E J Brunner

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint The association between father's social class and adult obesity is not explained by educational attainment and an unhealthy lifestyle in adulthood
    Alexandros Heraclides
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:573-9. 2008
  2. pmc Validating self-reported strokes in a longitudinal UK cohort study (Whitehall II): Extracting information from hospital medical records versus the Hospital Episode Statistics database
    Annie Britton
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:83. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint Social epidemiology and Eastern Wisdom
    Eric Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Epidemiol 22:291-4. 2012
  4. pmc Comparison of physical, public and human assets as determinants of socioeconomic inequalities in contraceptive use in Colombia - moving beyond the household wealth index
    Catalina González
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health University College London, London, UK
    Int J Equity Health 9:10. 2010
  5. pmc Socioeconomic position and risk of short-term weight gain: prospective study of 14,619 middle-aged men and women
    Lisa R Purslow
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:112. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Social and biological determinants of cognitive aging
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WCIE 6BT, UK
    Neurobiol Aging 26:17-20. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Relation between blood glucose and coronary mortality over 33 years in the Whitehall Study
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Diabetes Care 29:26-31. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Social inequality in walking speed in early old age in the Whitehall II study
    Eric Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1082-9. 2009
  9. pmc Biology and health inequality
    Eric Brunner
    Departmentof Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 5:e267. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Fish, human health and marine ecosystem health: policies in collision
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 7HB, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:93-100. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. doi request reprint The association between father's social class and adult obesity is not explained by educational attainment and an unhealthy lifestyle in adulthood
    Alexandros Heraclides
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:573-9. 2008
    ..To investigate the effect of father's social class on central and general obesity in adulthood. To test the role of educational attainment and adult health behaviours as mediators in this association...
  2. pmc Validating self-reported strokes in a longitudinal UK cohort study (Whitehall II): Extracting information from hospital medical records versus the Hospital Episode Statistics database
    Annie Britton
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:83. 2012
    ..Such studies often rely on self-reported stroke events, which are best validated with external medical evidence. The aim of this paper is to compare the information on incident non-fatal stroke events arising from different sources...
  3. ncbi request reprint Social epidemiology and Eastern Wisdom
    Eric Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Epidemiol 22:291-4. 2012
    ..Exploring and debating commonalities and differences in the determinants of health in Oriental and Occidental cultures could offer fresh inspiration and insight for the next phase of social epidemiology in both regions...
  4. pmc Comparison of physical, public and human assets as determinants of socioeconomic inequalities in contraceptive use in Colombia - moving beyond the household wealth index
    Catalina González
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health University College London, London, UK
    Int J Equity Health 9:10. 2010
    ..We tested the hypothesis that provision of Public capital compensated for low levels of Human capital...
  5. pmc Socioeconomic position and risk of short-term weight gain: prospective study of 14,619 middle-aged men and women
    Lisa R Purslow
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 8:112. 2008
    ..The association between socioeconomic position in middle age and risk of subsequent, short-term weight gain is unknown. We therefore assessed this association in a prospective population based cohort study in Norfolk, UK...
  6. ncbi request reprint Social and biological determinants of cognitive aging
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WCIE 6BT, UK
    Neurobiol Aging 26:17-20. 2005
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Relation between blood glucose and coronary mortality over 33 years in the Whitehall Study
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Diabetes Care 29:26-31. 2006
    ..We examined the prospective relation of 2-h postload blood glucose (2hBG) with coronary and other major causes of mortality over 33 years...
  8. doi request reprint Social inequality in walking speed in early old age in the Whitehall II study
    Eric Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1082-9. 2009
    ..We investigated social inequalities in walking speed in early old age...
  9. pmc Biology and health inequality
    Eric Brunner
    Departmentof Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 5:e267. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Fish, human health and marine ecosystem health: policies in collision
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 7HB, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:93-100. 2009
    ..Health recommendations advocating increased fish consumption need to be placed in the context of the potential collapse of global marine capture fisheries...
  11. pmc Stress and the biology of inequality
    E Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London
    BMJ 314:1472-6. 1997
    ..The biological effects of the psychosocial environment could explain health inequalities between relatively affluent groups...
  12. pmc Is the effect of work stress on cardiovascular mortality confounded by socioeconomic factors in the Valmet study?
