J S Bowers

Summary

Affiliation: University of Bristol
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint How do forward models work? And why would you want them?
    Jeffrey Bowers
    School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, BS8 4JS Bristol, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 36:349-50. 2013
  2. doi request reprint Position-invariant letter identification is a key component of any universal model of reading
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 35:281-2. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Detecting objects is easier than categorizing them
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:552-7. 2008
  4. doi request reprint On the biological plausibility of grandmother cells: implications for neural network theories in psychology and neuroscience
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    Psychol Rev 116:220-51. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Preserved implicit knowledge of a forgotten childhood language
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TU, UK
    Psychol Sci 20:1064-9. 2009
  6. doi request reprint The activation of embedded words in spoken word identification is robust but constrained: evidence from the picture-word interference paradigm
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:1585-97. 2009
  7. doi request reprint A fundamental limitation of the conjunctive codes learned in PDP models of cognition: comment on Botvinick and Plaut (2006)
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental, University of Bristol, Clifton, Bristol, England
    Psychol Rev 116:986-97. 2009
  8. doi request reprint More on grandmother cells and the biological implausibility of PDP models of cognition: a reply to Plaut and McClelland (2010) and Quian Quiroga and Kreiman (2010)
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12A Prior Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 ITU, England
    Psychol Rev 117:300-6; discussion 289-90, 297-9, 306-8. 2010
  9. pmc Swearing, euphemisms, and linguistic relativity
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    PLoS ONE 6:e22341. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint More varieties of Bayesian theories, but no enlightenment
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    School of Psychology, University of Bristol, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom http psychology psy bris ac uk people jeffbowers htm
    Behav Brain Sci 34:193-4. 2011

