Raj S Bhopal

Summary

Affiliation: University of Edinburgh
Country: UK

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Effect of a lifestyle intervention on weight change in south Asian individuals in the UK at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a family-cluster randomised controlled trial
    Raj S Bhopal
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Electronic address
    Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2:218-27. 2014
  2. doi request reprint A four-stage model explaining the higher risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in South Asians compared with European populations
    R S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Diabet Med 30:35-42. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Ethnic variations in chest pain and angina in men and women: Scottish Ethnicity and Health Linkage Study of 4.65 million people
    Raj S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1250-7. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Ethnic variations in the incidence and mortality of stroke in the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people
    R S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1503-8. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Mortality from circulatory diseases by specific country of birth across six European countries: test of concept
    Raj S Bhopal
    Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Public Health 22:353-9. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Research agenda for tackling inequalities related to migration and ethnicity in Europe
    Raj S Bhopal
    Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 34:167-73. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Global inequalities in assessment of migrant and ethnic variations in health
    R Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Public Health 126:241-4. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Organising a World Congress of Epidemiology (WCE): reflections and lessons from the XIX WCE, Scotland
    R S Bhopal
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Public Health 126:265-70. 2012
  9. doi request reprint The quest for culturally sensitive health-care systems in Scotland: insights for a multi-ethnic Europe
    Raj S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, NHS Lothian, Edinburg EH8 9AG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 34:5-11. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Ethnic variations in heart failure: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS)
    R S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Studies, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Heart 98:468-73. 2012

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. doi request reprint Effect of a lifestyle intervention on weight change in south Asian individuals in the UK at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a family-cluster randomised controlled trial
    Raj S Bhopal
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Electronic address
    Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2:218-27. 2014
    ..We assessed a weight control and physical activity intervention in south Asian individuals in the UK...
  2. doi request reprint A four-stage model explaining the higher risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in South Asians compared with European populations
    R S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Diabet Med 30:35-42. 2013
    ..The recommended behavioural changes fit with this model, which brings clarity to guide future research, policy, practice and health promotion...
  3. doi request reprint Ethnic variations in chest pain and angina in men and women: Scottish Ethnicity and Health Linkage Study of 4.65 million people
    Raj S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1250-7. 2012
    ..European research on ethnic variations in cardiovascular disease has mostly examined mortality endpoints using country of birth as a proxy for ethnicity. We report on chest pain and angina by ethnic group...
  4. doi request reprint Ethnic variations in the incidence and mortality of stroke in the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people
    R S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1503-8. 2012
    ..Ethnic variations in stroke require more European studies, especially as differences are reportedly large...
  5. doi request reprint Mortality from circulatory diseases by specific country of birth across six European countries: test of concept
    Raj S Bhopal
    Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Public Health 22:353-9. 2012
    ..Important differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality by country of birth have been shown within European countries. We now focus on CVD mortality by specific country of birth across European countries...
  6. doi request reprint Research agenda for tackling inequalities related to migration and ethnicity in Europe
    Raj S Bhopal
    Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 34:167-73. 2012
    ..The research community needs an infrastructure within which to collect and utilize evidence. Research can help migrant and ethnic minority groups to participate more fully in our multi-ethnic societies...
  7. doi request reprint Global inequalities in assessment of migrant and ethnic variations in health
    R Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Public Health 126:241-4. 2012
    ..The paper concludes that there are massive global inequalities in the use of migration status and ethnicity as epidemiological variables, to the detriment of global health. A strategic approach to improve matters is outlined...
  8. doi request reprint Organising a World Congress of Epidemiology (WCE): reflections and lessons from the XIX WCE, Scotland
    R S Bhopal
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Public Health 126:265-70. 2012
    ..This reach is unprecedented for IEA's World Congresses. We anticipate that the Congress will translate into better public health practice, better future Congresses, advances in epidemiology and improved population health...
  9. doi request reprint The quest for culturally sensitive health-care systems in Scotland: insights for a multi-ethnic Europe
    Raj S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, NHS Lothian, Edinburg EH8 9AG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 34:5-11. 2012
    ..Scotland's record is, nonetheless, comparatively strong in Europe. Sharing experience across national boundaries should spur on progress globally...
