Valerie Beral

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oxford
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Incidence of and risk factors for motor neurone disease in UK women: a prospective study
    Pat Doyle
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    BMC Neurol 12:25. 2012
  2. pmc Hormone replacement therapy and false positive recall in the Million Women Study: patterns of use, hormonal constituents and consistency of effect
    Emily Banks
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R8. 2006
  3. pmc The number of women who would need to be screened regularly by mammography to prevent one death from breast cancer
    Valerie Beral
    University of Oxford, UK
    J Med Screen 18:210-2. 2011
  4. pmc Do women know that the risk of breast cancer increases with age?
    Kath Moser
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford
    Br J Gen Pract 57:404-6. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Ovarian cancer and hormone replacement therapy in the Million Women Study
    Valerie Beral
    Million Women Study Coordinating Centre, Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Lancet 369:1703-10. 2007
  6. pmc Breast cancer risk in relation to the interval between menopause and starting hormone therapy
    Valerie Beral
    University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:296-305. 2011
  7. pmc Gene-environment interactions in 7610 women with breast cancer: prospective evidence from the Million Women Study
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 375:2143-51. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol intake and cancer incidence in women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:296-305. 2009
  9. pmc Body mass index and risk of liver cirrhosis in middle aged UK women: prospective study
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 340:c912. 2010
  10. ncbi request reprint Diabetes and modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease: the prospective Million Women Study
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:793-9. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. pmc Incidence of and risk factors for motor neurone disease in UK women: a prospective study
    Pat Doyle
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    BMC Neurol 12:25. 2012
    ..Most epidemiological studies are hampered by small sample sizes and/or the retrospective collection of information on behavioural and lifestyle factors...
  2. pmc Hormone replacement therapy and false positive recall in the Million Women Study: patterns of use, hormonal constituents and consistency of effect
    Emily Banks
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
    Breast Cancer Res 8:R8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate in detail the relationship between patterns of use of HRT and false positive recall...
  3. pmc The number of women who would need to be screened regularly by mammography to prevent one death from breast cancer
    Valerie Beral
    University of Oxford, UK
    J Med Screen 18:210-2. 2011
    ..The randomised evidence indicates that, in high income countries, around one breast cancer death would be prevented in the long term for every 400 women aged 50-70 years regularly screened over a ten-year period...
  4. pmc Do women know that the risk of breast cancer increases with age?
    Kath Moser
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford
    Br J Gen Pract 57:404-6. 2007
    ..Only 1% are correctly informed, believing that the oldest group of women are at the greatest risk of breast cancer. Those working in primary care need to be aware of this lack of knowledge when patients consult...
  5. ncbi request reprint Ovarian cancer and hormone replacement therapy in the Million Women Study
    Valerie Beral
    Million Women Study Coordinating Centre, Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Lancet 369:1703-10. 2007
    ..However, there is limited information about the risk of ovarian cancer associated with the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)...
  6. pmc Breast cancer risk in relation to the interval between menopause and starting hormone therapy
    Valerie Beral
    University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 103:296-305. 2011
    ..We investigated whether the timing of these therapies affected breast cancer incidence...
  7. pmc Gene-environment interactions in 7610 women with breast cancer: prospective evidence from the Million Women Study
    Ruth C Travis
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 375:2143-51. 2010
    ..To test for evidence of gene-environment interactions, we compared genotypic relative risks for breast cancer across the other risk factors in a large UK prospective study...
  8. ncbi request reprint Moderate alcohol intake and cancer incidence in women
    Naomi E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    J Natl Cancer Inst 101:296-305. 2009
    ..With the exception of breast cancer, little is known about the effect of moderate intakes of alcohol, or of particular types of alcohol, on cancer risk in women...
  9. pmc Body mass index and risk of liver cirrhosis in middle aged UK women: prospective study
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 340:c912. 2010
    ..To determine the relation between body mass index (BMI) and liver cirrhosis and the contribution that BMI and alcohol consumption make to the incidence of liver cirrhosis in middle aged women in the UK...
  10. ncbi request reprint Diabetes and modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease: the prospective Million Women Study
    Elizabeth A Spencer
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Epidemiol 23:793-9. 2008
    ..Of the modifiable factors examined in middle aged women with diabetes, smoking causes the greatest increase in cardiovascular disease, especially in those with insulin treated diabetes...