Detail Information

Publications26

  1. doi request reprint How do forward models work? And why would you want them?
    Jeffrey Bowers
    School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, BS8 4JS Bristol, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 36:349-50. 2013
    ....
  2. doi request reprint Position-invariant letter identification is a key component of any universal model of reading
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom
    Behav Brain Sci 35:281-2. 2012
    ..I show how the spatial coding scheme of Colin Davis (2010) can, in principle, account for contrasting transposed letter (TL) priming effects, and at the same time, position-invariant letter identification...
  3. doi request reprint Detecting objects is easier than categorizing them
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:552-7. 2008
    ....
  4. doi request reprint On the biological plausibility of grandmother cells: implications for neural network theories in psychology and neuroscience
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    Psychol Rev 116:220-51. 2009
    ..The author concludes that the localist representations embedded in theories of perception and cognition are consistent with neuroscience; biology only calls into question the distributed representations often learned in PDP models...
  5. doi request reprint Preserved implicit knowledge of a forgotten childhood language
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TU, UK
    Psychol Sci 20:1064-9. 2009
    ..This research highlights the lasting impact of early language experience in shaping speech perception, and the value of exposing children to foreign languages even if such exposure does not continue into adulthood...
  6. doi request reprint The activation of embedded words in spoken word identification is robust but constrained: evidence from the picture-word interference paradigm
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:1585-97. 2009
    ..The implication of these findings for theories of speech perception and production are discussed. We also consider the possible advantages of the PWI task over cross-modal priming and "visual-world" procedures when studying these issues...
  7. doi request reprint A fundamental limitation of the conjunctive codes learned in PDP models of cognition: comment on Botvinick and Plaut (2006)
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental, University of Bristol, Clifton, Bristol, England
    Psychol Rev 116:986-97. 2009
    ..We question the viability of conjunctive coding schemes to support STM and take these findings as problematic for the PDP approach to cognition more generally...
  8. doi request reprint More on grandmother cells and the biological implausibility of PDP models of cognition: a reply to Plaut and McClelland (2010) and Quian Quiroga and Kreiman (2010)
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12A Prior Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 ITU, England
    Psychol Rev 117:300-6; discussion 289-90, 297-9, 306-8. 2010
    ..By contrast, the neurophysiology is shown to be inconsistent with the distributed representations often learned in existing parallel distributed processing (PDP) models, and it poses a challenge to PDP theories more generally...
  9. pmc Swearing, euphemisms, and linguistic relativity
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    PLoS ONE 6:e22341. 2011
    ..That is, word forms exert some control on affect and cognition in turn. We relate these findings to the linguistic relativity hypothesis, and suggest a simple mechanistic account of how language may influence thinking in this context...
  10. ncbi request reprint More varieties of Bayesian theories, but no enlightenment
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    School of Psychology, University of Bristol, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TU, United Kingdom http psychology psy bris ac uk people jeffbowers htm
    Behav Brain Sci 34:193-4. 2011
    ..We argue that both approaches are flawed, and that the Enlightened Bayesian approach is unlikely to help...
  11. ncbi request reprint In defense of abstractionist theories of repetition priming and word identification
    J S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 7:83-99. 2000
    ..On this account, episodic representations are represented separately from abstract orthographic knowledge and contribute minimally to these functions...
  12. ncbi request reprint Is speech perception modular or interactive?
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TN, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:3-5. 2004
    ..We suggest that these findings have broader implications than the authors assume, and we discuss potential challenges for integrating a modular theory with top-down learning...
  13. ncbi request reprint The modality-specific and -nonspecific components of long-term priming are frequency sensitive
    J S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, England
    Mem Cognit 28:406-14. 2000
    ..In addition, the roles of task and student population in modulating priming are examined...
  14. ncbi request reprint Interfering neighbours: the impact of novel word learning on the identification of visually similar words
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 8 Woodland Rd, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1TN, UK
    Cognition 97:B45-54. 2005
    ..These findings lend support to models of reading that include lexical competition as a key process...
  15. ncbi request reprint Masked priming is abstract in the left and right visual fields
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Clifton, Bristol, BS8 1TN, UK
    Brain Lang 95:414-22. 2005
    ..Strikingly, equivalent priming was observed when primes and targets were presented to the same or opposite visual fields, suggesting that priming occurs after visual information from the two hemispheres is integrated...
  16. ncbi request reprint Orthography plays a critical role in cognate priming: evidence from French/English and Arabic/French cognates
    J S Bowers
    University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    Mem Cognit 28:1289-96. 2000
    ..The role of orthography in supporting cognate priming is discussed...
  17. ncbi request reprint Challenging the widespread assumption that connectionism and distributed representations go hand-in-hand
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, BS8 1TN, Bristol, UK
    Cogn Psychol 45:413-45. 2002
    ..It is concluded that the common rejection of localist coding schemes within connectionist architectures is premature...
  18. ncbi request reprint In search of perceptual priming in a semantic classification task
    Jeffrey S Bowers
    University of Bristol, Department of Experimental Psychology, Bristol, England
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 29:1248-55. 2003
    ..These results pose a challenge to standard perceptual theories of priming that should expect orthographic priming when words are presented in a visual format at study and test...
  19. ncbi request reprint Locus of semantic interference in picture-word interference tasks
    Markus F Damian
    University of Bristol, Department of Experimental Psychology, Bristol, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 10:111-7. 2003
    ..Consequently, a general conceptual locus of the effect can be excluded, and the claim that semantic interference is based on a lexical conflict is confirmed...
  20. ncbi request reprint Teaching adults new words: the role of practice and consolidation
    Felix Clay
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:970-6. 2007
    ..This provides evidence that the newly acquired orthographic representations are coded in an abstract format...
  21. doi request reprint Name-picture verification as a control measure for object naming: a task analysis and norms for a large set of pictures
    Hans Stadthagen-Gonzalez
    University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 62:1581-97. 2009
    ..Norms for match and no-match responses for 396 line drawings taken from Cycowicz, Friedman, Rothstein, and Snodgrass (1997) can be downloaded at: http://language.psy.bris.ac.uk/name-picture_verification.html...
  22. ncbi request reprint Age-of-acquisition effects in visual word recognition: evidence from expert vocabularies
    Hans Stadthagen-Gonzalez
    University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Cognition 93:B11-26. 2004
    ..Most interestingly, Experiment 3 yielded the same pattern of results in naming while controlling for imageability, a finding that is particularly problematic for parallel distributed processing models of reading...
  23. doi request reprint Does word length affect speech onset latencies when producing single words?
    Markus F Damian
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, England
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:892-905. 2010
    ..These results suggest that before the response is initiated, an entire word has been phonologically encoded, but only its initial syllable is placed in an articulatory buffer...
  24. ncbi request reprint What do letter migration errors reveal about letter position coding in visual word recognition?
    Colin J Davis
    Macquarie University, Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 30:923-41. 2004
    ..These results argue against position-specific letter coding schemes used in many computational models of reading, and they provide support for coding schemes based on relative rather than absolute letter position...
  25. ncbi request reprint Cross-alphabet and cross-modal long-term priming in Serbian and English
    Jelena Havelka
    Department of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:842-7. 2006
    ..A full list of word stimuli for all three experiments presented in this article can be found at www.psychonomic.org/archive...
  26. ncbi request reprint Contrasting five different theories of letter position coding: evidence from orthographic similarity effects
    Colin J Davis
    Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:535-57. 2006
    ..These results provide further support for the SOLAR (self-organizing lexical aquisition and recognition) model of visual word identification...