C R Brewin

Summary

Affiliation: University College London
Country: UK

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory for trauma: update on four controversies
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health, University College, London, UK
    Memory 15:227-48. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Systematic review of screening instruments for adults at risk of PTSD
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, London, England
    J Trauma Stress 18:53-62. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Understanding cognitive behaviour therapy: A retrieval competition account
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 44:765-84. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Mental health following terrorist attacks
    Matthew G Whalley
    Br J Psychiatry 190:94-6. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint What is it that a neurobiological model of PTSD must explain?
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Prog Brain Res 167:217-28. 2008
  6. pmc An fMRI investigation of posttraumatic flashbacks
    Matthew G Whalley
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Brain Cogn 81:151-9. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Effects of experimentally induced dissociation on attention and memory
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, UK
    Conscious Cogn 22:315-23. 2013
  8. doi request reprint Objective predictors of delayed-onset post-traumatic stress disorder occurring after military discharge
    C R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:2119-26. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Recognition and treatment of psychological disorders during military service in the UK armed forces: a study of war pensioners
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1891-7. 2012
  10. pmc Source memory errors associated with reports of posttraumatic flashbacks: a proof of concept study
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Cognition 124:234-8. 2012

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory for trauma: update on four controversies
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health, University College, London, UK
    Memory 15:227-48. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Systematic review of screening instruments for adults at risk of PTSD
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, London, England
    J Trauma Stress 18:53-62. 2005
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Understanding cognitive behaviour therapy: A retrieval competition account
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 44:765-84. 2006
    ..It is shown to provide a parsimonious set of principles that have the potential to unify traditional and more modern variants of CBT...
  4. ncbi request reprint Mental health following terrorist attacks
    Matthew G Whalley
    Br J Psychiatry 190:94-6. 2007
    ..Studies assessing symptoms of stress in the general population and those assessing the mental health of direct victims are considered. Use of mental health services following an attack is reviewed and recommendations are offered...
  5. ncbi request reprint What is it that a neurobiological model of PTSD must explain?
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Prog Brain Res 167:217-28. 2008
    ..The implications for neurobiological studies of PTSD are discussed...
  6. pmc An fMRI investigation of posttraumatic flashbacks
    Matthew G Whalley
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Brain Cogn 81:151-9. 2013
    ..The same contrast was associated with decreased activation in the midbrain, parahippocampal gyrus, and precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex. The results were discussed in terms of theories of PTSD and dual-process models of recognition...
  7. doi request reprint Effects of experimentally induced dissociation on attention and memory
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, UK
    Conscious Cogn 22:315-23. 2013
    ..The results are discussed in the context of theoretical models of PTSD and their implications for official questioning of traumatized individuals such as sexual assault survivors...
  8. doi request reprint Objective predictors of delayed-onset post-traumatic stress disorder occurring after military discharge
    C R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 42:2119-26. 2012
    ..We investigated whether personnel who develop PTSD after discharge can be identified by independent evidence of internalizing signs such as depression or of externalizing signs such as disciplinary offences while still serving...
  9. doi request reprint Recognition and treatment of psychological disorders during military service in the UK armed forces: a study of war pensioners
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1891-7. 2012
    ..We investigated whether personnel who developed disorders while serving in the UK armed forces came to the attention of medical services for these problems, received corresponding diagnoses, and were treated...
  10. pmc Source memory errors associated with reports of posttraumatic flashbacks: a proof of concept study
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Cognition 124:234-8. 2012
    ..This provides proof of concept of a cognitive mechanism that could potentially account for some cases of false trauma memories...
  11. ncbi request reprint A theoretical framework for understanding recovered memory experiences
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, England, UK
    Nebr Symp Motiv 58:149-73. 2012
    ..Memory appraisals may also influence the sense that an event has been forgotten for a long time. Recovered memories, although unusual, do not contradict what we know about how memory works...
  12. pmc Incidental retrieval of emotional contexts in post-traumatic stress disorder and depression: an fMRI study
    Matthew G Whalley
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Brain Cogn 69:98-107. 2009
    ..Moreover, there was little indication that PTSD is associated with a marked change in the way negatively valenced information, not of personal significance, is processed...
