Affiliation: University of Edinburgh
- Predicted and observed cardiovascular disease in South Asians: application of FINRISK, Framingham and SCORE models to Newcastle Heart Project dataRaj Bhopal
Section of Public Health Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 27:93-100. 2005..South Asian populations in the United Kingdom have a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Risk prediction models appear to be inaccurate in South Asians...
- Seven mistakes and potential solutions in epidemiology, including a call for a World Council of Epidemiology and CausalityRaj Bhopal
Public Health Sciences, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 8AG, UK
Emerg Themes Epidemiol 6:6. 2009..Analysis of these and other common mistakes is needed to benefit from the increasing discovery of associations that will be multiplying as data mining, linkage, and large-scale scale epidemiology become commonplace...
- Review of prevalence data in, and evaluation of methods for cross cultural adaptation of, UK surveys on tobacco and alcohol in ethnic minority groupsRaj Bhopal
Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG
BMJ 328:76. 2004..To assess the adequacy of cross cultural adaptations of survey questions on self reported tobacco and alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom...
- The beautiful skull and Blumenbach's errors: the birth of the scientific concept of raceRaj Bhopal
Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG
BMJ 335:1308-9. 2007
- Causes in epidemiology: the jewels in the public health crownRaj Bhopal
Division of Community Health Sciences, Public Health Sciences Section, University of Edinburgh, Teviot Place, Edinburgh
J Public Health (Oxf) 30:224-5; discussion 232-3. 2008
- Differences in cortisol concentrations in South Asian and European men living in the United KingdomRebecca M Reynolds
University of Edinburgh, Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen s Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, EH16 4TJ, UK
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 64:530-4. 2006..The aim of the study was to examine ethnic differences in cortisol levels and to compare the relationships between cortisol levels and cardiovascular risk factors in men from different ethnic groups...
- Chronic diseases in Europe's migrant and ethnic minorities: challenges, solutions and a visionRaj Bhopal
Section of Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, UK
Eur J Public Health 19:140-3. 2009..A dialogue between policy makers, funders, researchers and practitioners is needed urgently as a precursor to engaging the public...
- Medicine and public health in a multiethnic worldRaj Bhopal
Public Health Sciences, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH 89AG, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 31:315-21. 2009..Health professionals need to find the benefits of exploring differences while avoiding social division. Advances in health care, public health and medical science will follow...
- Ethnic and socio-economic inequalities in coronary heart disease, diabetes and risk factors in Europeans and South AsiansRaj Bhopal
University of Edinburgh, Medical School
J Public Health Med 24:95-105. 2002....
- Facilitating the recruitment of minority ethnic people into research: qualitative case study of South Asians and asthmaAziz Sheikh
Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 6:e1000148. 2009..We investigated approaches to bolster recruitment of South Asians into UK asthma studies through qualitative research with US and UK researchers, and UK community leaders...
- Racism, socioeconomic deprivation, and health in New ZealandRaj Bhopal
Public Health Sciences Section, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
Lancet 367:1958-9. 2006
- Quitting smoking and experience of smoking cessation interventions among UK Bangladeshi and Pakistani adults: the views of community members and health professionalsMartin White
Public Health Research Group, School of Population and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:405-11. 2006..To explore attitudes to quitting smoking and experience of smoking cessation among Bangladeshi and Pakistani ethnic minority communities...
- Race and ethnicity: responsible use from epidemiological and public health perspectivesRaj Bhopal
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at Newcastle University
J Law Med Ethics 34:500-7, 479. 2006..The prerequisite for their responsible use is a society committed to reducing inequalities and inequities in health status. When this condition is met, it is irresponsible not to utilize these concepts...
- Impact of a cardiovascular risk control project for South Asians (Khush Dil) on motivation, behaviour, obesity, blood pressure and lipidsGill Mathews
Khush Dil Project, Lothian Health Board, Edinburgh, UK
J Public Health (Oxf) 29:388-97. 2007..Khush Dil was set up in Edinburgh in 2002 to manage cardiovascular risk factors in South Asians. We assessed its impact in an in-service evaluation...
- A comparison of the new international diabetes federation definition of metabolic syndrome to WHO and NCEP definitions in Chinese, European and South Asian origin adultsNigel Unwin
School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, UK
Ethn Dis 17:522-8. 2007....
- Born in Bradford, a cohort study of babies born in Bradford, and their parents: protocol for the recruitment phasePauline Raynor
Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford, BD9 6RJ, UK
BMC Public Health 8:327. 2008..This protocol outlines methods for the recruitment phase of the study...