  10. doi request reprint Ethnic variations in heart failure: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS)
    R S Bhopal
    Edinburgh Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Studies, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Heart 98:468-73. 2012
    ..Ratios were multiplied by 100. Risk ratios were adjusted for age and highest education qualification. Statements of difference imply the 95% CI excludes 100 (reference), otherwise the CI is given...
  11. pmc Promoting smoking cessation in Pakistani and Bangladeshi men in the UK: pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community outreach workers
    Rachna A Begh
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Trials 12:197. 2011
    ....
  12. pmc Promoting smoking cessation in Bangladeshi and Pakistani male adults: design of a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community smoking cessation workers
    Rachna A Begh
    UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    Trials 10:71. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and established risk factors among populations of sub-Saharan African descent in Europe: a literature review
    Charles Agyemang
    Department of Social Medicine, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Global Health 5:7. 2009
    ..There is a clear need for intervention studies among these populations in Europe...
  14. pmc Record linked retrospective cohort study of 4.6 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease: myocardial infarction in South Asians
    C M Fischbacher
    Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburgh, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:142. 2007
    ..However, suitable and accurate data are usually not available. We demonstrated, using acute myocardial infarction, that linkage techniques can be ethical and potentially useful for this purpose...
  15. pmc The public health agenda and minority ethnic health: a reflection on priorities
    Raj S Bhopal
    Bruce and John Usher Chair of Public Health, Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Services, The University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Scotland, UK
    J R Soc Med 99:58-61. 2006
  16. doi request reprint Chronic diseases in Europe's migrant and ethnic minorities: challenges, solutions and a vision
    Raj Bhopal
    Section of Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Public Health 19:140-3. 2009
    ..A dialogue between policy makers, funders, researchers and practitioners is needed urgently as a precursor to engaging the public...
  17. doi request reprint Medicine and public health in a multiethnic world
    Raj Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH 89AG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:315-21. 2009
    ..Health professionals need to find the benefits of exploring differences while avoiding social division. Advances in health care, public health and medical science will follow...
  18. pmc Paradigms in epidemiology textbooks: in the footsteps of Thomas Kuhn
    R Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
    Am J Public Health 89:1162-5. 1999
    ..Interaction between science philosophers, epidemiologists, and public health practitioners may be valuable...
  19. pmc Seven mistakes and potential solutions in epidemiology, including a call for a World Council of Epidemiology and Causality
    Raj Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 8AG, UK
    Emerg Themes Epidemiol 6:6. 2009
    ..Analysis of these and other common mistakes is needed to benefit from the increasing discovery of associations that will be multiplying as data mining, linkage, and large-scale scale epidemiology become commonplace...
  20. pmc Glossary of terms relating to ethnicity and race: for reflection and debate
    R Bhopal
    Section of Public Health Sciences, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:441-5. 2004
    ..This glossary focuses on the concepts and terminology used in the study of the health of minority ethnic and racial groups. It is hoped that it will stimulate debate on this subject so that an internationally applicable glossary may emerge...
  21. pmc Review of prevalence data in, and evaluation of methods for cross cultural adaptation of, UK surveys on tobacco and alcohol in ethnic minority groups
    Raj Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG
    BMJ 328:76. 2004
    ..To assess the adequacy of cross cultural adaptations of survey questions on self reported tobacco and alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom...
  22. ncbi request reprint Ethnic and socio-economic inequalities in coronary heart disease, diabetes and risk factors in Europeans and South Asians
    Raj Bhopal
    University of Edinburgh, Medical School
    J Public Health Med 24:95-105. 2002
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint What is the risk of coronary heart disease in South Asians? A review of UK research
    R Bhopal
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
    J Public Health Med 22:375-85. 2000
    ..The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence that coronary heart disease risk is higher in South Asians than in comparative 'white' populations, particularly seeking studies of incidence...
  24. doi request reprint Causes in epidemiology: the jewels in the public health crown
    Raj Bhopal
    Division of Community Health Sciences, Public Health Sciences Section, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:224-5; discussion 232-3. 2008
  25. ncbi request reprint Racism in health and health care in Europe: reality or mirage?
