T E J Behrens

Summary

Affiliation: University of Oxford
Country: UK

Publications

  1. pmc Mechanisms underlying cortical activity during value-guided choice
    Laurence T Hunt
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Nat Neurosci 15:470-6, S1-3. 2012
  2. pmc Separable learning systems in the macaque brain and the role of orbitofrontal cortex in contingent learning
    Mark E Walton
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Neuron 65:927-39. 2010
  3. pmc An agent independent axis for executed and modeled choice in medial prefrontal cortex
    Antoinette Nicolle
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuron 75:1114-21. 2012
  4. pmc Human connectomics
    Timothy E J Behrens
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 22:144-53. 2012
  5. pmc Relating connectional architecture to grey matter function using diffusion imaging
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:903-11. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
  7. pmc Associative learning of social value
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nature 456:245-9. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Probabilistic diffusion tractography with multiple fibre orientations: What can we gain?
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 34:144-55. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint How to perfect a chocolate soufflé and other important problems
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuron 71:203-5. 2011
  10. doi request reprint The computation of social behavior
    Timothy E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain FMRIB Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Science 324:1160-4. 2009

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc Mechanisms underlying cortical activity during value-guided choice
    Laurence T Hunt
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Nat Neurosci 15:470-6, S1-3. 2012
    ..These results provide a mechanistic explanation of neural signals recorded during value-guided choice and a means of distinguishing computational roles of different cortical regions whose activity covaries with value...
  2. pmc Separable learning systems in the macaque brain and the role of orbitofrontal cortex in contingent learning
    Mark E Walton
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Neuron 65:927-39. 2010
    ..Nonetheless, OFC-lesioned animals could still approximate choice-outcome associations using a recency-weighted history of choices and rewards...
  3. pmc An agent independent axis for executed and modeled choice in medial prefrontal cortex
    Antoinette Nicolle
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuron 75:1114-21. 2012
    ..These data tie together neural computations underlying self-referential and social inference, and in so doing establish a new functional axis characterizing the medial wall of prefrontal cortex...
  4. pmc Human connectomics
    Timothy E J Behrens
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 22:144-53. 2012
    ..Collectively, advances in human connectomics open up the possibility of studying how brain connections mediate regional brain function and thence behaviour...
  5. pmc Relating connectional architecture to grey matter function using diffusion imaging
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:903-11. 2005
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Learning the value of information in an uncertain world
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 10:1214-21. 2007
    ..Furthermore, variations in this ACC signal across the population predict variations in subject learning rates. Our results provide a formal account of how we weigh our different experiences in guiding our future actions...
  7. pmc Associative learning of social value
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nature 456:245-9. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that human social valuation can be realized by means of the same associative processes previously established for learning other, simpler, features of the environment...
  8. ncbi request reprint Probabilistic diffusion tractography with multiple fibre orientations: What can we gain?
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 34:144-55. 2007
    ..We show that multi-fibre tractography offers significant advantages in sensitivity when tracking non-dominant fibre populations, but does not dramatically change tractography results for the dominant pathways...
  9. ncbi request reprint How to perfect a chocolate soufflé and other important problems
    Timothy E J Behrens
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuron 71:203-5. 2011
    ..A new study reports brain responses consistent with such "hierarchical reinforcement learning."..
  10. doi request reprint The computation of social behavior
    Timothy E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain FMRIB Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Science 324:1160-4. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Characterization and propagation of uncertainty in diffusion-weighted MR imaging
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Oxford, UK
    Magn Reson Med 50:1077-88. 2003
    ..This technique is then applied to the estimation of the cortical connectivity of the human thalamus. The resulting connectivity distributions correspond well with predictions from invasive tracer methods in nonhuman primate...
  12. ncbi request reprint A consistent relationship between local white matter architecture and functional specialisation in medial frontal cortex
    T E J Behrens
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 30:220-7. 2006
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint A Bayesian framework for global tractography
    S Jbabdi
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 37:116-29. 2007
    ..This model is a first step toward the joint inference on functional and anatomical connectivity...