  11. pmc Fluid intake and incidence of renal cell carcinoma in UK women
    N E Allen
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Cancer 104:1487-92. 2011
    ..We assessed the association between intakes of total fluids and of specific beverages on the risk of renal cell carcinoma in a large prospective cohort of UK women...
  12. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with incident and fatal pancreatic cancer in a cohort of middle-aged women
    Richard J Stevens
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 124:2400-5. 2009
    ..22-2.03, with vs. without such a history). These factors were also associated with increased mortality from pancreatic cancer. Height, alcohol consumption and physical activity showed little or no association with pancreatic cancer risk...
  13. ncbi request reprint Hormone replacement therapy and incidence of central nervous system tumours in the Million Women Study
    Victoria S Benson
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 127:1692-8. 2010
    ..97, 95% CI: 0.82-1.16) (heterogeneity p < 0.001). Among current users of oestrogen-only and oestrogen-progestagen HRT, there was no significant heterogeneity by duration of use, hormonal constituent or mode of administration of HRT...
  14. pmc Duration and magnitude of the postoperative risk of venous thromboembolism in middle aged women: prospective cohort study
    Sian Sweetland
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 339:b4583. 2009
    ..To examine the duration and magnitude of increased risk of venous thromboembolism after different types of surgery...
  15. ncbi request reprint Coronary heart disease incidence in women by waist circumference within categories of body mass index
    Dexter Canoy
    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 20:759-62. 2013
    ..Similar associations for apolipoprotein B to A1 ratio across adiposity categories were observed, particularly in non-obese women. Our conclusions were that both waist circumference and BMI are independently associated with incident CHD...
  16. pmc Different effects of age, adiposity and physical activity on the risk of ankle, wrist and hip fractures in postmenopausal women
    Miranda E G Armstrong
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Bone 50:1394-400. 2012
    ..Ankle, wrist and hip fractures are extremely common in postmenopausal women, but the associations with age, adiposity, and physical activity differ substantially between the three fracture sites...
  17. doi request reprint Body mass index and physical activity in relation to the incidence of hip fracture in postmenopausal women
    Miranda E G Armstrong
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Bone Miner Res 26:1330-8. 2011
    ..68 (95% CI 0.62-0.75), with similar results for strenuous exercise. In this large cohort of postmenopausal women, BMI and physical activity had independent effects on hip fracture risk...
  18. pmc Gallbladder disease and use of transdermal versus oral hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women: prospective cohort study
    Bette Liu
    Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 337:a386. 2008
    ..To determine whether transdermal compared with oral use of hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of gallbladder disease in postmenopausal women...
  19. doi request reprint Menopausal hormone therapy and risk of gastrointestinal cancer: nested case-control study within a prospective cohort, and meta-analysis
    Jane Green
    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Cancer 130:2387-96. 2012
    ..9/1,000 in HT users and 3.6/1,000 in never users. The absolute reduction in risk of these cancers in HT users is small compared to the HT-associated increased risk of breast cancer...
  20. ncbi request reprint Childbearing, breastfeeding, other reproductive factors and the subsequent risk of hospitalization for gallbladder disease
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:312-8. 2009
    ..While parous women are known to be at an increased risk of gallbladder disease, little is known about the effects of other reproductive factors such as breastfeeding, age at menarche and age at menopause...
  21. pmc Height and cancer incidence in the Million Women Study: prospective cohort, and meta-analysis of prospective studies of height and total cancer risk
    Jane Green
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Lancet Oncol 12:785-94. 2011
    ....
  22. pmc Body mass index and incident coronary heart disease in women: a population-based prospective study
    Dexter Canoy
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    BMC Med 11:87. 2013
    ..We examined the relation between BMI and incident CHD overall and across different risk factors of the disease in the Million Women Study...
  23. ncbi request reprint Separate and joint effects of alcohol and smoking on the risks of cirrhosis and gallbladder disease in middle-aged women
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Epidemiol 169:153-60. 2009
    ..For cirrhosis, alcohol and smoking separately increase risk, and their joint effects are particularly hazardous. For gallbladder disease, alcohol reduces risk and smoking results in a small risk increase...