- The Manchester children's growth and vascular health studyCharles Agyemang
J Hypertens 26:2249. 2008
- Exclusion and inclusion of nonwhite ethnic minority groups in 72 North American and European cardiovascular cohort studiesMeghna Ranganathan
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
PLoS Med 3:e44. 2006..There is, particularly in Europe, an inequity resulting from a lack of research data in nonwhite populations. Urgent action is now required in Europe to address this disparity...
- Persistent high stroke mortality in Bangladeshi populationsRaj Bhopal
BMJ 331:1096-7. 2005
- Does the white-coat effect in people of African and South Asian descent differ from that in White people of European origin? A systematic review and meta-analysisCharles Agyemang
Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Blood Press Monit 10:243-8. 2005..To assess whether the white-coat effect in people of African (Blacks) and South Asian descent differs from that of people of European origin (Whites), and if so, whether this explains demonstrated ethnic variations in blood pressure...
- Epidemic of cardiovascular disease in South AsiansRaj Bhopal
BMJ 324:625-6. 2002
- Re: "Increased fibrinogen levels among South Asians versus Whites in the United Kingdom are not explained by common polymorphisms"Colin Fischbacher
Am J Epidemiol 157:664-5; author reply 665. 2003
- Understanding influences on smoking in Bangladeshi and Pakistani adults: community based, qualitative studyJudith Bush
School of Population and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH
BMJ 326:962. 2003..To gain detailed understanding of influences on smoking behaviour in Bangladeshi and Pakistani communities in the United Kingdom to inform the development of effective and culturally acceptable smoking cessation interventions...
- Patterns of physical activity and relationship with risk markers for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and European adults in a UK populationLouise Hayes
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Medical School, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH
J Public Health Med 24:170-8. 2002....
- Is the blood pressure of people from African origin adults in the UK higher or lower than that in European origin white people? A review of cross-sectional dataCharles Agyemang
Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Hum Hypertens 17:523-34. 2003..Variations in study methods, size and body composition, and in the mix of Afro-Caribbean and West African groups explain much of the inconsistent results in the UK studies...
- Social networks and coronary heart disease risk factors in South Asians and Europeans in the UKTessa M Pollard
Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, Durham, UK
Ethn Health 8:263-75. 2003....
- Prognosis for South Asian and white patients with heart failure in the United Kingdom: counterintuitive findings on heart failure in South Asians may be artefactualRaj Bhopal
BMJ 327:1405-6; author reply 1406. 2003
- Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and cultureSanja M Hunt
Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:618-22. 2004..The essence of such modifications entails participatory research with members of the linguistic communities concerned...
- Revisiting race/ethnicity as a variable in health researchRaj Bhopal
Am J Public Health 92:156-7. 2002
- Burden of non-communicable diseases in South Asia: evidence for epidemic of coronary heart disease in India is weakNaseer Ahmad
BMJ 328:1499; author reply 1499. 2004
- Diabetes epidemic in the South Asian Diaspora: action before desperationKiran C R Patel
J R Soc Med 100:115-6. 2007
- Validity of electrocardiographic classification of left ventricular hypertrophy across adult ethnic groups with echocardiography as a standardAndrew Peter Vanezis
Foundation Doctor, Colchester University Hospital, UK
J Electrocardiol 41:404-12. 2008..To assess the validity of the electrocardiogram (ECG) as a diagnostic tool for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) for different ethnic groups with echocardiography as a standard...
- Self reports in research with non-English speakersSonja Hunt
BMJ 327:352-3. 2003
- Why might South Asians be so susceptible to central obesity and its atherogenic consequences? The adipose tissue overflow hypothesisAllan D Sniderman
Mike Rosenbloom Laboratory for Cardiovascular Research, Division of Cardiology, McGill University Health Science Centre, Royal Victoria Hospital, 687 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Int J Epidemiol 36:220-5. 2007....
- Limitations and potential of country of birth as proxy for ethnic groupParamjit S Gill
BMJ 330:196. 2005
- Sex ratio in IndiaRaj Bhopal
Lancet 367:1728-9. 2006
- Does nocturnal blood pressure fall in people of African and South Asian descent differ from that in European white populations? A systematic review and meta-analysisCharles Agyemang
Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Hypertens 23:913-20. 2005..To assess whether nocturnal blood pressure fall in people of African (Black) and South Asian descent differs from that of the European origin white populations (White)...
- Pharmacogenetics and ethnically targeted therapiesTaslin Rahemtulla
BMJ 330:1036-7. 2005
- Ethnicity is relevantAndrew P Vanezis
BMJ 335:787. 2007