  14. pmc Shifts in reinforcement signalling while playing slot-machines as a function of prior experience and impulsivity
    R Shao
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Transl Psychiatry 3:e235. 2013
    ....
  15. pmc Reliable identification of the auditory thalamus using multi-modal structural analyses
    J T Devlin
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliff Hospital, University of Oxford, Headley Way, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 30:1112-20. 2006
    ..In addition to providing useful approaches for identifying the MGB and LGN in vivo, our study offers further validation of diffusion tractography for the parcellation of grey matter regions on the basis of their connectivity patterns...
  16. ncbi request reprint Non-invasive mapping of connections between human thalamus and cortex using diffusion imaging
    T E J Behrens
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Nat Neurosci 6:750-7. 2003
    ..Our results provide the first quantitative demonstration of reliable inference of anatomical connectivity between human gray matter structures using diffusion data and the first connectivity-based segmentation of gray matter...
  17. pmc Changes in connectivity profiles define functionally distinct regions in human medial frontal cortex
    H Johansen-Berg
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:13335-40. 2004
    ..This finding demonstrates a strong relationship between structure and function in medial frontal cortex and offers a strategy for testing such correspondences elsewhere in the brain...
  18. doi request reprint Multiple-subjects connectivity-based parcellation using hierarchical Dirichlet process mixture models
    S Jbabdi
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 44:373-84. 2009
    ..Such a method accounts for inter-subject variability, while still benefiting from combining different subjects data to yield more robust estimates of the individual clusterings...
  19. pmc Evidence for a vascular contribution to diffusion FMRI at high b value
    Karla L Miller
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain FMRIB, Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance OCMR, and Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxon OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20967-72. 2007
    ..These results suggest that a large component of the diffusion FMRI signal at high b value is vascular rather than neuronal...
  20. pmc Separate value comparison and learning mechanisms in macaque medial and lateral orbitofrontal cortex
    M P Noonan
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3UD, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:20547-52. 2010
    ..Contrary to axiomatic assumptions of decision theory, the mOFC-lesioned animals' value comparisons were no longer independent of irrelevant alternatives...
  21. ncbi request reprint Contrasting roles for cingulate and orbitofrontal cortex in decisions and social behaviour
    M F S Rushworth
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:168-76. 2007
    ..Evidence is emerging to suggest that the anterior cingulate and orbitofrontal cortex make distinct contributions to each of these aspects of decision making...
  22. ncbi request reprint Between session reproducibility and between subject variability of diffusion MR and tractography measures
    E Heiervang
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford, OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 33:867-77. 2006
    ..We suggest that 12 direction data are sufficient for reproducibly defining the core of large bundles but may be less sensitive to smaller pathways...
  23. pmc Topography of connections between human prefrontal cortex and mediodorsal thalamus studied with diffusion tractography
    Johannes C Klein
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 51:555-64. 2010
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Anatomical connectivity of the subgenual cingulate region targeted with deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant depression
    H Johansen-Berg
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Cereb Cortex 18:1374-83. 2008
    ..We hypothesize that the subgenual region with greatest connectivity across the distributed network described here may prove most effective...
  25. ncbi request reprint Functional-anatomical validation and individual variation of diffusion tractography-based segmentation of the human thalamus
    Heidi Johansen-Berg
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Cereb Cortex 15:31-9. 2005
    ..This provides a tool for specific localization of functional activations or lesions to putative thalamic nuclei...
  26. doi request reprint Choice, uncertainty and value in prefrontal and cingulate cortex
    Matthew F S Rushworth
    Department of Experimental Psychology and Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Nat Neurosci 11:389-97. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Constrained linear basis sets for HRF modelling using Variational Bayes
    Mark W Woolrich
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 21:1748-61. 2004
    ..We use spatial mixture modelling to produce final probabilities of activation and demonstrate increased sensitivity on an FMRI dataset...
  28. pmc Adaptive decision making and value in the anterior cingulate cortex
    Mark E Walton
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UD, UK
    Neuroimage 36:T142-54. 2007
    ..Taken together, this implies a prominent role for the ACC within a distributed network of regions that determine the dynamic value of actions and guide decision making appropriately...
