural substrates...
  33. pmc The serotonin transporter gene polymorphism and the effect of baseline on amygdala response to emotional faces
    Elisabeth A H von dem Hagen
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Neuropsychologia 49:674-80. 2011
    ..The results are discussed in relation to the tonic and phasic hypotheses of 5-HTTLPR-mediated modulation of amygdala activity...
  34. ncbi request reprint Appetitive motivation predicts the neural response to facial signals of aggression
    John D Beaver
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 28:2719-25. 2008
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in reward drive predict neural responses to images of food
    John D Beaver
    Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council Cognition, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 26:5160-6. 2006
    ..g., hyperphagic obesity)...
  36. pmc The amygdala response to images with impact
    Michael P Ewbank
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 4:127-33. 2009
    ..Our findings demonstrate that the amygdala response to emotional stimuli is not a function of arousal (or valence) alone and accord more with the proposal that the amygdala responds to the significance or relevance of an event...
  37. pmc Autism spectrum traits predict the neural response to eye gaze in typical individuals
    Lauri Nummenmaa
    Brain Research Unit, Low Temperature Laboratory and Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science, Finland
    Neuroimage 59:3356-63. 2012
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Top-down control of visual responses to fear by the amygdala
    Nicholas Furl
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom, and Wellcome Centre for Imaging Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 33:17435-43. 2013
    ..The amygdala may therefore optimize visual encoding of socially charged and salient information. ..
  39. pmc Recognition memory for pictorial material in subclinical depression
    Cristina Ramponi
    Medical Research Council, Cambridge, UK
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 135:293-301. 2010
    ..These findings contribute to our developing understanding of how mood and memory interact...
  40. pmc A key role for similarity in vicarious reward
    Dean Mobbs
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council MRC, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Science 324:900. 2009
    ..Our results support studies showing that similarity acts as a proximate neurobiological mechanism where prosocial behavior extends to unrelated strangers...
  41. pmc Autism spectrum traits in the typical population predict structure and function in the posterior superior temporal sulcus
    Elisabeth A H von dem Hagen
    Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 21:493-500. 2011
    ..The results provide evidence that autism spectrum characteristics are reflected in neural structure and function across the typical (non-ASD) population...
  42. pmc Reduced functional connectivity within and between 'social' resting state networks in autism spectrum conditions
    Elisabeth A H von dem Hagen
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB1 3UF, UK
    Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8:694-701. 2013
    ..This reduced connectivity may result in difficulties in communication and integration of information across these networks, which could contribute to the impaired processing of social signals in ASC...
  43. ncbi request reprint Face and emotion processing in frontal variant frontotemporal dementia
    Jill Keane
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Neuropsychologia 40:655-65. 2002
    ..It is plausible that the emotion recognition impairments observed contribute to the abnormal social behaviour that is characteristic of this condition...
  44. ncbi request reprint Selective disruption of the recognition of facial expressions of anger
    Andrew D Lawrence
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Rd, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
    Neuroreport 13:881-4. 2002
    ....
  45. doi request reprint The neural basis of eye gaze processing
    Johan D Carlin
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 23:450-5. 2013
    ....
  46. pmc Abnormal anatomical connectivity between the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex in conduct disorder
    Luca Passamonti
    Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Unità di Ricerca Neuroimmagini, Catanzaro, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e48789. 2012
    ..Here, we investigated whether the integrity of the white-matter pathways connecting these regions is abnormal and thus may represent a putative neurobiological marker for CD...
  47. doi request reprint "You talkin' to me?" Self-relevant auditory signals influence perception of gaze direction
    Raliza S Stoyanova
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, England
    Psychol Sci 21:1765-9. 2010
    ..This study provides the first evidence that communicative intent signaled via the auditory modality influences the perception of another individual's gaze...
  48. pmc Deficits in facial expression recognition in male adolescents with early-onset or adolescence-onset conduct disorder
    Graeme Fairchild
    Developmental Psychiatry Section, Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:627-36. 2009
    ..The findings could potentially inform the developmental taxonomic theory of antisocial behaviour, which suggests that early-onset and adolescence-limited forms of CD are subject to different aetiological processes...