    Raj S Bhopal
    Bruce and John Usher Professor of Public Health, Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
    Eur J Public Health 17:238-41. 2007
  26. pmc The beautiful skull and Blumenbach's errors: the birth of the scientific concept of race
    Raj Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG
    BMJ 335:1308-9. 2007
  27. ncbi request reprint Racism, socioeconomic deprivation, and health in New Zealand
    Raj Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Lancet 367:1958-9. 2006
  28. pmc Recruiting South Asians to a lifestyle intervention trial: experiences and lessons from PODOSA (Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in South Asians)
    Anne Douglas
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    Trials 12:220. 2011
    ..Despite the growing emphasis on the inclusion of ethnic minority patients in research, there is little published on the recruitment of these populations especially to randomised, community based, lifestyle intervention trials in the UK...
  29. doi request reprint Sizable variations in circulatory disease mortality by region and country of birth in six European countries
    Snorri B Rafnsson
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Eur J Public Health 23:594-605. 2013
    ..We examine inequalities in circulatory mortality by geographical region/COB for six EU countries...
  30. doi request reprint Large-scale epidemiological data on cardiovascular diseases and diabetes in migrant and ethnic minority groups in Europe
    Snorri B Rafnsson
    Public Health Sciences Section, The Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Eur J Public Health 19:484-91. 2009
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Migrant and ethnic health research: report on the European Public Health Association Conference 2007
    Snorri B Rafnsson
    University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Public Health 122:532-4. 2008
    ..Such diversity may ease unification or could exacerbate existing political and economic tensions. It behooves us to take the actions now that will make Europe a more cohesive and successful place in the years to come...
  32. pmc Cross-cultural adaptation of a tobacco questionnaire for Punjabi, Cantonese, Urdu and Sylheti speakers: qualitative research for better clinical practice, cessation services and research
    Lisa Hanna
    University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1034-9. 2006
    ..To develop cross-culturally valid and comparable questionnaires for use in clinical practice, tobacco cessation services and multiethnic surveys on tobacco use...
  33. ncbi request reprint Patterns of physical activity and relationship with risk markers for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and European adults in a UK population
    Louise Hayes
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Medical School, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH
    J Public Health Med 24:170-8. 2002
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Differences in cortisol concentrations in South Asian and European men living in the United Kingdom
    Rebecca M Reynolds
    University of Edinburgh, Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen s Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4TJ, UK
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 64:530-4. 2006
    ..The aim of the study was to examine ethnic differences in cortisol levels and to compare the relationships between cortisol levels and cardiovascular risk factors in men from different ethnic groups...
  35. pmc Facilitating the recruitment of minority ethnic people into research: qualitative case study of South Asians and asthma
    Aziz Sheikh
    Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 6:e1000148. 2009
    ..We investigated approaches to bolster recruitment of South Asians into UK asthma studies through qualitative research with US and UK researchers, and UK community leaders...
  36. pmc Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and culture
    Sanja M Hunt
    Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:618-22. 2004
    ..The essence of such modifications entails participatory research with members of the linguistic communities concerned...
  37. ncbi request reprint Predicted and observed cardiovascular disease in South Asians: application of FINRISK, Framingham and SCORE models to Newcastle Heart Project data
    Raj Bhopal
    Section of Public Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:93-100. 2005
    ..South Asian populations in the United Kingdom have a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Risk prediction models appear to be inaccurate in South Asians...
  38. doi request reprint Could mitochondrial efficiency explain the susceptibility to adiposity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in South Asian populations?
    Raj S Bhopal
    Public Health Sciences Section, School of Clinical Sciences and Community Health and Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1072-81. 2009
    ..Excess adiposity centrally may underlie such metabolic disturbances. The thrifty genotype, thrifty phenotype, adipose tissue compartment and variable disease selection hypotheses are among the explanations posed...
  39. doi request reprint Is a low blood level of vitamin B12 a cardiovascular and diabetes risk factor? A systematic review of cohort studies
    Snorri B Rafnsson
    Public Health Sciences Section, School of Clinical Sciences and Community Health and Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
    Eur J Nutr 50:97-106. 2011
    ..As background, we also extracted all-cause mortality from the studies that met our criteria...