  29. doi request reprint High resolution diffusion-weighted imaging in fixed human brain using diffusion-weighted steady state free precession
    Jennifer A McNab
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 46:775-85. 2009
    ....
  30. pmc Training induces changes in white-matter architecture
    Jan Scholz
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Oxford, UK
    Nat Neurosci 12:1370-1. 2009
    ..This provides, to the best of our knowledge, the first evidence for training-related changes in white-matter structure in the healthy human adult brain...
  31. ncbi request reprint Multilevel linear modelling for FMRI group analysis using Bayesian inference
    Mark W Woolrich
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 21:1732-47. 2004
    ..We also demonstrate that we can infer on the top level of multilevel hierarchies by inferring on the levels of the hierarchy separately and passing summary statistics of a noncentral multivariate t distribution between them...
  32. doi request reprint How green is the grass on the other side? Frontopolar cortex and the evidence in favor of alternative courses of action
    Erie D Boorman
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford 0X3 9DU, UK
    Neuron 62:733-43. 2009
    ..Collectively, these findings reveal complementary prefrontal computations essential for promoting short- and long-term behavioral flexibility...
  33. ncbi request reprint Advances in functional and structural MR image analysis and implementation as FSL
    Stephen M Smith
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 23:S208-19. 2004
    ..The majority of the research laid out in this paper has been implemented as freely available software tools within FMRIB's Software Library (FSL)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Mixture models with adaptive spatial regularization for segmentation with an application to FMRI data
    Mark W Woolrich
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    IEEE Trans Med Imaging 24:1-11. 2005
    ..We examine the behavior of this model when applied to artificial data with different spatial characteristics, and to functional magnetic resonance imaging SPMs...
  35. ncbi request reprint Tract-based spatial statistics: voxelwise analysis of multi-subject diffusion data
    Stephen M Smith
    Oxford University Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain FMRIB, Dept Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 31:1487-505. 2006
    ..TBSS aims to improve the sensitivity, objectivity and interpretability of analysis of multi-subject diffusion imaging studies. We describe TBSS in detail and present example TBSS results from several diffusion imaging studies...
  36. pmc Applying FSL to the FIAC data: model-based and model-free analysis of voice and sentence repetition priming
    Christian F Beckmann
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain FMRIB, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:380-91. 2006
    ..These results suggest that both are processed in a single underlying system without any significant asymmetries for content vs. voice processing...
  37. ncbi request reprint Functional organization of the medial frontal cortex
    Matthew F S Rushworth
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 17:220-7. 2007
    ..Evaluation of other individuals is therefore crucial for effective action selection, and some ACC regions are implicated in this process...
  38. ncbi request reprint Acquisition and voxelwise analysis of multi-subject diffusion data with tract-based spatial statistics
    Stephen M Smith
    Oxford University Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Oxford, UK
    Nat Protoc 2:499-503. 2007
    ..In this protocol, we describe the MRI data acquisition and analysis protocols required for TBSS studies of localized change in brain connectivity across multiple subjects...
  39. ncbi request reprint Quantitative investigation of connections of the prefrontal cortex in the human and macaque using probabilistic diffusion tractography
    Paula L Croxson
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 25:8854-66. 2005
    ..Some limitations to the DWI approach were apparent; the high diffusion anisotropy in the corpus callosum made it difficult to compare connection probability values in the adjacent cingulate region...
  40. pmc Integrity of white matter in the corpus callosum correlates with bimanual co-ordination skills
    Heidi Johansen-Berg
    Oxford Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, OX3 0HS, UK
    Neuroimage 36:T16-21. 2007
    ..This provides further evidence for the role of medial wall motor areas in bimanual co-ordination and supports the idea that variation in brain structure reflects inter-individual differences in skilled performance...
  41. ncbi request reprint Self-navigated multishot echo-planar pulse sequence for high-resolution diffusion-weighted imaging
    Rita G Nunes
    FMRIB Centre, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Magn Reson Med 53:1474-8. 2005
    ..The resultant improvement in resolution is shown to lead to a significant increase in anisotropy in fiber-branching areas and can potentially offer a superior ability to detect fine tract splits...