  13. doi request reprint Gender, personality, and involuntary autobiographical memory
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Memory 19:559-65. 2011
    ..The implications for differences between voluntary and involuntary autobiographical memory are discussed...
  14. doi request reprint Trauma, identity and mental health in UK military veterans
    C R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    Psychol Med 41:1733-40. 2011
    ..We further sought to describe the nature of such changes using qualitative analysis...
  15. ncbi request reprint Memory for emotionally neutral information in posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analytic investigation
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Abnorm Psychol 116:448-63. 2007
    ..The findings are placed in the context of recent neurobiological and experimental cognitive research...
  16. doi request reprint Reformulating PTSD for DSM-V: life after Criterion A
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 22:366-73. 2009
    ..The potential advantages and disadvantages of this formulation are discussed...
  17. doi request reprint Diagnostic accuracy of the Trauma Screening Questionnaire after the 2005 London bombings
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 23:393-8. 2010
    ..The data are consistent with previous research showing elevated distress in ethnic minorities following trauma, and suggest limitations on the performance of screening instruments...
  18. pmc Promoting mental health following the London bombings: a screen and treat approach
    Chris R Brewin
    Traumatic Stress Clinic, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 21:3-8. 2008
    ..The program succeeded in its aim of generating many more referrals of affected individuals than came through normal referral channels...
  19. doi request reprint Auditory pseudohallucinations in United Kingdom war veterans and civilians with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychiatry 71:419-25. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc Outreach and screening following the 2005 London bombings: usage and outcomes
    C R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Psychol Med 40:2049-57. 2010
    ..Symptom levels were assessed pre- and post-treatment with validated self-report measures of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and 66 were followed up at 1 year...
  21. doi request reprint Imagery rescripting as a brief stand-alone treatment for depressed patients with intrusive memories
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Behav Res Ther 47:569-76. 2009
    ..These gains were achieved entirely by working through patients' visual imagination and without verbal challenging of negative beliefs. Spontaneous changes in beliefs, rumination, and behaviour were nevertheless observed...
  22. ncbi request reprint Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults
    C R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, England
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:748-66. 2000
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint A cognitive neuroscience account of posttraumatic stress disorder and its treatment
    C R Brewin
    University College London, Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, UK
    Behav Res Ther 39:373-93. 2001
    ..This view is compared with other accounts in the literature of traumatic memory processes in PTSD, and the contrasting implications for therapy are discussed...
  24. ncbi request reprint Thought suppression, intelligence, and working memory capacity
    C R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 40:923-30. 2002
    ..The findings have theoretical implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying a failure to inhibit unwanted intrusions and clinical implications for disorders involving high levels of intrusive thoughts and memories...
  25. ncbi request reprint Diagnostic overlap between acute stress disorder and PTSD in victims of violent crime
    Chris R Brewin
    University College London, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 160:783-5. 2003
    ..In a group of crime victims, the authors investigated overlap between acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnoses and their relative ability to predict PTSD at 6 months...
  26. ncbi request reprint Psychological theories of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Clin Psychol Rev 23:339-76. 2003
    ..We review empirical evidence relevant to each model and identify promising areas for further research...
  27. doi request reprint The nature and significance of memory disturbance in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 7:203-27. 2011
    ....
  28. pmc Intrusive images in psychological disorders: characteristics, neural mechanisms, and treatment implications
    Chris R Brewin
    Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E6BT, England
    Psychol Rev 117:210-32. 2010
    ..Finally, we discuss the treatment implications of the new model and relate it to existing forms of psychological therapy...
  29. ncbi request reprint Risk factor effect sizes in PTSD: what this means for intervention
    Chris R Brewin
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, WC1E 6BT, England
    J Trauma Dissociation 6:123-30. 2005
    ..A recent instrument, the Trauma Screening Questionnaire, is brief, simple to administer, and highly efficient at identifying survivors in need of intervention...
