T M Blackburn

Summary

Affiliation: University of Birmingham
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc A comparison of random draw and locally neutral models for the avifauna of an English woodland
    Andrew M Dolman
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Ecol 4:8. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Determinants of establishment success in introduced birds
    T M Blackburn
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Nature 414:195-7. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Variations on a theme: sources of heterogeneity in the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and distribution
    Tim M Blackburn
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:1426-39. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands
    Tim M Blackburn
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Science 305:1955-8. 2004
  5. pmc Causes of exotic bird establishment across oceanic islands
    Phillip Cassey
    University of Birmingham School of Biosciences Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:2059-63. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Allometric exponents do not support a universal metabolic allometry
    Craig R White
    School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Ecology 88:315-23. 2007
  7. pmc Evolutionary responses of discontinuous gas exchange in insects
    Craig R White
    Department of Environmental Biology, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8357-61. 2007
  8. pmc Basal metabolic rate of birds is associated with habitat temperature and precipitation, not primary productivity
    Craig R White
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:287-93. 2007
  9. pmc Variability in avian eggshell colour: a comparative study of museum eggshells
    Phillip Cassey
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e12054. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Eggshell colour does not predict measures of maternal investment in eggs of Turdus thrushes
    Phillip Cassey
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK
    Naturwissenschaften 95:713-21. 2008