  24. ncbi request reprint Passive smoking and breast cancer in never smokers: prospective study and meta-analysis
    Kirstin Pirie
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, England
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1069-79. 2008
    ..Active smoking has little or no effect on women's risk of developing breast cancer, but it has been suggested that passive exposure to tobacco smoke may increase this risk among women who have never smoked...
  25. doi request reprint Incidence of gastrointestinal cancers by ethnic group in England, 2001-2007
    Raghib Ali
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Gut 62:1692-703. 2013
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Mobile phone use and risk of brain neoplasms and other cancers: prospective study
    Victoria S Benson
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:792-802. 2013
    ..Results from some retrospective studies suggest a possible increased risk of glioma and acoustic neuroma in users of mobile phones...
  27. doi request reprint Smoking, surgery, and venous thromboembolism risk in women: United Kingdom cohort study
    Sian Sweetland
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Circulation 127:1276-82. 2013
    ..We examined the incidence of venous thromboembolism in relation to smoking habits, both in the absence of surgery and in the first 12 postoperative weeks, in a large prospective study of women in the United Kingdom...
  28. pmc The 21st century hazards of smoking and benefits of stopping: a prospective study of one million women in the UK
    Kirstin Pirie
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 381:133-41. 2013
    ..Hence, only in the 21st century can we observe directly the full effects of prolonged smoking, and of prolonged cessation, on mortality among women in the UK...
  29. doi request reprint Comparison of the effects of genetic and environmental risk factors on in situ and invasive ductal breast cancer
    Gillian K Reeves
    University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Cancer 131:930-7. 2012
    ..The lack of association between BMI and DCIS suggests a greater influence of BMI on disease progression...
  30. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, surgery, and risk of venous thromboembolism in middle-aged women: a cohort study
    Lianne Parkin
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Circulation 125:1897-904. 2012
    ....
  31. pmc Comparison of various characteristics of women who do and do not attend for breast cancer screening
    Emily Banks
    Imperial Cancer Research Fund Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Breast Cancer Res 4:R1. 2002
    ..Information regarding the characteristics and health of women who do and do not attend for breast cancer screening is limited and representative data are difficult to obtain...
  32. ncbi request reprint Hormonal therapy for menopause and breast-cancer risk by histological type: a cohort study and meta-analysis
    Gillian K Reeves
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, UK
    Lancet Oncol 7:910-8. 2006
    ..Little information is available on how the risk of breast cancer associated with the use of hormone therapy for menopause varies by histological type. We aimed to describe such associations for eight histological types of breast cancer...
  33. ncbi request reprint Relationship between body mass index and length of hospital stay for gallbladder disease
    Bette Liu
    CRUK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:161-6. 2008
    ..Obesity increases the risk of hospital admission for gallbladder disease but its impact on the length of hospital stay is largely unknown...
  34. pmc Reproductive history and pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality in a cohort of postmenopausal women
    Richard J Stevens
    Department of Primary Health Care, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1457-60. 2009
    ..Any effect of reproductive history and pancreatic cancer risk in women is likely to be weak, if it exists at all...
  35. ncbi request reprint Family history and breast cancer tumour characteristics in screened women
    Elisabeth Couto
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Richard Doll Building, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Cancer 123:2950-4. 2008
    ..There was no significant difference in the RR of screen-detected breast cancer associated with a family history of the disease according to invasiveness, size, nodal status, malignancy grade or morphological type of the breast cancer...
  36. pmc Cancer incidence and mortality in relation to body mass index in the Million Women Study: cohort study
    Gillian K Reeves
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 335:1134. 2007
    ..To examine the relation between body mass index (kg/m2) and cancer incidence and mortality...
  37. pmc Reproductive factors and specific histological types of breast cancer: prospective study and meta-analysis
    G K Reeves
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 100:538-44. 2009
    ..The effect of menopause did not vary significantly by tumour histology. Meta-analysis of published results on the effects of age at menarche and age at first birth on ductal and lobular cancers were in keeping with our findings...
  38. pmc Inequalities in reported use of breast and cervical screening in Great Britain: analysis of cross sectional survey data
    Kath Moser
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 338:b2025. 2009
    ..To investigate the relation between women's reported use of breast and cervical screening and sociodemographic characteristics...