  40. doi request reprint Smoking cessation interventions for ethnic minority groups--a systematic review of adapted interventions
    Jing jing Liu
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Prev Med 57:765-75. 2013
    ....
  41. pmc Experiences of outreach workers in promoting smoking cessation to Bangladeshi and Pakistani men: longitudinal qualitative evaluation
    Rachna A Begh
    Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH8 9AG, UK
    BMC Public Health 11:452. 2011
    ..We report on a qualitative evaluation of a community-based, outreach worker delivered, intervention that aimed to increase uptake of NHS smoking cessation services and tailor services to meet the needs of Bangladeshi and Pakistani men...
  42. ncbi request reprint Impact of a cardiovascular risk control project for South Asians (Khush Dil) on motivation, behaviour, obesity, blood pressure and lipids
    Gill Mathews
    Khush Dil Project, Lothian Health Board, Edinburgh, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:388-97. 2007
    ..Khush Dil was set up in Edinburgh in 2002 to manage cardiovascular risk factors in South Asians. We assessed its impact in an in-service evaluation...
  43. doi request reprint Measures of socioeconomic position are not consistently associated with ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease in Scotland: methods from the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS)
    Colin M Fischbacher
    Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, Edinburgh, UK, Ethnicity and Health Research Group, Centre for Population Health Studies, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK and Centre for Research on Environment, Society and Health, School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 43:129-39. 2014
    ..One explanation relates to socioeconomic differences between groups. However, socioeconomic variables need to be comparable across ethnic groups as measures of socioeconomic position (SEP) and indicators of health outcomes...
  44. pmc Vulnerability and access to care for South Asian Sikh and Muslim patients with life limiting illness in Scotland: prospective longitudinal qualitative study
    Allison Worth
    Primary Palliative Care Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9DX
    BMJ 338:b183. 2009
    ..To examine the care experiences of South Asian Sikh and Muslim patients in Scotland with life limiting illness and their families and to understand the reasons for any difficulties with access to services and how these might be overcome...
  45. ncbi request reprint Self-reported work strain is lower in South Asian than European people: cross-sectional survey
    Colin M Fischbacher
    Information Services ISD, NHS National Services, Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburh EH12 9EB, UK
    Ethn Health 10:279-92. 2005
    ..Limited evidence is available about the contribution of job characteristics to the increased risk of CHD in UK South Asian people. We aimed to describe psychosocial work characteristics in South Asian compared with European people...
  46. pmc Heterogeneity among Indians, Pakistanis, and Bangladeshis is key to racial inequities
    Raj S Bhopal
    BMJ 325:903. 2002
  47. doi request reprint Re: "An overview of methods for monitoring social disparities in cancer with an example using trends in lung cancer incidence by area-socioeconomic position and race-ethnicity, 1992-2004"
    Raj S Bhopal
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1214-6; author reply 1216. 2008
  48. pmc Outbreak of legionnaires' disease in the United Kingdom. Vigilance must be eternal but balanced
    Raj S Bhopal
    BMJ 325:1033. 2002
  49. pmc Racism and health. Challenge to racism must continue
    Paramjit S Gill
    BMJ 326:880; author reply 880. 2003
  50. ncbi request reprint Low prevalence of the N363S polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor in South Asians living in the United Kingdom
    Akheel A Syed
    School of Clinical Medical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:232-5. 2004
    ..3 vs. 3%, respectively). Therefore, the N363S polymorphism is unlikely to be an important factor in obesity and/or dysmetabolic traits in people of South Asian origin living in the United Kingdom...
  51. ncbi request reprint Advancing insights into methods for studying environment-health relationships: a multidisciplinary approach to understanding Legionnaires' disease
    Christine E Dunn
    Department of Geography, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Health Place 13:677-90. 2007
    ..We advocate further multidisciplinary research to advance methodological developments for understanding spatial environment-health relationships...
  52. ncbi request reprint Users' perspectives on epidemiological, GIS and point pattern approaches to analysing environment and health data
    Samantha Cockings
    Department of Geography, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK
    Health Place 10:169-82. 2004
    ..The greatest need is for multi-disciplinary research which uses the most appropriate approach for each investigation, rather than that with which researchers are most familiar...