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. pmc A comparison of random draw and locally neutral models for the avifauna of an English woodland
    Andrew M Dolman
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Ecol 4:8. 2004
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Determinants of establishment success in introduced birds
    T M Blackburn
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Nature 414:195-7. 2001
    ..Instead, success depends on the suitability of the abiotic environment for the exotic species at the introduction site...
  3. ncbi request reprint Variations on a theme: sources of heterogeneity in the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and distribution
    Tim M Blackburn
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:1426-39. 2006
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands
    Tim M Blackburn
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Science 305:1955-8. 2004
    ....
  5. pmc Causes of exotic bird establishment across oceanic islands
    Phillip Cassey
    University of Birmingham School of Biosciences Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:2059-63. 2005
    ..However, they also reveal a strong negative interaction across regions between establishment success and predation; exotic birds are more likely to fail on islands with species-rich mammalian predator assemblages...
  6. ncbi request reprint Allometric exponents do not support a universal metabolic allometry
    Craig R White
    School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Ecology 88:315-23. 2007
    ..The lack of support for a single exponent model suggests that there is no universal metabolic allometry and represents a significant challenge to any model that predicts only a single value of b...
  7. pmc Evolutionary responses of discontinuous gas exchange in insects
    Craig R White
    Department of Environmental Biology, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8357-61. 2007
    ..This result supports the hygric hypothesis. We conclude that the DGCs of insects reduce respiratory water loss while ensuring adequate gas exchange...
  8. pmc Basal metabolic rate of birds is associated with habitat temperature and precipitation, not primary productivity
    Craig R White
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:287-93. 2007
    ..Instead, BMR was negatively associated with Ta and Tr, and positively associated with PCV...
  9. pmc Variability in avian eggshell colour: a comparative study of museum eggshells
    Phillip Cassey
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e12054. 2010
    ..Here we use an extensive museum collection to address these problems directly, and to test how diversity in eggshell coloration is distributed among different phylogenetic levels of the class Aves...
  10. doi request reprint Eggshell colour does not predict measures of maternal investment in eggs of Turdus thrushes
    Phillip Cassey
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK
    Naturwissenschaften 95:713-21. 2008
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint A phylogenetic analysis of the allometry of diving
    Lewis G Halsey
    Centre for Ornithology, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 167:276-87. 2006
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Phylogenetically informed analysis of the allometry of Mammalian Basal metabolic rate supports neither geometric nor quarter-power scaling
    Craig R White
    School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Evolution 63:2658-67. 2009
    ..67 or 0.75. Thus, we conclude that no single value of b adequately characterizes the allometric relationship between body mass and BMR...
  13. doi request reprint Hyperthermic aphids: insights into behaviour and mortality
    Steaphan P Hazell
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Insect Physiol 56:123-31. 2010
    ..Assays of optimum development temperature were also performed for each species. All data indicate that M. persicae has the greatest tolerance of high temperatures...
  14. doi request reprint A comparison of low temperature tolerance traits between closely related aphids from the tropics, temperate zone, and Arctic
    Steaphan P Hazell
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Insect Physiol 56:115-22. 2010
    ..5 degrees C per 1 degrees C increase in rearing temperature. The data suggest that all three species have the potential to increase population sizes and expand their ranges if low temperature limitation is relaxed...
  15. pmc A survey of publication bias within evolutionary ecology
    Phillip Cassey
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 271:S451-4. 2004
    ..We find that results published without effect sizes are a biased sample of those that are published. This further complicates the already difficult task of compiling quantitative literature reviews and meta-analytic studies...
  16. pmc Brain size and resource specialization predict long-term population trends in British birds
    Susanne Shultz
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Population and Evolutionary Biology Research Group, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 272:2305-11. 2005
    ..These results suggest that flexibility in resource use and behaviour are the most important characteristics for determining a species' ability to cope with large-scale habitat changes...
  17. pmc Prehistoric bird extinctions and human hunting
    Richard P Duncan
    Ecology and Entomology Group, Division of Soil, Plant and Ecological Sciences, PO Box 84, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand
    Proc Biol Sci 269:517-21. 2002
    ..This result cannot be attributed to preservation biases and provides clear evidence that selective hunting contributed significantly to prehistoric bird extinctions at this site...
  18. pmc Using aliens to explore how our planet works
    Tim M Blackburn
    Institute of Zoology, ZSL, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:9-10. 2008
  19. pmc Habitat conversion and global avian biodiversity loss
    Kevin J Gaston
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 270:1293-300. 2003
    ..This loss is shared across a range of temperate and tropical land-use types...
  20. pmc Spatial turnover in the global avifauna
    Kevin J Gaston
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1567-74. 2007
    ....
  21. pmc Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness
    Richard G Davies
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:1189-97. 2007
    ..Rather a global perspective confirms the primary importance of mountain ranges in high-energy areas...
  22. pmc Global patterns of geographic range size in birds
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 4:e208. 2006
    ....
  23. pmc Human impacts and the global distribution of extinction risk
    Richard G Davies
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:2127-33. 2006
    ..These results underline the importance of a global perspective on the mechanisms driving spatial patterns of extinction risk, and the key role of anthropogenic factors in driving the current extinction crisis...
  24. pmc Global patterns of introduction effort and establishment success in birds
    Phillip Cassey
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75230 Paris, France
    Proc Biol Sci 271:S405-8. 2004
    ..Apart from effort, only habitat generalism relates to establishment success in birds...
  25. ncbi request reprint Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology and
    Nature 436:1016-9. 2005
    ..Consequently, the different types of hotspots also vary greatly in their utility as conservation tools...
  26. doi request reprint Sympatric speciation in birds is rare: insights from range data and simulations
    Albert B Phillimore
    Division of Biology and Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 171:646-57. 2008
    ..Our simulations demonstrate that the observed patterns are most consistent with a model in which allopatric speciation is dominant but in which sympatric speciation is also present and contributes 5% of speciation events...
  27. doi request reprint Threats to avifauna on oceanic islands revisited
    Tim M Blackburn
    Institute of Zoology, ZSL, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, United Kingdom
    Conserv Biol 22:492-4; discussion 495-7. 2008
  28. ncbi request reprint Energy, range dynamics and global species richness patterns: reconciling mid-domain effects and environmental determinants of avian diversity
    David Storch
    Ecol Lett 9:1308-20. 2006
    ..This model also accurately predicts the latitudinal variation in species richness and variation of species richness both within and between realms, thus representing a compelling mechanism for the major trends in global biodiversity...
  29. pmc Scaling of gas exchange cycle frequency in insects
    John S Terblanche
    Centre for Invasion Biology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, Republic of South Africa
    Biol Lett 4:127-9. 2008
    ..Insects therefore appear no different from other animals insofar as the scaling of gas exchange fC is concerned, although gas exchange fC may scale in distinct ways for different patterns...
  30. ncbi request reprint Macroecology is distinct from biogeography
    Tim M Blackburn
    Nature 418:723. 2002
  31. pmc Big brains, enhanced cognition, and response of birds to novel environments
    Daniel Sol
    Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, E 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5460-5. 2005
    ..These findings provide strong evidence for the hypothesis that enlarged brains function, and hence may have evolved, to deal with changes in the environment...
  32. ncbi request reprint Global distribution and conservation of rare and threatened vertebrates
    Richard Grenyer
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA
    Nature 444:93-6. 2006
    ..Instead, priority areas for biodiversity conservation must be based on high-resolution data from multiple taxa...