  42. doi request reprint Crossing fibres in tract-based spatial statistics
    Saad Jbabdi
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 49:249-56. 2010
    ..We show how this framework applies to the parameters of a crossing fibre model and discuss its implications for voxelwise analysis of the white matter...
  43. doi request reprint DTI measures in crossing-fibre areas: increased diffusion anisotropy reveals early white matter alteration in MCI and mild Alzheimer's disease
    Gwenaelle Douaud
    FMRIB Centre, University of Oxford, UK
    Neuroimage 55:880-90. 2011
    ....
  44. pmc Diffusion-weighted imaging tractography-based parcellation of the human parietal cortex and comparison with human and macaque resting-state functional connectivity
    Rogier B Mars
    Department of Experimental Psychology and Veterinary Services and Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 31:4087-100. 2011
    ..In contrast, the human parietal cortex differs in the strength of its interactions between the central inferior parietal lobule region and the anterior prefrontal cortex...
  45. ncbi request reprint Distinct right frontal lobe activation in language processing following left hemisphere injury
    N L Voets
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, UK
    Brain 129:754-66. 2006
    ..Together, these results suggest that left temporal lobe injury is associated with potentially adaptive changes in right inferior frontal lobe functions in processing related to expressive language...
  46. ncbi request reprint Connection patterns distinguish 3 regions of human parietal cortex
    M F S Rushworth
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, and Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:1418-30. 2006
    ..Human parietal areas have anatomical connections resembling those of functionally related macaque parietal areas...
  47. ncbi request reprint Diffusion-weighted imaging tractography-based parcellation of the human lateral premotor cortex identifies dorsal and ventral subregions with anatomical and functional specializations
    Valentina Tomassini
    Centre for Functional MRI of the Brain, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 27:10259-69. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Connectivity of the human periventricular-periaqueductal gray region
    Emma Sillery
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, Headington, United Kingdom
    J Neurosurg 103:1030-4. 2005
    ..The effects of DBS in this region are probably related to the release of endogenous endorphins, but until the connectivity of this region is better understood the mechanisms will remain unclear...
  49. pmc Shifts in reinforcement signalling while playing slot-machines as a function of prior experience and impulsivity
    R Shao
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Transl Psychiatry 3:e213. 2013
    ....
  50. pmc Effort-based cost-benefit valuation and the human brain
    Paula L Croxson
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 29:4531-41. 2009
    ..The ventral striatum and anterior cingulate cortex may be the substrate of effort-based cost-benefit valuation in primates as well as in rats...
  51. ncbi request reprint New approaches for exploring anatomical and functional connectivity in the human brain
    Narender Ramnani
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Headley Way, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 56:613-9. 2004
    ..We also highlight recent thinking on the ways in which functional imaging can be used to characterize information transmission across networks in the human brain (functional and effective connectivity)...
  52. pmc Just pretty pictures? What diffusion tractography can add in clinical neuroscience
    Heidi Johansen-Berg
    Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Curr Opin Neurol 19:379-85. 2006
    ..This raises immediate possibilities for clinical application but responsible use of this approach requires careful consideration of the scope and limitations of the technique...
  53. ncbi request reprint Connectivity-based parcellation of human cortex using diffusion MRI: Establishing reproducibility, validity and observer independence in BA 44/45 and SMA/pre-SMA
    Johannes C Klein
    Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
    Neuroimage 34:204-11. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Optimal decision making and the anterior cingulate cortex
    Steven W Kennerley
    Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, UK
    Nat Neurosci 9:940-7. 2006
    ..These data suggest that the ACC is essential for learning the value of actions...
  55. doi request reprint The evolution of the arcuate fasciculus revealed with comparative DTI
    James K Rilling
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, 207 Anthropology Building, 1557 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Nat Neurosci 11:426-8. 2008
    ..This human specialization may be relevant to the evolution of language...
  56. ncbi request reprint The evolution of prefrontal inputs to the cortico-pontine system: diffusion imaging evidence from Macaque monkeys and humans
    Narender Ramnani
    Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 16:811-8. 2006
    ..These findings suggest the selective evolution of prefrontal inputs to the human cortico-ponto-cerebellar system...