  39. pmc Source of dietary fibre and diverticular disease incidence: a prospective study of UK women
    Francesca L Crowe
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Gut 63:1450-6. 2014
    ..We assessed these associations in a large UK prospective study of middle-aged women...
  40. pmc Reported frequency of physical activity in a large epidemiological study: relationship to specific activities and repeatability over time
    Miranda E G Armstrong
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:97. 2011
    ..We examine the relationships between various physical activities self-reported at different times in a large cohort study of middle-aged UK women...
  41. pmc Breast cancer histological classification: agreement between the Office for National Statistics and the National Health Service Breast Screening Programme
    Toral Gathani
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Breast Cancer Res 7:R1090-6. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Incidence of breast cancer and its subtypes in relation to individual and multiple low-penetrance genetic susceptibility loci
    Gillian K Reeves
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    JAMA 304:426-34. 2010
    ..There is limited evidence on how the risk of breast cancer and its subtypes depend on low-penetrance susceptibility loci, individually or in combination...
  43. ncbi request reprint Fracture incidence in relation to the pattern of use of hormone therapy in postmenopausal women
    Emily Banks
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, England
    JAMA 291:2212-20. 2004
    ..Evidence is limited on the effects of different patterns of use of postmenopausal hormone therapy on fracture incidence and particularly on the effects of ceasing use...
  44. pmc Lifestyle factors and primary glioma and meningioma tumours in the Million Women Study cohort
    V S Benson
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 99:185-90. 2008
    ..In conclusion, for women in the United Kingdom, the incidence of glioma or meningioma tumours increases with increasing height and increasing BMI...
  45. pmc Marital status and ischemic heart disease incidence and mortality in women: a large prospective study
    Sarah Floud
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    BMC Med 12:42. 2014
    ..We examined the relation between marital status and IHD incidence and mortality in the Million Women Study...
  46. doi request reprint Characteristics of the Million Women Study participants who have and have not worked at night
    Xiao Si Wang
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7L, United Kingdom
    Scand J Work Environ Health 38:590-9. 2012
    ....
  47. pmc Lifetime body size and reproductive factors: comparisons of data recorded prospectively with self reports in middle age
    Benjamin J Cairns
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 11:7. 2011
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Cervical cancer and hormonal contraceptives: collaborative reanalysis of individual data for 16,573 women with cervical cancer and 35,509 women without cervical cancer from 24 epidemiological studies
    Paul Appleby
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 370:1609-21. 2007
    ..Information from 24 studies worldwide is pooled here to investigate the association between cervical carcinoma and pattern of oral contraceptive use...
  49. pmc Vascular disease in women: comparison of diagnoses in hospital episode statistics and general practice records in England
    F Lucy Wright
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:161. 2012
    ..For a random sample of participants in a large UK cohort, we compared vascular disease diagnoses in HES and general practice records to assess agreement between the two sources...
  50. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer and hormone-replacement therapy in the Million Women Study
    Valerie Beral
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Woodstock Road, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Lancet 362:419-27. 2003
    ..Current use of hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) increases the incidence of breast cancer. The Million Women Study was set up to investigate the effects of specific types of HRT on incident and fatal breast cancer...
  51. doi request reprint Development and evaluation of the Oxford WebQ, a low-cost, web-based method for assessment of previous 24 h dietary intakes in large-scale prospective studies
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 14:1998-2005. 2011
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Current evidence about the effect of hormone replacement therapy on the incidence of major conditions in postmenopausal women
    Valerie Beral
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford
    BJOG 112:692-5. 2005
  53. ncbi request reprint Self-reported information on joint replacement and cholecystectomy agrees well with that in medical records
    Bette Liu
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:1190-4. 2007
    ..To examine the validity of self-reported primary hip replacement, primary knee replacement, and cholecystectomy...
  54. pmc Oral bisphosphonates and risk of cancer of oesophagus, stomach, and colorectum: case-control analysis within a UK primary care cohort
    Jane Green
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF
    BMJ 341:c4444. 2010
    ..To examine the hypothesis that risk of oesophageal, but not of gastric or colorectal, cancer is increased in users of oral bisphosphonates...