    E J Brunner
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:1019-20. 2004
  13. ncbi request reprint What is an optimal diet? Relationship of macronutrient intake to obesity, glucose tolerance, lipoprotein cholesterol levels and the metabolic syndrome in the Whitehall II study
    E J Brunner
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:45-53. 2001
    ..Finally, we test the effect of macronutrient intake on the presence or absence of the metabolic syndrome...
  14. ncbi request reprint Dietary assessment in Whitehall II: comparison of 7 d diet diary and food-frequency questionnaire and validity against biomarkers
    E Brunner
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Nutr 86:405-14. 2001
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Cost effectiveness of cardiovascular disease prevention strategies: a perspective on EU food based dietary guidelines
    E Brunner
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, UK
    Public Health Nutr 4:711-5. 2001
    ..EU wide food based dietary guidelines are potentially the basis of large health gains in Europe, and cost-effectiveness studies tend to support their adoption...
  16. ncbi request reprint Dietary patterns and 15-y risks of major coronary events, diabetes, and mortality
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1414-21. 2008
    ..Few studies have examined the long-term effect of habitual diet on risks of incident diabetes, coronary heart disease, and mortality...
  17. ncbi request reprint Adrenocortical, autonomic, and inflammatory causes of the metabolic syndrome: nested case-control study
    E J Brunner
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, England
    Circulation 106:2659-65. 2002
    ..We examine reversibility and the power of psychosocial and behavioral factors to explain the neuroendocrine adaptations that accompany MS...
  18. doi request reprint Arterial stiffness, physical function, and functional limitation: the Whitehall II Study
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Hypertension 57:1003-9. 2011
    ..The nature of the link between arterial stiffness and quality of life in older people merits attention...
  19. ncbi request reprint Commentary: what is the best way to promote healthy eating?
    Eric Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:415-7. 2006
  20. pmc Physical and cognitive function in midlife: reciprocal effects? A 5-year follow-up of the Whitehall II study
    M Elovainio
    International Institute for Society and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Medical School, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:468-73. 2009
    ..Whether cognitive function predicts physical function and whether physical function predicts cognitive function were assessed in middle-aged men and women...
  21. pmc Associations of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 with cognitive symptoms of depression: 12-year follow-up of the Whitehall II study
    D Gimeno
    International Institute for Society and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Medical School, London, UK
    Psychol Med 39:413-23. 2009
    ..The present study sought to assess whether C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 predict cognitive symptoms of depression or whether these symptoms predict inflammatory markers...
  22. pmc Cumulative exposure to high-strain and active jobs as predictors of cognitive function: the Whitehall II study
    M Elovainio
    University College London, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 66:32-7. 2009
    ..We tested associations between high-strain and active jobs and cognitive function in middle-aged men and women...
  23. pmc Biological and behavioural explanations of social inequalities in coronary heart disease: the Whitehall II study
    M G Marmot
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Diabetologia 51:1980-8. 2008
    ..We determined the degree to which metabolic syndrome components, inflammation and health behaviours account for the social gradient in CHD...
  24. ncbi request reprint Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load are associated with high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol at baseline but not with increased risk of diabetes in the Whitehall II study
    Annhild Mosdøl
    International Institute for Society and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:988-94. 2007
    ..Findings of the effect of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on the risk of incident diabetes are inconsistent...
  25. doi request reprint Do the Joint British Society (JBS2) guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease with respect to plasma glucose improve risk stratification in the general population? Prospective cohort study
    E J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabet Med 27:550-5. 2010
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Changes in C-reactive protein levels before type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular death: the Whitehall II study
    A G Tabák
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6 BT, UK
    Eur J Endocrinol 163:89-95. 2010
    ..This study describes CRP trajectories prior to type 2 diabetes onset and fatal CVD...
  27. ncbi request reprint APOE polymorphism, socioeconomic status and cognitive function in mid-life--the Whitehall II longitudinal study
    J H Zhao
    Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health, International Centre for Health and Society, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:557-63. 2005
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Association between IL6 gene variants -174G>C and -572G>C and serum IL-6 levels: interactions with social position in the Whitehall II cohort
    Saskia C Sanderson
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health Whitehall II, 1 19 Torrington Place, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Atherosclerosis 204:459-64. 2009
    ..To examine the impact of -174G>C and -572G>C variants in the promoter region of the IL6 gene, and their interactions with social position, on interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in the Whitehall II cohort...