  30. ncbi request reprint Working memory capacity and suppression of intrusive thoughts
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 36:61-8. 2005
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Frequency and nature of rumination in chronic depression: a preliminary study
    Martin Pearson
    University College London, London
    Cogn Behav Ther 37:160-8. 2008
    ..Although there was some evidence for stop rules being involved, most individuals attributed ending a period of rumination to distraction, whether external or internally generated...
  32. ncbi request reprint The effect of dissociation at encoding on intrusive memories for a stressful film
    C R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Br J Med Psychol 74:467-72. 2001
    ..Dual-task conditions may not provide a good analogue to naturally occurring dissociation. The possible preventive effects of the tapping task are discussed in terms of the dual-representation theory of post-traumatic stress disorder...
  33. doi request reprint Acute effects of alcohol on the development of intrusive memories
    James A Bisby
    Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 204:655-66. 2009
    ..Despite alcohol's impairing effect on memory and frequent involvement in real-life trauma, virtually nothing is known of the interaction between alcohol and trauma memory...
  34. ncbi request reprint Feared identity and obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Sue Ferrier
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Behav Res Ther 43:1363-74. 2005
    ..In addition, the feared self of the OCD sample was significantly more likely to consist of bad and immoral traits...
  35. doi request reprint Imagery rescripting for psychological disorder following cancer: a case study
    Katriina L Whitaker
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Surrey, UK
    Br J Health Psychol 15:41-50. 2010
    ..g. depression). This paper describes the first application of this technique for a cancer patient reporting intrusive memories...
  36. doi request reprint Intrusive cognitions and their appraisal in anxious cancer patients
    Katriina L Whitaker
    Psychological Medicine, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, UK
    Psychooncology 18:1147-55. 2009
    ..This is the first study to examine the appraisal of intrusive cognitions in an anxious group of cancer patients...
  37. doi request reprint Acute effects of alcohol on intrusive memory development and viewpoint dependence in spatial memory support a dual representation model
    James A Bisby
    Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit, University College London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 68:280-6. 2010
    ..We tested the model by investigating the effect of alcohol on intrusive memories and, concurrently, on egocentric and allocentric spatial memory...
  38. ncbi request reprint Does active surveillance for men with localized prostate cancer carry psychological morbidity?
    Katriina L Burnet
    Psychological Medicine, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
    BJU Int 100:540-3. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Pain flashbacks following the July 7th 2005 London bombings
    M G Whalley
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Pain 132:332-6. 2007
    ..The case provides further evidence that somatosensory re-experiencing of pain memories is possible. Findings are discussed with regards to memory for pain...
  40. ncbi request reprint Intrusive images and memories in major depression
    Trishna Patel
    Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Behav Res Ther 45:2573-80. 2007
    ..Interventions targeting these intrusions could potentially result in a positive shift in depressed mood...
  41. doi request reprint Intrusive memories and images in bipolar disorder
    James D Gregory
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 48:698-703. 2010
    ..Rescripting that incorporates negative elements into overly positive images may also be valuable in minimising the extent of hypomanic episodes...
  42. ncbi request reprint Trauma films, information processing, and intrusive memory development
    Emily A Holmes
    Psychology Department, Royal Holloway, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:3-22. 2004
    ..Intrusive memories were largely unrelated to recall and recognition measures. Increases in dissociation and decreases in heart rate during the film were also associated with later intrusions...
  43. ncbi request reprint Impact of sexual violence on disclosure during Home Office interviews
    Diana Bogner
    North London Forensic Service, London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 191:75-81. 2007
    ..Late disclosure or non-disclosure during Home Office interviews is commonly cited as a reason to doubt an asylum seeker's credibility, but disclosure may be affected by other factors...
  44. ncbi request reprint I'll believe it when I can see it: imagery rescripting of intrusive sensory memories in depression
    Jon Wheatley
    University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 38:371-85. 2007
    ..The two cases are described in detail and follow-up data are reported. Implications for the cognitive treatment of depression and for our theoretical understanding about the mechanisms of change in cognitive therapy are considered...
  45. ncbi request reprint Brief screening instrument for post-traumatic stress disorder
    Chris R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 181:158-62. 2002
    ..Brief screening instruments appear to be a viable way of detecting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but none has yet been adequately validated...