  55. ncbi request reprint Evidence from randomised trials on the long-term effects of hormone replacement therapy
    Valerie Beral
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Lancet 360:942-4. 2002
    ..With the early termination of part of the Women's Health Initiative trial (JAMA 2002; 288: 321-33), it is timely to review the evidence from such studies...
  56. pmc Hospital admissions in relation to body mass index in UK women: a prospective cohort study
    Gillian K Reeves
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    BMC Med 12:45. 2014
    ..We aim to describe the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and rates of hospital admission in middle-aged UK women...
  57. ncbi request reprint Extending the age range for breast screening in England: pilot study to assess the feasibility and acceptability of randomization
    Kath Moser
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF
    J Med Screen 18:96-102. 2011
    ..To assess the feasibility and acceptability of randomizing the phased introduction of the extension of the invited age range in the National Health Service (NHS) Breast Screening Programme in England from 50-70 to 47-73 years...
  58. ncbi request reprint Reproducibility of a short semi-quantitative food group questionnaire and its performance in estimating nutrient intake compared with a 7-day diet diary in the Million Women Study
    Andrew W Roddam
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 8:201-13. 2005
    ..To assess the short- and long-term reproducibility of a short food group questionnaire, and to compare its performance for estimating nutrient intakes in comparison with a 7-day diet diary...
  59. doi request reprint Use of research questionnaires in the NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in England: impact on screening uptake
    Joanna Watson
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Oxford OX3 7LF
    J Med Screen 20:192-7. 2013
    ..Data from this national clinical programme can also be used for research. Awareness of the impact of such studies on screening participation is important...
  60. ncbi request reprint Antibodies against malaria and Epstein-Barr virus in childhood Burkitt lymphoma: a case-control study in Uganda
    Lucy M Carpenter
    Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 122:1319-23. 2008
    ..0; p = 0.003). Our findings suggest that EBV and malaria may act synergistically in the pathogenesis of childhood Burkitt lymphoma. Malaria prevention measures may also prevent this childhood cancer...
  61. ncbi request reprint Cancer incidence following treatment for infertility at a clinic in the UK
    Pat Doyle
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Hum Reprod 17:2209-13. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of cancer in a cohort of women attending a large infertility clinic in the UK...
  62. ncbi request reprint Long-term effects of oral contraceptives on ovarian cancer risk
    Cristina Bosetti
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Via Eritrea 62, 20157 Milan, Italy
    Int J Cancer 102:262-5. 2002
    ..The present analysis indicates that, after taking into account duration of OC use, the OC protection from ovarian cancer persists for a long time after stopping use...
  63. ncbi request reprint Decrease in breast cancer incidence following a rapid fall in use of hormone replacement therapy in Australia
    Karen Canfell
    Cancer Epidemiology Research Unit, The Cancer Council NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 188:641-4. 2008
    ..To determine if the recent rapid fall in use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in Australia has been followed by a reduction in breast cancer incidence among women aged 50 years or older, but not among younger women...
  64. ncbi request reprint Changes over calendar time in the risk of specific first AIDS-defining events following HIV seroconversion, adjusting for competing risks
    Abdel Babiker
    Int J Epidemiol 31:951-8. 2002
    ..We wished to evaluate changes over time in the risk of specific AIDS-defining diseases, as first events, using data from individuals with known dates of HIV seroconversion...
  65. ncbi request reprint The sero-epidemiology of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8) in adults with cancer in Uganda
    Robert Newton
    Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Int J Cancer 103:226-32. 2003
    ..03). In conclusion, in this population in Uganda, where KSHV is relatively common, the prevalence of anti-KSHV antibodies increased with age but showed little association with nearly 50 other factors studied...
  66. ncbi request reprint A case-control study of cancer of the uterine cervix in Uganda
    Robert Newton
    Epidemiology and Genetics Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK
    Eur J Cancer Prev 16:555-8. 2007
    ..4; P=0.004], perhaps reflecting an earlier age of infection with human papillomavirus, the main causal agent. These results are in line with those reported from studies in other countries...