  29. pmc Incidence and prognosis of angina pectoris in South Asians and Whites: 18 years of follow-up over seven phases in the Whitehall-II prospective cohort study
    M J S Zaman
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 33:430-8. 2011
    ..This study assessed cumulative incidence of chest pain in South Asians and Whites, and prognosis of chest pain...
  30. doi request reprint Performance of existing risk scores in screening for undiagnosed diabetes: an external validation study
    D R Witte
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabet Med 27:46-53. 2010
    ..To compare the performance of nine published strategies for the selection of individuals prior to screening for undiagnosed diabetes...
  31. ncbi request reprint Predictors of early retirement in British civil servants
    G Mein
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Age Ageing 29:529-36. 2000
    ..The Whitehall II study provides an opportunity to examine the predictors of early retirement in one of the largest employers in the United Kingdom...
  32. ncbi request reprint Prospective effect of job strain on general and central obesity in the Whitehall II Study
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, England
    Am J Epidemiol 165:828-37. 2007
    ..This study provides prospective, population-based evidence that chronic work stress predicts general and central obesity...
  33. pmc Education attenuates the association between dietary patterns and cognition
    Tasnime N Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 27:147-54. 2009
    ..As individual food items are not consumed in isolation, we examined the association between dietary patterns and cognitive function, with special attention to the role of education in this association...
  34. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic gradient in body size and obesity among women: the role of dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger in the Whitehall II study
    J Dykes
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:262-8. 2004
    ..To examine the associations between three psychological eating behaviour variables--restraint, hunger and disinhibition--and body weight and size, and to assess their explanatory power for the employment grade gradients in body measurement...
  35. pmc Low serum adiponectin predicts 10-year risk of type 2 diabetes and HbA1c independently of obesity, lipids, and inflammation: Whitehall II study
    A G Tabák
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WCE1 6BT, UK
    Horm Metab Res 41:626-9. 2009
    ..05). The observed robust, prospective associations support that adiponectin is an independent predictor of diabetes and the degree of glycaemic impairment...
  36. ncbi request reprint Methodological problems in genetic association studies of longevity--the apolipoprotein E gene as an example
    Sarah J Lewis
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 33:962-70. 2004
    ..Such studies are based on two assumptions; (a) initial relative allele frequencies in the different age cohorts are similar, and (b) the risk of mortality conferred by genotypes does not depend on year of birth...
  37. pmc Utility of genetic and non-genetic risk factors in prediction of type 2 diabetes: Whitehall II prospective cohort study
    Philippa J Talmud
    Centre of Cardiovascular Genetics, Department of Medicine, University College London, London WC1E 6JF
    BMJ 340:b4838. 2010
    ....
  38. pmc Dietary pattern and depressive symptoms in middle age
    Tasnime N Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 195:408-13. 2009
    ..Studies of diet and depression have focused primarily on individual nutrients...
  39. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of physical activity and physical function in early old age
    Melvyn M Hillsdon
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, England
    Am J Prev Med 28:245-50. 2005
    ..In this study, we test the hypothesis that physical activity earlier in the life course preserves high physical function over an extended period of time, before the onset of major age-related declines in physical function...
  40. ncbi request reprint No APOEepsilon4 effect on coronary heart disease risk in a cohort with low smoking prevalence: the Whitehall II study
    Philippa J Talmud
    British Heart Foundation Laboratories, Department of Medicine, Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics, Rayne Building, University College London, 5 University Street, London WC1E 6JF, UK
    Atherosclerosis 177:105-12. 2004
    ..This supports the context dependency of the epsilon4 risk effect, but the low smoking incidence in the Whitehall men reduced our ability to examine a smoking:genotype interaction...
  41. doi request reprint Deprivation and the development of obesity a multilevel, longitudinal study in England
    Mai Stafford
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 39:130-9. 2010
    ..Evidence indicates that the rising trend in overweight and obesity may be stronger for people from more socioeconomically advantaged backgrounds...
  42. pmc Association between change in body composition and change in inflammatory markers: an 11-year follow-up in the Whitehall II Study
    Eleonor I Fransson
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:5370-4. 2010
    ..Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, but the long-term effects of weight change on inflammation are unknown...