  46. ncbi request reprint The influence of a visuospatial grounding task on intrusive images of a traumatic film
    Ailsa D P Stuart
    University College London, Sub Department of Clinical Health Psychology, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Behav Res Ther 44:611-9. 2006
    ..The task had no effect on levels of distress or peritraumatic dissociation, consistent with the hypothesis that intrusions were reduced because the task competed for resources necessary for encoding into an image-based memory system...
  47. doi request reprint The emergence of posttraumatic distress in later life: a review
    Syd Hiskey
    University College London, London, United Kingdom
    J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 21:232-41. 2008
    ..We suggest that future research focuses in more detail on participants' history of posttraumatic difficulties and considers the phenomenon across groups other than male veterans...
  48. ncbi request reprint Enduring consequences of terrorism: 7-month follow-up survey of reactions to the bombings in London on 7 July 2005
    G James Rubin
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 190:350-6. 2007
    ..Terrorist attacks can have psychological effects on the general public...
  49. ncbi request reprint The organisation and content of trauma memories in survivors of road traffic accidents
    Charlie Jones
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, UK
    Behav Res Ther 45:151-62. 2007
    ..The results suggest both a strong concurrent and predictive relationship between narrative disorganisation and ASD/PTSD but that as people recover from ASD, their narratives do not necessarily become less disorganised...
  50. ncbi request reprint Autobiographical memory and emotional disorder: a special issue of Memory
    Tim Dalgleish
    Memory 15:225-6. 2007
  51. ncbi request reprint Delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review of the evidence
    Bernice Andrews
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 OEX, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1319-26. 2007
    ..The authors sought to resolve discrepant findings concerning the prevalence of delayed-onset PTSD by conducting a systematic review of the evidence...
  52. pmc Exposure to hurricane-related stressors and mental illness after Hurricane Katrina
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1427-34. 2007
    ..Uncertainty exists about the prevalence, severity, and correlates of mental disorders among people exposed to Hurricane Katrina...
  53. doi request reprint Intrusive cognitions and anxiety in cancer patients
    Katriina L Whitaker
    Psychological Medicine, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, UK
    J Psychosom Res 64:509-17. 2008
    ..The study aimed to provide information on intrusive cognitions reported by cancer patients and to investigate for the first time whether intrusive imagery is a factor in psychological morbidity...
  54. ncbi request reprint Gender, social support, and PTSD in victims of violent crime
    Bernice Andrews
    Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 16:421-7. 2003
    ..The findings are consistent with previous studies of predominantly female assault victims concerning the stronger impact of negative over positive support, and might help explain women's higher PTSD risk in civilian samples...
  55. ncbi request reprint Coexistence of posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury: towards a resolution of the paradox
    Allison G Harvey
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:663-76. 2003
    ..One resolution focuses on ambiguity in the criteria for diagnosing PTSD. The other involves accepting that TBI patients do experience similar symptoms to other PTSD patients, but that there are crucial differences in symptom content...
  56. ncbi request reprint Investigating peri-traumatic dissociation using hypnosis during a traumatic film
    Emily A Holmes
    Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellow, University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    J Trauma Dissociation 7:91-113. 2006
    ..Implications of our results for views of the relationship between peri-traumatic dissociation and intrusive memories are discussed...
  57. ncbi request reprint Traumatic brain injury, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder in road traffic accident survivors
    Charlie Jones
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    J Trauma Stress 18:181-91. 2005
    ..Our findings indicate that the presence of TBI is likely to influence the distribution of certain symptoms, but need not be a significant barrier to diagnosing ASD and PTSD...
  58. pmc Psychological and behavioural reactions to the bombings in London on 7 July 2005: cross sectional survey of a representative sample of Londoners
    G James Rubin
    King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre PO62, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 331:606. 2005
    ..To assess the impact of the bombings in London on 7 July on stress levels and travel intentions in London's population...
  59. ncbi request reprint A comparison of flashbacks and ordinary autobiographical memories of trauma: content and language
    Steph J Hellawell
    Royal Holloway, University of London, UK
    Behav Res Ther 42:1-12. 2004
    ..In contrast, ordinary memory sections were characterised by more mention of secondary emotions such as guilt and anger...