  67. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for Kaposi's sarcoma: a case-control study of HIV-seronegative people in Uganda
    John Ziegler
    Uganda Cancer Institute and Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
    Int J Cancer 103:233-40. 2003
    ..7; p < 0.001). The risk of Kaposi's sarcoma is clearly linked to antibody status for KSHV, but it would seem that in Uganda other factors are also important in the development of the tumour...
  68. pmc Influence of personal characteristics of individual women on sensitivity and specificity of mammography in the Million Women Study: cohort study
    Emily Banks
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE
    BMJ 329:477. 2004
    ..To examine how lifestyle, hormonal, and other factors influence the sensitivity and specificity of mammography...
  69. pmc Cohort profile: the 45 and up study
    Emily Banks
    Sax Institute, Sydney, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 37:941-7. 2008
  70. ncbi request reprint Effects of estrogen-only treatment in postmenopausal women
    Valerie Beral
    JAMA 292:684; author reply 685-6. 2004
  71. ncbi request reprint Endometrial cancer and hormone-replacement therapy in the Million Women Study
    Valerie Beral
    Lancet 365:1543-51. 2005
    ..To minimise this risk, many HRT users who have not had a hysterectomy use combined oestrogen-progestagen preparations or tibolone. Limited information is available on the incidence of endometrial cancer in users of these therapies...
  72. ncbi request reprint Cervical cancer in Australia and the United Kingdom: comparison of screening policy and uptake, and cancer incidence and mortality
    Karen Canfell
    Cancer Epidemiology Research Unit, The Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 185:482-6. 2006
    ..To compare cervical screening policy, screening uptake, and changes in cervical cancer incidence and mortality between Australia and the United Kingdom...
  73. ncbi request reprint BK virus and cancer in Uganda
    Robert Newton
    Epidemiology and Genetics Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    Eur J Cancer Prev 15:285-9. 2006
    ..The number of cases of each cancer was too small to exclude the possibility of these findings arising by chance. No other cancer site or type was significantly associated with low, or with high anti-BK virus antibody titres...
  74. pmc Impact of use of hormone replacement therapy on false positive recall in the NHS breast screening programme: results from the Million Women Study
    Emily Banks
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE
    BMJ 328:1291-2. 2004
  75. pmc Risk of breast cancer after miscarriage or induced abortion: a Scottish record linkage case-control study
    David H Brewster
    Information Services, NHS National Services Scotland, Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent, Edinburgh EH12 9EB, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:283-7. 2005
    ..To assess the risk of breast cancer in patients with a previous history of miscarriage or induced abortion...
  76. ncbi request reprint The agreement between self-reported cervical smear abnormalities and screening programme records
    Karen Canfell
    Cancer Epidemiology Research Unit, Cancer Research and Registers Division, The Cancer Council NSW, Sydney, Australia
    J Med Screen 13:72-5. 2006
    ..This study compared self-reported cervical abnormalities with screening records obtained from the National Health Service Cervical Screening Programme...
  77. doi request reprint The spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus-associated cancers in a South African black population: results from a case-control study, 1995-2004
    Lara Stein
    MRC NHLS Wits Cancer Epidemiology Research Group, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Int J Cancer 122:2260-5. 2008
    ..No significant associations were found between HIV and any of the other cancers examined. Risks for HIV-related cancers are consistent with previous studies in Africa, and are lower when compared to those observed in developed countries...
  78. ncbi request reprint Cervical cancer and use of hormonal contraceptives: a systematic review
    Jennifer S Smith
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Lancet 361:1159-67. 2003
    ..Human papillomavirus (HPV) is believed to be the most important cause of cervical cancer. Recent studies suggest that long duration use of oral contraceptives increases the risk of cervical cancer in HPV positive women...
  79. ncbi request reprint Intake of animal products and stroke mortality in the Hiroshima/Nagasaki Life Span Study
    Catherine Sauvaget
    Department of Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan
    Int J Epidemiol 32:536-43. 2003
    ..To determine whether intake of animal products was associated with a reduced risk of stroke mortality in a large-scale population-based cohort in Japan...
  80. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer and abortion: collaborative reanalysis of data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 83?000 women with breast cancer from 16 countries
    Valerie Beral
    Lancet 363:1007-16. 2004
    ..The Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer has brought together the worldwide epidemiological evidence on the possible relation between breast cancer and previous spontaneous and induced abortions...