  43. pmc Decline in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration: lipid-lowering drugs, diet, or physical activity? Evidence from the Whitehall II study
    Kim Bouillon
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Heart 97:923-30. 2011
    ..To examine the association of lipid-lowering drugs, change in diet and physical activity with a decline in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in middle age...
  44. pmc Psychosocial stress at work doubles the risk of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged women: evidence from the Whitehall II study
    Alexandros Heraclides
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:2230-5. 2009
    ..To investigate the effect of psychosocial stress at work on risk of type 2 diabetes, adjusting for conventional risk factors, among a sample of British, white-collar, middle-aged men and women...
  45. doi request reprint Socio-demographic influences on trends of fish consumption during later adult life in the Whitehall II study
    Tasnime N Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Nutr 100:1116-27. 2008
    ..Such information is valuable for food policies that seek to promote health equity...
  46. pmc Inflammation, insulin resistance, and diabetes--Mendelian randomization using CRP haplotypes points upstream
    Eric J Brunner
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Royal Free and University College London Medical School, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 5:e155. 2008
    ..Our objective was to examine the nature of the association between CRP phenotype and diabetes development using CRP haplotypes as instrumental variables...
  47. ncbi request reprint Adult socioeconomic position, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the Whitehall II prospective study
    David Gimeno
    International Institute for Society and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 22:675-83. 2007
    ..Thus, the question of whether socioeconomic differences in CRP and IL-6 change over time remains unanswered. We examined the relationship between SEP and changes over 12 years in CRP and IL-6...
  48. doi request reprint Estimated prevalence and predictors of vitamin C deficiency within UK's low-income population
    Annhild Mosdøl
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:456-60. 2008
    ..The Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey (2003-05) of a representative sample of the low-income/materially deprived UK population included a plasma vitamin C measurement...
  49. pmc Association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms in middle-aged adults: results from the Whitehall II study
    Tasnime N Akbaraly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:499-504. 2009
    ..We examined whether the metabolic syndrome is associated with the onset of depressive symptoms in a cohort of middle-aged British civil servants...
  50. doi request reprint Prospective study of coffee and tea consumption in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among men and women: the Whitehall II study
    Mark Hamer
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Br J Nutr 100:1046-53. 2008
    ..The limited range of exposure and beverage consumption according to socio-economic class may explain these conflicting findings...
  51. pmc Trajectories of glycaemia, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion before diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: an analysis from the Whitehall II study
    Adam G Tabak
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 373:2215-21. 2009
    ..We aimed to characterise trajectories of fasting and postload glucose, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion in individuals who develop type 2 diabetes...
  52. pmc Hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes, and depressive symptoms: the British Whitehall II study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Diabetes Care 32:1867-9. 2009
    ..To examine the recent suggestion that impaired fasting glucose may protect against depression, whereas a diagnosis of diabetes might then result in depression...
  53. doi request reprint Organizational justice and sleeping problems: The Whitehall II study
    Marko Elovainio
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Medical School, London, England, UK
    Psychosom Med 71:334-40. 2009
    ..To test the hypothesis that organizational injustice contributes to sleeping problems. Poor sleep quality can be a marker of prolonged emotional stress and has been shown to have serious effects on the immune system and metabolism...
  54. pmc Gender-specific associations of short sleep duration with prevalent and incident hypertension: the Whitehall II Study
    Francesco P Cappuccio
    Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, United Kingdom
    Hypertension 50:693-700. 2007
    ..42 [95% CI: 0.94 to 2.16]; odds ratio: 1.31 [95% CI: 0.65 to 2.63], respectively). Sleep deprivation may produce detrimental cardiovascular effects among women...
  55. pmc Cross-sectional versus prospective associations of sleep duration with changes in relative weight and body fat distribution: the Whitehall II Study
    Saverio Stranges
    Cardiovascular Medicine and Epidemiology Group, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, University of Warwick Medical School, Coventry, England
    Am J Epidemiol 167:321-9. 2008
    ..23, 1.12), nor with the incidence of obesity (odds ratio(adjusted) = 1.05, 95% CI: 0.60, 1.82). There is no temporal relation between short duration of sleep and future changes in measures of body weight and central adiposity...
  56. pmc Dietary patterns, insulin resistance, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Whitehall II Study
    Sarah A McNaughton
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
    Diabetes Care 31:1343-8. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify a dietary pattern associated with insulin resistance and investigate whether this pattern was prospectively associated with type 2 diabetes...