  49. pmc Direct gaze elicits atypical activation of the theory-of-mind network in autism spectrum conditions
    Elisabeth A H von dem Hagen
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Cereb Cortex 24:1485-92. 2014
    ..g. he is "interested" in me), and that such mental state attributions to direct gaze may be reduced or absent in the autistic brain. ..
  50. ncbi request reprint The neural signature of escalating frustration in humans
    Rongjun Yu
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK School of Psychology and Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China Electronic address
    Cortex 54:165-78. 2014
    ..Our findings suggest that frustration may serve an energizing function, translating unfulfilled motivation into aggressive-like surges via a cortical, amygdala and PAG network. ..
  51. pmc 5-HTTLPR-environment interplay and its effects on neural reactivity in adolescents
    Nicholas D Walsh
    Developmental and Life course Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 8AD, UK
    Neuroimage 63:1670-80. 2012
    ..These results demonstrate that two different forms of environmental adversities interplay with 5-HTTLPR and thereby differentially impact amygdala and cortical reactivity...
  52. pmc A head view-invariant representation of gaze direction in anterior superior temporal sulcus
    Johan D Carlin
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, UK
    Curr Biol 21:1817-21. 2011
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint I thought you were looking at me: direction-specific aftereffects in gaze perception
    Rob Jenkins
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 17:506-13. 2006
    ..Our findings provide evidence that humans have distinct populations of neurons that are selectively responsive to particular directions of seen gaze...
  54. ncbi request reprint About turn: the visual representation of human body orientation revealed by adaptation
    Rebecca P Lawson
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Rd, Cambridge CB2 7EF, England
    Psychol Sci 20:363-71. 2009
    ..Our results provide evidence for multichannel coding of seen body orientation, with separate channels (or neuronal populations) selectively tuned to different body directions...
  55. doi request reprint Paying attention to emotional images with impact
    F C Murphy
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Emotion 10:605-14. 2010
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Behavioural and neurocognitive responses to sad facial affect are attenuated in patients with mania
    B R Lennox
    Department of Psychiatry and Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Psychol Med 34:795-802. 2004
    ..We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the behavioural and neurocognitive correlates of happy and sad facial affect recognition in patients with mania...
  57. pmc Emotion recognition in progressive supranuclear palsy
    B C P Ghosh
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 80:1143-5. 2009
    ..The acknowledgement of deficits in emotion recognition is important for management of both patients and their carers...
  58. doi request reprint Emotion and personality factors influence the neural response to emotional stimuli
    Fionnuala C Murphy
    Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 35:156-7. 2012
    ..These factors may also influence the brain's response to emotional stimuli. A synthesis of the relevant neuroimaging data must therefore take these factors into consideration...
  59. pmc Assessing the automaticity of moral processing: efficient coding of moral information during narrative comprehension
    Fionnuala C Murphy
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62:41-9. 2009
    ..Our findings provide evidence of efficient coding of moral dimensions during narrative comprehension and demonstrate that this process does not require cognitively intense forms of principled reasoning...
  60. pmc Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on prefrontal-amygdala connectivity while viewing facial signals of aggression
    Luca Passamonti
    Unità di Ricerca Neuroimmagini, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Catanzaro, Italy
    Biol Psychiatry 71:36-43. 2012
    ..g., angry faces)...
  61. ncbi request reprint Anxiety-related bias in the classification of emotionally ambiguous facial expressions
    Anne Richards
    School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, Bloomsbury, England
    Emotion 2:273-87. 2002
    ..The mood-manipulated group had increased sensitivity for anger expressions, and trait anxiety did not moderate these effects. Interpretations of the results related to the classification of fearful expressions are discussed...
  62. ncbi request reprint Emotion recognition following human pulvinar damage
    Robert Ward
    Wolfson Centre for Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
    Neuropsychologia 45:1973-8. 2007
    ..Our results suggest that the cortex in isolation from the entire pulvinar is incapable of recognizing fearful expressions...
  63. pmc Anxiety and sensitivity to gaze direction in emotionally expressive faces
    Elaine Fox
    Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, England
    Emotion 7:478-86. 2007
    ..Thus, in anxiety-prone people attention is more likely to be held by an expression of anger, whereas attention is guided more potently by fearful facial expressions...
  64. ncbi request reprint Disgust discussed
    Andrew J Calder
    Ann Neurol 53:427-8. 2003